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AYSO Advanced Coaching Course Hosted by:.

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1 AYSO Advanced Coaching Course Hosted by:

2 Adjunct Instructors:

3 You are? Name How long have you been coaching? What age group are you coaching? What do you hope to gain from this course?...

4 Favorite AYSO Course I don’t have to be right! I just need to make you think!...

5 Topics Advanced Pre-Test Qualities of a Coach
What to expect from the U-19 Player Coaching Cycle Principles of Play Observation & Evaluation Preparations for the weekend Field sessions…

6 Why are you taking this course?...

7 Test Time!

8 In the space provided below write the American Youth Soccer Organization’s Vision Statement:
To provide world class youth soccer programs that enrich children’s lives… The Vision statement is the foundation of what AYSO is and what we as coaches do. Even though they are U-19 players, they still need enrichment! Make sure everyone understands the need to ENRICH the player’s lives

9 In the space provided below write the American Youth Soccer Organization’s Mission Statement:
To develop and deliver quality youth soccer programs, which promote a fun, family environment based on the AYSO Philosophies…

10 2. Everyone Plays (half of every game) 3. Balanced Teams
3. The AYSO's philosophy grew out of a deep concern for the well‑being of all participants. The principles set forth by the AYSO founders in 1964 still guide the organization today. They are? 1. Open Registration 2. Everyone Plays (half of every game) 3. Balanced Teams 4. Positive Coaching Good Sportsmanship Player Development… Open Registration – what do you do with a U-19 player that never played before? Is it better to have them staying home playing Nintendo or Wii? Everyone Plays – Have enough players on the team to get a good practice in. Kids this age need to work to have money to buy gas for the car. Balanced Teams – 3 players at this age group can make the difference. It only take 1 at U-8, 2 at U-12. Coaches need to do the best they can to get a good game. Positive Coaching – coaches at this age level should have this concept down by now. Coaches at this level should know what buttons to push but more importantly, which ones not to push. Good Sportsmanship – reference the New Mexico v BYU game and the pulling of the hair along with all of the fouls. Do you teach the players to cheat? What is cheating? Do you players provide the proper distance on a FK restart? Player Development – What does it mean to you? Skills – Tactics? A coach needs to make the players better than what they were last week. Look for effort – have a training session plan – don’t just scrimmage. Kids don’t go to school to come home a little dumber.

11 Define Player Development as it relates to AYSO:
AYSO believes that all players should be able to develop their soccer skills and knowledge to the best of their abilities, both individually and as members of a team, in order to maximize their enjoyment of the game…

12 hard-nosed or authoritarian coach nice guy coach
5. Coaching styles differ between individuals because of different personalities and different attitudes toward youth sports. Five different types of coaching styles have been identified name two of the five: hard-nosed or authoritarian coach nice guy coach intense or driven coach easy-going coach businesslike coach...

13 6. Define Coach-ability:
Will take coaching and correction in a positive fashion Will perform assigned tasks willingly…

14 7. In the space provided below please write the URL for AYSO:

15 8. Who is the AYSO National Coaching Program Coordinator?
Crissie Hull …

16 9. What organization has accredited the AYSO National Coaching program?
The National Council for Accreditation of Coaching Education (NCACE)…

17 10. Simply put, a coach must select a system of play that best fits the available talent. No system of play will overcome a lack of what? Basic skills

18 11. Why is it important that you have a parent meeting prior to the start of the season:
team goals coaching philosophy… What went wrong at the last game (not technical / skills). How many train using a 4 v 3 short sided game? Why? Will you get this scenario in the game on Saturday? Are you going to ask the opposing coach “can you do me a favor an pull one of your players so mine will know what to do?” Train at 4 v 4. Instruct the principles not a position. How many coaches shout out “get back to your position” ? Why not ask the player what their responsibility is?

