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Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY The Civil War (1861-1865) Through Maps, Charts, Graphs & Pictures.

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Presentation on theme: "Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY The Civil War (1861-1865) Through Maps, Charts, Graphs & Pictures."— Presentation transcript:

1 Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY The Civil War ( ) Through Maps, Charts, Graphs & Pictures

2 North vs. South in 1861 NorthSouth Advantages?? Disadvantages??

3 Rating the North & the South

4 Slave/Free States Population, 1861

5 Railroad Lines, 1860

6 Resources: North & the South

7 The Union & Confederacy in 1861

8 Men Present for Duty in the Civil War

9 Ohio Military Service

10 Soldiers’ Occupations: North/South Combined

11 Immigrants as a % of a State’s Population in 1860

12 The Leaders of the Confederacy Pres. Jefferson Davis VP Alexander Stevens

13 The Confederate “White House”

14 The Confederate Seal MOTTO  “With God As Our Vindicator”

15 A Northern View of Jeff Davis

16 Overview of the North’s Civil War Strategy: “Anacond a” Plan Overview of the North’s Civil War Strategy: “Anacond a” Plan

17 The “Anaconda” Plan

18 Lincoln’s Generals Irwin McDowell Winfield Scott George McClellan, Again! McClellan George McClellan Ambrose Burnside Joseph Hooker George Meade Ulysses S. Grant

19 McClellan: I Can Do It All!

20 The Confederate Generals Jeb Stuart James Longstreet George Pickett “Stonewall” Jackson Nathan Bedford Forrest Robert E. Lee

21 Battle of Bull Run (1 st Manassas) July, 1861

22 The Battle of the Ironclads, March, 1862 The Monitor vs. the Merrimac

23 Damage on the Deck of the Monitor

24 Buy Your Way Out of Military Service

25 War in the East:

26 Battle of Antietam “Bloodiest Single Day of the War” 23,000 casualties September 17, 1862

27 Emancipation in 1863

28 The Emancipation Proclamation

29 The Southern View of Emancipation

30 African-American Recruiting Poster

31 The Famous 54 th Massachusetts

32 August Saint-Gaudens Memorial to Col. Robert Gould Shaw

33 African-Americans in Civil War Battles

34 Black Troops Freeing Slaves

35 Extensive Legislation Passed Without the South in Congress 1861 – Morrill Tariff Act 1862 – Homestead Act 1862 – Legal Tender Act 1862 – Morrill Land Grant Act 1862 – Emancipation Proclamation (1/1/1863) 1863 – Pacific Railway Act 1863 – National Bank Act 1861 – Morrill Tariff Act 1862 – Homestead Act 1862 – Legal Tender Act 1862 – Morrill Land Grant Act 1862 – Emancipation Proclamation (1/1/1863) 1863 – Pacific Railway Act 1863 – National Bank Act

36 The North Takes Turns the Tide of War I.The war continues 1.Dec. ’62 Lee beats Union at Fredericksburg, VA 2.May ’63 south wins at Chancellorsville, VA (Stonewall Jackson dies) 3.Lee goes on the offensive into Maryland and up into PA – Gen. Meade (union) follows north, they meet at Gettysburg, PA

37 The Road to Gettysburg: 1863

38 II.Gettysburg (three days in July) 1.July 1, 1863 Battle begins in morning when Confederates led by A.P. Hill attack North of town & confront John Buford and Union troops. a.Buford holds despite being outnumbered, but by end of day Union pushed back into town. b.At end of day reinforcements show up for both sides –90,000 Union troops under command of Gen. Meade –75,000 Confederate troops under Robert E. Lee

39 2.July Confederates push Union out of Gettysburg & take control of town. a.Union sets up defense south of town at Cemetery Ridge to Big Round Top (High Ground) b.Union forms the “fish hook” defense (communication & quick reinforcement) c.Attacks by south led by Gen. James Longstreet Little Round Top (extreme left flank of union army) Devil’s Den (slaughter pen/valley of death) The Wheatfield (heaviest fighting of civil war) The Peach Orchard (union army split in two, pushed back to Culp’s Hill)

40 3.July 3, 1863 Union regains high ground at Culp’s Hill a.Gen. Lee orders artillery barrage on center of Union lines on Cemetery Ridge for 2 hours b.Around 3 PM 12,500 Confederate troops charge out of tree line at Seminary Ridge – Pickett’s Charge – All out frontal assault on center of Union lines Union guns fire back & devastate Confederate lines = Union wins Battle of Gettysburg Lee depressed, retreats to Virginia, never takes offensive again 3 day battle claims 23,000 union soldiers dead/wounded 28,000 confederates dead/wounded approx. 51,000 = almost as many as Vietnam (58,000)

41 Gettysburg Casualties

42 III.U.S. Grant wins at Vicksburg, MS 1.surrounds city after Confederates refuse to surrender and orders artillery barrages for several hours a day a.Confederate soldiers and towns people out of food and supplies = Vicksburg falls on July 4, 1863 (one of last Confed. Forts of Miss. R.) 2.Nov. ’63 Lincoln gives the Gettysburg cemetery in Gettysburg a.2 minute speech = USA a single union

43 The War in the West, 1863: Vicksburg Vicksburg

44 The North Initiates the Draft, 1863

45 Recruiting Irish Immigrants in NYC

46 Recruiting Blacks in NYC

47 NYC Draft Riots, (July 13-16, 1863)

48

49 A “Pogrom” Against Blacks

50 IV.The Confederacy Wears Down 1.Gettysburg & Vicksburg cost south a lot of manpower. low on shoes, food, uniforms, guns, ammo = just want to hold on now southern morale low = troops leave to go back to farms

51 Inflation in the South

52 The Progress of War:

53 2.Grant & Sherman wage “Total War” on south a.fight not only armies and gov.’t, but civilians. Break their will to fight! b.May to June 1864 Grant fights with Lee in Virginia – Grant nicknamed the “Butcher” cause he continuously attacks despite heavy casulties c.Gen. Shermans’s March – destroyed every city on path through GA to Atlantic Burns Atlanta, Savannah – frees slaves, they join Turns North though SC into NC to help Grant finish Lee in VA

54 Sherman’ s “March to the Sea” through Georgia, 1864

55 d.election of 1864 Lincoln beats George McClellan & John C. Fremont (He wins 55% of pop vote) e.Grant pushes from NW, Sherman from S – Jefferson Davis & Gov.’t flee Richmond and burn it down f.April 9, Appomattox Court House Lee & Grant meet to arrange Confederate surrender = Civil War over, ends without punishment to south g.Lincoln assassinated April 14, 1865 by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater in Wash, DC

56 1864 Election Pres. Lincoln (R) George McClellan (D)

57 Presidenti al Election Results: 1864

58 The Peace Movement: Copperheads Clement Vallandigham

59 1864 Copperhead Campaign Poster

60 Cartoon Lampoons Democratic Copperheads in 1864

61 The Final Virginia Campaign:

62 f.April 9, Appomattox Court House Lee & Grant meet to arrange Confederate surrender = Civil War over, ends without punishment to south

63 Surrender at Appomattox April 9, 1865

64 Casualties on Both Sides

65 Civil War Casualties in Comparison to Other Wars

66 V.Costs of War 1.Union = 360,000 men dead 2.Confederacy = 260,000 dead

67 Ford’s Theater (April 14, 1865)

68 The Assassin John Wilkes Booth

69 The Assassination

70 WANTED~~!!WANTED~~!!

71 Now He Belongs to the Ages!

72 h. Union and Reconstruction of South now in hands of southerner and former slave owner Andrew Johnson (VP)

73 The Execution


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