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Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 1 AYSO Region 1447 U7/U8 Referee Training.

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Presentation on theme: "Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 1 AYSO Region 1447 U7/U8 Referee Training."— Presentation transcript:

1 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 1 AYSO Region 1447 U7/U8 Referee Training

2 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 2 U7/U8 Referee Training This clinic is an entry-level training for AYSO volunteers wanting to referee U-7 or U-8 soccer matches This training is also referred to as the “U8 Official” course Please legibly fill out:  The Attendance Roster  The Referee Contact Information card  A Volunteer Application from

3 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 3 U7/U8 Referee Training Introductions Survey: Previous Soccer Experience Demonstration & Class Exercise

4 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 4 Course Topics & Agenda The Game of Soccer Field, Ball & Players Pre-game Duties and Starting the Game Starting, Restarting and Stopping Play –Kick-offs, Throw-ins –Goal Kicks, Corner Kicks –Fouls & Free Kicks Wrap Up & Referee Exam Provide Referee Shirt, Whistle & Flip Coin Safe Haven/CVP Training

5 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 5 The Game of Soccer AYSO Organization & Philosophy Reason for the Laws Spirit of the Game The Referee’s Job

6 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 6 AYSO Organization AYSO is a Volunteer-Driven Organization  99.9% staff nationwide are not paid Local staff is all volunteer  Founded in 1964 in the L.A. Area  Today Nationwide: 50,000 teams, 600,000+ players Purpose: To develop and deliver quality youth soccer in a fun, family environment

7 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 7 The AYSO Organization Levels & Structure National Section Area Region N A S S S A A A R R R R R Region 1447 is in Area C, Area C is in Section 12

8 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 8 The AYSO Philosophies Everyone Plays Balanced Teams Open Registration Positive Coaching Good Sportsmanship

9 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 9 AYSO Philosophies (cont’d) Everyone Plays - Our program’s goal is for kids to play soccer — so we mandate that every player on every team play at least half of every game. –In Region 1447, no player plays 4 quarters until everyone else plays 3 quarters. Balanced Teams - Each year we form new teams as evenly balanced as possible — because it is fair and more fun when teams of equal ability play. Open Registration - Our program is open to all children between 4 and 19 years of age who want to register and play soccer. Interest and enthusiasm are the only criteria for playing.

10 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 10 AYSO Philosophies (cont’d) Positive Coaching - Encouragement of player effort provides for greater enjoyment by the players and ultimately leads to better-skilled and better- motivated players. Good Sportsmanship - We strive to create a positive environment based on mutual respect rather than a win-at-all-costs attitude, and our program is designed to instill good sportsmanship in every facet of AYSO.

11 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 11 The AYSO Team For any team to function well it has to have rules. The AYSO Team has four basic rules: 1.Work together 2.Help each other 3.Protect each other 4.Do your best

12 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 12 AYSO Coaching Philosophy Positive Instructive Encouraging What is Positive Coaching? PIEPIE

13 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 13 Reasons for the “Laws of the Game” Promotes “Gentlemanly” play Provides a standard reference for players and referees All Laws are based on safety and fairness

14 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 14 Spirit of the Game Soccer as a World Sport –Widely Considered the Most Popular Game in the World –Played in Nearly Every Nation Simple Game –Bare Requirements: Ball Open Area Game should be Fun, Fair and Safe

15 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 15 The Referee’s Job Keep the game safe and in control Keep the game flowing –Soccer is a continuous action sport –Don’t stop play unless needed Don’t be afraid to stop play when needed Provide positive instruction –You are a teacher of the game and the laws –Enjoying your time on the field

16 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 16 Law 1 – The Field of Play Law 4 – Player’s Equipment Law 5 – The Referee Law 6 – The Assistant Referee Modules 3 & 8 Pre-game Preparation & Post Game Duties