19 12. The primary focus of the U12 coach should be one of technical ________for players:
Cleaning Vision – how many coaches have dribbling games using cones? Set them out and have the players dribble around them – great to develop dribbling skills????? – where are they on the soccer field during the game on Saturday? Players need to have a “touch” on the ball. Players have a heavy foot. When does this need to be corrected? - At the U-12 level. In addition to these five technical parts – what other factors should be considered? - Where, When, Why. Should a player dribble in front of their own goal? Should they dribble a lot when there is only 1 minute left in the game and your team is down by a goal? Was the dribble appropriate – was it in a positive direction?

20 13. What are the five (5) elements of soccer that should be coached in every training session?
Skills Tactics Conditioning Mental alertness Interrelation of the three speeds…

21 14. Name the five (5) attacking principles of soccer:
1. Penetration 2. Depth 3. Width 4. Mobility 5. Creativity…

22 15. Name the five (5) defensive principles of soccer:
1. Delay 2. Depth 3. Concentration 4. Balance 5. Composure…

23 16. What are defensive principles that respectively counteract the attacking principles?
Defending Principle Attacking Principle Delay Penetration Depth Depth Concentration Width Balance Mobility Composure Creativity…

24 Speed Space 3. Opposition…
17. Practice should simulate as much as possible the pressures players experience during match conditions. This may be accomplished how? The coach needs to vary the: Speed Space 3. Opposition…

25 18. Name the four match characteristics which are seen at all levels of play:
Shooting Short combined with long play Risk of shooting or advancing versus the safety of maintaining possession Transition from offense to defense and vice-versa…

26 19. State the role of the 3rd attacker.
Repeat principles of defense by rotating with 2nd attacker, working to create numbers, working to create pace and creating defensive confusion…

27 20. State the role of the 2nd defender
Support 1st defender, prepare to become 1st defender, deny dangerous pass, reduce good shooting angles, watch 1st attacker and the ball…

28 21. There are five (5) technical parts to dribbling. These parts are?
1. Vision  2. Touch  3. Turning  4. Beating a defender  5. Shielding…

29 22. What are the five (5) characteristics of a good pass?
1. Accurate 2. Correct pace 3. Well timed 4. Some what deceptive 5. Positive result (successfully advances the ball or maintains possession)…

30 2. Move into the line of flight of the ball
23. What are the five (5) technical characteristics of good ball control? 1. Maintain eye contact with the ball  2. Move into the line of flight of the ball  3. Body is in a relaxed and balanced manner  4. Ball is cushioned on contact  5. Prepare ball for the next move…

31 24. When playing 3 vs. 3, what Attacking/Defending Principles of Play is being stressed?
Attacking Defending Penetration Delay Depth Depth Width Concentration

32 25. All players must make decisions relative to the position of:
1. The ball 2. Themselves 3. Their teammates 4. Their opponents 5. The clock 6. The goal…

33 26. Simply put, the Goalkeeper has three very important responsibilities. They are:
1. Stop shots/crosses 2. Support the defense 3. Initiate/participate in the attack…

34 Do not touch the injury, but ask the player to move the affected area
27. In dealing with injuries, the coach must at least look competent and in control of the situation. The coach must remain calm so that the injured player and teammates are not unduly upset. In addition, the coach must: Not diagnose an injury Do not touch the injury, but ask the player to move the affected area Seek professional help for all but minor injuries Put the child’s welfare ahead of the team’s need…

35 2. Douse the player with cool water 3. Give the player fluids…
28. A player who is experiencing heat exhaustion will feel cool, clammy, and damp. What three things should the coach do immediately? 1. Move the player to shade  2. Douse the player with cool water  3. Give the player fluids…

36 29. The position of the marking defender is influenced by a number of factors that include position of the ball and the goal relative to the marked attacker. The forward should be more tightly marked as: The player moves into a more dangerous shooting position 2. The player off the ball moves into a position to quickly receive a pass…

37 30. There are how many laws of the game?
17

38 31. Name the “Laws of the Game”:
Law 1: Field of Play Law 2: The Ball Law 3: The Number of Players Law 4: The players’ Equipment Law 5: The Referee Law 6: The Assistant Referees Law 7: The Duration of the Match Law 8: The Start and Restart of Play Law 9: The Ball In and Out of Play…

