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9v9 Outdoor Soccer Training UM Intramurals REFEREE POWERS v Applies “Advantage Law” v Issues cautions and send-offs v Reports or expels team officials.

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Presentation on theme: "9v9 Outdoor Soccer Training UM Intramurals REFEREE POWERS v Applies “Advantage Law” v Issues cautions and send-offs v Reports or expels team officials."— Presentation transcript:

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2 9v9 Outdoor Soccer Training UM Intramurals

3 REFEREE POWERS v Applies “Advantage Law” v Issues cautions and send-offs v Reports or expels team officials for misconduct or irresponsible behavior v Reverses a decision prior to restart v Allows play to continue for minor injury

4 TECHNIQUES OF OFFICIATING v Know the Laws v Be firm, not overbearing v Indicate your decision - Do not explain it v Be near the play - Do not be in the play v Use common sense

5 The referee and assistants should arrive early (at least 30 minutes) to complete the following tasks: Note: You should never be the cause of a delayed start. PRE-GAME ORGANIZATION v Inspection of field u Markings, nets, goalposts, safety issues v Conduct a pre-game meeting v Check players’ equipment v Check game balls

6 Note: Whistle tone should be varied according to the situation. SIGNALS v Visual u Hand v Audible u Verbal or whistle

7 DIMENSIONS & MARKINGS Center Circle Halfway Line Center Mark Touch Line Corner Flagpost and Corner Arc Penalty Area Goal Penalty Arc Penalty Mark Penalty Mark

8 Starting the Game v Introductions v Referee tosses coin, who calls it? u visiting captain v Winner picks side to defend or kickoff v Be friendly, cordial and brief u Do not coach or lecture v Start game on time

9 Starting Mechanics One minute before kick-off: v Assistant Referees u supervise bench area u line up with 2nd last defender u count players in their half u supervises clearing of the field

10 Kick-Off Starting Mechanics At kick-off: v Each team in own half of field v Ball stationary on center mark v Trail Referee gives a signal for kick- off (How?) v Ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward

11 Kick-Off Infractions v Players in wrong half of field v Ball does not move forward v Taken before referee’s signal u Retake the kick v Kicker plays ball a second time “double-touch” u IFK to opponent

12 BALL OUT OF PLAY Only two methods of stopping play: v Whole ball crosses a boundary line v The referee stops play The ball is in play at all other times!

13 BALL IS IN PLAY 1. If ball rebounds from 1. Goalpost, or 2. Crossbar, or 3. Corner flagpost and remains in the field of play 4. Assistant Referees, if they are on the field of play 2. Until the referee stops play for any reason

14 BOUNDARY LINES Lines belong to the areas of which they are boundaries This includes: v Touch lines v Goal lines v Goal areas v Penalty areas v Corner areas

15 A ball is not out if any part of the ball is on or above any part of the line A ball may cross a boundary line on the ground or in the air BALL CROSSING LINES

16 Ball above the line is still “touching” outside plane of line ? BALL NEAR LINE

17 Field of Play Out of Play CURVING BALL BLOWN BACK

18 PERSPECTIVE Assistant Referee’s view

19 The Throw-in

20 Method of restarting play when whole ball has crossed the touch line. Throw-in awarded to opponents of the player who last touched the ball. DEFINITION – THROW-IN

21 REQUIREMENTS Thrower must: v Deliver from point where ball crossed line (within 1 yard) v Face field of play with some part of body v Have part of each foot either on the touch line or on the ground outside the touch line v Use both hands v Deliver ball from behind and over the head

22 TECHNIQUE v Face the field of play v Deliver ball from behind and over head

23 Both hands on ball ----- ----if only one hand guiding ball FOUL Use common sense FAIR HANDS

24 Part of each foot on or behind touch line LOCATION OF FEET

25 Ball is in play when: v Ball enters field of play, and v Has left hands of thrower NOTE: A “soft” or “slow” throw-in motion is legal. A properly executed “flip throw” is legal. RESTART

