Presentation on theme: "US Soccer Federation STATE E CERTIFICATION COURSE"— Presentation transcript:
3Dynamics of a Coaching Course Candidates in a coaching course can be placed into three different groups:1 – Those who want to learn (very motivated)2 – Those who are there for the “piece-of-paper” (moderately motivated)3 – Those who are forced to attend (not motivated)Which One Are You?
4“There is no prescription to football” Are licensed coaches “better” coaches than those who are not licensed ?Does a “higher” license mean the coach is better than those with a lesser license?“There is no prescription to football”
5Course Introduction Prepare coaches working with players U11 and up Expanding knowledge and understanding of technical and tactical demands of the gameProvide an understanding of coaching methodologyPrepare you for the next level – USSF National “D” LicenseEmpower you with things you can use immediately!Motivate you to want to continue your coaching educationGive you as much information as possible to help you improveEmpower you with resources for future self-education
6How You Complete the Course Perfect attendanceSuccessful completion of take-home written examinationsSuccessful planning/execution of field practice coaching session (group work)
7Ground Rules No cellular phones Respect the opinions of others Early is on timeYou are responsible for everything in the manualIf you don’t understand something…ASK!!!Each candidate must be prepared to play at each sessionEach candidate must bring a properly inflated size 5 soccer ball to each session
8US Soccer Hierarchy United States Soccer Federation USSF National and Olympic TeamsUnited States Youth Soccer AssociationUSYSA55 National State Associations, 4 Regions5 Million Registered PlayersNational Soccer Coaches AssociationNSCAAAmerican Youth SoccerOrganization(AYSO)Soccer Association for Youth(SAY)Connecticut Junior Soccer AssociationCJSARegion 1
10THE GAME - WHAT IS SOCCER? It is a competitive game made difficult by the opponent.It has an objective to achieve - to win the game.It has rules to follow and a field to play on.It is free flowing - No time outs or stoppages for coaching.Players must solve the problems presented in the game - not the coach.Connecticut Junior Soccer Association
11THE GAME IS THE BEST TEACHER The game presents the problems for the players.Players must solve the problems.Using games in training creates realism.Players are motivated and challenged to learn through the game.Connecticut Junior Soccer Association
12“If you’ve ever driven a car With three kids screamingand fighting in the backseat,think about this: Does it tendto pull your attention awayfrom the task at hand? Doyou ever feel overloaded? Ifyou add more pressure to thatcar ride, such as an icy road,can you handle all that atonce? That’s exactly whatcoaches do when they yell atkids to do something: Theydistract them. They create“cognitive overload.”(pg. 161, Just Let the KidsPlay)
13USING SMALL-SIDED GAMES TO TEACH Small-sided games emphasize these areas of player development:Skill development - number of touches on the ball.Tactical development - decision making is expanded.Fun and enjoyment - the number of scoring opportunities is greatly increased.Game understanding - positional play is greatly expanded.Intuitive development - Transitional play is increased and becomes automatic.
14USING SMALL-SIDED GAMES TO TEACH Attacking OpportunitiesDribbling to take on opponentsDribbling into SpacePassingReceivingShootingPlayer InvolvementDefending OpportunitiesTacklingInterceptingReading the GameStopping ShotsDistributionPlayer Involvement
15TOUCHES ON THE BALL (A Comparison Between 11v11, 7v7 and 4v4) In 1997 three different games were assessed by Glen BuckleyDirector of Coaching NYSWYSA.11v11 friendly game, 22 touches in 60 minutes(0.37 touches on the ball per minute)7v7 games, 205 touches in 48 min., projected touches in 60 min. = 256 (4.3 touches on the ball per minute)4v4 games, 217 touches in 48 min., projected touches in 60 min. = 271 (4.5 touches on the ball per minute)The player in the 4v4 game touched the ball more times, in the same time period, that the player in the 11v11 game.
