Reasons for US involvement Ties to Britain “Insult” of Zimmerman note—Yellow Press Unrestricted Submarine Warfare Russian Revolution US to replace Russia
Timeline of US Involvement Jan.1917-Wilson wants “peace without victory” between Britain & Germany Jan 31, 1917 Germany intends USW on all ships in war zone March, 1917-Zimmerman note 1917-Russian Revolution April, 1917-Declaration of War by US “War To End All Wars”
Election of 1916 Dem-Wilson “He Kept US Out Of War” Progressive reforms Pro labor Rep-Charles Evans Hughes Supreme Ct. Justice Gov of NY Too evasive on the war -- WW wins close race!
US Mobilization Key People George Creel-Public Information Bernard Baruch-War Industries board Taft-War Labor Board Hoover-Food Plant “victory gardens” “meatless mondays” Food exports triple Farm production increases by 25%
Patriotism/Civil Liberties Espionage Act Censorship Sedition Act Dropped German classes No Beethoven IWW laborers strike--jailed
US Contributions 1-food 2-arms 3-credit 21 bil in liberty loans + taxes 4-oil 5-men 4.8 mil men (draft/Selective Service Act) Some women—Red Cross African Americans—not allowed move to North to fill spots in factories---riots
US Military General-John Pershing “Bridge of Ships” “Doughboys” Supreme Allied Commander-Marshall Foersch New weapons + new technology =new ways to be wounded and die
Impact of War Effort Consumers Prices high Farmers Prices high to encourage increased production Women Allowed to work in areas not normally open Right to vote (19200 Organized labor Increased wages National War Labor board—few strikes