2REFEREE POWERSApplies “Advantage Law”Issues cautions and send-offsReports or expels team officials for misconduct or irresponsible behaviorReverses a decision prior to restartAllows play to continue for minor injury
3TECHNIQUES OF OFFICIATING Know the LawsBe firm, not overbearingIndicate your decision - Do not explain itBe near the play - Do not be in the playUse common sense
4PRE-GAME ORGANIZATION The referee and assistants should arrive early (at least 30 minutes) to complete the following tasks:Inspection of fieldMarkings, nets, goalposts, safety issuesConduct a pre-game meetingCheck players’ equipmentCheck game ballsNote: You should never be the cause of a delayed start.
5Note: Whistle tone should be varied according to the situation. SIGNALSVisualHandAudibleVerbal or whistleNote: Whistle tone should be varied according to the situation.
6Corner Flagpost and Corner Arc DIMENSIONS & MARKINGSTouch LineCorner Flagpost and Corner ArcHalfway LinePenalty AreaCenter MarkPenaltyMarkCenter CircleGoalPenalty Arc
7Starting the Game Introductions Referee tosses coin, who calls it? visiting captainWinner picks side to defend or kickoffBe friendly, cordial and briefDo not coach or lectureStart game on time
8Starting Mechanics One minute before kick-off: Assistant Referees supervise bench arealine up with 2nd last defendercount players in their halfsupervises clearing of the field
9Kick-Off Starting Mechanics At kick-off:Each team in own half of fieldBall stationary on center markTrail Referee gives a signal for kick-off (How?)Ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward
10Kick-Off Infractions Players in wrong half of field Ball does not move forwardTaken before referee’s signalRetake the kickKicker plays ball a second time “double-touch”IFK to opponent
11The ball is in play at all other times! BALL OUT OF PLAYOnly two methods of stopping play:Whole ball crosses a boundary lineThe referee stops playThe ball is in play at all other times!
12Until the referee stops play for any reason BALL IS IN PLAYIf ball rebounds fromGoalpost, orCrossbar, orCorner flagpost and remains in the field of playAssistant Referees, if they are on the field of playUntil the referee stops play for any reason
13Lines belong to the areas of which they are boundaries BOUNDARY LINESLines belong to the areas of which they are boundariesThis includes:Touch linesGoal linesGoal areasPenalty areasCorner areas
14A ball may cross a boundary line on the ground or in the air BALL CROSSING LINESA ball may cross a boundary line on the ground or in the airA ball is not out if any part of the ball is on or above any part of the line
15Ball above the line is still “touching” outside plane of line BALL NEAR LINE?Ball above the line is still“touching” outside plane of line
16CURVING BALL BLOWN BACK Field of PlayOut of Play
19DEFINITION – THROW-INMethod of restarting play when whole ball has crossed the touch line.Throw-in awarded to opponents of the player who last touched the ball.
20REQUIREMENTS Thrower must: Deliver from point where ball crossed line (within 1 yard)Face field of play with some part of bodyHave part of each foot either on the touch line or on the ground outside the touch lineUse both handsDeliver ball from behind and over the head
21TECHNIQUEFace the field of playDeliver ball from behind and over head
22HANDS FAIR Both hands on ball ----- ----if only one hand guiding ball FOULUse common sense
23Part of each foot on or behind touch line LOCATION OF FEETPart of each foot on or behind touch line
24Ball enters field of play, and Has left hands of thrower NOTE: RESTARTBall is in play when:Ball enters field of play, andHas left hands of throwerNOTE:A “soft” or “slow” throw-in motion is legal.A properly executed “flip throw” is legal.
25PLACEMENT Awarded from the point where it crossed the touch line If not, it shall be considered to be improperly thrown
26REFEREE TECHNIQUEReferee should indicate place from which the throw-in should be takenIf taken from improper point, throw-in awarded to other team
27Thrower plays ball second time before ball touches another player INFRACTIONSThrower plays ball second time before ball touches another player“Double touch” - IFK to opponentsImproperly thrown or from wrong pointThrow-in to opponentsBall thrown directly into opponents’ goalNo goal - restart with goal kick
28Ball thrown directly into own goal No goal - restart with corner kick INFRACTIONSBall thrown directly into own goalNo goal - restart with corner kickBall thrown directly into opponent’s goalNo goal - restart with goal kickBall does not enter fieldRetake throw-in
29INFRACTION BY OPPONENT If an opponent unfairly distracts or impedes the thrower…they are Cautioned for“unsporting behavior”and shown the yellow card.But .… use Common Sense!
