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1 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 1 Cologne Germany Sister City of Indianapolis since 1988 Map: The Diplomat Resource Packets for K-12 students to learn about the world through a study of the Sister Cities of Indianapolis Preliminary Issue

2 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 2 1. About Indianapolis Sister Cities International Education Resource Packet Cologne, Germany Resource Packet a.About Cologne ……. b.Cologne Attractions ………….. c.City Comparisons d.Language e.Climate …………….. f.Sports ….. g.Notable people in Cologne history …… h.Cologne Dishes …… i.Cologne Christmas Market …… j.German Holiday Food ……. k.Karneval ….. l.School in Germany …… m.Clothing Comparisons……………………...… …..……… 4. Appendix (Lesson Activities)………………………………….……… a.Coloring: The City of Cologne Seal ….. b.Color: Soccer …. c.Color: The First Day of School …. d.Word Search …. e.Art: Create a Karneval Mask ….. f.Art: Create a Karneval Hat ….. g.Art: Der Erste Shultag …. h.Art: St. Nicholas Day Shoes… ……… …. i.Internet Activity …… j.History & Geography …. k.References Table of Contents

3 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 3 Indianapolis Sister Cities International (ISCI) is a program of Mayor Ballard’s Office of International & Cultural Affairs. Each Sister City relationship is managed by a volunteer committee that identifies and leads various cultural and educational initiatives. The Sister City program helps promote Indianapolis as a global city, advancing cultural understanding, developing global connections, strengthening international partnerships and supporting economic development. To learn more, contact us at or visit Taipei, Taiwan 1978 Cologne, Germany 1988 Monza, Italy 1994 Piran, Slovenia 2001 Hangzhou, China 2008 Campinas, Brazil 2009 Northamptonshire County, UK 2009 Hyderabad, India 2010 About Indianapolis Sister Cities International Greetings, In today’s world economy, it is more critical than ever for Indianapolis to be a city that is globally recognized as a great place to live, work, and raise a family. Moreover, we must be a city that is welcoming and inclusive to all who make Indianapolis their home. I’m proud to report that Indianapolis is very connected to the world. Today, we have numerous global connections through our international businesses, foreign students that study in our universities, and our thriving sports and arts communities that bring many visitors from around the globe to our city. Since I became Mayor, we have doubled the number of Sister Cities. I believe our Sister City partnerships represent one key initiative in our international growth strategy, as they provide natural international connections via cultural, educational and economic ties. This resource packet has been designed by professional volunteers in our Indianapolis Sister Cities International program. We hope you find them useful across grade levels and subject areas, including extracurricular activities. We hope you have fun learning more about our Sister Cities! Sincerely, Gregory A. Ballard Mayor, City of Indianapolis 3

4 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 4 Indianapolis Sister Cities International (ISCI) Education Resource Packet This packet is designed to introduce teachers to our Sister City of Cologne, Germany. It is set up as a PowerPoint format for easy editing and adaptation for use in the classroom at all grade levels and in various subject areas. It is hoped that his packet will provide teachers with sufficient background information about the Sister City along with ideas for activities for classroom and extracurricular use. The information presented here is collected and/or adapted from reputable online sources, which are cited. The Appendix includes ideas, activities, and teacher lesson plans, some designed by the ISCI Education Committee members. We hope you find the contents of this packet helpful. If you have comments, ideas, or activities to add, or would like to become involved in one of the Sister City Committees, please contact or find contact information at our website Indianapolis Sister Cities International Education Committee Contributors to the Indianapolis – Cologne Education Resource Packet ISCI Education Committee Susan Tomlinson, Faren Mary Frank Carla Lori Peter Amy Fran Casey Stephanie Werner Beate Cheryl Mayor Ballard’s Office of International and Cultural Affairs Director:Jane Interns:Danielle Law, Trevor Oakerson, Miguel Shen

