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Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-1 Homeostasis a state of equilibrium within the body maintained through the adaptation of body systems to changes in either the internal or external environment
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-2 Vital Signs assessments of pulse, respiration, blood pressure, and temperature; body functions essential to life
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-3 Pulse a vital sign; a quantitative measurement of the heartbeat using the fingers to palpate an artery or a stethoscope to listen to the heartbeat
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-4 Pulse Rates for Adults Normal 60 to 100 beats per minute (70 to 80 bpm on average) Tachycardia more than 100 bpm Bradycardia less than 60 bpm
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-5 Pulse Sites
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-6 Radial Pulse
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-7 Carotid Arteries
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-8 Respiration breathing; the process of bringing oxygen into the body and expelling carbon dioxide from the body
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-9 Normal Rates of Respiration 15 years and Older 15 to 20 breaths per minute A Well-Trained Athlete 6 to 8 breaths per minute
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-10 Normal Vs. Obstructed Respiration Under normal circumstances breathing (respiration) is quiet and effortless. Noisy respirations indicate an obstruction in the air passages.
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-11 Blood Pressure the pressure exerted by the circulating blood against the walls of the arteries
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-12 Systolic & Diastolic Pressures The systolic pressure is the top number in a blood pressure reading. It reflects the blood pressure when the heart contracts. The diastolic pressure reflects the blood pressure when the heart is at rest and is recorded as the bottom number of a blood pressure measurement.
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-13 Positive Test Results for Blood Pressure Readings outside of these ranges indicate a potential problem: normal systolic range 100 mm Hg to 140 mm Hg normal diastolic range 65 mm Hg to 90 mm Hg
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-14 At Valley Community College the beginning of soccer season signals the need for every player to have a physical exam. It typically takes the entire athletic training staff all morning to perform the necessary physicals and this year promised to be no different. On the date set for the physicals Ms. Morgan, the head athletic trainer, set up a different station for each vital sign. She then assigned a student trainer to each station. Steve was assigned to take blood pressures. He was doing a good job of taking blood pressures. Ms. Morgan was getting the same pressures as he was nine out of ten times. One of Steve’s friends, Rudy, was in line to have his blood pressure taken. To Steve’s surprise, Rudy’s blood pressure was 170 over 92. Steve did not know how to tell a friend that his blood pressure would jeopardize his chance to play soccer. So, Ms. Morgan and Steve sat down with Rudy to discuss his unusually high blood pressure. Rudy assured them that he had a condition called “White Coat Syndrome” in which he gets nervous when someone takes his blood pressure. He promised to have his family physician check him out and forward the results to the school’s athletic department. Why is it important for an athletic trainer to check the student athletic trainer's work periodically? How elevated is Rudy’s blood pressure when compared to the normal range? Is it acceptable to have a family physician perform the physical and forward the results instead of having it performed by the athletic training staff?
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-15 Normal Body Temperature Normal body temperature is 98.6 o F or 37 o C
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-16 Consequences of Excess Weight increased risk of cardiovascular disease due to additional stress on the heart, and heightened risk of hypertension and atherosclerosis decreased life expectancy impeded circulation in the legs increased risk of diabetes increased stress on muscles and joints supporting the extra weight Excess weight or fat can contribute to a variety of health risks:
Copyright © 2002 Career Publishing, Inc. Visual 12-1 Homeostasis a state of equilibrium within the body maintained through the adaptation of body systems.
Chapter 6 Vital Signs Assessment. Vital Signs Used to assess the conditions of the various body systems, particularly the respiratory and circulatory.
Vital Signs. Homeostasis – state of equilibrium Vital Signs – assessment of pulse, respiration, blood pressure, and temperature –Body functions essential.
Chapter 12 Vital Signs Assessment. 2 Vital Signs Pulse Respiration Blood pressure Temperature Used to assess the body system’s conditions.
Blood Pressure Heart Rate What is it? The force the heart exerts against the walls of arteries as it pumps the blood out to the body The number of times.
Signs we are ALIVE Vital Signs. What are Vital signs? Measures of the body’s most basic functions Heart Rate Blood Pressure Temperature Respiration Rate.
Copyright © 2011, 2007, 2003, 1999 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Chapter 31 Measuring Vital Signs.
Chapter 26 Measuring Vital Signs All items and derived items © 2015, 2011 by Mosby, Inc., an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Vital Signs. Accuracy is essential when you measure, record, and report vital signs. Unless otherwise ordered: Take vital signs with the person lying.