26 Awarded from the point where it crossed the touch line If not, it shall be considered to be improperly thrown PLACEMENT

27 REFEREE TECHNIQUE v Referee should indicate place from which the throw-in should be taken v If taken from improper point, throw-in awarded to other team

28 INFRACTIONS v Thrower plays ball second time before ball touches another player u “Double touch” - IFK to opponents v Improperly thrown or from wrong point u Throw-in to opponents v Ball thrown directly into opponents’ goal u No goal - restart with goal kick

29 INFRACTIONS 1. Ball thrown directly into own goal No goal - restart with corner kick 1. Ball thrown directly into opponent’s goal No goal - restart with goal kick 1. Ball does not enter field Retake throw-in

30 But.… use Common Sense! Cautioned they are Cautioned for “unsporting behavior” and shown the yellow card. INFRACTION BY OPPONENT v If an opponent unfairly distracts or impedes the thrower…

31 A goal kick is awarded when the whole ball has: A. Crossed the goal line in the air or on the ground B. Was last touched by an attacker C. A goal was not scored Note: Anything not standard equipment on the goalposts is considered out of play Goal Kicks

32 A goal kick is taken from anywhere in the goal area. WHERE

33 RESTART v Ball is placed in the goal area v Any defensive player may take kick v Whole ball must leave the penalty area on first touch v If ball touched prior to leaving the penalty area u Retake the goal kick

34 SPECIAL SITUATIONS v If anything happens before the whole ball exits the penalty area, the goal kick is retaken WHY? v The ball is not in play yet. Note: An attacking player is not offside at the taking of a goal kick

35 POSITIONING ON A GOAL KICK All attackers must be and remain outside of penalty area until ball has cleared the penalty area.

36 GOAL KICK ENTERING GOAL A goal kick kicked directly into: v Opponent’s goal - award GOAL, restart with kick-off v Own goal - retake goal kick

37 Corner Kicks 1. Definition of a corner kick 2. Where corner kick is taken 3. Ball placement 4. Encroachment 5. Additional points 6. Dangers

38 DEFINITION A corner kick is awarded when the whole ball has: v Crossed the goal line in the air or on the ground v Was last touched by a defender v A goal was not scored

39 The corner kick is taken from the quarter-circle at the nearest corner to where the ball crossed the goal line. Corner flagpost shall not be removed or moved from a vertical position WHERE

40 The ball shall be placed inside the quarter-circle Incorrect position Correct positioning Must be in contact with some part of the quarter circle PLACEMENT

41 Opponents shall retire 10 yards away from the ball ! 10 yards ENCROACHMENT

42 ADDITIONAL POINTS v Kicker may not “double touch” the ball v A goal may be scored directly from a corner kick

43 v After ball is in play: u All fouls per Law 12 u Penalize per Law 12 DANGERS Corner kicks are a potentially dangerous situation! v Before ball is in play: u Pushing and jostling for position u Hold up kick and warn or Caution

44 Goal Scoring v A goal is scored when the whole ball has: u Crossed the goal line u Between the uprights (goalposts) u Under the crossbar u Provided that no infringement of the Laws of the Game has been committed previously by the team scoring the goal. u And it was propelled in a legal manner.

45 No Goal Goal No Goal WHAT’S A GOAL? AND WHAT’S NOT?

46 EXCEPTIONS v A goal cannot be scored directly from: u An indirect free kick (IFK) u Any free kick into your own goal u A throw-in

47 * except in the goal area Dropped ball where contact was made OUTSIDE INTERFERENCE v If the ball is prevented from passing over the goal line by an “outside agent” u A spectator u An animal u Another ball u Any other thing

48 THE WINNER IS... 1. The team scoring the most goals during the match is the winner 2. Referee never decides the winner 3. Record score, SRS, etc. on scorecard at end of match

