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GEORGIA SOCCER COACHING SCHOOL ‘F’ COURSE For U-10 and U-12 Recreational Coaches October 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "GEORGIA SOCCER COACHING SCHOOL ‘F’ COURSE For U-10 and U-12 Recreational Coaches October 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 GEORGIA SOCCER COACHING SCHOOL ‘F’ COURSE For U-10 and U-12 Recreational Coaches October 2009

2 OUR CHALLENGE: CHANGE THE CULTURE Change from a Coach-centered approach to a Player-centered approach Change from a ‘Drills mentality’ to ‘ Game- like activities’ approach Change from a ‘result-oriented’ philosophy to a ‘ process -oriented’ one Adults need to learn to view the game through the child’s eyes

3 THE PLAYER-CENTERED APPROACH The Player is the central focus Understand players’ characteristics Allow players to take ownership Allow players to make own decisions Allow players to solve problems Avoid over-coaching. Let go!! Avoid coaching in absolutes Avoid coach-controlled choreography Avoid imposing adult agenda/expectations on kids

4 “THE GAME IS THE TEACHER” Players enjoy game-like activities as opposed to ‘drills’ Players learn from ‘doing’, not from listening to lectures Players learn best from activities that replicate the real game ‘The Game is The Teacher’ means more game-like practices, not more league games The Small-sided games are most appropriate

5 OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE Understand characteristics of U-10/U-12 Understand their needs and capabilities Able to organize appropriate practice sessions Acquire the tools to evaluate players’ skills Learn the key coaching points for basic skills Understand rationale of Small-Sided Soccer Become a comfortable and confident coach

6 UNDERSTAND PLAYERS’ CHARACTERISTICS U-10 Players – Motor Skills Boys and girls begin to develop separately Motor skills starting to refine But diversity in playing ability, coordination and physical maturity (Select vs Rec) Rapid gains in learning new skills Prone to heat related injuries Lack adult level stamina but recover quicker

7 UNDERSTAND PLAYERS’ CHARACTERISTICS U-10 Players – Cognitive Skills Less egocentric – more cooperative Start to think logically, but related to concrete objects Still live in the ‘here and now’ world Start to understand ‘Team’ concept Able to sequence thoughts and start to think ahead But ability to think limited by ball skills Start to understand concept of time and space Attention span still short. Players are fidgety Demonstrates increased responsibility

8 UNDERSTAND PLAYERS’ CHARACTERISTICS U-10 Players – Psycho-Social Skills Enjoy competition Respond to ‘Cooperative’ and ‘Competitive’ activities Begin to appreciate the need for Rules and Limits Peer pressure and team identity is important Still look up to adults and seek approval – Role models Still fragile psychologically and avoids being embarrassed in front of peers Start to compare their ability to others Acquire sport heroes

9 UNDERSTAND PLAYERS’ CHARACTERISTICS U-12 Players – Motor Skills Motor skills continuing to refine – almost adult like Increased diversity in playing ability and physical maturity (puberty begins at 10 for girls and 12 for boys) Rapid gains in learning new skills – can execute more complex skills sequence Still prone to heat related injuries Lack adult level stamina but recover quicker Athleticism is genetic and fitness has a ceiling

10 UNDERSTAND PLAYERS’ CHARACTERISTICS U-12 Players – Cognitive Skills Begin to acquire adult logic Start to think in abstract terms Able to sequence thoughts and start to think ahead But ability to think limited by range of skills Full-sided game is still information overflow No longer follow adults blindly – it has to make sense Start to understand concept of time and space Attention span still short. Players are fidgety

11 UNDERSTAND PLAYERS’ CHARACTERISTICS U-12 Players – Psycho-Social Skills Enjoy competition Spend increasing time with peers, less with parents Popularity and self-esteem important (enter puberty) Watch TV more and engage less in unstructured play Start to compare their ability to others and question their participation in sports Still look up to adults and seek approval – Role models Acquire sport heroes but migrate towards friends of similar socioeconomic status and hobby interest

12 UNDERSTAND PLAYERS’ CHARACTERISTICS U-10/U-12 Rec Soccer Skills Still learning basic techniques First touch a problem Passing range vs kicking range Crossing a problem Shooting off a dribble, pivot and shoot Implications for Field size Athletic development & coordination Randomness of play

13 PLAYER DEVELOPMENT PHILOSOPHY Must focus on technique Max ball touches (ball ratio, small groups) Must be fun Players exposed to different positions Rules modified to accommodate players’ level Activities vs drills, to promote thinking De-emphasize winning/losing Values, life lessons, positive self-image Bill of Rights for young athletes

14 PLAYER DEVELOPMENT PHILOSOPHY Philosophy of Equal Opportunities Increase number of potential growth experiences at each practice and game Each participant challenged and grow at their own ability level Better players contribute to growth of players who are a level below More turns, more ball contacts, less down-time Choose activities that allow everyone to play and accomplish above stated goals/philosophy