5 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 5 Cologne (Köln) is Germany’s fourth-largest city, founded by the Romans in 38 BC and is located in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, along the Rhine River between Dusseldorf and Bonn. Cologne is one of Germany's oldest cities. The city is located on both sides of the Rhine River. Cologne is a major cultural centre of the Rhineland and has a vibrant arts scene. Cologne is home to more than 30 museums and hundreds of galleries. Exhibitions range from local ancient Roman archeological sites to contemporary graphics and sculpture. Its current population is approximately one million. It has a long list of attractions, led by its famous Dom (cathedral) whose filigree twin spires dominate the impressive Altstadt (Old Town) skyline. There are also numerous museums – art to chocolate to sports – to explore or concerts to attend. About Cologne

6 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 6 Cologne Attractions The Cologne Cathedral Cologne's Gothic Cathedral is one of its top attractions. It took over 600 years to build and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Cologne and the administration of the Archdiocese of Cologne. It is a renowned monument of German Catholicism and Gothic architecture and is a World Heritage Site. It is Germany's most visited landmark, attracting an average of 20,000 people a day. Cologne's medieval builders had planned a grand structure to house the reliquary of the Three Kings and fit its role as a place of worship for the Holy Roman Emperor. Despite having been left incomplete during the medieval period, Cologne Cathedral eventually became unified as "a masterpiece of exceptional intrinsic value" and "a powerful testimony to the strength and persistence of Christian belief in medieval and modern Europe". It is conveniently located right next to the train station. In 2000, the Cathedral treasures were placed in a historic vaulted chamber for public viewing. If you can climb 509 steps you'll get a good view of Cologne on the observation platform. Open 6:00 AM to 7:30 PM for viewing, except during mass.

7 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 7 Rhine Boat Trips There are many castles and fortresses along the Rhine River, and lots of day trips and longer excursions are available from Cologne. rhine-highlights-on-the-water/rhine-river-tours.htmlhttp://www.cologne-tourism.com/city-experience/city-of-waters/river- rhine-highlights-on-the-water/rhine-river-tours.html The house of 4711, the Original Eau-de-Cologne Wilhelm Mulhens marketed a concoction called Aqua Mirabilis on the basis of its stimulating and refreshing effect (splash it on or drink it, it didn't matter). It later got to be know as the first Eau de Cologne when French Revolutionary troops sent it home for gifts to the family.Pictured above it, the Glockengasse, in the city center between the cathedral and Neumarkt, opposite the opera house. Cologne Attractions

8 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 8 Altstadt (Old Town) Cologne is definitely a beer city with their own beer style called Kölsch, a pale top- fermented beer that must be brewed in the Cologne metropolitan area.. See Roman antiquities from the first through fourth centuries at the Roman-German Museum. The Roman-German Museum: (Romisch-Germanisches Museum) Cologne Attractions

9 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 9 CologneIndianapolis State North Rhine Westphalia Indiana Country Federal Republic of GermanyUnited States of America Founded AD by Romans 1820 by European American settlers Population 1,010,200+; ranked Germany’s 4 th largest city 820,000 +; ranked 12 th largest city in USA Waterways Rhine RiverWhite River Major industry Insurance and media; corporate headquarters Insurance, pharmaceutical, transportation Sports Teams Soccer; ice hockey; horse racing; marathon race; Formula 1 auto racing Professional basketball; football; baseball; soccer; auto racing – Indy 500 Festivals & Traditions Karneval; Christmas market at the Cathedral 500 Festival; Independence Day; Christmas Tree lighting at Monument Circle Cologne – Indy Comparison

