The cinematograph was born in 1895. It was invented by the Lumière brothers. Their first main public screening of films was held on December 28, 1895, at Salon indien du Grand Café in Paris. The cinema : invented by two brothers from Lyon (The Lumière brothers) The Lumière brothers
The cinematograph quickly developed and became a popular attraction and pastime in the early 20th century. It was recognized as a form of art thanks to great directors like Méliès, Blaché, Griffith or Dreyer who set up its rules and language. Until the 50s it remained the ultimate popular attraction but was gradually replaced by television.
The beginning.. The Rhône-Alpes Region was one of the first in France to establish a new and ambitious policy for the cinema. Since the beginning of its activity in 1991, Rhône- Alpes Cinéma has supported more than 220 films, some of whom have seen their posters in foreign countries.
The Pixel cluster Rhone-Alpes Cinema, Rhone-Alpes Studios and Film Commission Rhône- Alpes are installed on the Villeurbanne PIXEL cluster, the first French regional hub of innovative activities of image, sound and new media, which includes today more than 60 companies with approximately 450 permanent employees.
And its studios The studios emerged in 2009, with 5,500sq2 of warehouses for the production and shootings. Rhône-Alpes Studios also manages the cluster on which PIXEL company, studios and hotel companies are installed.
The project.. Several objectives are targeted for the Rhône-Alpes Cinéma project, namely : > Promote and renew French and European filmmaking > Promote the region as a great movie set, located in the heart of Europe, rich in scenery (natural and built), means of production (hotels, restaurants, road, rail and air transport, specialized service providers) and human resources (actors and technicians) > Develop the film industry in Rhône-Alpes, the source of significant economic development and employment
> Promote the region and ensure its national and international reputation thanks to movies that are broadcast in film, television and video around the world > Promote the cinema in the region, particularly among young people. It produces on average 10 to 15 films a year, a number that is profitable for a French region.
The best box-office results for movies produced jointly with the Rhône-Alpes region are: « Le Hussard sur le toit » by Jean-Paul Rappeneau (2.5 million viewers) « Une Hirondelle a fait le Printemps » by Christian Carion (2.3m viewers) « Les Enfants du marais » by Jean Becker (2.1m viewers) In 6th position, an animated film : « Azur et Asmar » by Michel Ocelot (1.7m viewers) The biggests hits of the Rhône-Alpes cinema
A few movies shot in the Ardèche and relased abroad LOCATIONDATE, MOVIE TITLE AND DIRECTOR Alboussière1949 : « La Vache et le Prisonnier » by Henri Verneui Aubenas 1993 : « Poisson-lune » by Bertrand Van Effenterre 2010 : « Au fond des bois » by Benoît Jacquot Bourg-Saint-Andéol 1998 : « Conte d'automne » by Éric Rohmer 2001 : « Martha... Martha » by Sandrine Veysset Chomérac1976 : « Le Juge et l'Assassin » by Bertrand Tavernier Cruas 1994 : « Les Braqueuses » byJean-Paul Salomé 2009 : « Adieu Gary » by Nassim Amaouche Guilherand-Granges1974 : « Les Valseuses » by Bertrand Blier Lamastre1999 : « Les Enfants du marais » by Jean Becker
LOCATIONDATE, MOVIE TITLE AND DIRECTOR Largentière 1976 : « Le Juge et l'Assassin » by Bertrand Tavernier 1982 : « L'Honneur d'un capitaine » by Pierre Schoendoerffer Le Pouzin 2009 : « Adieu Gary » by Nassim Amaouche Sainte-Eulalie 2004 : « L'école en campagne » by Christian Tran 2010 : « Au fond des bois » by Benoît Jacquot
The festivals.. The region also offers entertainment by offering multiple festivals. Some are known in Europe and throughout France.
The festival « Les Rencontres des Cinémas d’Europe" held in Ardèche, in Aubenas more accurately and which takes place in late November usually lasts about a week. Two cinemas in the city broadcast the fifty films available. Annecy International Animated Film Festival is very popular among directors and actors. It is held for five days in June, just after the Cannes festival.