17 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 17 Pre-Game Duties At pre-game referee should… Arrive early Greet coaches –Get line-up card from each coach, and ball from home team coach Recruit linesmen Inspect field, ball and players Talk Briefly to players Conduct coin toss

18 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 18 Field Check The referee must ensure the field is safe for play. During field inspection look for… –Foreign objects on or near field. Broken glass, debris etc... –Sprinklers or holes in the field. These can be marked with cones obtained from coaches. If cones are unavailable, consider using a jacket or sweater. Inspect goal flags/popup goals –Flags should be upright –Popup goals should be secured to prevent tipping

19 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 19 Field Check (cont’d) If you find something unsafe, either… 1) Find a way to make it safe (preferred), or 2) Cancel the match & take the field off-line. –Have the home team take the equipment –Call the Division Commissioner (DC) and Safety Director. These people need to know that the field is safe before the game can take place or continue.

20 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 20 Player’s Equipment Basic Compulsory Player Equipment –Jersey or shirt –Shorts –Stockings –Shinguards –Footwear

21 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 21 Equipment/Safety Check Check all players at pre-game –Verify compulsory equipment is worn and safe Jerseys should be tucked in –Worn with numbers visible On cold days warm-ups may be worn underneath jersey Socks must completely cover shinguards Footwear needs to be suitable for play –Does not need to be soccer shoes Check late arriving players before they enter the game

22 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 22 Equipment/Safety Check: Prohibited Items Player may not wear anything which is dangerous to another player (or to themselves). No watches or jewelry –Jewelry includes: earrings, finger rings, nose studs, bracelets, necklaces, barrettes, hair ties w/ hard pieces, bobby pins, rubber wrist bands, etc. –Taping or covering jewelry is NOT permitted This includes earrings –Items not considered jewelry: prescription eye glasses medic alerts bracelets/necklaces, and hearing aids

23 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 23 Equipment/Safety Check: Prohibited Items (cont’d) No splints or casts - even if padded! –Knee or ankle braces are permitted if they don’t have hard parts No hard-billed hats –Stocking caps are permitted

24 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 24 Equipment/Safety Check A Visual Quiz Find the problems in the picture (9 in all) Problems 1. Watch 2. Earrings 3. Cast 4. Hood over Numbers 5. Shinguards over Sock 6. Ring on Finger 7. Necklace 8. Barrette 9. Untucked Jersey

25 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 25 Lineup Cards Out Sick st H KO West One card received from coach of each team Coach Completes: All information at top Player Names and #’s Players not playing that day and why Referee Records: Any Reminders Tally of Goals Scored “Qtrs.” Not Played

26 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 26 Back Side of Lineup Card After game, referee completes back of the card. Information includes: Halftime & final scores transferred from front side of both cards Rating behavior of coaches, players & spectators Add commentary if needed –Injuries and what player –Problems with weather, field or behavior of individuals (who, what & when) Sign Card (at bottom, not shown)

27 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 27 Coin Toss Visiting team gets to call the toss. Winner of toss chooses end of field to attack Other team gets to kick off first –Record 1st half kick-off team and direction on lineup card In 2nd half, the teams switch ends of the field. –Team that didn’t kick off at the beginning of the game kicks off to begin the 2nd half. Example: If the blue team kicked off to the west in 1st half, then the Red team kicks west in 2nd half.

28 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 28 Post Game Duties At the end of the game… Collect the ball –Return to home team Supervise the post game ceremony –Watch to see that players are behaving as good sports. Complete lineup cards –Put completed cards in pouch/field bag near one of the goals

29 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 29 Modules 8 The Mechanical Aspects of the Game – The Field & Ball Law 1 - The Field of Play Law 2 - The Ball

30 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 30 U-7/U-8 Field Markings & Areas Goal Area Halfway Line Center Circle Touch Lines Goal Line Corner Arc Corner Flag or Cone Note: Lines are part of the area they enclose Coaches’ Area Goal Flags