10 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 10 Language High German is used as the official language of Germany. Despite this, dialects vary throughout the country. Kölsch (Colognian) is a very closely related small set of dialects, or variants, of the Ripuarian Central German group of languages. Kölsch is spoken in and partially around Cologne, and Kölsch is one of the very few city dialects in Germany. EnglishGermanKölsch Hello / Good Day Hallo / Guten Tag (goo-tren tahg) Joodä Daach How are you? Wie geht es dir (Vi gates Wie jeht ed dir Nice to meet you Nett, dich kennen zu lernen (net deesh KEN-en tsoo LER-nen) Schee euch zo treffen Thank you Danke (Dahng-kuh) Danke Goodbye Auf Wiedersehen (Owf vee-der-zayn) Levewohl German and English are considered “Germanic” languages and are, therefore, very closely related. Pronunciation of German words is almost entirely phonetic – what you see is what you get, provided you know how to pronounce the German alphabet. Use this link to hear the complete alphabet spoken: For a phonetic spelling chart, go to: Also find a guide to general German pronunciation at: The following is a brief phonetic (unofficial) pronunciation guide to some of the German words that are referenced in this document. Clicking on the words below will open “Reverso” dictionary/translation site. Once there, click on the word, then select from the pull down menu to hear the word spoken. KölnKöln {koehln}Kölsch {koehlsh} Fußball {FOOS-bahl}Kölsch Fußball KarnevalKarneval {CAR-ne-vahl}Schule {SHOOL-uh} Schultag {SHOOL-tahk}SchuleSchultag

11 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 11 Cologne Climate Cologne is one of the warmest cities in Germany. It has a temperate oceanic climate with relatively mild winters and warm summers. Its average annual temperature is 50ºF: 58ºF during the day and 42 º F at night. Cologne is regularly affected by flooding from the Rhine and is considered the most flood-prone European city. A city agency manages an extensive flood control system which includes both permanent and mobile flood walls, protection from rising waters for buildings close to the river banks, monitoring and forecasting systems, pumping stations and programs to create or protect floodplains and river embankments. JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOctNovDec Avg. High Avg. Low Rain Rain Days

12 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 12 Sports Cologne has much to offer the sports enthusiast. The popular sports of soccer (known as football to the rest of the world), hockey and basketball have a team based here. Soccer(Fussball) The football or soccer team 1. FC Köln is Cologne’s home team. It was officially formed in 1948 when two smaller teams merged together. You can catch a game at the official stadium, Rhein Energie Stadion or better known to locals by its pre-advertising moniker, Müngersdorfer Stadion. It fits about 50,000 fans and was one of twelve sites of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. Hockey(Hockey) Hockey is also quite popular. The Kölner Haie (Cologne Sharks) are the town’s hockey club with their signature red and white uniforms. The Sharks have generally use the Lanxess Arena (aka Kölnarena) for their home games. You can be almost guaranteed of a full house here when the Sharks play against their arch-rivals, the Düsseldorf Metro Stars. Basketball (Basketball) Although less popular than football and hockey, Cologne is home to the basketball team Köln 99ers. Formed in 1999, usually plays against local rivals, Bayer Giants Leverkusen and Telekom Baskets Bonn. Marathon(Marathon) The city of Cologne is renowned for its Annual Marathon, which has taken place each autumn since It’s equal fun for participant and spectator. ttp://www.puma.com/running/events/cologne-marathon Team website: Team website: Team website:

13 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 13 FC Cologne Women’s Soccer Team FC Indiana Women’s Soccer Team NicknameThe Billy GoatsThe Lionesses Founded Home field RheinEnergie Stadion Capacity: 50,000 Kuntz Stadium Capacity: 5,200 League Bundesliga Women’s Professional Soccer League, Elite League Women’s Soccer Comparison

14 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 14 Notable Persons from Cologne Literature Heinrich Böll Won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1972 The first German laureate after World War II Books: The Lost Honour of Katharina Blum, The Clown, Dr. Murke’s Collected Silence, Billiards at Half-Past Nine, The Safety Net Günther Wallraff Cologne’s undercover journalist Critic of social conditions Wrote Lowest of the Low about his time disguised as a Turkish laborer and the xenophobia he encountered Frank Schätzing Science-fiction author Wrote Death and the Devil and The Swarm Other Notable Persons Agrippina the Younger November 6th, March 23rd, 59 Roman Empress Wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero Theodor von Neuhoff August 25th, December 11th, 1756 King Theodore of Corsica Robert Blum November 10th, November 9th, 1848 Politician and martyr of the 19th century democratic movement in Germany Konrad Adenauer January 5th, April 19th, 1967 Politician, Mayor of Cologne ( , 1945) and first West German Federal Chancellor Heinz Kühn February 18, March 18th, 1992 Minister-President of North Rhine- Westphalia ( ) Britta Heidemann Born December 22nd, 1982 Fencer and Olympic medalist