30Anything not standard equipment on the goalposts is considered Goal KicksA goal kick is awarded when the whole ball has:Crossed the goal line in the air or on the groundWas last touched by an attackerA goal was not scoredNote:Anything not standard equipment on the goalposts is consideredout of play
31A goal kick is taken from anywhere in the goal area.
32Ball is placed in the goal area Any defensive player may take kick RESTARTBall is placed in the goal areaAny defensive player may take kickWhole ball must leave the penalty area on first touchIf ball touched prior to leaving the penalty areaRetake the goal kick
33An attacking player is not offside at the taking of a goal kick SPECIAL SITUATIONSIf anything happens before the whole ball exits the penalty area, the goal kick is retakenWHY?The ball is not in play yet.Note:An attacking player is not offside at the taking of a goal kick
34POSITIONING ON A GOAL KICK All attackers must be and remain outside of penalty area until ball has cleared the penalty area.
35GOAL KICK ENTERING GOAL A goal kick kicked directly into:Opponent’s goal award GOAL, restart with kick-offOwn goal - retake goal kick
36Corner Kicks Definition of a corner kick Where corner kick is taken Ball placementEncroachmentAdditional pointsDangers
37DEFINITIONA corner kick is awarded when the whole ball has:Crossed the goal line in the air or on the groundWas last touched by a defenderA goal was not scored
38Corner flagpost shall not be removed moved from a vertical position WHEREThe corner kick is taken from the quarter-circle at the nearest corner to where the ball crossed the goal line.Corner flagpost shall not be removedormoved from a vertical position
39PLACEMENT The ball shall be placed inside the quarter-circle Correct positioningIncorrect positionCorrect positioningThe ball shall be placed inside the quarter-circleMust be in contact with some part of the quarter circle
40Opponents shall retire 10 yards away from the ball ! ENCROACHMENTOpponents shall retire 10 yards away from the ball !10 yards10 yards
41ADDITIONAL POINTSKicker may not “double touch” the ballA goal may be scored directly from a corner kick
42Corner kicks are a potentially DANGERSCorner kicks are a potentiallydangerous situation!Before ball is in play:Pushing and jostling for positionHold up kick and warn or CautionAfter ball is in play:All fouls per Law 12Penalize per Law 12
43Goal Scoring A goal is scored when the whole ball has: Crossed the goal lineBetween the uprights (goalposts)Under the crossbarProvided that no infringement of the Laws of the Game has been committed previously by the team scoring the goal.And it was propelled in a legal manner.
44WHAT’S A GOAL? AND WHAT’S NOT? No GoalNo GoalGoalNo Goal
45A goal cannot be scored directly from: EXCEPTIONSA goal cannot be scored directly from:An indirect free kick (IFK)Any free kick into your own goalA throw-in
46OUTSIDE INTERFERENCEIf the ball is prevented from passing over the goal line by an “outside agent”A spectatorAn animalAnother ballAny other thingDropped ball where contact was made*except in the goal area
47THE WINNER IS...The team scoring the most goals during the match is the winnerReferee never decides the winnerRecord score, SRS, etc. on scorecard at end of match
48Fouls and MisconductPlease!F A I RFoulsP L A YFouls
49Minor fouls (technical infractions) Minor Foul restarts TOPICSMajor (Penal) foulsInvolving Careless, Reckless, or Excessive ForceOther major foulsMajor Foul restartsMinor fouls (technical infractions)Minor Foul restarts
51Kicks or attempts to kick an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSA direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following six offenses in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force:Kicks or attempts to kick an opponentTrips or attempts to trip an opponentJumps at an opponent
52Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent Charges an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSA direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following six offenses in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force:Strikes or attempts to strike an opponentCharges an opponentPushes an opponent
53Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSKicking or attempting to kick an opponent
54MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent Foul tackle from behind - may be kicking or tripping
55MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent “Over the ball” tackle - may be kicking and serious foul play
56MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSTripping or attempting to trip an opponent
57Not a Foul! MAJOR (PENAL) FOULS Tackler makes contact with ball first, player trips over ball or legs near groundNot a Foul!