31 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 31 U-7/U-8 Field Dimensions 6 Yard Radius Goal defined by flags: 6 yards apart and about 5 feet high 1 Yard Radius Goal Area: 6 x 18 Yards Field Size: 40 to 50 yards long by approximately 25 yards wide Coaches’ Area 1 Yard back from Touch Line

32 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 32 The Ball A Size #3 ball is used for U-5 through U-8 Ensure ball is suitable for play –Properly Inflated Can hurt players if over or under inflated Thumb pressure should dent ball ¼ to ½ inch. –Spherical –Balanced –No tears or cuts

33 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 33 Law 3 – Number of Players Law 8 – Start and Restart of Play (Kick-Offs) Law 7 – Duration of the Match AYSO National Rules & Regulations Modules 4 Starting the Game

34 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 34 Number of Players In U-7 & U-8 we play “5 v 5” short-sided games. Roster limit is 7-8 players –AYSO National Guidelines and Region 1447 policy Each team must have at least 3 players on the field for game to start or continue If a team has fewer than 5 players, the coach from the full-sided team (5 or more) may lend one or more players to the other team.

35 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 35 Starting the Game Just prior to kick off check that… You have the line-up cards, your whistle, your watch and a pen/pencil Ball is in the center circle Count the players and ensure that they’re ready Whistle for kick to be taken Start watch Note: Details about the Kick Off will be covered in next section

36 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 36 The Kick-Off Where: At mark in the Center Circle When: –At start of game, –Start of 2nd half, and –After each goal scored

37 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 37 Kick-Off Procedure All players must be in their own half –Players from both teams may stand on halfway line Opponents 6 yards away from ball (on or behind the center circle line) –Standing on center circle line is OK Ball stationary Referee whistles In play when kicked and moves forward –If beginning of 1 st or 2 nd half, clock starts when ball is put into play

38 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 38 Improper Kick-Offs Retake If Not Done Correctly: –Ball kicked backwards –Player encroaches prior to kick Examples: a player from either team crosses halfway line, or a player from non-kicking team enters center circle prior to kick-off Play stopped at referee’s discretion Free kick to opposing team if played twice by same player –This is the “Double Touch” rule which applies to all restarts except the dropped ball

39 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 39 Time Keeping Referee is sole timekeeper Halves are timed 20-minute halves for U-7 and U-8 games Substitution break called midway through the half: at approximately the 10-minute mark. The clock runs through the substitution break – limited field space/tight schedule Half-time periods are between 5 and 10 minutes Half ends when time runs out –Whistle at that time –Play stops at that point

40 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training Minutes Please Instructors will collect your volunteer forms. Please ensure that this form is completed with your Driver’s License # and SSN provided, the disclosure questions answered and the form signed. ID check is required. Also, please fill out the Referee Attendance Roster form and the Referee Contact Information Card if you haven’t done so yet. >> Break Time <<

41 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 41 Module 5 Stopping Play Law 3 – Number of Players (substitutions) Law 8 – Start and Restart of Play Law 9 – Ball In and Out of Play

42 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 42 Stoppage of Play for Injuries If a player gets injured… The referee may stop play immediately If bleeding or serious injury: –Referee should beckon the coach on to the field to attend to injured player –The player must leave the field –The team may either substitute or play short (provided at or above minimum # of players)

43 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 43 AYSO Substitutions There are 4 regular substitution opportunities in AYSO games –Midway through the first half (after first quarter) –Midway through the second half (after third quarter) –At half time –For injury Look for ball-out-of-play opportunities for sub break –Throw-ins, goal kicks, and prior to kick-offs are ideal Late arriving players –If they arrive in 1 st Quarter, they must play a minimum of 2 quarters –If they arrive in 2 nd or 3 rd Quarter, they must play a minimum of 1 quarter

44 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 44 Ball In and Out of Play The ball is out of play when: All of the ball is completely outside the outer edge of the touch line or goal line, or The game is stopped by the referee (i.e. the whistle blows). The ball is still in play even when: It rebounds off the goal flag or corner flag/cone back onto the field It touches the referee –Provided the ball has not left the field of play OUT