15 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 15 Cologne Cuisine t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ82jWLn1FL8NTO7trXdJjrdas4y6X9kjf_eo18fOA hS4QQG3b7 HIMMEL UN ÄÄD RIEVKOCHE: This dish is a potato pancake usually enjoyed with apple sauce. RHEINISCHER SOORBRODE This plate is traditionally made with horse meat marinated for several days in vinegar and spices. HALVER HAHN Made with a dark rye bread, cheese and mustard, this is a traditional tasty treat.

16 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 16 Cologne Recipe Heaven and Earth (Himmel un Ad) This meal got its name, because it consists of apples, which grow in the sky (in German there is only one word for "sky" and "heaven”potatoes, which grow in the earth. The combination of sour ingredients (here the apples) with meat and/or potatoes is rather typical for the Rhineland. Ingredients 750 g potatoes 750 g apples (preferably Boskop) 7 onions 100 g bacon salt 100 ml milk 2 Tablespoons butter Nutmeg Lemon juice (optional) 500 g black pudding (some kind of sausage with blood) 500 g liverwurst (or again black pudding) Directions 1. Peel the potatoes and the apples, cut them into pieces and cook them tender in separate pots (the potatoes in salt water). 2. Cut the onions into slices and fry them together with the bacon in a heavy pan, until the are brown. 3. Mash the potatoes coarsely together with milk, butter and nutmeg. 4. Process the apples to apple sauce. Possibly refine it with lemon juice. Mix it with the potato mash. 5. Cut the sausage into slices and fry them on both sides for about 1min. 6. Dress "Heaven and Earth" (i.e. the potatoes and the apples) on plates and put the sausage and the onions over it.

17 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 17 Cologne Christmas Market Germany’s reputation for legendary Christmas markets is well deserved – and this is the granddaddy of them all. With the dramatic backdrop of the famed Cologne cathedral, the Medieval Christmas Market is full of handcrafts and live music as well as a breathtaking live nativity for postmodern attention spans. When: November 21 st until December 23 rd What to buy: Räuchermännchen (wooden dolls complete with smoking pipe), nutcrackers, children’s toys, and charity products whose proceeds go to the needy. Food and drink: Wash down aromatic baked apples and roasted almonds with the traditional, cinnamon- infused glühwein. Plus, an eco-friendly, fair trade ethos means that you can conscientiously indulge in organic treats. For the children: At the Alter Market you’ll find a child’s winter paradise, complete with a merry-go-round and a puppet theatre. Ice skaters, head to the Heumarkt.

18 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 18 German Holiday Food Weihnachtsplätzchen: German CookiesStollen: German Christmas Cake Pfefferkuchenhaus: A Gingerbread HouseMarzipankartoffeln: A Treat of Marzipan Roasted GooseBavm kuchen: a layered cake Recipes: Marzipankartoffeln: Weihnachtsplätzchen: For More:http://www.marions-kochbuch.com/http://www.marions-kochbuch.com/

19 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 19 The Karneval season in Germany (also called the "Fifth Season") officially begins on November 11th, at 11:11 a.m. In this magic hour, the "Council of Eleven" comes together to plan the events for the upcoming festivities. The official hats of the councils' members: Colorful fool's caps with little bells. The actual celebrations of the German Karneval take place 40 days before Easter; they are the last big party before Ash Wednesday and the beginning of Lent. The celebrations kick off with "Women’s Karneval" on Thursday before Ash Wednesday. On this day, a lady can kiss any man she likes after cutting off his tie. The next highlight is Rose Monday: Marching bands, dancers, and floats parade down the streets, throwing confetti, sweets, and toys. The elaborate floats often show caricatured figures mocking politicians and other personalities. Thousands of dressed-up Germans line up the streets every year to watch this spectacle. On Shrove Tuesday, costume balls are held all over Germany, while Ash Wednesday marks the end of the frenzied fun. Karneval