58Jumping at (into) an opponent MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSJumping at (into) an opponent
59(carelessly, recklessly or using excessive force) MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSCharging an opponent(carelessly, recklessly or using excessive force)
60(Carelessly, recklessly or using excessive force) MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSCharging an opponent(Carelessly, recklessly or using excessive force)
61MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSStrikes or attempts to strike an opponent
62MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSStrikes or attempts to strike an opponent
64MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSA direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following four offenses:Holds an opponentSpits at an opponentHandles the ball deliberately (except for the goalkeeper within his/her own penalty area)Tackles an opponent to gain possession of the ball, making contact with the opponent before touching the ball
69Handles the ball deliberately MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSHandles the ball deliberately
70INTENTHowever...Ball strikes player on arm - and - ball falls to player’s feet and he/she gains controlNo Foul!Reasoning…Player did not initiate the action
71Unintentional contact MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSUnintentional contactnot a foulDid ball hit arm?OrDid arm hit ball?
72MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSTackles an opponent to gain possession of the ball, making contact with the opponent before touching the ball
73Restart with a Direct Free Kick at point of infraction MAJOR (PENAL) FOULSRestart with a Direct Free Kick at point of infractionExcept when foul occurs by defender within the defender’s penalty areain which case a Penalty Kick shall be awarded.
74MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Goalkeeper inside own penalty area:Takes more than 6 seconds while controlling the ball with his/her hands before releasing it from his/her possessionRegains hand control prior to touch by anotherTouches ball with hands after deliberately kicked by team-mateTouches ball with hands after throw-in by team-mate
75MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Takes more than 6 seconds while controlling the ball with the hands to release it from her/his possession.
76MINOR FOULS (NON-PENAL) 1Touches the ball again with his/her hands after it has been released from his/her possession and has not touched any other player.
77MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Touches ball with hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him/her by a teammate
78MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Touches ball with hands if received directly from throw-in by teammate
79MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Plays in a dangerous mannerImpedes the progress of an opponentPrevents goalkeeper from releasing ball from his/her handsCommits any offense, not previously mentioned in Law 12, for which play is stopped to caution or dismiss a player
80MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Playing in a dangerous manner(to an opponent)Teammate doesn’t count
81MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Playing in a dangerous manner(an opponent)Teammate doesn’t count
82MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Impeding the progress ofan opponent
83MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Prevents the goalkeeperfrom releasing the ball fromhis/her hands
84MINOR (NON-PENAL) FOULS Restart with a Indirect Free Kick at point of infractionEXCEPT…- by defenders within their own goal area …kick taken from anywhere within goal area.- by attackers in opponent’s goal area …move ball to out to closest point on 6 yard line.
85Free Kicks“The way play is restarted after the referee has stopped play for an infraction”
86THERE ARE ONLY 2 TYPES OF FREE KICKS DFK (Direct Free Kick)IFK (Indirect Free Kick)
87GOAL! DIRECT FREE KICK One of the 10 major (penal) fouls BAOne of the 10 major (penal) foulsCan score directly against opponentOutside penalty area of offending team
88GOAL! INDIRECT FREE KICK BAOne of the 8 minor fouls (technical infractions)Cannot score directly against opponentMust touch another player!
89Ball must be stationary Played in any direction No “double touch” FREE KICK “RULES”Ball must be stationaryPlayed in any directionNo “double touch”No encroachmentRestart signal requirements“Quick” restart“Ceremonial” restartCannot score directly against selfPoint of infraction (2 exceptions)
90GOAL AREA REQUIREMENTS Exception #1If given to a team within own goal area,All opponents must be out of penalty areaBall must clear penalty area prior to 2nd touch
91GOAL AREA REQUIREMENTS Exception #2IFK in opponent’s goal area is moved out tothe nearest point on the goal area line
92PENALTY AREA REQUIREMENTS Also, if given to a team within their own penalty areaAll opponents must be out of penalty areaBall must clear penalty area prior to 2nd touch
93Kicking team has a right to a quick restart if they wish to use it “QUICK” FREE KICKKicking team has a right to a quick restart if they wish to use itOpponents must retire 10 yardsOpponents have no right to form a wallAs referee, encourage the “quick” restart
94Do not interfere unless: “QUICK” FREE KICKDo not interfere unless:Kicking team insists on 10 yardsEncroachment is severe“Quick” restart is not takenKicker restarting prior to the opponents retiring is at risk of losing possessionHand signal if IFK
95“QUICK” FREE KICK GUIDELINES Opponent retiring and kicker makes mistake and kicks ball to opponentNo offense - kicker at riskOpponent retiring, but deflects ball when kicked right by him/herWarn player - retake kick if no goal resultsOpponent not retiring and makes an effort to intercept the ball.If player succeeds, Caution player - retake kick
96“CEREMONIAL” FREE KICK Organized “defensive wall”Clearly show kicker to wait for whistleBe “first brick” in the wall - 10 yardsBring opponents to youMove to your next positionSignal for restartWhen you are readyAs soon as possible
97ENCROACHMENT10 yardsin alldirectionsFailureto respectthe requireddistance isa cautionableoffense
98ENCROACHMENTOpponents must retire 10 yards with one exception, if they’re between goalposts and on the goal line.