45 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 45 Ball In and Out of Play (cont’d) The ball’s position determines whether it is in or out of play, not the player’s position. Whistle Not normally needed when ball goes out of play –Whistle only needed to start play, stop play or to get attention

46 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 46 Method of Scoring A goal is scored when the ball entirely crosses over the goal line, and between the goal flags and below the top of the flags Referee signals by pointing toward the center circle (the restart is a kick-off) Own-goals count GOAL!!! Goal Line Between Flags No Goal

47 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 47 When to Use the Whistle To start or restart play … –At kick-offs –After a substitution break to signal restart of game To stop play … –For a foul or infraction –Due to an interruption from an outside event or injury –For a substitution break –To end the half or the game To get player’s attention

48 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 48 Instances When the Whistle Isn’t Needed Whistle not needed for normal ball-out-of- play situations (ball over touch line or goal line) Not needed to indicate restart may be taken Exception is restart after sub-break Not needed after a goal is scored

49 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 49 Modules 6 & 9 Stopping & Restarting Play – Part 1: Throw-ins and Goal Kicks Law 15 – The Throw-in Law 16 – The Goal Kick

50 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 50 Restarts Six restarts in U7/U8 soccer Kick-Off Throw-In Goal Kick Corner Kick Dropped Ball Free Kick

51 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 51 Throw-Ins A throw-in is taken to restart the game after the ball goes out of play over the touch line. Awarded to the opponents of the team who last touched the ball. Referee signals by pointing in the direction of attack for the team getting the throw-in –Reinforce with verbal cues: “It’s a throw- in for the Red Dragons”

52 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 52 Proper Throw-In Requirements For a legal throw-in the thrower must… Face the field of play Have part of each foot touching the ground, either on or behind the touch line Use both hands to deliver the ball from behind and over the head.

53 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 53 Throw-In Specifics Taken from the approximate point where the ball crossed the touch line –No more than 1 yard either way along touch line If the throw-in is improper, ball given to the opposing team for a throw-in from the same place. –It is OK to allow a second attempt Ball is in play as soon as it is released and any portion of it is on or over the outside edge of the line. –If the ball fails to enter the field of play, the throw-in is retaken. A goal may not be scored directly from a throw-in.

54 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 54 Goal Kicks When the ball leaves the field over the goal line, last touched by an attacker, and does not score a goal, the restart is a goal kick Referee signals by pointing toward the goal area. Reinforce with verbal cues –“It’s a goal kick for the Bumblebees”

55 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 55 Goal Kick Ball Placement The kicking team may place the ball anywhere in the goal area, including on the boundary lines

56 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 56 Goal Kick Specifics Opponents of the kicker must remain at least 6 yards from the ball until it is kicked. –Important that the referee enforces this rule The players won’t know and will tend to be too close Ball must be stationary when kicked The ball is in play when it is kicked and leaves the goal area

57 Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 57 Goal Kick Specifics (con’t) The kicker may not touch the ball a second time until it has touched another player. –If so, free kick for the opponents at the spot of the 2nd touch. A goal may be scored directly from a goal kick, but only against the opponents, i.e. no “own goals” on goal kicks

58 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 58 Modules 6 & 9 Stopping & Restarting Play – Part 2: Corner Kicks & The Dropped Ball Law 17 – The Corner Kick Law 8 – Start and Restart of Play (Dropped Ball)

59 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 59 Corner Kicks Referee signals by pointing toward the corner where the kick is to be taken –Corner nearest to the point where the ball went out. When the ball leaves the field over the goal line without scoring a goal and was last touched by a defender, the restart is a corner kick

60 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 60 Corner Kick Ball Placement Ball can be placed anywhere in the corner arc including on the boundary lines

61 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 61 Corner Kicks Specifics Opponents of the kicker must remain 6 yards or more away from the ball until it is kicked into play The ball is in play when it is kicked and moves. The kicker may not touch the ball a second time until it has touched another player. A goal may be scored directly from a corner kick, but only against the opponents.

