Presentation on theme: "Political Assassination LincolnKennedy Elected in 1860Elected in 1960 Concerned with civil rights Lost a son while president Lost a son while President."— Presentation transcript:
Political Assassination LincolnKennedy Elected in 1860Elected in 1960 Concerned with civil rights Lost a son while president Lost a son while President
LincolnKennedy His successor was a Democratic senator from the south named Andrew Johnson, born in 1808. His successor was a Democratic senator from the South named Lyndon Johnson, born in 1908. Lincoln’s Secretary, whose name was Kennedy, advised him not to go to the theatre. Kennedy’s secretary, whose name was Lincoln, advised him not to go to Dallas. He was shot in the back of the head in the presence of his wife.
LincolnKennedy Assassin John Wilkes Booth was born in the South in 1839. Assassin Lee Harvey Oswald was born in the south in 1939. Booth shot Lincoln in a theatre and ran to a warehouse. Oswald shot Kennedy from a warehouse and ran to a theatre. His assassin was shot before going to trial.
Shakespeare and The Tragedy of Julius Caesar “Let me have men about me that are fat, Sleek headed men, and such as sleep 0’nites; Yond Cassius has a lean and hungry look; He thinks too much; such men are dangerous” -Julius Caesar
Quickwrite You have 2 minutes to write 5+ sentences in which you respond to the following. A good friend of yours has been elected president of the student council. Soon, you notice that he or she is abusing the position by claiming privileges and using it to further his or her social life. How would you deal with this situation?
The Tragedy of Julius Caesar play, in five acts, about several men trying to save the Roman Republic from Caesar’s ambition of having complete control. Before Caesar, Rome was a Republic = equal citizenship and people could elect tribunes to represent them in tribunals = like congress and the senate!
Julius Caesar in Context Debuted at Globe Theatre in 1599
Another noteworthy production: Orson Welles, creator of the famous “War of the Worlds” radio broadcast also directed and starred in his 1937 production of Caesar set in Nazi era Germany.
Wow! 1485-1625=Exciting Times!!! Shakespeare lived and wrote in =Elizabethan Era
Elizabethan Era: The height of the Renaissance under Queen Elizabeth
HOT ISSUE!!! One of the hottest political issues in Elizabethan England was the role of the monarch and what loyalty should be owed him or her. Hmmm? Sound familiar?
During this time… Renaissance=rebirth=15 th &16 th century Europe Art, scholarship, and literature flourished Reformation-King Henry VIII (Elizabeth’s dad) split from Pope and Catholic Church and founded Protestant Church of England Age of Exploration-The Americas and more Age of Discovery-many scientific discoveries including telescope and planetary motion
Heard of these guys? Other figures from the Renaissance Copernicus Galileo Galilei Leonardo Da Vinci Christopher Columbus Hernán Cortés Vasco da Gama Ferdinand Magellan Francisco Pizarro Donatello Michelangelo
TRAGEDY tragedy: a play in which events turn out disastrously for the main character or characters
Tragic Hero a character whose basic goodness and superiority are marred by a tragic flaw a fatal error in judgment that leads to the hero’s downfall. Brutus-is noble, but is a poor judge of character-too rigid in his ethical and political principles Caesar-brings great things to Rome, but proud, arrogant, and ambitious
DialogueMonologue a conversation between characters. a speech by one character in a play, story or poem. Given to another character.
SoliloquyAside a speech given by a character alone. short speech delivered by an actor in a play, which expresses the character’s thoughts. Traditionally, the aside is directed to the audience and is presumed to be inaudible to the other actors.
5/10/2015English 19 Verbal Irony Author says one thing and means something else.
5/10/2015English 20 Irony of Situation When what is expected does not occur.
5/10/2015English 21 Dramatic Irony Audience knows something that a character in the literature does not know.
What type of Irony is it? Antony says Brutus is “an honorable man”
What type of Irony is it? The audience knows about the plot to assassinate Caesar, but Caesar does not. We watch Caesar go out on the Ides of March with suspense.
Shakespeare’s Theatre emphasis on language and the human voice Shakespeare had to create atmosphere and setting through language. IMAGERY. Shakespeare’s audience accepted the stage convention of heightened language, often in verse. no-one spoke in verse outside the theatre.
Imagery: picture the images that these words conjure ‘Tis now the very witching time of night When chruchyards yawn, and hell itself breathes out Contagion to this world Blow, winds, and crack your cheeks! Rage, blow, You cataracts and hurricanes spout… Double, double toil and trouble; Fire burn, and cauldron bubble
Look and listen for the poetic devices… Alliteration-repetition of consonants, usually at the beginning of words. Whereat with blade, with bloody, bladeful blade, He bravely broached his bloody boiling breast.” Quince-Midsummer Assonance-repetition of vowel sounds “What lusty trumpet thus doth summon us?”- King John Consonance-repetition of consonant sounds
Characters Flavius and Marullus =Tribunes/government workers. Julius Caesar=Conquering Roman general, a mighty soldier swayed by superstition.
Casca: Conspirator\hates the ordinary citizenry yet is jealous when the people honor Caesar.
Calpurnia=Wife of Caesar Marcus Antonius/Mark Antony =Vows to avenge Caesar’s death.