99Indicate IFK if appropriate RESTART MECHANICSPoint direction!Players want/need to know if they are “attacking” or “defending”Indicate IFK if appropriatePlayers want/need to know if they can score directly from this kickIndicate position of ball
100Indicate IFK if appropriate Signal for restart RESTART MECHANICSPosition defendersDo not allow encroachmentPosition yourselfIndicate IFK if appropriateSignal for restartUse whistle if “ceremonial” kick
101BALL IN PLAY VS. GOAL SCORED Ball is “in play” when:Kicked and moves andLeaves penalty area (if appropriate)Goal can be scored when:Ball is “in play”Ball is touched by 2nd player on IFKBall is kicked into opponents goal
102The Assistant Referees TOPICSDual System of Officiating = Equal power and authority on the fieldDuties of the RefereeWhen to penalizeAdvantage LawPowers of the RefereeCoaching from the boundary lines
103Decisions of the Referee The decisions of the referee regarding facts connected with play are final.Those facts include whether a goal has been scored or not and the result of the match.
104Decisions of the Referee The referee may only change a decision on realizing that it is incorrect or, at his/her discretion, on the advice of partner referee, provided that he/she has not restarted play.
105When to PenalizeThe Laws of the Game are intended to provide that games should be played with as little interference as possible, and in this view it is the duty of the referees to penalize only deliberate breaches of the Law. Constant whistling for trifling or doubtful breaches produces bad feeling and loss of temper on the part of the players and spoils the pleasure of the spectators.
106ADVANTAGE LAWAllows play to continue when the team against which an offense has been committed will benefit from such an advantage and penalizes the original offense if the anticipated advantage does not ensue at that time.
107ADVANTAGE LAWOnce decided, referee may revoke his/her decision if the presumed advantage does not materializeThe foul “Goes Away” unless referee decides, within 2-3 seconds, that the original advantage does not materializeMisconduct always staysYou may caution or send-off at the next stoppage of play only
108ADVANTAGE LAW Verbal - “PLAY ON!” Visual - Arms swing in front Can change mind if advantage doesn’t occur
109ADVANTAGE LAWExample:Defensive player wants to attack on goal stopped. Fouls attacker. Attacker not stopped by foul.If referee stops game for that foul, then referee is doing the defender’s job for them (stopping attack), thus “advantage” goes to offending (defensive) team.
117SIGNALS Offside - Far side Offside - Near side Offside or Stop play Offside - Center
118CRITICAL TECHNIQUES (cont’) Eye contact – keep your head up!!!At every stoppage - make eye contact with partner to ensure that you know if they have information for you.After foul - make eye contact with player who fouled as you point direction.