49 Fouls F A I R P L A Y ! Fouls and Misconduct Fouls

50 TOPICS v Major (Penal) fouls u Involving Careless, Reckless, or Excessive Force u Other major fouls v Major Foul restarts v Minor fouls (technical infractions) v Minor Foul restarts

51 Careless Careless \ adj 1: unconcerned, indifferent 2: not showing care Reckless Reckless \ adj 1: lacking caution : rash syn: headlong, hasty DEFINITIONS

52 A direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following six offenses in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force: MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS 1. Kicks or attempts to kick an opponent 2. Trips or attempts to trip an opponent 3. Jumps at an opponent

53 A direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following six offenses in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force: MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS ¹ Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent º Charges an opponent » Pushes an opponent

54 Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

55 Foul tackle from behind - may be kicking or tripping Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

56 Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent “Over the ball” tackle - may be kicking and serious foul play MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

57 Tripping or attempting to trip an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

58 Not a Foul! Tackler makes contact with ball first, player trips over ball or legs near ground MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

59 Jumping at (into) an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

60 Charging an opponent (carelessly, recklessly or using excessive force) MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

61 Charging an opponent (Carelessly, recklessly or using excessive force) MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

62 Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

63 Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

64 Pushes an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

65 ¼ Holds an opponent ½ Spits at an opponent ¾ Handles the ball deliberately (except for the goalkeeper within his/her own penalty area) ¿ Tackles an opponent to gain possession of the ball, making contact with the opponent before touching the ball A direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following four offenses:

66 Holds an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

67 Holds an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

68 Holds an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

69 Spits at an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

70 Handles the ball deliberately MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

71 No Foul! No Foul! Reasoning… Player did not initiate the action INTENT v However... v Ball strikes player on arm - and - ball falls to player’s feet and he/she gains control

72 Unintentional contact not a foul Did ball hit arm? Or Did arm hit ball? MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

73 Tackles an opponent to gain possession of the ball, making contact with the opponent before touching the ball MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

74 Except when foul occurs by defender within the defender’s penalty area in which case a Penalty Kick shall be awarded. Restart with a Direct Free Kick at point of infraction MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS

75 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Goalkeeper inside own penalty area: 1. Takes more than 6 seconds while controlling the ball with his/her hands before releasing it from his/her possession 2. Regains hand control prior to touch by another 3. Touches ball with hands after deliberately kicked by team-mate 4. Touches ball with hands after throw-in by team-mate

76 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Takes more than 6 seconds while controlling the ball with the hands to release it from her/his possession.

77 Touches the ball again with his/her hands after it has been released from his/her possession and has not touched any other player. MINOR FOULS (NON-PENAL)

78 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Touches ball with hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him/her by a teammate

79 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Touches ball with hands if received directly from throw-in by teammate

80 MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS v Plays in a dangerous manner v Impedes the progress of an opponent v Prevents goalkeeper from releasing ball from his/her hands v Commits any offense, not previously mentioned in Law 12, for which play is stopped to caution or dismiss a player

81 Playing in a dangerous manner (to an opponent) Teammate doesn’t count MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS

82 Playing in a dangerous manner (an opponent) Teammate doesn’t count MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS

83 Impeding the progress of an opponent MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS

84 Prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his/her hands MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS

85 Restart with a Indirect Free Kick at point of infraction - by defenders within their own goal area - …kick taken from anywhere within goal area. EXCEPT… - by attackers in opponent’s goal area - …move ball to out to closest point on 6 yard line. MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS

86 “ The way play is restarted after the referee has stopped play for an infraction” Free Kicks

87 IFK (Indirect Free Kick) DFK (Direct Free Kick) THERE ARE ONLY 2 TYPES OF FREE KICKS

88 B A GOAL! DIRECT FREE KICK v One of the 10 major (penal) fouls v Can score directly against opponent v Outside penalty area of offending team

89 B A GOAL! INDIRECT FREE KICK v One of the 8 minor fouls (technical infractions) v Cannot score directly against opponent v Must touch another player!

