Cuban Missile Crisis Planes spot missile sites being erected in Cuba JFK contacts Kruschev – must not bring in missiles and must dismantle the sites JFK places a blockade around Cuba Threatens to board and inspect any ships coming into Cuba TENSE !!!! At the last moment – Soviet ships turn around WHEW!!
Vietnam History – French colony History – French colony Occupied by Japan during WWII Occupied by Japan during WWII Ho Chi Minh wants independence (nationalist - pro communist) Ho Chi Minh wants independence (nationalist - pro communist) USA backs France – France loses at Dien Bien Phu USA backs France – France loses at Dien Bien Phu Divided at Geneva Convention – North and South at 17 th parallel Divided at Geneva Convention – North and South at 17 th parallel
Ho Chi Minh (1890 - 1969) Political leader of the Viet Minh Leader of North Vietnam after the Geneva Accords (1954). Nationalist - determined to reunify Vietnam. Very popular - called “Uncle Ho.” When U.S. turned their backs on him he cultivated the support of the two major communist powers Russia & China.
Ngo Dinh Diem (1901 - 1963) President of Vietnam from 1954-1963. Catholic, anti-Buddhist - Corrupt – nepotism Killed in a coup d’etat. (CIA and Kennedy approved) “what have the Buddhists done…they barbecued a monk”
Buddhist monks in Vietnam demonstrate for peace by setting themselves afire
John F. Kennedy Advocated counter insurgency – developed special warfare capabilities Vietnam policy - contain communism - the Domino Theory Assassinated soon after the overthrow of Diem in 1963 Increased the funding Increased the number of US advisors
U.S. Army Special Forces “Green Berets” JFK increased funding for Special Forces