16TOUCHES ON THE BALL (A Comparison Between 11v11, 7v7 and 4v4) In 2001, the assessment was conducted again:11v11 friendly game, 19 touches in 60 minutes(0.32 touches on the ball per minute)7v7 games, 96 touches in 40 min., projected touches in 60 min. = 144 (2.4 touches on the ball per minute)4v4 games, 111 touches in 20 min., projected touches in 60 min. = 333 (5.5 touches on the ball per minute)The player in the 4v4 game touched the ball more times, in the same time period, that the player in the 11v11 game.
17WHAT IS PLAYER DEVELOPMENT? Player development demands that the player is central to alldecisions made regarding training and competition.The coach who believes in player development will ensure that the following objectives are met:Activities are enjoyable.Each player has a ball during training.Technical and tactical situations are created in each session.Connecticut Junior Soccer Association
18WHAT IS PLAYER DEVELOPMENT? Competition is a main ingredient within each practice.Educate players to have an appreciation for the game, team mates, opponents, referees and coaches.Lots of touches per session.
19Connecticut Junior Soccer Association Role of the Coach* Set up conditions and environment for learning*Create activities geared for success* Practice should be about learning and enjoyment* Coach must be enthusiastic*Players need to have fun and receive positive feedbackConnecticut Junior Soccer Association
20As a positive role model you should demonstrate respect for: Role of the CoachAs a positive role model you should demonstrate respect for:Your TeamThe ParentsYour StaffOfficialsOpposing CoachesThe GameSoccer Committees
22PRINCIPLES OF COACHING ORGANIZATION: Practice Plan, Time Factor, Equipment, Practice Area, Number of PlayersDEMONSTRATION: A picture paints a 1000 wordsOBSERVATION: Both for failure and successINFORMATION: Feedback is guiding the players tosuccess
23Coaches Tool Kit Uninterrupted Play= Establish Rhythm Coachable MomentsConditions of the Game to Coach the ThemeNatural StoppagesFlow of the GameIndividual PlayerFreeze Method
24CREATING A FRAMEWORKMETHODOLOGY: Is the manner in which the game is presented to the players. It is merely a framework to enable coaches to focus on coaching the player.Types of practice sessions:TechnicalTacticalFitnessFunctional
25COMPONENTS OF THE GAME There are four pillars of the game: TECHNICAL - IndividualTACTICAL - Individual, Group, TeamFITNESS - Endurance (aerobic /anaerobic), flexibility, agility, speed (physical, technical, mental), strength and power.PSYCHOLOGICAL - Demands of the game
26Connecticut Junior Soccer Association WHAT AND HOW TO TEACHWhole - Part - Whole approachGAME ANALYSIS TRAINING GAME(Performance) (Evaluation) (Education) (Performance)Connecticut Junior Soccer Association
27WHAT AND HOW TO TEACHThe game will dictate the requirements of training. Training mustinclude the following elements:RulesA BallTeammatesDirectionObjective (Goal)Decision MakingField
28Connecticut Junior Soccer Association PRACTICE STRUCTURELogical progressionSimple to complexIncrease number of elements during progressionIncrease pressureApplication in gameCool DownConnecticut Junior Soccer Association
29GENERAL PROGRESSION FOR TEACHING TECHNIQUE FUNDAMENTAL: No pressure from opponent, includes stretching, repetition, related to main theme of topic.MATCH RELATED: The main objective of the practice, introduce pressure gradually cumulating in live pressure, pressure of time and space.MATCH CONDITION: Final stage with no restrictions, real game with even or uneven teams. GK’s should be used. Conditions may be imposed to highlight the area of the game that is being coached.
30Connecticut Junior Soccer Association FUNDAMENTAL - WARM UPORGANIZATIONKEY COACHING POINTSMATCH RELATEDMATCH CONDITIONCOOL DOWN
31TACTICS, SYSTEMS & PRINCIPLES OF PLAY STATE E CERTIFICATION COURSE
32WHAT ARE TACTICS? Tactics are the where, when and why of soccer. Soccer is a team sport that allows each player toimpose their personality onto the game. The free flowing nature of soccer provides players with numerous opportunities to make instant decisions while attacking and defending.