90 FREE KICK “RULES” v Ball must be stationary v Played in any direction v No “double touch” v No encroachment v Restart signal requirements u “Quick” restart u “Ceremonial” restart v Cannot score directly against self v Point of infraction (2 exceptions)

91 If given to a team within own goal area, Exception #1 GOAL AREA REQUIREMENTS 1. All opponents must be out of penalty area 2. Ball must clear penalty area prior to 2nd touch

92 IFK in opponent’s goal area is moved out to the nearest point on the goal area line Exception #2 GOAL AREA REQUIREMENTS

93 v All opponents must be out of penalty area v Ball must clear penalty area prior to 2nd touch Also, if given to a team within their own penalty area PENALTY AREA REQUIREMENTS

94 “QUICK” FREE KICK v Kicking team has a right to a quick restart if they wish to use it u Opponents must retire 10 yards u Opponents have no right to form a wall v As referee, encourage the “quick” restart

95 “QUICK” FREE KICK v Do not interfere unless: u Kicking team insists on 10 yards u Encroachment is severe u “Quick” restart is not taken v Kicker restarting prior to the opponents retiring is at risk of losing possession v Hand signal if IFK

96 “QUICK” FREE KICK GUIDELINES v Opponent retiring and kicker makes mistake and kicks ball to opponent u No offense - kicker at risk v Opponent retiring, but deflects ball when kicked right by him/her u Warn player - retake kick if no goal results v Opponent not retiring and makes an effort to intercept the ball. Caution u If player succeeds, Caution player - retake kick

97 “CEREMONIAL” FREE KICK v Organized “defensive wall” v Clearly show kicker to wait for whistle v Be “first brick” in the wall - 10 yards v Bring opponents to you v Move to your next position v Signal for restart u When you are ready u As soon as possible

98 10 yards in all directions Failure to respect the required distance is a cautionable offenseFailure to respect the required distance is a cautionable offense ENCROACHMENT

99 Opponents must retire 10 yards with one exception, if they’re between goalposts and on the goal line. ENCROACHMENT

100 RESTART MECHANICS v Point direction! u Players want/need to know if they are “attacking” or “defending” v Indicate IFK if appropriate u Players want/need to know if they can score directly from this kick v Indicate position of ball

101 RESTART MECHANICS v Position defenders u Do not allow encroachment v Position yourself v Indicate IFK if appropriate v Signal for restart u Use whistle if “ceremonial” kick

102 BALL IN PLAY VS. GOAL SCORED A. Ball is “in play” when: A. Kicked and moves and B. Leaves penalty area (if appropriate) B. Goal can be scored when: A. Ball is “in play” B. Ball is touched by 2nd player on IFK C. Ball is kicked into opponents goal

103 The Assistant Referees v TOPICS u Dual System of Officiating = Equal power and authority on the field u Duties of the Referee u When to penalize u Advantage Law u Powers of the Referee u Coaching from the boundary lines

104 Decisions of the Referee final The decisions of the referee regarding facts connected with play are final. Those facts include whether a goal has been scored or not and the result of the match.

105 Decisions of the Referee The referee may only change a decision on realizing that it is incorrect or, at his/her discretion, on the advice of partner referee, provided that he/she has not restarted play.

106 The Laws of the Game are intended to provide that games should be played with as little interference as possible, and in this view it is the duty of the referees to penalize only deliberate breaches of the Law. Constant whistling for trifling or doubtful breaches produces bad feeling and loss of temper on the part of the players and spoils the pleasure of the spectators. When to Penalize

107 Allows play to continue when the team against which an offense has been committed will benefit from such an advantage and penalizes the original offense if the anticipated advantage does not ensue at that time. ADVANTAGE LAW

108 v Once decided, referee may revoke his/her decision if the presumed advantage does not materialize v The foul “Goes Away” unless referee decides, within 2-3 seconds, that the original advantage does not materialize v Misconduct always stays v You may caution or send-off at the next stoppage of play only