62 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 62 Dropped Ball When play is stopped by the referee for an unusual but neutral reason, play is restarted by the referee dropping the ball. Reasons for doing a dropped ball include –An injury –A dog on the field –A stray ball from a nearby game –A mistaken whistle –Any other occasion when play is stopped for any reason other than the ball leaving the field of play or an infraction of the laws

63 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 63 Dropped Ball Procedure The referee drops the ball where it was when play was stopped Exception: If in the goal area, the referee drops the ball at the nearest point on the goal area line that is parallel to the goal line. The ball is dropped from the height of a player’s waist and is in play when it hits the ground. If a player kicks the ball before it hits the ground, it is dropped again because play has not been restarted properly.

64 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 64 Stopping & Restarting Play: Cause and Effect Summary If Cause of Stoppage: Restart with: Injury or Outside Interference  Dropped Ball Ball leaves the field of play over touch line  Throw-in Ball leaves the field of play over goal line  Goal Kick, Corner Kick or Kick Off Fouls or Double Touch  Free Kick (next section) Substitution  Normal restart based on how play stopped for substitution

65 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 65 Using Linesmen in U-7 & U-8 Games Benefits Helps you with calls in your game Gives you practice refereeing as part of a team Gives individuals experience in the job of lining games Brings in new volunteers in the organization –Potentially new referees for the future

66 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 66 Linesmen Recruiting and Pre-game Instructions Recruit two linesmen before the game –Ask coach(es) for someone who can help Explain about ball in and out of play Explain throw-ins, goal kicks & corner kicks –Show examples of arm signals –AR Flags not needed for U-7/U-8 sized fields Ask them not to coach players

67 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 67 Pre-Game Instructions to Linesmen (cont’d) Explain about linesmen position: even with the ball between the halfway line and goal line –On their right side of halfway line Linesman’s Path Referee’s Range Enables referee to run a “left diagonal” Ball-out-of-play seen from two different angles

68 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 68 Referee Quiz (The Mother of All Quizzes for the Officials of All Time) 1. Soccer fields must be ________ for players. 2. Once the officials inspect the field and correct dangers, a referee will cancel a game and not let children play if the field markings are not correct. (True/False) 3. Soccer balls can hurt if they have too much or too little air. (True/False) 4. On a coin toss, everyone wins. The team that wins the toss chooses the end of the field to attack and the other team wins the first kick-off. (True/False) 5. At a kick-off, the kicker may play the ball twice before anyone else touches it. (True/False) Safe

69 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 69 Referee Quiz (cont’d) 6. lf a player kicks the ball backward on a kick-off, the referee should: a. Give the other team a free kick b. Retake the kick-off 7. When dropping the ball, the referee should hold it at waist height. Whose waist? a. The players‘ b. The referee's 8. The ball is in play and rolls down the touch line. The ball is still in play. (True/False) 9. A player steps off the field to kick the ball that is sitting on the touch line. Play is stopped. (True/False) 10. A ball rolls slowly toward the goal and stops before completely crossing the goal line. a.Say, “Keep playing! It didn't go all the way into the goal.” b.Say, ”No goal!” Restart with a goal kick. c.Say nothing. The coaches and parents will tell the kids what to do.