Another festival is « Les Etats généraux du film documentaires » held in Lussas in Ardèche. Non competitive festival, the editorial line of this festival is characterized by three main components in the schedule : - Seminars and workshops, in which theoretical reflection on cinema is developed over several sessions - Professional meetings, offering privileged moments of exchange between participants from various professions of the trade - The “Film” programming space, aiming at discovering or revisiting exceptional documentary works, filmographies or the evolution of documentary cinema in a given country. Five theaters and one video library provide simultaneously morning, afternoon and late evening screenings. In the evenings, open-air screenings, screenings in neighboring villages and in private homes round out this substantial programming.
We inform The "Festivals connections" website presents information about film festivals, we can find where they are, when they take place, select the type of movie we want to see etc.. An association was created there. The public can also post ads for regional film competitions for instance.
Awards Cave of Forgotten Dreams is a 2010 3D documentary film by Werner Herzog, about the Chauvet Cave in the Ardèche. The film premiered at the 2010 Toronto International Film Festival and consists of footage filmed inside the cave as well as interviews with various scientists and historians. The film also includes footage of the nearby Pont d’Arc natural bridge. It was awarded several times in the USA and Canada.
The Ardechoise is a legendary cycling race. It was created in the Ardeche on 20 June 1992. Every year, around 14,000 cyclists spend three or four days enjoying the race.
The colours of the race To pay tribute to the beautiful landscapes of the Ardèche, the cyclists as well as the villages bear two specific colours : - yellow : the colour of brooms - purple : the colour of blueberries
Routes The Ardéchoise offers several routes. They all form loops with different levels of difficulty. The distances vary from 85 to 647 km long and the differences in height go from 1,081 to 11,067 metres. There are three different types of races : - Cycling trips over 2,3 or 4 days - One-day cycle touring race - One-day cyclo-sport race
On this image you can see the different routes. They all start from Saint Felicien and end in the same city.
The participants The competitors come from every country in the world like Switzerland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Italy, Germany, Great Britain, Romania, Czech Republic, Portugal, Monaco, Spain, Austria, Ukraine, and also Canada and Indonesia.
The volunteers The Ardéchoise calls on many volunteers : around 6,000 people every year. The villages visited are decorated and supplies of food and drink are offered. It is the opportunity for all the villagers to gather and share a good time together.
Economic importance The Ardéchoise attracts many French and foreign cyclists. It is a major event for the Ardèche departement. The economic benefits are estimated at more than 15 million euros every year.
OTHER CYCLING RACES IN EUROPE The Ardechoise is not the only cycling race in Europe, almost every country has their own cycling race.
France – Tour de France The Tour of France is an annual multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries. The race was first organized in 1903 to increase paper sales for the magazine L’Auto. The race has been held annually since its first edition in 1903 except for when it was stopped for the two World Wars. As the Tour gained prominence and popularity the race was lengthened and its reach began to extend around the globe. Participation expanded from a primarily French field, as riders from all over the world began to participate in the race each year. Traditionally, the race is usually held primarily in the month of July. While the route changes each year, the format of the race stays the same with the appearance of at least two time trials, the passage through the mountain chains of the Pyrenees and the Alps and the finish on the Champs Elysées.
Spain - Vuelta ciclista a España The Tour of Spain is an annual multiple stage bicycle race. Inspired by the success of the Giro d’Italia and the Tour de France, the race was first organized in 1935 and has been held annually since 1955. As the Vuelta gained prestige and popularity riders from all over the world participate in the race each year. While the route changes each year (it is held in Spain but also occasionally making passes through nearby countries) the format of the race stays the same with the appearance of at least two time trials, the passage through the mountain chain of the Pyrenees, and the finish in the Spanish capital Madrid. The modern editions of the Vuelta a España consist of 21 day-long segments, stages, over a 23-day period that includes 2 rest days. It was originally held in the spring (usually late April) with a few editions held in June in the 1940s. In 1995, however, the race moved to September to avoid direct competition with the Giro d’Italia, held in May. As a result, the Vuelta is now often seen as an important preparation for the World Championships which is held in October.