39 Laws of the Game Law 10: The Method of Scoring Law 11: Offside Law 12: Fouls and Misconduct Law 13: Free Kicks Law 14: The Penalty Kick Law 15: The Throw-In Law 16: The Goal Kick Law 17: The Corner Kick…

40 32. What are the seven (7) reasons for a caution (yellow card)?
1. Dissent 2. Failing to respect the required distance during corner kicks and fee kicks 3. Unsporting behavior 4. Persistent infringement of the laws 5. Delaying the restart of play 6. Entering or re-enters the field without the referee’s permission 7. Deliberately leaves the field without the referee’s permission…

41 33. On a waterlogged field, a player places the ball for a penalty kick to the side of the penalty mark. Is this permitted?   NO…

42 34. Can you think of anytime in soccer a player should commit a “good foul”?  
Never…

43 35. Name the three types of speed that every coach must work on at practice.
Physical speed Technical speed Tactical speed

44 36. Do you wish you had paid attention at the AYSO Intermediate Coaching Course you attended?
? Foundation!

45 How many of you coaches hate the classroom portions of coaching courses?
Why?...

46 Favorite AYSO Course I don’t have to be right! I just need to make you think!...

47 Think about this! Do not always believe what you think! Know what you think!...

48 You are working with U-19 “Kids”!...
Remember this: You are working with U-19 “Kids”!...

49 The U-19 Player Last step before being an adult. Want and need to start making own decisions. Must put distance between themselves and Parents Coaches (they want a coach, not a friend) Want to be around adults… 1) The U-19 player is torn between being an adult and being a kid. 2) What does this mean to a coach? Do you let the players determine who plays what positions? 3) How many players want their parents to come to the game? They all do, but they don’t want to have to say it – they hope the parents just recognize it. How many parents actually come? In 2008, 37 coaches were let go for buying alcohol for players. 17 principles were fired for changing athletes' grades. Is this being a coach or a friend?

50 Qualities of a Coach Successful Coaches have common qualities:
Leadership Fair Honest Drive Understanding Positive Motivator (Activator) Teachers… U-19 players need leadership. They don’t need a coach buying them beer, they don’t need to cheat to get through life.

51 Qualities of a Coach Successful Coaches have common qualities: Good appearance Demonstrator Patience Humorous (Sarcasm?) Conscientious… 1) Do they have an AYSO shirt on? 2) demonstrate that you can coach – not that you have soccer skills. 3) how many of the coaches are married? Do you have patience with the spouse? When do we want it done? 4) need to be careful with sarcasm – only use it if appropriate. 5) if no one shows up for practice – do you call them?

52 Qualities of a Coach Responsible
Successful Coaches have common qualities: Responsible Enjoyment Communicate Self-confident… Make sure to communicate at their level. How many coaches text – facebook – twitter?

53 Qualities of a Coach Every coach needs: Knowledge of the game Always place an athlete’s well being first Ability to communicate knowledge to players Ability to observe and correct… 1) At the age level you are coaching

54 Laws of the Game

55 Night Two This is your assignment:
You have 48 U-19 players that must be placed on three balanced teams. You have 90 minutes. How will you conduct the evaluation and what will you be looking for and why are you doing it (what will the activity show you?)…

56 To Develop Match Characteristics
To organize each training session use: To Develop Match Characteristics Finishing Short/long play Short combined with long play Risk Ability to possess Transition Each training session must include Technical and Tactical development and Conditioning Coach Players On ball Supporting Opposition The Coaching Cycle Training session use Build Up Free play Warm-up Tactical activities End with small games Control the level of difficulty by changing the Space, Speed, Opposition Every training session should improve player and team performance Using information gathered from last game… Employ sound Coaching Techniques while incorporating the Principles of Play

57 The Game (every game has)?
To Develop Match Characteristics Finishing (Shooting) Short/long play Short combined with long play Risk Ability to possess Transition… Do you incorporate all of these items into your training sessions over the season?