70 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 70 Referee Quiz (cont’d) Match items in column A with those in column B. Column B a. Throw-in blue b. Throw-in red c. Kick-off d. Goal kick e. Corner kick f. Free kick Column A 11. Attacker plays ball over goal line (no score) 12.Red team last touches ball which goes over touch line 13.Player who takes restart touches the ball a second time before it has been touched by another player 14.Defender plays ball over goal line into goal (score) 15.Defender plays ball over goal line (no score)

71 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 71 Modules 6 & 9 Stopping & Restarting Play, Part 3 - Fouls & Free Kicks Law 8 – Start and Restart of Play Law 13 – Free Kicks

72 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 72 Fouls What is a foul? –An unfair or unsafe action committed by a player against an opponent or the opposing team while the ball is in play A Free Kick results from fouls or other infractions –Examples of fouls: Tripping, Holding, Pushing, Handling the Ball Deliberately, etc. –Example of other infractions: Double touch on any restart kick or throw-in For these ages the primary consideration for stopping play is whether the foul causes danger to, or lessens the enjoyment of, any of the participants.

73 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 73 Common Fouls Most common fouls at the younger ages: Pushing an Opponent Tripping an Opponent Holding an Opponent Handling the Ball Deliberately Charging an Opponent Playing in a Dangerous Manner

74 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 74 Common Fouls (cont’d) Pushing an opponent –Young players commonly push opponents to get to the ball or gain an advantage. –Pushing includes use something beside their hands. Tripping or attempting to trip an opponent –Should be considered a foul even if the player did not intend to trip. –Referees should be sure that players did not trip over the ball, or their own feet.

75 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 75 Common Fouls (cont’d) Holding an opponent –Holding any part of an opponent may give a player an unfair advantage. –It is illegal to hold with the hands or any parts of the body.

76 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 76 Common Fouls (cont’d) Handling the ball deliberately –If a player deliberately strikes, deflects, or holds the ball with the hands or arms (up to the shoulder) it’s a foul. –Attempting to handle the ball is not a foul. –Not a foul if the ball strikes the player’s hands or arms -- Player has not handled the ball. –Referees can promote a better understanding of this foul by consistently using the correct term “handles the ball deliberately”, not “handball”

77 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 77 Common Fouls (cont’d) Charging an opponent –Fair charges are allowed and are defined as a brief, staccato, shoulder-to-shoulder bumps. –Reckless or hard charges are illegal. Playing in a Dangerous Manner –High kicks near an opponent –A player lying on the ground that is continuously trying to kick the ball away from an opponent –For U-5 through U-8 in Region 104, slide tackles and headers are considered dangerous play

78 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 78 Other Fouls Other offenses that are considered fouls: Kicks or attempts to kick an opponent Jumps at an opponent Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent Tackles an opponent to gain possession of the ball making contact with the opponent before touching the ball Spits at an opponent

79 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 79 Free Kicks For U5 though U-8 all free kicks are direct –“Direct” means that a goal may be scored if the ball is kicked directly into an opponents goal Referee signals by blowing the whistle to stop play and pointing in the direction of attack for the kicking team –Briefly explain what the foul was and which team gets to take the kick In general, the kick is taken from the place where foul or double touch occurred –Special circumstances to be covered later

80 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 80 Free Kicks Specifics All opponents must remain 6 yards or more away from the ball until it is in play –Use radius of center circle as a guide The ball must be stationary when the kick is taken Kick can go in any direction, including backwards The ball is in play when it is kicked and moves

81 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 81 Free Kick Specifics (cont’d) The kicker may not play the ball again a 2nd time until it has touched another player –If so, the opposing team gets a kick from the spot of the double touch. If the kick goes directly into the opponents’ goal, a goal is awarded If the kick goes directly into the team’s own goal, corner kick is awarded to the opposing team –No “own goals” on free kicks

82 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 82 Position of Free Kicks Special Circumstances Free kicks resulting from a foul inside the goal area taken from a spot 6 yards away from goal line –Ball moved to “6-yard Line”, at the point nearest to where the infringement occurred –Applies to free kicks for either the attacking or defending team If free kick to the attacking team, all opponents are 6 yards away from the ball, or on their own goal line between goal flags

83 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 83 Misconduct Misconduct examples: violent conduct (hitting an opponent or teammate), serious foul play (a really hard foul), spitting at another player or teammate Divided into two types: –Actions which are cautioned (yellow card shown at older ages) –Behaviors for which the player must be sent off (red card shown) In U-5 through U-8, a player should not be cautioned or sent off except under extreme conditions. –Red and yellow cards are not provided to referees at these ages, and these cards are not shown to players –By anticipating problems and working with coaches, referees can prevent players from getting into most situations that will cause them to be sanctioned.