33GENERAL PROGRESSION FOR TEACHING TACTICS UNRESTRICTED SPACE: Free space, 1v1, individual duels.RESTRICTED SPACE: Size of area based on ability and number of players. 2v2, 2v3, 4v3ONE GOAL WITH COUNTER: Counter may be goal, line or target players. Group tactics.TWO GOALS: Team tactics. Teaching of roles through the various thirds of the field, and the responsibilities of those roles.
34Connecticut Junior Soccer Association UNRESTRICTED SPACE – WARM UPORGANIZATIONKEY COACHING POINTSRESTICTED SPACEONE GOAL WITH COUNTERSGAME-TWO GOALSCOOL DOWN
35PRINCIPLES OF PLAY DEFENSE Immediate chase to regain possession. Deny penetration.Delay: Nearest defender applies pressure (1st defender).Depth: The quick organization of the players behind the pressuring defender (Cover - primary the 2nd defender)Balance: The positioning of defenders relative to possible penetrating runs or passes to attackers away from the ball (3rd defender).Concentration: The limiting of time and space by squeezing centrally behind the ball (compactness).
36PRINCIPLES OF PLAY ATTACK Penetration: Get the ball behind defenders (1st attacker, achieved by shooting, running, passing, dribbling.Depth: The organization of players behind and in front of the 1st attacker (2nd attacker provides support).Mobility: The attempt by attacking players to penetrate and unbalance the defensive action (3rd attacker).Width: The disposition of attackers across the full width of the field to pull apart the collective defensive action.Improvisation: Individual flair, creativity can open up defenses for the individual and for teammates.
37Safety Risk Risk Safety THIRDS OF THE FIELD Safety Risk Defensive ThirdMidfield ThirdOffensive Third
38SYSTEMS OF PLAY Select a system for you players Find a system that allows your players to playBalanceVariety : 4-4-23-5-2 (5-3-2)3-4-34-3-3Comfort zone with players
39DEVELOPING A SYSTEM Create a system that puts your team into play Meet the demands of the game, not the coachEncourage players to try all positionsTo much risk means vulnerabilityBalance is needed for transitionDefensive MindedWhen defending you still need an outletDevelop players not positionsIn general the team shape should provide:Numbers up in the backEven numbers in MidfieldMobility in the Attack
41What are possible concerns with respect to having player names on the back of their jerseys?
42What should you do if you are left alone with a player following a practice or a game?
43What do you feel are important items to discuss at your preseason parent/coach meeting?
44Parent – Coach Meeting Discuss coaching philosophy. - Discuss team goals for the season.- Discuss what is expected of the parents.
45What do you feel are important items to discuss at your preseason player / coach meeting?
46Player – Coach meeting (group) - Discuss coaching philosophy.- Discuss team goals for the season.- Discuss training rules and regulations
47What information do you feel is important to reveal to your team at halftime?
48Player – Coach meeting (individual) Discuss players perception of himself within the team and to the team.Discuss individuals goals for the season.Discuss the coaches perception of the individual within the team and to the team.
49Prevention and Care of Injuries A First Aid Guide for the Youth Coach
50Emergency Action Plan Have and know how to use the following: First Aid kitIce and plastic bags for emergency useTeam safety and information cards
51Emergency Action Plan Stay calm and reassure the player Do the primary survey: A, B, C’s. Airway, Breathing and CirculationIf necessary send someone to call 911.
52Emergency Action PlanFor Airway and Circulation If no breathing, begin rescue breathing. If no pulse start CPR. (If you are CPR certified)Always err on the side of caution!
53Prevention of Injuries Proper use of equipment (shin guards, no jewelry, uniforms designed for climate).Proper fitting shoes, proper type of shoe for surface.Upkeep and monitoring of playing surfaces.Avoid scheduling training during the hottest periods of the day and when there is intense humidity.