Copyright © 2007, 2003 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Chapter 28 Measuring Vital Signs.
Vital Signs. What do you already know about vital signs? With a partner, write down as many facts as you know about vital signs.
Vital Signs Medical Careers Eden Area ROP. Vital signs Measurements that indicate pts general state of health and homeostasis Homeostasis Stable condition.
Blood Pressure Assessment PRINCIPLES OF HEALTH SCIENCE.
Copyright © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole.
CHAPTER 12 SPORTS MEDICINE II. WHAT ARE VITAL SIGNS? Homeostasis: a state of equilibrium within the body maintained through the adaptation of body systems.
Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Textbook for Nursing Assistants Chapter 16: Vital Signs, Height, and Weight.
Unit 14 Vital Signs. Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.2 14:1 Measuring and Recording Vital Signs (VS) Record information.
Slide 1 Copyright © Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Instructor's Manual to Accompany Lippincott's Textbook for Nursing Assistants. Textbook For Nursing.
Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology, Vital Signs, and Homeostasis Anatomy: –the study of the structure (morphology) of body parts. Physiology: –area.
What do they assess? What can they tell you? Why are they important? Are they objective or subjective? Think about how they can help you ANTICIPATE a.
BLOOD PRESSURE VITAL SIGNS. BLOOD PRESSURE Measurement of the pressure the blood exerts on the arterial wall 2 types of BP measurement Systolic = pressure.
Vital signs are measures of various physiological statistics, often taken by health professionals, in order to assess the most basic body functions. Vital.
Vital Signs Lesson 11: Evaluation & Assessment. Bell Work What are the regular services you must perform on a car? Why do car owners do this?
Vital Signs Healthcare Science Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
How does exercise immediately affect the circulatory system? How does exercise immediately affect the respiratory system?
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 15 Vital Signs.
With table partners write down the vital signs that are measured in health care. There are 5 For each vital sign, write what you think are normal.
VITAL SIGNS Temperature, Pulse, Respirations and Blood Pressure (TPR, BP)
Chapter 13 Vital signs. Vital Signs Vital = alive Not necessarily healthy You can be alive and very unhealthy Signs = actions that indicate someone.
Vital Signs Temperature Pulse Respirations Blood Pressure O2 Saturation Pain.
FIRST AID AND EMERGENCY CARE LECTURE 4 Vital Signs.
Vital Signs Humans have four vital signs, that if out of their normal range, could signify a problem has or is about to occur. Those four vital signs.
Cardiovascular Endurance 1 st Component of Health-Related Fitness.
Patient Vital Signs DRAFT Rad Tech A – Week 13. Patient Assessment &Vital Signs Patient Interview Role of Radiologic Technologist Elements of the Clinical.
Copyright 2003, Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved. Chapter 27 Vital Signs Copyright 2003, Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved. No part.
Vital Signs. Various determinations which provide information about basic conditions of the patients. When the signs are with in normal limits, body in.
VITAL SIGNS Blood Pressure Definition: the pressure the blood exerts on the walls of the arteries. Hypertension = HIGH blood pressure Hypotension = LOW.
Copyright © 2009 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Comprehensive Medical Assisting, 3 rd Ed Unit Four: Fundamentals of Clinical Medical.
Vital Signs Medical Science 1. Lesson Objectives Understand What vitals are and how to document them Learn How to: Take Pulse Rate Take Respiration Rate.
Copyright ©2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Pearson's Comprehensive Medical Assisting: Administrative.
Vital signs are vital Sample lecture notes: Module II – Objectives 1-7.
Vital Signs Vital signs are important indicators of health states of the body Vitals Signs Defined as: various determinations that provide basic body.
Key Points Definition of Blood Pressure A.The measurement of the force of blood against artery walls. 1. Force comes from the pumping of the heart 2. If.
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 1 PowerPoint ® Presentation for Introduction to Dental Assisting Module: Examining the Dental.
Circulatory System. What do you know? Why is it important for your heart to continue beating even when you’re sleeping? Why is it important for your heart.
U10 Pt Procedures & Vital Signs Patient Procedures ALWAYS BEGIN TESTS/PROCDURES WITH THE ALWAYS BEGIN TESTS/PROCDURES WITH THE 6 Rules of PATIENT PROCEDURES.
Chapter 26 Measuring Vital Signs Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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