15 PLAYER DEVELOPMENT PHILOSOPHY Slanty Line Theory Replace traditional rope game of high water-low water where everyone jumps over straight line rope The traditional straight line rope eliminates the weakest players early (those who need the activity the most) Use slanty line rope so each player can engage at his/her level and experience success When players feel comfortable, secure they seek out new challenges. Choose activities that allow everyone to stay engaged without getting eliminated early

16 PLAYER DEVELOPMENT PHILOSOPHY Flow State Model Flow is the period of time in which the activity or task matches your ability If too easy – it becomes boring. If too hard – it becomes frustrating. When in a state of flow, players lose track of time and experience happiness and success When not in a state of flow, other behavioral states may occur (misbehave, inattentive, bored, anxious, etc). Choose activities that allow everyone to reach a state of flow quickly, with action, opportunities & challenges

17 ROLE OF THE COACH As a Facilitator As a Positive Role Model As one who understands who he is coaching As a Teacher (learning process, guided discovery) As one who knows the Components of Soccer Technique Tactics Psychology Fitness

18 ROLE OF THE COACH COACHING STYLE TO MODEL: Father/mother figure, friendly, caring, giving Exudes confidence Comfortable dealing with people of all ages COACHING STYLE TO AVOID: Drill sergeant, in your face shouter, self-absorbed Often result of lack of confidence » Inexperience in coaching soccer and trying to hide inexperience behind aggressive coaching style » Personality traits » Can’t handle misbehavior, dis-obeyance

19 TEAM MANAGEMENT SAFETY AND RISK MANAGEMENT Coach has responsibility for safety of players Safe environment (field, goals, equipment) Free of physical, sexual, or verbal abuse Coach proper technique Safe activities and proper warm up Supervision of players, size mismatch Quick and sufficient medical response Common sense with weather/lightning

20 TEAM MANAGEMENT SAFETY AND RISK MANAGEMENT Calmness during games & keep cool head Do not meet with individual players alone Frequent water breaks Use practice vests rather than play skins Get certified with Coaching License Get certified with First Aid course Know the laws of the game Coaches membership US Youth Soccer/NSCAA

21 TEAM MANAGEMENT ETHICAL ASPECTS Standards of behavior (moral & ethical) In the best interest of the individual player Respect all participants (opponents, ref, etc) Respect others’ confidentiality/privacy Provide feedback in caring/sensitive manner Developing players’ character, values, positive self-image, self confidence more important than soccer skills and team results.

22 TEAM MANAGEMENT CARE AND PREVENTION Always ERR on the side of caution First Aid kit Prevention is key Player Safety Information Card Rule of Thumb when handling injury: Avoid panic. Inspire confidence and reassure player. Check for history of injury (how it happened) Check for Breathing, bleeding, deformity, discoloration Avoid moving the player if potential injury to back/neck Use common sense and seek professional help

23 TEAM MANAGEMENT CARE AND PREVENTION Coaches need to know: Rest – Ice – Compression – Elevation Strains and Sprains Blisters Broken bones and recognition of them Cramp Heat exhaustion Concussions and head injuries

24 TEAM MANAGEMENT TEAM ORGANIZATION Players play every position Equipment needs (cones, extra balls, air pump, bibs, First aid kit, Ice, goals) Parent Meeting pre-season Duration of practices (60-90 minutes 2/week) Plan practice (enjoyment, objectives, realism) Progress from simple to complex (warm-up, individual activities, small-group, large group)

25 Georgia Soccer Coaching Education Program Practice Planning & SoccerROM

26 Practice Planning & SoccerROM SoccerROM is an online application, not just a web site –Designed to work for coaches of all levels –Makes it easy for coaches to plan practices and bring new ideas to their players –Extends education beyond the clinic (before the course and after) Georgia Soccer is providing FREE SoccerROM subscriptions to coaches who attend a coaching course –It is very important that you have a WRITTEN practice plan with you every time you step on the field –Having a plan in your head isn’t enough! –Your sessions don’t have to come from SoccerROM, but this makes it easy!

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34 When you have finished your plan, simply print it out using the “Print” feature of your web browser, and you’ll get a one- to two-page plan that you can take with you to your session. To get started… 1.Go to 2.Click on “Subscribe Now!” 3.Go through the registration process, and enter the following “Program ID Code” when prompted: GA09CED716 4.When asked for payment, pick “Check” 5.Your account will be activated within a few hours! To get started… 1.Go to 2.Click on “Subscribe Now!” 3.Go through the registration process, and enter the following “Program ID Code” when prompted: GA09CED716 4.When asked for payment, pick “Check” 5.Your account will be activated within a few hours!

35 GEORGIA SOCCER COACHING SCHOOL ‘F’ COURSE October 2009


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