20 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 20 Many German children go on to a Gymnasium (college preparatory high school) from fifth grade until twelfth or thirteenth grade. When students graduate from Gymnasium, they get a diploma called an Abitur and can go on to college. Other children may go to Realschule (technical academic high school) until the tenth grade. Students who graduate from Realschule after tenth grade can continue to study at a Gymnasium or start to learn a trade. Another choice is Hauptschule (secondary school), where students study general subjects. Students must attend Hauptschule for at least 5 years. School in Germany MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursday Friday 8:10- 8:55GeographyMusicGermanScienceEnglish 9:00- 9:45ReligionEnglishGermanMathScience 10:00- 10:45ReligionGermanPhysical EducationMathScience 10:50- 11:35 Physical Education ArtMathGerman 11:40- 12:25 Physical Education ArtGeographyEnglishGerman 12:45- 13:30Lunch 13:35- 14:20German ReviewMathEnglishEnglish ReviewHistory 14:25- 15:10German ReviewMathEnglishEnglish ReviewHistory Typical School Schedule School in Germany is different from school in America. What Americans know as kindergarten is the same name Germans use for preschool. German school officially begins with first grade, usually at the age of 6. When German students start first grade, they get a large cone called a Schultüte filled with candy and school supplies from their parents. Grundschule (elementary school) goes from first grade until fourth grade. Then, parents and teachers choose one of several types of school for children after elementary school.

21 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 21 Clothing Evolution Historic US attire provided by Conner Prairie HistoricContemporary Historic Bavarian Cologne

22 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 22 Appendix Indianapolis is a global city. In the quest to become globally aware, connected, and ready to compete on the world market, schools are seeking to internationalize their curriculum. The Indianapolis Sister Cities International program seeks to promote these goals. The information presented in this Resource Packet can be utilized to meet the Core Curriculum Standards at many grade levels with a view toward teaching our students about our own city and its connections to our Sister Cities. The following pages provide teacher developed sample activities. Sample 9-k Activities A. Coloring: The City Seal of Cologne B. Coloring: Soccer C. Coloring: Cone D. Word Search E. Art: Carnival Mask F. Art: Carnival Hat G. Art: Art: Die Schultüten (Cone taken on the 1st day of School) H. Art: St. Nicholas Shoe I. Internet Activity J. History & Geography Additional Activities 1.Sister Cities in a School Year. Choose one Sister City to highlight each month of the school year. This could be done in the classroom or school wide. 2.Cultural Elements. Compare and contrast cultural elements of Indianapolis and Cologne. Create a multi-media presentation. 3.Make a scrapbook. of Indianapolis’ history, architecture, geography and cultural events. Photos of this scrapbook could be posted online or sent to a school in Cologne. 4.Events/festivals. Organize an in school or after school event highlighting a celebration or festival as practiced in Cologne. 5.Geography. Compare and contrast the surrounding geography and city plan for Cologne as compared to Indianapolis. Discuss the ways in which the river setting has affected the cities. 6.Research. Explore the German connections to Indiana History through the Indiana German Heritage Society and the Max Kade German-American Center at IUPUI.

23 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 23 A. Color: The City of Cologne Seal This is the seal of the City of Cologne. See how close you can match it.

24 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 24 B. Color: Soccer

25 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 25 C. Color: The First Day of School

26 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 26 AltstadtFoosballMasks BasketballHaieRhine Christmas MarketHatsWestphalia CologneHockeyRoman-German Museum DomKarnevalShoes Eau de Cologne Rievkoche Soccer D. Word Search

27 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 27 Celebrate Karneval! This is a great project for karneval or have fun with it anytime of the year. INSTRUCTIONS: Materials needed: Masks purchase at a craft store make from construction paper Scissors Glue or stapler Paper punch Feathers Markers, glitter, stickers Decorate as desired. Vote for the favorite mask. Be sure to take photos! E. Art: Create a Karneval Mask

28 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 28 INSTRUCTIONS: Materials needed: – Construction paper – Scissors – Glue or stapler – Paper punch – Small “jingle” bells, thread – Markers, glitter, stickers First cut band that will fit around head. Next cut triangles to attach to the band Third, add bells to as many triangles as desired. Finally decorate with markers, glitter, stickers, etc. Vote for the favorite hat. Be sure to take photos! F. Art: Create a Karneval Hat