58 To Develop Match Characteristics
To organize each training session use To Develop Match Characteristics Finishing Short/long play Short combined with long play Risk Ability to possess Transition Each training session must include Technical and Tactical development and Conditioning Coach Players On ball Supporting Opposition Every training session should improve player and team performance THE COACHING CYCLE Training session Build Up Free play Warm-up Tactical activities End with small games Control the level of difficulty by changing the Space, Speed, Opposition This is critical – if you understand the coaching cycle you will have a plan to follow. Stress match characteristics. Every game teaches them risk, so incorporate into the training. What is the best transition activity? It happens all the time in a game. 1 v 1 situations. Do you have time to play 1 v 1 at a training session? You better. Using information gathered from last game… Employ sound Coaching Techniques while incorporating the Principles of Play

59 Quick review of game objectives:
TO Win Do not finish 2nd!...

60 While attacking the team must: Score Advance Maintain possession…
So how do you win? While attacking the team must: Score Advance Maintain possession…

61 So how do you win? While defending the team must:
Stop the other team from scoring Delay the attack Regain possession…

62 How do you Attack/Defend
You use the: Attacking and Defending “Principles of Play”

63 Principles of Play Attacking Defending Penetration Depth Width
Mobility Creativity Defending Delay Depth Concentration Balance Composure

64 TACTICAL Has an awareness of what is happening or what might happen on the field of play Is able to communicate verbally and non-verbally with teammates Has a willingness to assume responsibility for taking charge on the field Has the soccer skills required to develop tactical play...

65 TACTICAL Is very aware of what constitutes shape of play
Is able to play both on and off the ball Consistently provides support for the attack and defense and creates options with appropriate runs…

66 TECHNICAL When dribbling, is expert at turning, has great touch, is able to shield defender, maintains excellent field vision while incorporating feints/fakes to unbalance an opponent, and consistently uses change of speed to beat an opponent…

67 TECHNICAL When passing, passes are accurate, of correct pace, well timed, deceptive, and successful in advancing the ball or maintaining possession…

68 TECHNICAL When controlling, uses all controlling surfaces while maintaining eye contact with the ball, moves into the line of flight of the ball, has excellent balance, cushions on contact with ball, and consistently prepares the ball for the next move…

69 FUNCTIONAL DEFENDING Has great defending control and balance; is able to establish appropriate marking distance; maintains a goal-side, ball-side position; is able to prevent an attacker from turning; and has exceptional tackling skills…

70 FUNCTIONAL ATTACKING Is able to constantly maintain possession of the ball under pressure; is able to create individual and team space; is able to turn on a defender; has the ability to take on a defender; recognizes and takes the direct route to goal. Is able to anticipate when to shoot and has great preparation, decisiveness and timing when shooting. Is able to maintain possession of the ball most of the time under pressure; is able to create individual space and, at times, team space…

71 Positional Responsibilities
Goalkeeper Defender Midfielder Forward Own Team with Ball Begin Attack Maintain Possession Advance Ball Advance ball Score Maintain possession Opponent with Ball Stop scoring attempt Regain possession Delay attack So based on the above, the goalkeeper could be the 1st attacker ASK when does this occur (when the GK has the ball) THEN ASK Who is the second attacker?

72 Positional Responsibilities
Change in thinking? Who is the 1st Attacker? Who is the 1st Defender? What is their responsibility? What position do they play?!...

73 2nd & 3rd attacker changing positions and clearing space
2nd & 3rd attacker changing positions and clearing space. Best move by 2nd attacker is to check to the 2nd Defender and then come back (making sure to attract the 2nd defender)

74 Areas of Responsibilities
These are not a “position” responsibility – they are areas on the field – and who is responsible for them? The next larger area represents the critical defending area – its not a “position” area, but your team better know that this is a critical area and that getting a 1st and 2nd defender on the attacker with the ball is important. The last area might be the area you want your right back to play in – goal line to goal line. But then track where the player got touches. Did they do well when the went up – did it lead to shots on goal? Were they unsuccessful at stopping the other teams attack?