54Prevention of Injuries Ample water supply and breaks to give players rest.Full rehabilitation of an injury prior to return to play, determined by a physician.Recommend a physical exam by a physician prior to participation.
55Common Injuries in Soccer Cuts and AbrasionsTo reduce the risk of infection ALWAYS wear protective gloves and wash your hands before and after contact. Protect yourself and the player.
56Common Injuries in Soccer TreatmentClean wound and surrounding area with clean water, wiping away from the wound.To stop bleeding on an open wound:Place sterile dressing over wound and apply direct pressure. Elevate if necessary.If a severe cut call 911!
57Common Injuries in Soccer Nose BleedTreatmentPlace the player in a sitting position with the head forward.Apply pressure to just below the bridge of the nose. Use ice when necessary.If you suspect a head or neck injury do not try to control the bleeding. Instead stabilize the head and call 911!
58Common Injuries in Soccer Bruises/Contusions (A crushing injury to a muscle or tendon caused by an outside force, which causes hemorrhaging to surrounding tissue)Treatment: Apply ice
59Common Injuries in Soccer Sprains:A frequent injury in soccer, with the knee and the ankle most often involved. A sprain is the stretching or tearing of the ligament beyond its normal limits.Strains:A partial tear to the muscle or tendon. Commonly called a “pull”No flexibility problems for the U6 – 8. Strains and sprains are starting to appear with the U10 – 12’s.
60Common Injuries in Soccer Treatment R.I.C.E.R – Removal from the activity and restI – IceC – CompressionE – ElevationNo flexibility problems for the U6 – 8. Strains and sprains are starting to appear with the U10 – 12’s.
61Common Injuries in Soccer Heat IllnessYoung children are still not as efficient as adults at dealing with heat or cold.Heat CrampsHeat ExhaustionHeat StrokeRegulatory system is not as efficient as adults. They do not know when to stop when it is hot
62Common Injuries in Soccer Heat CrampsAre brief severe cramps in the muscles of the leg arm or abdomen that may occur during or after vigorous exercise in extreme heat. Lack of drinking fluids is a common cause.Treatment: A cool place, rest and fluidsRegulatory system is not as efficient as adults. They do not know when to stop when it is hot
63Common Injuries in Soccer Heat Exhaustion:The players body is having trouble keeping itself cool. This condition can come on very suddenly, the players temperature is raised and they may feel sick or dizzy. The player is still sweating and the skin feels clammy.Treatment: Call 911, cool place, loosen clothing, rest and drink fluids.Regulatory system is not as efficient as adults. They do not know when to stop when it is hot
64Common Injuries in Soccer Heat Stroke is:The most severe form of heat illness; a life threatening emergency and requires immediate medical attention.Body temperature is high, skin is hot, red and dry, sweating mechanism is blocked, pulse is rapid and strong, player may lose consciousness.TreatmentImmediately call 911; get into cool area; cool the players body by spraying or dousing with water; loosen clothing; fan the player to help in cooling.
65Common Injuries in Soccer Fractures and Dislocations:If a body part does not have a normal appearance or function then suspect a fracture.Treatment: Do not move the player, keep warm and make comfortable, call 911.
66Common Injuries in Soccer DislocationsThe joint will have a marked deformity with intense pain.Treatment:If a player can walk immobilize the joint and immediately transport to hospital. If the player is unable to walk then call 911.
67Common Injuries in Soccer ConcussionUsually due to a clash of heads. Possible dizziness, headache, disorientation, ringing in the ears and vomiting.Treatment:Remove from activity and seek medical care.U6 – 8 quite often clash heads
68Prevention and Care of Injuries Always err on the side of caution.Be first aid and cpr certified.Record the incident and note all actions you took and how the injury occurred.Follow up with a phone call to check on the players condition.Acknowledgements:American Medical Association; First – Aid guide