109 PLAY ON Verbal - “PLAY ON!” Visual - Arms swing in front Can change mind if advantage doesn’t occur ADVANTAGE LAW

110 Example: Defensive player wants to attack on goal stopped. Fouls attacker. Attacker not stopped by foul. If referee stops game for that foul, then referee is doing the defender’s job for them (stopping attack), thus “advantage” goes to offending (defensive) team. ADVANTAGE LAW

111 SIGNALS Goal kick Corner kick

112 Penalty kick SIGNALS

113 Indirect free kick Direct free kick SIGNALS

114 Advantage Play on! Throw-in

115 Caution (yellow card) Send-off (red card) SIGNALS

116 First show yellow card Second Cautionable offense Then show red card.

117 Goal kick Corner kick Throw-in SIGNALS

118 Offside or Stop play Offside - Far side Offside - Center Offside - Near side SIGNALS

119 CRITICAL TECHNIQUES (cont’) v Eye contact – keep your head up!!! v At every stoppage - make eye contact with partner to ensure that you know if they have information for you. v After foul - make eye contact with player who fouled as you point direction.

120 Proximity to fouls when: CRITICAL TECHNIQUES (cont’) v Challenge was very hard/ physical v A player remains on the ground v Opponents are not departing the area v You must move in quickly to control the situation and prevent/stop/deal with misconduct

121 CRITICAL TECHNIQUES (cont’) v Watch play - not the ball v Ball gone - start move to next position, watch for late contact v Ball coming - move to position, watch for foul prior to ball arriving v Set plays - vary position, use voice to manage players, signal when ready

122 Fouls and Misconduct

123 v Misconduct  Examples (7) Send-off  Seven (7) Send-off Offenses (7) Cautionable  Seven (7) Cautionable Offenses v Examples  Procedures for issuing cards TOPICS

124 7 CAUTIONABLE OFFENSES A player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if s/he commits any of the following seven offenses: ¶is guilty of unsporting behavior (UB) · shows dissent by word or action (DT) ¸ persistently infringes the Laws of the Game (PI) ¹ delays the restart of play (DR)

125 7 CAUTIONABLE OFFENSES A player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if s/he commits any of the following seven offenses: º fails to respect the required distance when play is restarted with a corner kick or free kick (FRD) » enters or re-enters the field without the referee’s permission (E) ¼ deliberately leaves the field without the referee’s permission (L)

126 Examples of Unsporting Behavior 1. Commits a penal foul in a reckless manner 2. Commits a penal foul while tackling for the ball from behind 3. Commits a tactical foul designed to interfere with or impede an opposing team’s attacking play 4. Commits an act deemed by the referee as bringing the game into disrepute (e.g. aggressive attitude, inflammatory behavior, or taunting)

127 Examples of Unsporting Behavior v Pushes or holds (including holding the opponent’s uniform) to interfere with that opponent’s attacking play v Handles the ball deliberately to interfere with an opponent’s attacking play v Handles the ball deliberately to score a goal v Fakes an injury or exaggerates the seriousness of an injury

128 Examples of Unsporting Behavior 1. Fakes a foul (dives) or exaggerates the severity of a foul 2. Interferes with or prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his/her hands into play 3. Unfairly distracts or impedes an opponent performing a throw-in; 1. this is a mandatory caution

129 Examples of Unsporting Behavior v Verbally distracts an opponent during play or at a restart v If identified as the kicker, engages in unfair deception while taking a penalty kick v Changes jerseys with the goalkeeper during play or without the referee’s permission; u this is a mandatory caution for both players

130 Examples of Unsporting Behavior v Engages in trickery to circumvent the goalkeeper’s limitation on handling a ball played from a teammate’s foot (the defender who initiates the “trickery” is cautioned and the decision does not require that the goalkeeper actually handles the ball); u this is a mandatory caution whether it occurs during dynamic play or at a restart.