75 Observation and Evaluation
Consider the application of the “Principles of Play” Determine what is lacking How can the situation be improved…

76 Player Decision Making
Players must make decisions relative to the position of: Ball Opponents Teammates Themselves Time Goal… These need to be worked on at each training session. Which one can be removed? The ball

77 Flash this up onto the screen for 10 seconds and then cover and ask the coaches to tell what they saw. Indicate this is how fast we want the players to make a decision. Have them indicate what POP were involved.

78

79

80

81 How would you improve this?

82

83

84

85 Good? Bad? Why? 15x15 Why?

86 Better? Why?

87 Best! Why?

88 Practice or Training?...

89 All Field Sessions must:
Progress Tactically from 3’s to 4’s to small sided games…

90 At every field session the coach should:
Observe and Evaluate (Technical/Tactical) Stop the activity Correct the errors Continue the activity Move into the next phase of build-up...

91 Systems of Play Suit system for the physical and environmental condition No system will overcome a lack of skills Suit system to available talent…

92 Systems of Play Coach must assess a team’s: Mental and physical abilities before choosing a system (know the team) Players, not systems of play, win games…

93 System of Play 4-4-2 K

94 System of Play 2-3-5 K

95 System of Play 4-3-3 K

96 Players, not systems of play, win games…

97 Saturday Warm-ups (Technical to Tactical) Evaluations
Corrections (Things to think about) Shooting (Finishing) Restarts/Sets Goalkeeping Injury Prevention Test…

98 Thank you, see you tomorrow…
Any Questions? Thank you, see you tomorrow…

99 Goalkeeping Three important responsibilities
Stop shots and crosses to prevent goal Organize the defense Starting the counterattack …

100 Injuries In handling injuries the coach must look competent and in control In addition, the coach must: Not diagnose (Prevent don’t treat) DO NOT TOUCH Seek professional help when necessary Child welfare first above game…

101 Heat Trauma Players experiencing heat exhaustion need: Fluids in them
To be placed in shade Cooled down soon…

102 Types of Speed Technical Tactical Physical
How quickly a player executes a technique Tactical How quickly a player takes advantage of a situation Physical Fast sprinting capability…

103 Laws of the Game Why do coaches need to know? Understand the game
Know where to gain advantage Quick restart Player position Teach players how to prepare for restarts…

104 “WHY SOME STUFF GETS CALLED AND OTHER STUFF DOESN’T”

105 Letter of the Law vs Spirit of the Game
Reason #1 Letter of the Law vs Spirit of the Game

106 “The Laws of the Game are intended to provide that games should be played with as little interference as possible, and in this view it is the duty of the referees to penalize only deliberate breaches of the Law. Constant whistling for trifling and doubtful breaches produces bad feelings and loss of temper on the part of the players and spoils the pleasure of the spectators.”…

107 AYSO National Rules & Regulations I, D, 5
Reason # 2 AYSO National Rules & Regulations I, D, 5

108 Reason # 3 Interfere (v.): To hinder or impede; to intervene or intrude in the affairs of others; to meddle…

109

110

111 Reason # 4 Is It FAIR?

112 Reason # 5 Is it worth stopping the game for this?

113 Reason # 6 EXPERIENCE

114 Reason # 7 IF YOU KEEP DRIVING THEM AWAY, YOU’LL ALWAYS HAVE ROOKIES…

115 Reason # 8 POSITION

116 Reason # 9 ADVANTAGE

117 Reason # 10 MYTHOLOGY

118 Reason # 11 High Kicking Can’t play the ball while lying on the ground
Hand Ball No offside on a shot on goal Got all ball…

119 Reason # 12 JUDGEMENT

120 Reason # 13 SIMULATION

121 Reason # 14 FLOW vs CONTROL

122 Reason # 15 BRAIN FADE

123 W. S. S. G. C. A. O. S. D. Any Questions?


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