29 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 29 G. Art: Die Schultüten (Cone taken on the 1st day of School) What you need: 1. Card stock paper 2. Crepe paper 3. Craft glue stick 4.Double-sided tape 5. Stapler 6. Pencil & scissor 7. Ribbon 8. Embellishments INSTRUCTIONS: - Trace the cone template onto card stock paper and cut out. - Add two lines of double-sided tape on the inside of the cone near the top. Remember to peel off the top layer of the tape. - Attach the long side of the crepe paper to the rows of double-sided tape. Make a few small pleats along the way. - Fold back the crepe paper top and then add two close lines of double-sided tape, like shown on the photo, down one of the sides of the cone. Remember to peel off the top layer of the tape. Next roll into cone shape, starting with the pointy end first. - Secure the paper cone with a couple of stapler at the top of the cone. - Gently fold the crepe paper back into place and embellish the front of the paper cone. -To avoid grease marks from cookies and sweets. You can fill a disposable piping bag and place this inside the paper cone. -Close the top with some pretty ribbon and your paper cone is ready to go!

30 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 30 H. Art: Create a Saint Nicholas Day Shoe Saint Nicholas (Sankt Nikolaus) Day is celebrated on December 6 th every year. Children set their shoes outside their door in hopes of getting treats that the generous St. Nikolaus leaves for them. (More information at the St. Nicholas Center: r.org/pages/home/ r.org/pages/home/ INSTRUCTIONS: 1.On this page, this shoe can be cut out and attached is each side of a tissue box. 2.On the following page, is a shoe template that can be folded up. Use cardstock paper you template. Decorate as desires with markers, crayons, etc. Fill with chocolate coins, small toys, stickers, fruit, etc.

31 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 31 H. Art: Create a Saint Nicholas Day Shoe

32 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 32 Webquest Karneval Work with a partner and answer all of the following questions. Find the information on specific pages linked to 1. On what date will Weiberfastnacht take place this year? 2. On what day will Karneval end? What is the name of this day in German? 3. What is the weather like in Cologne today? (Find a webpage to change the temperature into Fahrenheit!) 4. What is the Nubbelverbrennung? (Hint: Use the "Suche" function at the top of the page.) 5. What is the motto for the big Rosenmontag parade? (Extra credit for the English translation!) 6. How long is the parade route and how long does the parade last? 7. What is the weight of the things (Wurfmaterial) thrown out from the floats during the parade. Name three things that are thrown from the floats. 8. Like all good visitors to Karneval, we want to find a costume! Answer these questions. A. Give the addresses of two different Deiters locations. B. Use the "Branchenführer" links to explore costume options for couples. Attach a picture of your favorite couples costume here. 9. We want to communicate with the people in Cologne, but their Kölsch dialect is a bit different from Hochdeutsch. Go to this link: and find the Kölsch form of three words/expressions you know in Hochdeutsch. Write them here. I. Internet Activity

33 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 33 Activities on the geography and history of Cologne 1. History a. To complete the fill in the blank on some basic facts about cologne go to and click on cologne at a glance and history 2. Geography a. Using a wall map or maps.google.com find the location of Cologne.maps.google.com i. On the attached worksheet lightly shade the state in which Cologne is in and write its name in all capital letters. ii. Next draw a red circle in the approximate location of Cologne and write its name. iii. Find the river that runs through Cologne and draw it on the map in blue also label it on the map The city of cologne is located in the state of (1.) _________________________. It is the state’s (2)___________________ city and it is the (3)____________ largest city in Germany. Cologne is slightly smaller than (4)___________ or (5)______________. The city is divided into (6)_____ urban districts and 85 Quarters or (7)___________. The (8)___________ River runs through Cologne and (9)______ Bridges allow for easy access to all parts of the city. Cologne was founded by the (10)______________ in (11)_____________. Its original name was (12)____________________________________________. In 785 the city was made an archbishopric by (13)___________________________ and in (14)____________ the citizens of cologne founded the first European city university. About (15)_______________ of the inner city was destroyed during WWII. Cologne has a total population of (16)_______________________ people and is a favorite destination for visitors from around the world. J. History & Geography