Italy – Giro d’Italia The Tour of Italy is an annual multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in Italy, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. The race was first organized in 1909 to increase the sales for the newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport. The race has been held annually since its first edition in 1909 except for when it was stopped for the two World Wars. As the Giro gained prominence and popularity the race was lengthened and its reach began to extend around the globe. The peloton expanded from primarily Italian participation to riders from all over the world now participating each year. The Giro is usually held during late May and early June. While the route changes each year, the format of the race stays the same with the appearance of at least two time trials, the passage through the mountain chains of the Dolomites and the Alps and the finish in Milan. Like the other Grand Tours, the modern editions of the Giro d'Italia normally consist of 21 day-long segments (stages) over a 23-day period that includes 2 rest days.
Germany – Deutschland Tour The Tour of Germany (Deutschland Tour or Deutschland-Rundfahrt) was the most important multi-stage road bicycle race in Germany. Already in 1911 a "national" cycling race of over 1,500 km was held in Germany. Until 1931 several real Tours were held, but always under very different conditions and organisations. In 1931 the first Deutschlandtour was held, and it is generally agreed upon that the race was exciting and well organised between 1937 and 1939. Germany never had a significant road cycling history but after Jan Ullrich’s Tour de France victory, cycling became more popular. Partially as a result of Germany's new-found cycling enthusiasm, in 1999 the Deutschlandtour became invigorated. Initially the race was held in May/June, but from 2005 until 2008 it was moved to August. On October 2008 the organizers announced that the 2009 edition would be cancelled, following the doping cases that were revealed in the sport of cycling. Marketing chiefs said they were unable to finance the nine-day race due to a lack of interested sponsors after the latest revelations of cyclists testing positive. The race has not been held since.
Germany - Sechstagerennen Stuttgart The Six days of Stuttgart is a six-day bicycle race held in Stuttgart in Germany. The first race was held in 1928 in the Stadthalle and then has been held annually between 1928 and 1933. Then it was stopped for 50 years and restarted from 1984 to 2008. The race disappeared in 2008. The race was held on a 285-metre wooden track. The name Hofbräu 6-Tage-Rennen, was given by the main sponsor, the Stuttgarter Hof bräu brewery.
Belgium – Ronde van Vlaanderen The Tour of Flanders is a Flanders Classics road cycling race held in Belgium every spring, a week before the Paris-Roubaix road race. It is one of the so-called monuments of the European professional calendar. It is the most important cycling race in Flanders. The Tour of Flanders was conceived in 1913 by Karel Van Wijnendaele, co-founder of the sportspaper Sportwereld after that Odile Defraye became the first Belgian to win the Tour de France, in 1912. In that era it was customary for publishers of newspapers and magazines to organise cycling races as a way of promoting circulation. The race was before the second world war usually on the same day as the Milan–San Remo competition in Italy. Prominent Italian and French racers preferred the latter which explains why there was only a single non-Belgian winner before the war. After the war the race grew in importance.
Poland - Wyścig Dookoła Polski The Tour of Poland is a road bicycle racing stage race. The initial concept of this multi-stage format was modeled after the popular Tour de France. The proposal for organizing the event was submitted jointly by the Warsaw Cycling Society and the Przeglad Sportowy sports newspaper published in Krakow. The historic first edition of the race took place on 7–11 September 1928. 71 cyclists rode almost 1,500 km. Until 1952 the race was held sporadically, but since then it has been an annual race. Until early 1993 the race was open to amateur cyclists only and most of its winners came from Poland. The early races differed significantly from today's. The stages were much longer (often a distance of 300 km), and riders repeatedly caught flat tires on stone-chipped roads, and made stops at local restaurants. Now it consists of seven or eight stages and is usually around 1,200 km in length. 35
England – The tour of Britain The Tour of Britain is a multi-stage cycling race, conducted on British roads, in which participants race across Great Britain to complete the race in the fastest time. The event dates back to the first British stage races held just after the Second World War, since then various different events have been described as the Tour of Britain, including the Milk Race, the Kellogg's Tour of Britain and the PruTour.
Greece – Διεθνής Ποδηλατικός Γύρος Ελλάδας The Tour of Greece is a cycling stage race held in Greece. Its was not held between 2006 and 2011. It was first held in 1968 as the Tour of Ancient Greece.