131 Show Dissent by Word or Action v Verbally or through action disputes or shows contempt for an official’s decision v If playing as the goalkeeper, leaves the penalty area (not beckoned by the referee) to engage an official in debate regarding a decision

132 Persistently Infringes the Laws of the Game 3. Repeatedly commits fouls or participates in a pattern of fouls directed at an opponent 4. Violates Law 14 again, having previously been warned 5. Fails to start or restart play properly or promptly, having previously been warned 6. If playing as goalkeeper, wastes time, having previously been warned or penalized for this behavior

133 Delays the Restart of Play 4. Kicks or throws the ball away or holds the ball to prevent a free kick, throw-in or corner kick restart by an opponent 5. Fails to restart play after being so instructed by the referee 6. Fails to return to the field upon conclusion of the mid-game break, fails to perform a kick-off when signaled by the referee, or fails to be in a correct position for a kick-off 7. Excessively celebrates a goal

134 Fails to Respect the Required Distance... 5. Does not retire at least ten yards away from an opponent’s free kick 6. Does not retire at least ten yards away from an opponent’s corner kick

135 Entering or Re-entering the Field... 6. Illegally returning to the field having previously been substituted; 6. this is a mandatory caution 7. After a player at fault is instructed to leave the field to correct his/her equipment; 6. this is a mandatory caution 8. After a player leaves the field for an injury or for bleeding or blood on the uniform 9. Entering the field as a substitute without having received a signal from the referee; 6. this is a mandatory caution

136 Deliberately Leaves the Field... 7. Leaves the field to place an opponent in offside position 8. Leaves the field other than through the normal course of play

137 7 SEND-OFF OFFENSES A player is sent-off and shown the red card if s/he commits any of the following seven offenses: ¶ is guilty of serious foul play (SFP) · is guilty of violent conduct (VC) ¸ spits at an opponent or any other person (S)

138 7 SEND-OFF OFFENSES A player is sent-off and shown the red card if s/he commits any of the following seven offenses: ¹ denies the opposing team a goal or an obvious goal-scoring opportunity by deliberately handling the ball (this does not apply to the goalkeeper within his/her own penalty area)(DGH) º denies obvious goal scoring opportunity to an opponent moving towards the player’s goal by an offense punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick (DGF)

139 7 SEND-OFF OFFENSES A player is sent-off and shown the red card if s/he commits any of the following seven offenses: and/or gestures » uses offensive, insulting or abusive language and/or gestures (AL) ¼ receives a second caution in the same match (2CT)

140 SEND-OFF EXAMPLES v Striking an opponent (SFP or VC) v Striking a teammate (VC) v Violently kicking an opponent (SFP or VC) v Foul tackle from behind with hard contact (SFP) v Spitting at another person (SFP or VC) v Tackle from behind on breakaway (DGF) v Any act intended to injure another (VC)

141 Caution For a Caution: ¶ Isolate Offender · Record info (Name, number, time, offense) ¸ Display card Send-off For a Send-off: 1. Isolate Offender (If necessary) 2. Display card 3. Record information (after player has left) Procedure for issuing cards MISCONDUCT PROCEDURES

142 MISCONDUCT REVIEW v When can misconduct occur? u Unlike fouls, misconduct can be against anyone, at anytime, anywhere including team areas, stands or parking lot v Can you name the seven cautionable offences? u Do you use an acronym to remember? v Can you give an example of each?

143 MISCONDUCT REVIEW v Does the yellow card have to be displayed? u Yes, display cards to players and substitutes u Do NOT display cards to team officials v Can a foul also be misconduct? u Yes, a foul may also be misconduct v Does misconduct require a foul to have been committed? u No. Can you give an example?

