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Session 3 Different Types of Urban Tourism Destinations RDI Management Learning 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Session 3 Different Types of Urban Tourism Destinations RDI Management Learning 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Session 3 Different Types of Urban Tourism Destinations RDI Management Learning 1

2  To conceptualise the urban tourism product  To identify different types of tourist cities  To look at “ideal types” of tourist cities  To investigate how the supply of tourist and leisure products often overlap in cities 2

3 Ways different types of cities have been named in the literature:  Resort Cities, Converted Cities, World Cities, Asian Cities (Judd and Fainstein 1999)  Tourist Urbanisations (Mullins 1991)  Fantasy Cities (Hannigan 1998)  Tourist-Historic Cities (Ashworth and Tunbridge 1990)  Declining Cities, Cultural Capitals (Biancini 1993)  Difficult Areas (Buckley and Witt 1985 & 1989)  Major Cities, Provincial Cities (Law 1993)  Inner City Tourism (Jansen-Verbeke 1985 & 1986)  Hinterland Cities (Blank 1996)  Industrial Towns (Barke and Harrop 1994)  And many more…. 3

4 Activity Place  Cultural facilities  Sports facilities  Amusement Facilities Jansen-Verbeke (1986) Leisure Setting  Physical characteristics  Socio-Cultural Features 4

5 Secondary Elements  Hotels and Catering  Markets  Shopping Jansen-Verbeke (1986) Additional Elements  Accessibility  Tourist Infrastructures 5

6  Entertainment at a premium  Popular culture  Leisure pursuits  (Post) modern  Inauthentic? 6

7  Historicity  Pre-Industrial Heritage  Intellectual Stimulation  Authentic? 7

8  Rare artefacts  Place of learning  Culture as high art  No McDonalds here!? 8

9  New to the tourist market  Industrial heritage  Entertainment  Image problems  Making the most of what you’ve got! 9

10  Incorporating all of the previous types of tourist city  Political and administrative functions  Transport hub  Image rich 10

11  City grew around the tourist Industry  Massive capacity  Market adaptation  The changing city 11

12  Preservation of heritage  Style of new buildings closely controlled  Staged history/culture  The city as spectacle 12

13  Art Galleries / Architecture / Carnival  Classical Music / Opera  Keep the popular out!  Concerns over visitor management 13

14  Suffering from manufacturing and industrial decline by late 1970s  Suffering from poor image and out migration. 14

15  Place marketing efforts  Glasgow’s Miles Better (1983)  Development of Infrastructure  Sandblasting (1980s)  Museums, Festivals, Art (80s & 90s)  Prestigious Awards:  Garden festival (1988)  European City of Culture(1990)  UK City of Architecture (1999) 15

16  Wealth of attractions  Multi-functionality  Appeals to many tourists with different motivations 16

17  Many cities contain components of each type  Many cities try to diversify their resource by including different attractions  Cities are often modular in terms of containing different aspects of the other types of cities  for example we can see that Newcastle may be dominated by the fact that it is a post industrial city, and has tried to re-interpret much of its heritage and architecture  It turns itself into a cultural city and nightlife city but it also has an aspect in common with York in terms of possessing some limited pre industrial buildings Castle Keep. 17

18  Las Vegas – city of culture?  York – themed shopping mall?  Jorvik – theme park or museum?  London / Newcastle – Las Vegas on Thames / Tyne?  Las Vegas – family fun in sin city? 18

19  Buckley, P. J. & Witt, S. F. (1985). Tourism in Difficult Areas: Case Studies of Bradford, Bristol, Glasgow and Hamm. Tourism Management. September. pp  Buckley, P. J. & Witt, S. F. (1989). Tourism in Difficult Areas II: Case Studies of Calderdale, Leeds, Manchester and Scunthorpe. Tourism Management. June. pp  Burgers J. (1995). Public Space in the Post – Industrial City. In Jansen-Verbeke M, & van de Weil, E. in Ashworth G.J. & Dietvorst A.G.D. (Eds). Tourism and Spatial Transformations. CAB International:Wallingford.  Chatterton, P. & Hollands, R. (2001). Changing our ‘Toon’ – Youth, Nightlife and Urban Change in Newcastle. Newcastle: University of Newcastle upon Tyne.  Gomez, M, V. (1998). Reflective Images: The case of Urban Regeneration in Glasgow and Bilbao. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. Vol 22 (1). pp 106 – 22.  Hannigan, J. (1998). Fantasy City: Pleasure and Profit in the Postmodern Metropolis. Routledge: London.  Harcup, T. (2000). Re-imaging a Post-Industrial City: The Leeds St. Valentine’s Fair as a Civic Spectacle. City. Vol 4 (2). pp  Jansen–Verbeke, M. (1986). Inner City Tourism: Resources, Tourists and Promoters. Annals of Tourism Research. 13 (1): 79 –100.  Judd, D. R., & Fainstein S. S.(Eds). (1999). The Tourist City. Yale University Press: London.  Mullins, P. (1991). Tourism Urbanization. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. Vol 15. No 3.  Tyler et al.(1998). Managing Tourism in Cities. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.  Miles, M. (1995). Art and Urban Regeneration. Urban History. Vol. 22 (2). pp


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