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The Great War 1914-1918 In Europe, military buildup, nationalistic feelings, and rival alliances set the stage for a continental war.

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Presentation on theme: "The Great War 1914-1918 In Europe, military buildup, nationalistic feelings, and rival alliances set the stage for a continental war."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Great War In Europe, military buildup, nationalistic feelings, and rival alliances set the stage for a continental war

3 Militarism Policy of glorifying military power and keeping an army prepared for war –Having a large, strong standing army made citizens feel patriotic –Others were frightened by the potential disturbance of peace

4 Militarism cont. ~ European nations believed to be truly great, they needed a powerful military, leading to the rise of a dangerous European arms race… by 1914→ all powers had large standing armies –EXCEPT Great Britain Military experts stressed the importance of being able to quickly organize and move troops in case of war –Generals in each country developed highly detailed plans for such mobilization

5 ALLIANCES Growing rivalries and mistrust had led to the creation of several military alliances among Great Powers Designed to keep peace in Europe→ instead it helped push the continent into war

6 1. The Alliance System Triple Entente: Triple Alliance:

7 Alliance System Serbian assassins kill Franz Ferdinand (heir to the Austro-Hungarian thrown) Austria-Hungry declares war on Serbia Russia (allied with Serbia) declares war on Austria-Hungry Germany (allied with Austria-Hungry) declares war on Russia first, then France When German troops cross Belgium to get to France, Great Britain (allied with Belgium) declares war on Germany

8 Nationalism Nationalism→ deep devotion to one’s nation; can serve as a unifying force within a country Can also cause intense competition among nations, with each seeking to overpower the other France: longed to regain its position as Europe’s leading power; wanted to recover provinces lost to Germany in Franco-Prussian War 1870 (Alsace & Lorraine) Germany: Proud of empire’s new military & industrial might

9 Nationalism Russia: Russian duty to lead & defend all Slavs Balkans: Rising nationalism in multinational empires (Austria-Hungary & Ottoman Empire) “Balkan Powder Keg” Serbia- hoped to absorb Slavic population on the Balkan Peninsula-Russia supported Austria-Hungary→ opposed it, fearing that efforts to form a Slavic state would stir rebellion amongst its own Slavic population

10 Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914 The “Powder Keg” of Europe

11 Imperialism ~ European powers continued to compete for colonization in Africa and Asia… Push for imperialism often pushed European nations to the brink or war –sense of rivalry and mistrust of one another continued to deepen

12 European Imperialism in Africa

13 ASSASSINATION A Shot Rings Throughout Europe: ~ Amidst all this turmoil in Europe, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, visit Sarajevo, the capitol of Bosnia to inspect army maneuvers… June 28, 1914→ after escaping an attempt on their life through a bomb…the couple can’t escape death twice and were shot dead Gavrilo Princip→ 19-year old Serbian assassin Member of the Black Hand→ secret society committed to ridding Bosnia of Austrian rule

14 The Assassination: Sarajevo

15 The Assassin: Gavrilo Princip Gavrilo Princip

16 Who’s To Blame?

17 *The countries of Europe followed through on their pledges to support one another. As a result, nearly all of Europe soon joined what would be the largest, most destructive war the world has seen yet.


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