84 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 84 AYSO Philosophies & Positive Coaching ( one more time) AYSO Philosophies Everyone Plays Balanced Teams Open Registration Positive Coaching Good Sportsmanship Positive Coaching Positive Instructive Encouraging

85 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 85 Location of Coaches & Spectators Coaches’ Area –12 Yards wide (width should be diameter of center circle) –1 yard back from the touch line Coaches should remain in their respective area during match –Exceptions: Pre-game, Half time, Post-game or when requested by the referee to enter the field of play Spectators should be along their side lines and not allowed to stand behind the goal lines near the field of play Halfway Line Coaches’ Area (Technical Area) Touch Line

86 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 86 Reporting of Problems Contact the Division Commissioner Contact the Referee Administrator –In Region 1447: Trevor Rohm Record Facts of Event: –Date & Time –Team Numbers –Park Location –Individuals Involved Players (name and number) Coaches Spectators (if known)

87 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 87 Games and practices must be suspended when lightening is visible or thunder audible. Safety: Lightening Policy “If you can see it - flee it; if you can hear it – clear it.”

88 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 88 If you would like a copy of these slides, send an to:

89 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 89 Passing Grade: 24+ points out of 36 If you finish early, you may quietly get your Black Ref Shirt, Whistle & Flip Coin Turn in your exam to an instructor after it’s been graded – Do not take it home with you CVP Training offered afterwards for those that haven’t yet taken it Test Time! Questions?

90 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 90 American Youth Soccer Organization Safe Haven Certification Part I

91 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 91 What is Safe Haven? Provides Protection for Children Provides Protection for Volunteers Provides Child-Specific Certification Additional Discipline-Specific Training is Needed

92 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 92 AYSO Philosophy Everyone Plays Balanced Teams Open Registration Positive Coaching Good Sportsmanship

93 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 93 Volunteer Protection Legal Responsibilities AYSO Requires: Volunteer Application Form Complete Safe Haven Certification Properly Trained Authorized by Appropriate Authority

94 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 94 Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs AYSO National Rules and Regulations Volunteer Protection Act of 1997 Volunteers as Role Models

95 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 95 DEFINITIONS Training: Job specific Certification: Safe Haven specific Continuing Education: Standard specific

96 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 96 Supervision Policies One Adult for Every 8 or Fewer Children At Least 2 Adults Present at All Times At Least 1 Adult of the Same Gender Never Alone with a Child

97 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 97 Types of Abuse Emotional Abuse Physical Abuse Sexual Abuse Neglect Abuse Ethical Abuse

98 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 98 Prevent False Accusations Avoid Being Alone with a Child Stay Within Sight of Others Respect Privacy Hug From the Side Avoid Sexual Jokes, Comments or Gestures Do Not Use Corporal Punishment Set and Respect Boundaries

99 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 99 AYSO Touching Policy In Response to Child’s Not Adult’s Needs Done with Child’s Permission Resistance Must be Respected

100 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 100 AYSO Touching Policy Avoid Breast, Buttocks, or Groin Done in the Open Not in Private Brief in Duration Factors Change with Age and Gender

101 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 101 Blood-Borne Disease Contracting a Blood-Borne Disease Precautions AYSO Guidelines NSCAA Recommendations

102 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 102 Risk Management Environmental Conditions Physical Surroundings Injury Prevention

103 Version Fall 07-2 AYSO Region 104 – U7/U8 Referee Training 103 Safe Haven Complete roster information to get credit Turn in your referee exam Pick up shirt/whistle/coin Consider becoming more involved as a regional staff member


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