2. Militarism & Arms Race 187018801890190019101914 94130154268289398 Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s. 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures France10% Britain13% Russia39% Germany73%
Mobilization It's a long way to Tipperary, It's a long way to go; It's a long way to go; It's a long way to Tipperary, It's a long way to Tipperary, To the sweetest girl I know! To the sweetest girl I know! Goodbye, Piccadilly, Goodbye, Piccadilly, Farewell, Leicester Square, Farewell, Leicester Square, It's a long, long way to Tipperary, It's a long, long way to Tipperary, But my heart's right there! But my heart's right there! It's a long way to Tipperary, It's a long way to go; It's a long way to Tipperary, To the sweetest girl I know! Goodbye, Piccadilly, Farewell, Leicester Square, It's a long, long way to Tipperary, But my heart's right there! Home by Christmas! No major war in 50 years! Nationalism! HHHHome by Christmas! NNNNo major war in 50 years! NNNNationalism!
3. Airplane “Squadron Over the Brenta” Max Edler von Poosch, 1917
The Flying Aces of World War I Eddie Rickenbacher, US Francesco Barraco, It. Rene Pauk Fonck, Fr. Manfred von Richtoffen, Ger. [The “Red Baron”] Willy Coppens de Holthust, Belg. Eddie “Mick” Mannoch, Br.
Turkish Genocide Against Armenians A Portent of Future Horrors to Come!
Treaty of Versailles Signed Ended WW I: Treaty of Versailles Signed June 28 th, 1919 a)All of the 4 European Empires Reduced in Size b)New Countries Created in Europe c) Ottoman Empire-Divided into new countries & Mandated by Britain & France d) Arabs – Wanted Independence German a) Empire Lost Territory b) Made Repay War Reparations c) Made Reduce Size of Army / Navy d) “War Guilt Clause”-Germany made admit to starting WW I
Result of Treaty Weaknesses / Problems of the Treaty of Versailles Left Germany with a strong desire for Revenge Many German people found themselves in non-German nations Idea of Self-Determination violated-Arab countries became mandates When boundaries for countries were drawn up different ethic groups that did not get along together were clustered into one country for example: Iraq
Changes to the Map of Europe 1. German Empire: Reduced in size 2. From the Russian Empire: Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia formed 3. Austrian–Hungarian Empire Split into New Countries: Yugoslavia, Austria, Hungarian, Czechoslovakia 4. Ottoman Empire Split into New Countries: Turkey, Syria, Iraq & Tran Jordan
Effects of WW1 Millions Dead Map of Europe changed forever all 4-Empires collapsed European Economies Destroyed Major European Cities in Ruins Influenza Virus Spread (birds) End of Economic Opportunities for Women & African Americans USA becomes A Creditor Nation Postwar Recession: Slow Down in the Economy Fear of the Spread of Communism (Red Scare) League of nations Formed in Europe
WW1 Changes U.S Role in the World Became Richest Country in the World Largest Creditor Nation (lent money to other countries) Emerged as the Economic Centre of the world (London to New York)