119CRITICAL TECHNIQUES (cont’) Proximity to fouls when:Challenge was very hard/ physicalA player remains on the groundOpponents are not departing the areaYou must move in quickly to control the situation and prevent/stop/deal with misconduct
120CRITICAL TECHNIQUES (cont’) Watch play - not the ballBall gone - start move to next position, watch for late contactBall coming - move to position, watch for foul prior to ball arrivingSet plays - vary position, use voice to manage players, signal when ready
122TOPICSMisconductSeven (7) Cautionable OffensesExamplesSeven (7) Send-off OffensesExamplesProcedures for issuing cards
1237 CAUTIONABLE OFFENSESA player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if s/he commits any of the following seven offenses:is guilty of unsporting behavior (UB)shows dissent by word or action (DT)persistently infringes the Laws of the Game (PI)delays the restart of play (DR)
1247 CAUTIONABLE OFFENSESA player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if s/he commits any of the following seven offenses:fails to respect the required distance when play is restarted with a corner kick or free kick (FRD)enters or re-enters the field without the referee’s permission (E)deliberately leaves the field without the referee’s permission (L)
125Examples of Unsporting Behavior Commits a penal foul in a reckless mannerCommits a penal foul while tackling for the ball from behindCommits a tactical foul designed to interfere with or impede an opposing team’s attacking playCommits an act deemed by the referee as bringing the game into disrepute (e.g. aggressive attitude, inflammatory behavior, or taunting)
126Examples of Unsporting Behavior Pushes or holds (including holding the opponent’s uniform) to interfere with that opponent’s attacking playHandles the ball deliberately to interfere with an opponent’s attacking playHandles the ball deliberately to score a goalFakes an injury or exaggerates the seriousness of an injury
127Examples of Unsporting Behavior Fakes a foul (dives) or exaggerates the severity of a foulInterferes with or prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his/her hands into playUnfairly distracts or impedes an opponent performing a throw-in;this is a mandatory caution
128Examples of Unsporting Behavior Verbally distracts an opponent during play or at a restartIf identified as the kicker, engages in unfair deception while taking a penalty kickChanges jerseys with the goalkeeper during play or without the referee’s permission;this is a mandatory caution for both players
129Examples of Unsporting Behavior Engages in trickery to circumvent the goalkeeper’s limitation on handling a ball played from a teammate’s foot (the defender who initiates the “trickery” is cautioned and the decision does not require that the goalkeeper actually handles the ball);this is a mandatory caution whether it occurs during dynamic play or at a restart.
130Show Dissent by Word or Action Verbally or through action disputes or shows contempt for an official’s decisionIf playing as the goalkeeper, leaves the penalty area (not beckoned by the referee) to engage an official in debate regarding a decision
131Persistently Infringes the Laws of the Game Repeatedly commits fouls or participates in a pattern of fouls directed at an opponentViolates Law 14 again, having previously been warnedFails to start or restart play properly or promptly, having previously been warnedIf playing as goalkeeper, wastes time, having previously been warned or penalized for this behavior
132Delays the Restart of Play Kicks or throws the ball away or holds the ball to prevent a free kick, throw-in or corner kick restart by an opponentFails to restart play after being so instructed by the refereeFails to return to the field upon conclusion of the mid-game break, fails to perform a kick-off when signaled by the referee, or fails to be in a correct position for a kick-offExcessively celebrates a goal
133Fails to Respect the Required Distance... Does not retire at least ten yards away from an opponent’s free kickDoes not retire at least ten yards away from an opponent’s corner kick
134Entering or Re-entering the Field... Illegally returning to the field having previously been substituted;this is a mandatory cautionAfter a player at fault is instructed to leave the field to correct his/her equipment;this is a mandatory cautionAfter a player leaves the field for an injury or for bleeding or blood on the uniformEntering the field as a substitute without having received a signal from the referee;
135Deliberately Leaves the Field... Leaves the field to place an opponent in offside positionLeaves the field other than through the normal course of play
1367 SEND-OFF OFFENSESA player is sent-off and shown the red card if s/he commits any of the following seven offenses:is guilty of serious foul play (SFP)is guilty of violent conduct (VC)spits at an opponent or any other person (S)
1377 SEND-OFF OFFENSESA player is sent-off and shown the red card if s/he commits any of the following seven offenses:denies the opposing team a goal or an obvious goal-scoring opportunity by deliberately handling the ball (this does not apply to the goalkeeper within his/her own penalty area)(DGH)denies obvious goal scoring opportunity to an opponent moving towards the player’s goal by an offense punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick (DGF)
1387 SEND-OFF OFFENSESA player is sent-off and shown the red card if s/he commits any of the following seven offenses:uses offensive, insulting or abusive language and/or gestures (AL)receives a second caution in the same match (2CT)
139SEND-OFF EXAMPLES Striking an opponent (SFP or VC) Striking a teammate (VC)Violently kicking an opponent (SFP or VC)Foul tackle from behind with hard contact (SFP)Spitting at another person (SFP or VC)Tackle from behind on breakaway (DGF)Any act intended to injure another (VC)
140MISCONDUCT PROCEDURES Procedure for issuing cardsFor a Caution:Isolate OffenderRecord info (Name, number, time, offense)Display cardFor a Send-off:Isolate Offender (If necessary)Display cardRecord information (after player has left)
141When can misconduct occur? MISCONDUCT REVIEWWhen can misconduct occur?Unlike fouls, misconduct can be against anyone, at anytime, anywhere including team areas, stands or parking lotCan you name the seven cautionable offences?Do you use an acronym to remember?Can you give an example of each?