144 MISCONDUCT REVIEW v What is the restart if you stop play for misconduct, but no FOUL has been committed? u Misconduct causing a stoppage of play without a DFK foul will warrant restarting with a IFK v If you don’t stop play for misconduct, when does it have to be dealt with? u It must be dealt with at the next stoppage or not at all

145 MISCONDUCT REVIEW v What about physical contact that looks the same as a major foul against anyone including teammates, spectators or officials at any time (or opponents, if the ball is out of play)? u Deal with it as Unsporting Behavior or Violent Conduct depending on the severity of the action

146 MISCONDUCT REVIEW v What is the difference between Serious Foul Play and Violent Conduct? u SFP must meet the requirements for a FOUL and must be committed during a challenge for the ball, for example, a tackle from behind which endangers the safety of the opponent. u Violent Conduct can happen anytime, and anywhere

147 Did you stop play for the misconduct? NO Normal Restart YES MISCONDUCT RESTARTS

148 Was the misconduct committed by a player on the field? NO Dropped Ball YES MISCONDUCT RESTARTS

149 Was a major foul committed? NO Indirect Free Kick YES MISCONDUCT RESTARTS

150 Direct Free Kick or Penalty Kick MISCONDUCT RESTARTS

151 A penalty kick is awarded when a defender commits any of the 10 major fouls inside their own penalty area against an opponent * while ball is in play *Handling the ball is an exception Penalty Kick

152 1. Clear penalty area of all but keeper and kicker (all other players must be behind penalty mark) 2. Get ball into your possession 3. Set keeper on line - between posts 4. Identify kicker to keeper 5. Give ball to kicker to place on penalty mark BEFORE KICK IS TAKEN

153 6. Tell kicker to wait for whistle (use gesture) 7. Final check - all out of penalty area, 10 yards from ball and behind mark 8. Take position to observe keeper, kicker, other players and assistant referee 9. Check with keeper to see if ready 10. Whistle for kick BEFORE KICK IS TAKEN

154 REQUIREMENTS OF KICKER v Kick must be taken from the mark v Ball must be kicked forward v Kicker may feign a kick u must not unnecessarily delay the kick u must not change direction excessively v Must not distract keeper v Must not “double touch” the ball

155 REQUIREMENTS OF KEEPER v Must be on goal line, between posts, facing field of play v May not move forward from the goal line until kick (may move laterally or side to side) v Must not distract the kicker v Must not engage in Unsporting Behavior

156 REQUIREMENTS OF ATTACKERS v Must be outside of penalty area v Must be outside of penalty arc v Must be laterally behind penalty mark v Must be on the field of play v Must not encroach v Must not distract the goalkeeper

157 REQUIREMENTS OF DEFENDERS v Must be outside of penalty area v Must be outside of penalty arc v Must be behind penalty mark v Must be on the field of play v Must not encroach v Must not distract the kicker

158 AR R POSITIONING DIAGRAM Proper setup for a penalty kick.

159 The referee does not signal for a penalty kick to be taken until the players have taken up position in accordance with the Law. If the referee gives the signal… and before the ball is in play, an infringement occurs, the referee allows the kick to proceed LAW ANALYSIS

160 When someone “cheats” Kick is taken Ball in net Ball not in net * If cheating attacker touches ball, IFK to defense Defense cheats Attackers cheat Both cheat IFK Defense Goal No cheating Live ball GoalRetake Live ball* Retake IFK Defense 2nd touch by kicker

161 Additional time is allowed for a penalty kick to be taken at the end of each half or at the end of periods of extra time. The referee decides when a penalty kick has been completed EXTENDING TIME

162 Positioning

163 It is important to be in the correct position MECHANICS

164 POSITIONING v Assistant referees shall patrol: u Off the field, along the touch line u One-half of the field only u Even with second-to-last defender u Follow all balls to goal line v Special situations / Set plays u Follow pre-game instructions

165 AR 1 AR 2 Team side Spectator side MECHANICS

166

167 START OF THE GAME

168 PENALTY KICK

169 GOAL KICK

170 CORNER KICK

171 THROW-IN


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