Soothsayer=Fortune Teller Cassius=Displays greed and envy and motivates most of the conspirators.
Marcus Brutus=Only conspirator whose motives to assassinate Caesar are pure. Cicero=A senator Cinna=A poet
Famous Quotes Et tu, Brute?-Then Fall, Caesar. Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears: Yet Brutus says, he was ambitious, And Brutus is an honorable man. Beware the Ides of March
Speech # 1 (minimum 300 words) Although you are not a fan of Julius Caesar, you, (insert your name/profession here), are on your way to see the celebration of Caesar’s return. You come upon the others celebrating. Prepare a persuasive monologue addressed to the crowd to convince them why they should not be celebrating Julius Caesar. Be sure to use appeals to ethos, pathos, and logos. Highlight the appeals in 3 different colors.
Presentation Everyone in group creates a character and writes a speech (minimum 30 words) Elect 1 person only to give speech every week. The whole group is responsible for the speech. (Everyone is responsible for giving the best speech) The best speech each week earns 2 extra points.
Advice Skim through the beginning of the play Review your FYI notes. Be creative. Be persuasive.
Speech # 2- Due: Today/ Speech Given Thursday Due to your increased popularity after having spoken at the “Hail Caesar” Rally, you have been asked to appear before the Senate on the Ides of March to present a bill of your creation suggesting what is the most important problem in Rome the Senate needs to address. You may or may not want to focus this bill on an area that you are directly affiliated with. You may supplement your speech with visuals. Use 3 rhetorical strategies
Speech # 3 CAESAR IS DEAD! And you are popular. Whether you intended to or not the opportunity to seize power in Rome is upon you. A few well placed speeches coupled with a blistering ad campaign and you could be called Caesar in the near future. (cont on next page
Your first opportunity is to speak at the funeral of Caesar before Brutus or Marc Antony. Commiserate and sympathize with them. Tell the people of what you think about what has happened. Tell them what needs to happen now. Tell them who to watch out for. Tell them how you can provide them what they need. Tell them what you need to get their support.
Caesar Persuasive Essay Due TBD See literature book pg 915 for all the details. Assessed using the CAHSEE rubric for Persuasive Essays. Choose a number (no name on essay) MLA format Standard WA 2.4 200 points 4=200 4-=195 3+=190 3=180 3-=170
Argument Essay Throughout the play, Brutus defends his reasons for killing Caesar. Antony just as eloquently states why Caesar should not have been killed. Write a position paper taking either Brutus’ or Antony’s part.
A score of 4 4-states and maintains a position, authoritatively defends the position with precise and relevant evidence, and convincingly addresses the reader’s concerns, biases, and expectations.
Score of 3 States and maintains a position, generally defends that position with precise and relevant evidence, and addresses the reader’s concerns, biases, and expectations.
Score of 2 Defends a position with little evidence and may address the reader’s concerns, biases, and expectations.
Score of 1 Fails to defend a position with any evidence and fails to address the reader’s concerns, biases, and expetations
Three Ways to Persuade - According to our good friend, Aristotle. Ethos (credibility) Pathos (emotion) Logos (Logic)
ETHOS Appeal based on the character of the speaker. An ethos-driven document relies on the reputation of the author. Why should I trust you as a speaker? What makes you such an expert?
PATHOS Appeal based on emotion. Advertisements tend to be pathos- driven. How are you going to make me emotionally involved? Humor? Sadness? Fear?
How you will be assessed Gesturing and movement-1pt Intonation (speech inflection)-1pt Staying in Character and with platform 1pt Content addresses topic-2 pt Content reflects understanding of events in the play so far.-2pt Total of 7 points per speech
LOGOS Appeal based on logic or reason. Statistics, Cause and effect, examples, quotes from experts
Lastly… Address readers' concerns, counterclaims, biases, and expectations. What might the opposition say, and how do you plan to counter attack?
Task: Draw this triangle and next to each term, discuss how your group’s chosen speech meets each of these areas of persuasion. Turn in one triangle per group- 5pts.
Restatement- Restatement-Rephrasing an idea in different words, in order to more fully explicate the concept, and magnify its importance to listeners. Repetition- Repetition-the reuse of the same words, or nearly identical terms, repeatedly for emphasis, in order to emphasize their importance. “ I have a Dream”-MLK
Parallelism The repeated use of phrases, clauses, or sentences that are similar in structure or meaning. Writers use this technique to emphasize important ideas, create rhythm, and make their writing more forceful and direct. “ I came, I saw, I conquered.”
Rhetorical Question-a statement that is formulated as a question but that is not supposed to be answered.... For if we lose the ability to perceive our faults, what is the good of living on? --Marcus Aurelius
Diction-word choice Notice the change in tone: “An odor filled the room.” “A Stink filled the room.”
Diction: What words have a strong connotation (emotion)? “our remonstrances have produced additional violence and insult; our supplications have been disregarded; and we have been spurned, with contempt, from the foot of the throne.”
What words have a strong connotation (emotion)? “our remonstrances have produced additional violence and insult; our supplications have been disregarded; and we have been spurned, with contempt, from the foot of the throne.”