Presentation on theme: " Herman Talmadge Governor (1948-1951) After his father’s death, the General Assembly selected him to replace his father, bring back the white primaries."— Presentation transcript:
Herman Talmadge Governor (1948-1951) After his father’s death, the General Assembly selected him to replace his father, bring back the white primaries was his plan. Opposed integration of schools, expanded the school year to 9 months Implemented GA’s first state sales tax ▪ Money was used to improve public school systems
Distinguished African American minister, scholar, and activist, lifelong educator President over Morehouse College Emphasized The inherent dignity of all Differences between ideals America and actual practices in American society MLK used his ideas to further the CRM Founded Omega Psi Phi Fraternity First African American school board president in Atlanta
A group of young people trying to attend school in Topeka, Kansas and were denied. In 1954, the US Supreme Court ruled that schools must be desegregated (segregation was unconstitutional) This ruling helped launch the modern civil rights movement
In 1955, John Sammons Bell (GA’s Democratic Party Leader) wanted to change the GA flag to incorporate the St. Andrews Cross (Confederate Battle Flag) In 1956, the General Assembly voted to change the flag People received this change as a statement against the Brown v. Board decision This move was seen as a recognition of GA’s Civil War past.
Principal leader of the modern CRM He was a clergyman and advocate for non- violent protest Attended Morehouse College Began career after the arrest of Rosa Parks African Americans boycotted the buses after Ms. Park’s arrest Took risk to his own safety and that of his family to progress Civil Rights for all Delivered the “I Have A Dream” speech. Assassinated by James Earl Jones.
MLK led and participated in marches and protests calling for equal rights for all Believed many problems were caused the economic inequalities in society Killed by an assassin in Memphis, TN in 1968 January holiday commemorates his birthday
SNCC Sibley Commission Integration of UGA Albany Movement March on Washington Civil Rights Act of 1964
Group grew out of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) Encouraged young people (both black and white) to use peaceful protest to gain equal rights Sit-ins Freedom riders ▪ Protested by riding on segregated buses
14 member committee, gathered information about how people felt about desegregation Founded by Governor Ernest Vandiver Report decreased resistance against desegregation Most Georgians would rather close schools than integrate Desegregation finally began in GA in the late 1960s
Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes were the first blacks admitted to UGA in 1961 The Hunter-Holmes building at UGA is named after them, and it was the site of their registration
The goal of this movement was to desegregate the Albany, Georgia region The groups involved: SNCC Youth Council of the NAACP Baptist Ministerial Alliance Federation of Women’s Clubs Negro Voters League Led by Dr. William Anderson
Site of the famous “I Have a Dream” speech by MLK, Jr. Five goals of march: 1. Meaningful Civil Rights laws 2. Massive federal works program 3. Full and fair employment 4. Decent housing, the right to vote 5. Adequate integrated education
Created by JFK, signed by Lyndon Johnson Three main provisions: Guaranteed equal voting rights Prohibited segregation in public places Banned segregation by trade unions, schools, and employers involved in interstate commerce or business with the federal government
Once restaurant owner, who removed African Americans from his place of business. Became governor of GA in 1967 Because he was popular with Georgians who favored segregation, many feared he would return widespread segregation to the state Requested huge police presence at MLK, Jr.’s funeral which kept many blacks from attending
In 1973, Maynard Jackson was elected the first African American mayor of Atlanta- the first in a major southern city Jackson encouraged a number of Affirmative Action programs Expanded the Atlanta Airport and was mayor leading up to the 1996 Olympics.
An aide to Martin Luther King, Jr. during the Civil Rights Movement Served as an executive director of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference First African American from Georgia to be elected to Congress since the 1860s. UN Ambassador for Jimmy Carter