Frontline trenches. Group of French servicemen, "Poilus", in front of the entrance of a cote. Woods of Hirtzbach. (Haut-Rhin. France. June 16th, 1917). "Poilus" (hairy) is the nickname to French WWI soldiers, since they could not afford the luxury of regular shaving. It is a term of affection, especially now. Tranchée de 1ère ligne. Groupe de militaires Français "Poilus", devant l'entrée d'un abri. Bois d'Hirtzbach. (Haut-Rhin. France. 16 juin 1917).
Women and children slowly starved to death on a forced march After their defeat in World War I, the new Ottoman government tried the leaders of the genocide and sentenced them to death in absentia. However within a few months the proceedings were suspended and the matter dropped. The Armenian survivors were not allowed to return to the Armenian plateau.
Failed Peace Paris Peace Conference dominated by the “Big Three” –Georges Clemenceau (France) –Woodrow Wilson (USA) –Lloyd George (Britain) Decisions dominated by the following factors: –Punishing Germany –Dealing with new states that had been created by the collapse of A-H Empire and Germany –Rise of communist Russia –Post-war bitterness Fatal Flaws –Went too far in insulting/punishing Germany –Left out new Russian leaders, leading to bad feelings –Wartime promises to Arabs were forgotten; pleas from China went ignored Outcome –Viewed largely as a failure –League of Nations to created to keep peace, but given no authority or means by which to do so
Henry Lumley, one of the first skin graft patients Antibiotics had not yet been invented, meaning it was very hard to graft tissue from one part of the body to another because infection often developed. invented the “tubed pedicle”. This used a flap of skin from the chest or forehead and “swung” it into place over the face. The flap remained attached but was stitched into a tube. This kept the original blood supply intact and dramatically reduced the infection rate.