Presentation on theme: "Chapter 13: The Great War Section 1"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 13: The Great War Section 1 Marching Toward WarChapter 13: The Great WarSection 1
2Learning TargetsI can identify the political and military forces at work in Europe in the late 1800’s.I can list the countries that made up the Triple Entente and Triple Alliance.I can summarize the events that set WWI in motion.
3Some Background Early 1900s Militarism Alliances Nationalism Many European countries built up their militaries through help of Industrial RevolutionAlliancesEuropeans created secret alliances to protect from neighbors that were stockpiling weaponsNationalismMany Europeans wanted to prove they were the best, even if that meant fighting
4Some Background (cont’d) ImperialismEuropeans would fight (compete) over taking new coloniesAssassination of FranzWhen Austrian leader, Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated, it sets things in motion towards warWWI was all about the MANIA
5Rising Tensions in Europe The 1900’s started out peacefullyEuropeans were increasingly arguing over territories and superiorityNationalismThey believed they had to have powerful militaries to protect their colonies and aggression from their neighborsImperialismMilitarism
6Tangled AlliancesThese tensions created a need for special alliances in case war broke outGermany feared FranceGermany united with Austria-Hungary and ItalyKnown as Triple AllianceGermany insults RussiaRussia unites with France and Great BritainKnown as the Triple Entente
8Crisis in the Balkans Europeans competed for colonies One place was in the BalkansHome to many different ethnic groupsDid not like Europeans controlling themSome liked Russia thoughAustria-Hungary (European)Young leader, Franz, visits one of these territories in the BalkansA Serbian assassin kills him and his wifeAustria declares war on Serbia, starting the war!
9Europe Plunges into War Chapter 13: The Great WarSection 2
10Learning TargetsI can describe the reaction to Austria’s declaration of war.I can summarize military events on the Western Front.I can explain the development of the war on the Eastern Front.
11Some Background By 1914, two major alliances had formed Triple EntenteFrance, Great Britain, Russia (allied with Serbia)Triple AllianceGermany, Austria-Hungary, ItalyOnce Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia…Everyone honored their alliances, and war began
12The Great War Begins When Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia Serbia’s ally, Russia, mobilized its forces on Austria and Germany’s bordersBefore France could honor its alliance with Russia, Germany declared war on FranceSoon Great Britain would honor its alliance with France and Russia by declaring war on GermanyMany believed the war would be quickThey were terribly wrong…
13A Bloody Stalemate The Western Front Deadlocked region of Northern FranceGermans had hoped to defeat the French and British quickly here, and focus on the RussiansThis failedTrench Warfare developedThousands died, and no one really advanced
14The Battle on the Eastern Front Border of Russia, Austria-Hungary and GermanyRussians and Serbs fought Austrians and GermansA more mobile warRussia invaded Germany and AustriaSoon would be pushed backRussia tied up Germany on Eastern FrontBut Russia couldn’t stay in the fight very long