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World War 1 4 key causes M—militarism A-Alliances I-Imperialism N-Nationalism.

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Presentation on theme: "World War 1 4 key causes M—militarism A-Alliances I-Imperialism N-Nationalism."— Presentation transcript:

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2 World War 1 4 key causes M—militarism A-Alliances I-Imperialism N-Nationalism

3 Militarism & Arms Race Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s Increase in Defense Expenditures France10% Britain13% Russia39% Germany73%

4 The Alliance System Allied Powers: Central Powers:

5 Europe 1914

6 Economic & Imperial Rivalries

7 4. Aggressive Nationalism

8 The Assassination The Heir to the throne of A-H empire dies at the hand of a Serb! The Serbian Assassin Princip Archduke Franz Ferdinand & Family

9 Who is to blame?

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11 Allied Ships Sunk by U-Boats Arabic Pledge 1915 Sussex Pledge 1916

12 The Sinking of the Lusitania

13 The Zimmerman Telegram

14 Reasons for US involvement Ties to Britain “Insult” of Zimmerman note—Yellow Press Unrestricted Submarine Warfare Russian Revolution US to replace Russia

15 Timeline of US Involvement Jan.1917-Wilson wants “peace without victory” between Britain & Germany Jan 31, 1917 Germany intends USW on all ships in war zone March, 1917-Zimmerman note 1917-Russian Revolution April, 1917-Declaration of War by US “War To End All Wars”

16 Election of 1916 Dem-Wilson “He Kept US Out Of War” Progressive reforms Pro labor Rep-Charles Evans Hughes Supreme Ct. Justice Gov of NY Too evasive on the war --  WW wins close race!

17 US Mobilization Key People George Creel-Public Information Bernard Baruch-War Industries board Taft-War Labor Board Hoover-Food Plant “victory gardens” “meatless mondays” Food exports triple Farm production increases by 25%

18 Patriotism/Civil Liberties Espionage Act Censorship Sedition Act Dropped German classes No Beethoven IWW laborers strike--jailed

19 Propaganda

20 US Contributions 1-food 2-arms 3-credit 21 bil in liberty loans + taxes 4-oil 5-men 4.8 mil men (draft/Selective Service Act) Some women—Red Cross African Americans—not allowed move to North to fill spots in factories---riots

21 US Military General-John Pershing “Bridge of Ships” “Doughboys” Supreme Allied Commander-Marshall Foersch New weapons + new technology =new ways to be wounded and die

22 Impact of War Effort Consumers Prices high Farmers Prices high to encourage increased production Women Allowed to work in areas not normally open Right to vote (19200 Organized labor Increased wages National War Labor board—few strikes


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