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Unit 14: World War I & Russian Revolution n ISN pg 170, Unit 14: World War I & Russian Revolution Causes of World War I n ISN pg 172, title: Causes of.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 14: World War I & Russian Revolution n ISN pg 170, Unit 14: World War I & Russian Revolution Causes of World War I n ISN pg 172, title: Causes of."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Unit 14: World War I & Russian Revolution n ISN pg 170, Unit 14: World War I & Russian Revolution Causes of World War I n ISN pg 172, title: Causes of World War I n Preview: –Is there ever a good reason to go to war? Explain

3 The Great War: The War to End All Wars The Causes of World War I

4 Causes of World War I n World War 1 was also known as: –The War to End All Wars –The First Modern War –The Imperialist War –The Trench War –The Great War

5 Europe before the warEurope during the war The Western Front The Eastern Front WW1 is a two-front war because Germany has to fight the Allies on both sides The Allied Powers The Central Powers

6 Europe before the warEurope after the war New countries! Divided empires! Russia turns Communist (USSR)

7 What Caused World War 1? n M n Militarism n A n Alliances n I n Imperialism & Rivalries n N n Nationalism

8 Imperialism & Rivalries n The Industrial Revolution led to hostile competition as imperialists fought over the same colonies In 1898, England & France argued over rights to the Sudan in Africa (the Fashoda Incident) In 1899, Germany, England, & Russia argued over rights to build a railroad in India In 1905, 1908, & 1911, Germany & France almost went to war over Morocco

9 Militarism n Europeans believed their national power was determined by their military strength (militarism): –The Industrial Revolution led to large, advanced armies & navies with new industrial weapons arms race –Because European countries tried to keep up with each other, an arms race began; This made it difficult to settle minor problems by talking things out

10 The European Arms Race: England & Germany competed to create the largest navies in Europe

11 Nationalism n Nationalism created feelings of great pride & united the citizens of a country & led some countries to want revenge for previous wars German “Hymn of Hate” song German “Hymn of Hate” song: Hate by water & hate by land; Hate of the heart & hate of the hand; We love as one; We hate as one; We have but one foe alone: England France wanted revenge against Germany for its loss during the Franco-Prussian War in 1871

12 Nationalism also divided people; The most tense place in Europe by 1914 was the Balkans as Serbia, Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, & Romania all broke from the Ottoman Empire to make new nations The Slavic peoples wanted to unite & form a Slavic nation (Yugoslavia) but Austria- Hungary did not want this to happen

13 The Balkans became a “powder keg” waiting for a spark to blow up Pan-Slavism in the Balkans, 1914

14 Alliances n No nation wanted to fight in a war by itself so nations formed alliances: Germany, Austria- Hungary, & Italy made up the Triple Alliance England, France, & Russia made up the Triple Entente These alliances did not make Europe more secure, they made it more tense

15 Causes of WWI n By 1914, Europe was in a bad position: –Powerful European nations had large armies & navies –Militarism Nationalism –Militarism supported the idea that war can be good & can bring glory to nation & its people (Nationalism) –Nations were tied together by alliances, so if one country went to war, the others had to go too

16 The War Begins n On June 28, 1914, the Austro- Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated

17 The Assassin: Gavrilo Princip

18 The War Begins ultimatum n On July 23, Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia: OR –Either allow Austria-Hungarian officials to investigate the assassination …OR… –Go to war n On July 28,1914 Serbia declined the ultimatum & Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia

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20 Hurray! War is great! Let’s go beat those Germans!

21 How was WW1 a “world” war?

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23 Essential Question n What four factors led to World War I? n What alliances were formed? n What role did nationalism play in causing WWI? n What is militarism?

24 Roots of WWI Video (5:36)

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26 What were the M.A.I.N Causes of WWI? Map Activity


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