34 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 34 Geography

35 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 35 References These websites were used in the development of this resource packet 1.http://www.lonelyplanet.com/germany/north-rhine-westphalia/cologne#ixzz1pyYmPsOGhttp://www.lonelyplanet.com/germany/north-rhine-westphalia/cologne#ixzz1pyYmPsOG 2.http://goeurope.about.com/cs/germany/p/cologne.htmlhttp://goeurope.about.com/cs/germany/p/cologne.html 3.http://www.lonelyplanet.com/germany/north-rhine-westphalia/cologne/travel-tips-and- articles/76229#ixzz1pyZ8VUMlhttp://www.lonelyplanet.com/germany/north-rhine-westphalia/cologne/travel-tips-and- articles/76229#ixzz1pyZ8VUMl 4.www.mygermancity.com/cologne-sportswww.mygermancity.com/cologne-sports 5.www.cologne-tourism.comwww.cologne-tourism.com 6.http://tripwow.tripadvisor.com/slideshow-photo/cologne-cathedral-took-over-600-years-to- complete-cologne-germany.html?sid= &fid=upload_ tpfil02aw-1516http://tripwow.tripadvisor.com/slideshow-photo/cologne-cathedral-took-over-600-years-to- complete-cologne-germany.html?sid= &fid=upload_ tpfil02aw http://www.discoverthetrip.com/uploads/images/4478- Cologne_Germany_Europe_ _1.jpghttp://www.discoverthetrip.com/uploads/images/4478- Cologne_Germany_Europe_ _1.jpg 8.http://esnters.esngermany.org/tl_files/koeln2012/Altstadt.JPGhttp://esnters.esngermany.org/tl_files/koeln2012/Altstadt.JPG 9.http://www.puma.com/system/events/photos/294/detail/koelnmarathon.jpg? http://www.puma.com/system/events/photos/294/detail/koelnmarathon.jpg? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F.C._Indiana_(W-League)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F.C._Indiana_(W-League 11.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1._FC_Köln#Women.27s_sectionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1._FC_Köln#Women.27s_section http://www.food.com/recipe/rievkooche-or-reibekuchen-cologne-style-potato-pancakes http://www.food.com/recipe/rievkooche-or-reibekuchen-cologne-style-potato-pancakes http://www.young-germany.de/nc/news-verwaltung/news-singleview/article/literature- festival-in-cologne-gets-underway.htmlhttp://www.young-germany.de/nc/news-verwaltung/news-singleview/article/literature- festival-in-cologne-gets-underway.html 15.http://www.google.com/imgres?q=weihnachtspl%C3%A4tzchen&num=10&hl=en&safe=activ e&sa=X&tbas=0&biw=1440&bih=809&tbm=isch&tbnid=iOxMvS1jU5S7pM:&imgrefurl=http://www.google.com/imgres?q=weihnachtspl%C3%A4tzchen&num=10&hl=en&safe=activ e&sa=X&tbas=0&biw=1440&bih=809&tbm=isch&tbnid=iOxMvS1jU5S7pM:&imgrefurl 16.http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRQ9mpHHtuvWgIgCNn4rcO7QRXayAc1SDlNy6q 085NBhVa_NbD7http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRQ9mpHHtuvWgIgCNn4rcO7QRXayAc1SDlNy6q 085NBhVa_NbD7 J. History & Geography: Answer Key: 1. North Rhine-Westphalia 2. largest 3. fourth 4/5. Berlin, Hamburg or Munich 6. nine 7. Stadtteile 8. Rhine 9. seven 10. Romans AD 12. Colonia 13. Charlemagne percent 16. roughly 1.25 million

36 Indianapolis - Cologne Sister Cities International 36 Mayor’s Office 200 East Washington St. #2501 Indianapolis, IN Contact: Created: June 2012 The Cologne Cathedral


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