INTRODUCTI ON Originating the word, "assassin" and being the most famous clan of murderers in their time, The Hashshashins or The Assassins we're a well planned, politically motivated sect that struck fear to rulers during the Crusades. The word hashshashin became known for another word for ‘outlaw’. The actual word hashshashin is Arabic. Originally, the word was suppose to mean ‘followers of Al- Hassan’.
THE ASSASSINS They terrorized during the Abbasid Era of the Arab Period of Hegemony. The Hashshashins were Nizari Ismaili Shiite Muslims. They were led by Hassan-i-Sabah. What the Hashshashins did was killed people of power when they didn't believe in what they were doing politically, or other acts he found to be evil. Hassan-i-Sabah sent off members of the clan to do his murders for him and to get such a following, he used Hashish to get his people high so they would look up to him as God and made them feel like they were in a muslim heaven. The muslim heaven was believed to be an area full of fruits, trees, milk, honey, song, music and willing virigns. The drug would also calm them before a mission and regenerate strength and energy.
The Assassins' leader would always tell them 'not to fear death' and that no matter what they'd always be transported back to this heaven. Seeing him as a Muslim God made them listen and do whatever was said. Until the coming of the Mongols under Hulagu Khan, the Hashshashins were very good at their job and they assassinated many high-profile people. Some people argue that this specific tribe of people did not take the drug at all, and it is simply a myth. That is highly unlikely as it was obvious they were under the influence of something. It is strongly unlikely that it is alcohol as it is completely prohibited by the Muslim faith. THE ASSASSINS
The Assassin's were very planned and well-crafted, they used various techniques towards their targets. One example, is if you were a high placed politician and one morning you awake to a dagger beside your pillow, it'd be warning that a hashshashin has given you a gift, and your no longer safe. Victims would change their actions that had brought conflict with the clan in order to live. Their weapon of choice would be a dagger. They didn’t approve the ideas of poison, bows, throwing stars or any weapon that would allow the target to run. When in Combat they practiced the fighting style called ‘janna’. This technique includes striking, grappling, and low kicks. Under no scenario are they to kill themselves. It is honourable to be killed by your captors. THE ASSASSINS
Why begin such a dangerous clan? To have such a group under your control would be terrifying to apposing parties. You would have a tight knit circle of men who were loyal, devoted and secretive. They would accept any mission. They weren't the only group of assassins though, there were many others but the Assassins remained the most feared and famous. Other groups included Al Qaeda, the Mafia, the Black Hand, the IRA. The CIA, for example, is reported to have made 638 attempts to remove Castro from power. THE ASSASSINS
The Assassins power became destroyed, The Mongolian war-hero Hulago Khan burned down the Alamut library, which was much of their power base. The Syrian branch was ended by Mamluk Saltan Baibars. After that the group never gained enough power to start up again. Other groups followed in their path but regardless a huge sense of relief came to the rulers of the crusades. END OF THE ASSASSINS
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