Presentation on theme: "Regulations OVERVIEW Instructional Goal The participant will develop a better understanding of how to read and understand OSHA regulations and related."— Presentation transcript:
Regulations OVERVIEW Instructional Goal The participant will develop a better understanding of how to read and understand OSHA regulations and related requirements that lead to a safer work environment during hazardous waste site activities.
REGULATION OVERVIEW l The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHAct) went into effect on April 28, l Employers must ensure that workers have a safe and healthy environment. l The OSHAct places responsibility on employers and employees. l The OSHAct resulted in the creation of OSHA.
The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 Purpose is “...to assure so far as possible every working man and woman in the Nation safe and healthful working conditions and to preserve our human resources.” General Duty Clause 5.(a)(1)
STANDARDS General Industry Maritime Construction Agriculture
Employee Rights l Be informed of your rights and responsibilities l Review COPIES of appropriate OSHA standards..... l Request info on health and safety from employer l Receive adequate training and info on workplace safety and health hazards l Request an OSHA investigation l Be advised of OSHA’s actions
Employee Rights l Have authorized employee rep. accompany OSHA officer. l Respond to OSHA officer questions l Observe any monitoring l Review injury/accident logs l Request a closing discussion l Submit a written request to NIOSH...
Employee Rights l Object to an abatement (written, 15 days) l Be notified by employer if there is a variance l Submit information or comment to OSHA l Exercise your rights without fear
Employee Responsibilities l Read OSHA poster l Comply with standards l Follow SOPs and wear required PPE l Report hazardous conditions to supervisor l Cooperate with OSHA l Exercise OSHAct rights in responsible manner
Employer Responsibilities l Report to nearest OSHA office within 8 hours fatal accident or hospitalization of 3 or more employees l Post work related injuries yearly - Feb. l Post OSHA poster in prominent place l Cooperate with OSHA compliance officer
HAZARD COMMUNICATION STANDARD 29 CFR The employer’s Haz Com program must include: l Conduct a chemical inventory. l Obtain and file MSDSs for all chemicals. l Label all containers. l Train employees about the hazards. l The Haz Com program must be written and available to employees.
Understanding OSHA Standards ORIGIN OF OSHA STANDARDS Consensus Standards American National Standards Institute (ANSI) National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proprietary Standards Pre-existing Federal Laws
Applicable OSHA Standards OSHA enforces standards issued under earlier Acts where they apply
HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL STANDARDS Horizontal Standards General standards that apply to any employer in any industry. i.e. - Fire protection Vertical Standards Standards relevant only to a particular industry. i.e. - Construction standards
CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS Is a codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register. 50 Titles Chapters Parts
REGULATIONS OVERVIEW Code of Federal Regulations l Labor: Protection of the worker (29) l EPA: Protection of the environment (40) l DOT: Protection during transportation of hazardous materials (49)
COPIES OF STANDARDS u Federal Register - Subscriptions are available from the Government Printing Office(GPO). u Code of Federal Regulations - Published annually and available from the GPO. u OSHA CD-ROM - Electronic copy of text of OSHA regulations, some documents, and technical information from OSHA Computerized Information System.
29 CFR (b) (13) (ii) (b) (7) (iii) Title Fed. Reg. Part Section Paragraphs 29 CFR (b) (13) (ii) (B) (7) (iii) Code of “ Portable containers shall not be taken into buildings except as provided in paragraph (b)(6)(i) of this section.” *Standards promulgated before 1979 may be identified as follows: (f)(5)(iv)(f)(1). An italicized letter is used instead of a capital one in the fourth set of parentheses.
Activity CFR Paragraph Numbering System (a)(b) (c) (d) (e)... (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)... (i) (ii) (iii)(iv)(v)... (A)(B)(C)(D)(E)... (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)... (i) (ii) (iii)(iv)(v)...
Keys to Understanding l Promulgated and published in the Federal Register -- Preambles and comments l Scope and Application -- 1st paragraph -- read carefully l Definitions l Appendices - some mandatory, some voluntary
Hazardous Material Legislation hazardous waste EPA defines hazardous waste as “a hazardous substance that has no commercial value”
Hazardous Material Legislation l Listed – F-List: non-specific source – K-List: specific source – P and U-List: off-spec commercial product l Characteristic – Ignitability, Corrosivity, Reactivity, Toxicity l Cradle to Grave Hazardous Waste Regulated by RCRA 1976 Hazardous Waste
l Regulations require reporting spills of hazardous chemicals to National Response Center l Determines who pays for clean- up of hazardous waste sites Hazardous Material Legislation EPAs CERCLA Regulations 1980 The Super Fund
Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response 29 CFR (a) Who is covered under this rule? Anyone who is : 1)Cleaning up hazardous waste sites 2)Working with hazardous waste at TSD’s 3)Responding to emergencies involving hazardous material releases.
HAZWOPER REGULATIONS OSHAs Hazardous Waste and Emergency Response Standard Hazardous waste site clean-up operations Paragraphs (b) - (o) RCRA hazardous waste operations at TSDs Paragraph (p) Emergency Response to Hazardous Substance Release Paragraph (q)
HAZWOPER REGULATIONS b) Safety and health program c) Site characterization and analysis d) Site control e) Training 29 CFR (b)-(o)
HAZWOPER REGULATIONS 29 CFR (b)-(o) f) Medical surveillance g) Engineering controls, work practices, & personal protective equipment h) Monitoring i) Informational programs
HAZWOPER REGULATIONS 29 CFR (b)-(o) j)Handling drums and containers k)Decontamination l)Emergency response by employees at waste sites m)Illumination n)Sanitation o)New technology
HAZWOPER REGULATIONS 29 CFR Appendices Appendix A - Personal Protective Equipment Test Methods Appendix B - General descriptions and discussion of levels of protection and protective gear Appendix C - Compliance Guidelines Appendix D - References Appendix E - Guidelines for Training Curriculum