142Does the yellow card have to be displayed? MISCONDUCT REVIEWDoes the yellow card have to be displayed?Yes, display cards to players and substitutesDo NOT display cards to team officialsCan a foul also be misconduct?Yes, a foul may also be misconductDoes misconduct require a foul to have been committed?No. Can you give an example?
143MISCONDUCT REVIEWWhat is the restart if you stop play for misconduct, but no FOUL has been committed?Misconduct causing a stoppage of play without a DFK foul will warrant restarting with a IFKIf you don’t stop play for misconduct, when does it have to be dealt with?It must be dealt with at the next stoppage or not at all
144MISCONDUCT REVIEWWhat about physical contact that looks the same as a major foul against anyone including teammates, spectators or officials at any time (or opponents, if the ball is out of play)?Deal with it as Unsporting Behavior or Violent Conduct depending on the severity of the action
145What is the difference between Serious Foul Play and Violent Conduct? MISCONDUCT REVIEWWhat is the difference between Serious Foul Play and Violent Conduct?SFP must meet the requirements for a FOUL and must be committed during a challenge for the ball, for example, a tackle from behind which endangers the safety of the opponent.Violent Conduct can happen anytime, and anywhere
146Did you stop play for the misconduct? MISCONDUCT RESTARTSDid you stop play for the misconduct?YESNONormal Restart
147Was the misconduct committed by a player on the field? MISCONDUCT RESTARTSWas the misconduct committed by a player on the field?YESNODropped Ball
148Was a major foul committed? MISCONDUCT RESTARTSWas a major foul committed?YESNOIndirect Free Kick
150Penalty Kick A penalty kick is awarded when a defender commits any of the 10 major foulsinside their own penalty areaagainst an opponent *while ball is in play*Handling the ball is an exception
151BEFORE KICK IS TAKEN1. Clear penalty area of all but keeper and kicker (all other players must be behind penalty mark)2. Get ball into your possession3. Set keeper on line - between posts4. Identify kicker to keeper5. Give ball to kicker to place on penalty mark
152BEFORE KICK IS TAKEN 6. Tell kicker to wait for whistle (use gesture) 7. Final check - all out of penalty area, 10 yards from ball and behind mark8. Take position to observe keeper, kicker, other players and assistant referee9. Check with keeper to see if ready10. Whistle for kick
153REQUIREMENTS OF KICKER Kick must be taken from the markBall must be kicked forwardKicker may feign a kickmust not unnecessarily delay the kickmust not change direction excessivelyMust not distract keeperMust not “double touch” the ball
154REQUIREMENTS OF KEEPER Must be on goal line, between posts, facing field of playMay not move forward from the goal line until kick (may move laterally or side to side)Must not distract the kickerMust not engage in Unsporting Behavior
155REQUIREMENTS OF ATTACKERS Must be outside of penalty areaMust be outside of penalty arcMust be laterally behind penalty markMust be on the field of playMust not encroachMust not distract the goalkeeper
156REQUIREMENTS OF DEFENDERS Must be outside of penalty areaMust be outside of penalty arcMust be behind penalty markMust be on the field of playMust not encroachMust not distract the kicker
157Proper setup for a penalty kick. POSITIONING DIAGRAMARRProper setup for a penalty kick.
158LAW ANALYSISThe referee does not signal for a penalty kick to be taken until the players have taken up position in accordance with the Law.If the referee gives the signal… and before the ball is in play, an infringement occurs, the referee allows the kick to proceed
159* If cheating attacker touches ball, IFK to defense When someone “cheats”Kick is takenBall in net Ball not in netNo cheatingGoalLive ballGoalDefense cheatsRetakeRetakeAttackers cheatLive ball*RetakeBoth cheatRetakeIFK Defense2nd touch by kickerIFK Defense* If cheating attacker touches ball, IFK to defense
160The referee decides when a penalty kick has been completed EXTENDING TIMEAdditional time is allowed for a penalty kick to be taken at the end of each half or at the end of periods of extra time.The referee decides when a penalty kick has been completed
162It is important to be in the correct position MECHANICSIt is important to be in the correct position
163Assistant referees shall patrol: POSITIONINGAssistant referees shall patrol:Off the field, along the touch lineOne-half of the field onlyEven with second-to-last defenderFollow all balls to goal lineSpecial situations / Set playsFollow pre-game instructions