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MINDFULNESS Using the Mind to Change the Mind

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1 MINDFULNESS Using the Mind to Change the Mind
Dr. Eng-Kong Tan MBBS, MPM, FRANZCP keynote address to 17th Annual Hunter Mental Health Conference At Noah’s on the Beach, Newcastle, NSW Fri 13th May 2011

2 MINDFULNESS In Daily Life In Therapeutic Setting as a practice
as an attitude as a mental set as a mode of being In Therapeutic Setting as a technique as a presence as a therapy as coaching

3 The Eight Fold Path Right speech Right action Ethics Right livelihood
Right effort Meditation as a Right mindfulness Mental Development Right concentration Right view Wisdom Right thought

4 4 FOUNDATIONS of MINDFULNESS
Contemplation of the Body Contemplation of Feelings AWARENESS Contemplation of Mind States Contemplation of Teachings INTERACTIONS (Dharma)

5 Using the Mind to Change the Mind
As the brain changes, the mind changes. As the mind changes, the brain changes. - neurons that fire together, wire together - neural pruning and epigenesis We can use our mind to change our brain to change our mind for the better: self-directed neuroplasticity. The practice of MINDFULNESS and MEDITATIONS are self – therapies.

6 WHAT IS THERAPEUTIC MINDFULNESS?
Definition: the awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgementally to the unfolding of experience moment by moment -Jon Kabat-Zinn

7 PSYCHOTHERAPY REBUILDING the BRAIN
Safe & Empathic Relationship emotional/neurobiological context conducive to neural reorganisation Positive and attuned relationship biochemical changes neural plasticity and learning (Schore 1994)

8 NEUROSCIENCE of MEDITATIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY -1-
During Intense Emotions Amygdala overactive Traumatic Memories Hippocampus underfunctions Cortex shuts down

9 NEUROSCIENCE of MEDITATIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY
Calmness Slowing Down neural nets activated heightens imagery Mindfulness on body neuropeptides useful information digested Focused attention UC is accessed CONSCIOUS implicit memory explicit memory Sense Immediacy memory trace re-coded vulnerable in hippocampus

10 NEUROSCIENCE of MEDITATIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY
L Brain R Brain make up causal explanations emotional & sensory data needs time to be connected together (understanding and insight) facilitated by Empathic Attunement (emotional resonance) mediates a new context and meaning via frontal lobes and hippocampus (recovery/healing)

11 MINDFULNESS-BASED THERAPIES
M-B Stress Reduction (Jon Kabat-Zinn et al) M-B Cognitive Therapy (Teasdale, et al) Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (Marsha Linehan) Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (Stephen Hayes) Hakomi Therapy (Ron Kurtz) Morita Therapy (Morita) Core Process Psychotherapy (Maura Sills) Meditative Psychotherapy (Eng-Kong Tan)

12 WORK STRESS in NURSES Intensive support in the face of pt’s suffering
Insufficient power & control Dealing daily with pain, loss and trauma Changing work environment

13 SYMPTOMS & SIGNS of Burnout and Compassion Fatigue
Boundaries Blurred – between work & private life Feeling Unsafe – hyper vigilance, hypochondrias Overcritical – of self & others Pessimistic – cynical, hopelessness Alienation – withdrawing, isolating Powerlessness – anxious, loss of control Meaninglessness – indecisiveness, depression

14 BUILDING RESILIENCE BUDDHIST TEACHINGS & PRACTICES
MINDFULNESS Training – improved concentration managing counter transference BRAHMA VIHARAS – Cultivation of: loving-kindness true compassion altruistic joy equanimity

15 The Buddha on Lovingkindness
Wishing: In gladness and in safety, may all beings be at ease. Omitting none, whether they are weak or strong, the great or the mighty, medium, short, or small, the seen and the unseen, those living near and far away, those born and to-be-born: May all beings be at ease. Let none through anger or ill-will wish harm upon another. Even as a mother protects with her life her child, her only child, so with a boundless heart should one cherish all living beings; radiating kindness over the entire world: spreading upwards to the skies, and downwards to the depths, outwards and unbounded, freed from hatred and ill-will. One should sustain this recollection. This is said to be the sublime abiding.

16 MBSR for Nurses by Dr Cohen-Katz et al, Santa Clara University at Lehigh Valley Hospital, California 8 wks MBSR, 25 nurses, 46 yrs, 21 yrs in Healthcare RESULTS: Caring for Everyone SELF-CARE Positive changes in Relationships More fully present with Others Less reactive, defensive Resolving old wounds and issues

17 NURSE LEADER Mindfulness Meditation Programme by Dr Pipe et al, at Mayo Clinic Arizona, Phoenix
33 High Function Nurse Leaders randomly assigned to Mindfulness Meditation Course (MMC) or Leadership Course MMC – 4 weeks, 2+1 hr/week, at workplace and at low cost

18 NURSE LEADER Mindfulness Meditation Programme (cont’d)
RESULTS: SCL – 90 R : significantly more improvement in 10 out of 14 measures Depression, Anxiety Positive Symptom Total Caring Efficacy Scale CONCLUSION: Mindfulness is a way of caring and nurturing self so that LEADERSHIP can be more effective


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