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1968 “The Year Everything Went Wrong” A Year of Unrest lUlUprising at Columbia University lClCivil Servant Strikes lPlProtests at Democratic National.

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Presentation on theme: "1968 “The Year Everything Went Wrong” A Year of Unrest lUlUprising at Columbia University lClCivil Servant Strikes lPlProtests at Democratic National."— Presentation transcript:

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2 1968 “The Year Everything Went Wrong”

3 A Year of Unrest lUlUprising at Columbia University lClCivil Servant Strikes lPlProtests at Democratic National Convention

4 Uprising at Columbia University lAlApril - NYC lSlStudents protesting apparent racial bias & war-related research lSlStudents seize campus buildings & officials lAlAfter 6 days, police use force to end uprising - hundreds arrested lIlInvestigation shows police brutality & University neglect of student concerns

5 Civil Servant Strikes lNlNew York City sanitation workers walk out for more $ –S–Stench = Raise lNlNYPD “Blue Flu” lNlNYFD stopped fire safety inspections lNlNYC teachers walk out 3 times over $

6 Backdrop for the Election l Civil Rights Movement l Race riots l Campus Protests l Anti-War movement

7 Protest Movement l Students for a Democratic Society (1962) –Port Huron Statement - a call for more activism among students l Jack Weinberg- “Don’t trust anyone over 30!” –arrested at Cal for refusing to take down a CORE information table … leads us to... l Mario Savio- “Berkley Free Speech Movement.” –“I’m tired of reading about history. I want to make it.” l Anti-War “Teach Ins”

8 Democratic National Convention lHlHeld in Chicago - August 1968 l1l10K come to protest U.S. policy on Vietnam lClChicago Mayor Richard Daley surrounds convention hall w/ fences lPlPolice, troops, FBI agents, etc. on full alert for trouble

9 Chicago Mayor Richard Daley

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12 DNC continued lPlProtestors forbidden to march lPlPolice beat them when they tried l1l100’s injured

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17 Trouble inside DNC as well lPlPro- and anti-war delegates argued over Vietnam policy lAlAttempts made to silence anti-war delegates lAlAnti-war delegates ultimately removed from the convention

18 Inside the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago

19 Democratic Party is Split l Eugene McCarthy (MN) the anti- war candidate - a serious contender l Robert Kennedy enters the race. –Assassinated before election (6/5/68) l LBJ withdraws - had little chance l Hubert Humphrey- “The Politics of Joy” –“The Happy Warrior”

20 Hubert Humphrey lHlHumphrey won the Democratic nomination lPlParty platform supported current administration policy on Vietnam lSlSignificant dissention over platform

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22 George Wallace l the American Independent Party l Segregationist & a “Hawk” l “There’s not a dime’s worth of difference between Democrats and Republicans.” l “America love it or leave it.”

23 Republicans rally behind the “New” Nixon l Comes back from 1962 loss in California governor’s race. l Seen as a “center-right” candidate l Promises “peace with honor” in Vietnam, law & order at home l Portrays himself as the voice of the silent majority

24 Humphrey vs. Nixon lHlHumphrey had trouble from the start lLlLBJ did not convincingly endorse him lPlParty divided over the war

25 H vs. N cont. lRlRepublicans ran strong campaign l“l“Peace with honor” lNlNixon running mate was Spiro Agnew - the “shrill partisan” of the ticket lNlNixon confident of victory

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27 Results of the Election l One month before election, Humphrey changes stand on Vietnam (now supports LBJ) l Nixon wins with 43.4% of votes –about 1% difference from Humphrey l Electoral vote Nixon 301, Humphrey 191, Wallace 46 l Wallace & other minor parties drew votes from both major tickets

28 A year of assassinations l Martin Luther King Jr. l Robert Kennedy

29 Martin Luther King Jr. lSlShot April 4, 1968 lMlMemphis, TN lRlRiots broke out in 40 cities lFlFuneral in Atlanta - Televised lAlAssassin - James Earl Ray

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34 Robert Kennedy lKlKilled June 4, 1968 lSlSirhan Sirhan - Jordanian Arab lAlAngry over Kennedy support of Israel lSlSame day as big Kennedy victory in California Democratic Primary lHlHad locked Demo Nomination

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