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Chapter 22: The Gilded Age of Corruption By Alec Warren and Oscar Saenz.

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1 Chapter 22: The Gilded Age of Corruption By Alec Warren and Oscar Saenz

2 What factors precipitated the rise of the agrarian revolt and the populists? The United States entered a state of revolt when the economy took a hit and began to transfer much of its former power into a state of manufacturing and industry. The farmers received the down side of this deal and it led to them protesting against such fast change. The Populist party was a political group devoted to stopping this change.Many farmers feared that they would no longer be beneficial to the economy as the profits gained from the agricultural industry lowered. What was significant of election of 1896? This election set the official stage for the United States to change the way politicians would be elected into office. The winner, William McKinley refused to coerce the rest of the politicians to promote him and this was an important event, because during that time, corruption and coercion were the political norms. The United States also ended a long state of economic depression that had hurt profits and incomes deeply. When the United States elected McKinley, his advisor, Mark Hanna, was able to provide a plan that would help the United States get out of this depression.

3 What were political developments of the gilded age? Not many people would call the gilded age an era of progress and development, due to the massive amount of partisanship and lack of a stand for or against the controversial issues of the day. Issues like immigration, civil and women’s rights, and labor unions were rarely debated in Congress, and because of it, Congress rarely passed laws that would progress the nation to a better state of being. Towards the end of the era, the United States started to combat corruption, yet for most of the period progress and development weren’t areas of growth.

4 Stalwarts o Completely supported Grant and were fine with the corrupt system Half-Breeds o Only half supported Grant and the corrupt system, rarely took a strong stand against anything as they dodged controversy. Republicans were the party of conscience, mostly British, Protestant, and they had the African American vote. Democrats had everyone who wasn’t protestant as most were Catholic and immigrants Congress had over bipartisanship. Political Climate

5 President Ulysses S. Grant Commanding General of Union Force in Civil War Inaugurated March 4th 1869 Known as “The Butcher” Corruption flourished under him. Under his newly created Department of Justice, he was able to stymie the KKK. Moved toward a peace policy with Native Americans, considered them ward of the federal government

6 President Hayes Served in Union army (Wounded 5 Times!) Oversaw end of reconstruction Elected President Republican beliefs. Election led to Compromise of 1877 (Democrats accept hayes but in return Hayes ended all federal army intervention in southern politics.) Party was divided by Stalwarts and Half breeds.

7 President James Garfield Assassinated July 2, 1881, (Term only lasted 200 days.) Republican Nominee in (abolitionist) Served 9 Consecutive terms in congress. Served as Union Army General. Defeated Democrat Winfield Hancock for Presidency. Involved in Purging of post-office scandal.

8 President Chester Arthur Succeeder of Garfield. Abolitionist (lawyer:helped slaves get Freedom) Supporter of Pendleton Civil Service acts. (Had to take test to work for Gov.) Was one of the first presidents of the Gilded Age to clean up the White House from corruption Distanced himself from Stalwarts. Vetoed the Chinese Exclusion Act (1882).(Congress overrode both vetoes)

9 President Harrison Served Union in Civil war. Republican elected 1888 defeating Cleveland. Introduced fight for federal funding for education, NAVY, Voting rights enforcement for African americans (In Vain) Supported Pensions. (Dependent pension Act 1890) During presidency silver was debate for currency (Support to mint more silver)

10 President Cleveland Inaugurated March 4th, 1885 Was the first Democratic president since Lincoln Was a man who stood solidly in his morals and his duty as the President of the United States. Wouldn’t stand for corruption and began to clean the government up. Supported the gold standard above the mix of silver and gold. Supported the basic Democratic ideology of lowering the tariff.

11 President McKinley Inaugurated March 4th, 1901 Would refuse to offer people incentives in order to ensure election into office Would support higher tariffs in Congress (Dingley Act) and would press forward with the Gold Standard The US would go to war with Spain under him concerning Cuban independence, but he dragged on negotiations until Congress forced the war. Expanded trade with China Was assassinated by an anarchist, but called off the mob that was about to kill the assassin.

12 Agrarian Economic Downturn The populists party had major role in revolting against banks and railroad companies. Farmers debts rose as crop prices plummeted.

13 Have a Nice Day! :)


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