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John F. Kennedy 1961-1963. The Election of 1960 The election of 1960 was the closest since 1884. Kennedy defeated Richard Nixon by fewer than 119,000.

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Presentation on theme: "John F. Kennedy 1961-1963. The Election of 1960 The election of 1960 was the closest since 1884. Kennedy defeated Richard Nixon by fewer than 119,000."— Presentation transcript:

1 John F. Kennedy

2 The Election of 1960 The election of 1960 was the closest since Kennedy defeated Richard Nixon by fewer than 119,000 votes. Kennedy defeated Richard Nixon by fewer than 119,000 votes.

3 Kennedy Facts He was a decorated naval officer in World War II. He received the Pulitzer Prize for his book, "Profiles in Courage." He served exactly 1,000 days in office. He was the first president born in the 20th century and the youngest president ever elected. He is the only Roman Catholic president. He is the only Roman Catholic president. He could read 1600 words a minute. He could read 1600 words a minute.

4 Kennedy’s Inaugural Address Kennedy was the youngest person ever to be elected president. His youth helped provide the theme to his inaugural address: “Let the word go forth… That the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans… The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it…And so, my fellow Americans-ask not what your country can do for you-ask what you can do for your country.”

5 The Camelot Years With JFK’s youthful glamour, beautiful family, and talented advisors, the Kennedy White House reminded many of a modern- day Camelot, the mythical court of King Arthur.

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7 Crisis Over Cuba The first test of Kennedy’sThe first test of Kennedy’s foreign policy came in Cuba, just 90 miles off the coast of Florida. Revolutionary leader, Fidel Castro, openly declared himself a communist and welcomed aid from the Soviet UnionRevolutionary leader, Fidel Castro, openly declared himself a communist and welcomed aid from the Soviet Union.

8 The Bay of Pigs On the nights of April 17,1961, some 1500 Cuban exiles supported by the U.S. military landed on the island’s southern coast at the Bay of Pigs. The CIA and the exiles hoped it The CIA and the exiles hoped it would trigger a mass uprising that would overthrow Castro. It didn’t! Cuban forces, backed It didn’t! Cuban forces, backed by Soviet tanks and jet aircraft, easily repelled the exile invasion. Some of the exiles were killed, Some of the exiles were killed, others imprisoned. The U.S. paid $53 million in food and medicine for their release. The U.S. paid $53 million in food and medicine for their release.

9 Cuban Missile Crisis In October, 1962, photographs taken by American planes revealed Soviet missile bases in Cuba – some with missiles ready to launch and reach U.S. cities in minutes.

10 On October 22, Kennedy ordered a naval blockade of Cuba to prevent further deliveries of Soviet weapons. He also demanded that the Soviets remove the missiles. Khrushchev promised to challenge the blockade, calling it “outright banditry.” NavalBlockade

11 Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, in order to assure the survival and the success of liberty.This much we pledge and more.” -- JFK Inaugural Address “Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, in order to assure the survival and the success of liberty.This much we pledge and more.” -- JFK Inaugural Address

12 For a few days, nuclear war and massive destruction was a distinct possibility for every American. In schools, children practiced air raid drills, a common occurrence during the Cold War. People who had built bomb shelters began stocking them with food and other provisions. Even the president called his family to the White House where they could be protected in the presidential nuclear shelter.

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14 Suddenly, on October 24, many of the Soviet ships stopped short of the blockade line, turned, and sailed home. “We’re eyeball to eyeball,” said Secretary of State Dean Rusk, “and I think the other fellow just blinked.” “We’re eyeball to eyeball,” said Secretary of State Dean Rusk, “and I think the other fellow just blinked.” On October 28 Khrushchev agreed to dismantle the missile bases in response to Kennedy’s promise not to invade Cuba & to remove U.S. missiles in Turkey On October 28 Khrushchev agreed to dismantle the missile bases in response to Kennedy’s promise not to invade Cuba & to remove U.S. missiles in Turkey.

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16 The New Frontier President Kennedy’s legislative program to provide medical care for the elderly…. To rebuild blighted urban areas….

17 To aid education…. To bolster the national defense….

18 To increase international aid…. To expand the space program.

19 And to promote civil rights. To provide volunteer assistance to developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America through the Peace Corp.

20 Tragedy in Dallas In the fall of 1963, public opinion polls showed that Kennedy was losing popularity because of his support of civil rights. On November 22, 1963, President and Mrs. Kennedy went to Dallas, Texas to mend On November 22, 1963, President and Mrs. Kennedy went to Dallas, Texas to mend political fences with members of the state’s Democratic Party.

21 Crowds lined the streets of Dallas to greet the President. In front of him sat Texas Governor John Connally and his wife Nellie. The Motorcade

22 As the car approached a state building known as the Texas State Book Depository, rifle shots rang out.

23 Kennedy was shot in the throat, then the head. His car raced to a nearby hospital, where doctors His car raced to a nearby hospital, where doctors frantically tried to revive him. It was too late – President Kennedy was dead. It was too late – President Kennedy was dead. November 22, 1963

24 In 1963, the Warren Commission investigated and concluded that Lee Harvey Oswald had shot the president while acting on his own while acting on his own. The Assassin?

25 On Sunday, Nov. 24, as millions watched live television coverage of Oswald being transferred between jails, a nightclub owner named Jack Ruby broke through the crowd and shot and killed Oswald broke through the crowd and shot and killed Oswald. More Shock!!

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27 JFK – Eternal Flame

28 Kennedy Beyond Conspiracy Twq_B2d_Y


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