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ISN pg 170, Unit 14: World War I & Russian Revolution

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Presentation on theme: "ISN pg 170, Unit 14: World War I & Russian Revolution"— Presentation transcript:

1 ISN pg 170, Unit 14: World War I & Russian Revolution
ISN pg 172, title: Causes of World War I Preview: Is there ever a good reason to go to war? Explain

2 The Great War: The War to End All Wars
Causes of World War I

3 Causes of World War I World War 1 was also known as:
The War to End All Wars The First Modern War The Imperialist War The Trench War The Great War

4 Europe during the war Europe before the war The Allied Powers
The Eastern Front The Western Front WW1 is a two-front war because Germany has to fight the Allies on both sides The Central Powers

5 Russia turns Communist (USSR)
Europe before the war Europe after the war New countries! Divided empires! New countries! New countries! New countries! New countries! Divided empires! New countries! Russia turns Communist (USSR)

6 Imperialism & Rivalries Nationalism
What Caused World War 1? Militarism Alliances Imperialism & Rivalries Nationalism

7 Imperialism & Rivalries
In 1898, England & France argued over rights to the Sudan in Africa (the Fashoda Incident) In 1899, Germany, England, & Russia argued over rights to build a railroad in India The Industrial Revolution led to hostile competition as imperialists fought over the same colonies In 1905, 1908, & 1911, Germany & France almost went to war over Morocco

8 Militarism Europeans believed their national power was determined by their military strength (militarism): The Industrial Revolution led to large, advanced armies & navies with new industrial weapons Because European countries tried to keep up with each other, an arms race began; This made it difficult to settle minor problems by talking things out

9 The European Arms Race: England & Germany competed to create the largest navies in Europe

10 Nationalism France wanted revenge against Germany for its loss during the Franco-Prussian War in 1871 Nationalism created feelings of great pride & united the citizens of a country & led some countries to want revenge for previous wars German “Hymn of Hate” song: Hate by water & hate by land; Hate of the heart & hate of the hand; We love as one; We hate as one; We have but one foe alone: England

11 The Slavic peoples wanted to unite & form a Slavic nation (Yugoslavia) but Austria-Hungary did not want this to happen Nationalism also divided people; The most tense place in Europe by 1914 was the Balkans as Serbia, Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, & Romania all broke from the Ottoman Empire to make new nations

12 Pan-Slavism in the Balkans, 1914
The Balkans became a “powder keg” waiting for a spark to blow up

13 Alliances Germany, Austria-Hungary, & Italy made up the Triple Alliance England, France, & Russia made up the Triple Entente No nation wanted to fight in a war by itself so nations formed alliances: These alliances did not make Europe more secure, they made it more tense

14 Causes of WWI By 1914, Europe was in a bad position:
Powerful European nations had large armies & navies Militarism supported the idea that war can be good & can bring glory to nation & its people (Nationalism) Nations were tied together by alliances, so if one country went to war, the others had to go too

15 The War Begins On June 28, 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated

16 The Assassin: Gavrilo Princip

17 The War Begins On July 23, Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia: Either allow Austria-Hungarian officials to investigate the assassination …OR… Go to war On July 28,1914 Serbia declined the ultimatum & Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia


19 Hurray! War is great! Let’s go beat those Germans!

20 How was WW1 a “world” war?

21 How was WW1 a “world” war?

22 Essential Question What four factors led to World War I?
What alliances were formed? What role did nationalism play in causing WWI? What is militarism?

23 Roots of WWI Video (5:36)


25 What were the M.A.I.N Causes of WWI?
Map Activity

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