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Assassination Nation Homburg American Studies. John F. Kennedy: shot Nov. 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas Malcolm X: Shot and killed in a New York City auditorium,

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Presentation on theme: "Assassination Nation Homburg American Studies. John F. Kennedy: shot Nov. 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas Malcolm X: Shot and killed in a New York City auditorium,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Assassination Nation Homburg American Studies

2 John F. Kennedy: shot Nov. 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas Malcolm X: Shot and killed in a New York City auditorium, Feb. 21, 1965 Martin Luther King, Jr.: Shot April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee Robert F. Kennedy: Shot June 5, 1968, in Los Angeles



5 Details The ten-month investigation of the Warren Commission of 1963–1964 concluded that the President was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald acting alone and that Jack Ruby acted alone when he killed Oswald before he could stand trial Contrary to the Warren Commission, the United States House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) in 1979 concluded that President John F. Kennedy was probably assassinated as a result of a conspiracy

6 Assassin: Lee Harvey Oswald Two days later, while being transferred from police headquarters to the county jail, Oswald was mortally wounded by nightclub owner Jack Ruby in full view of television cameras broadcasting live.


8 Ruby stated that he shot Oswald to avenge Kennedy's death. Later, however, he claimed he shot Oswald on the spur of the moment when the opportunity presented itself, without considering any reason for doing so Not long before Ruby died, according to an article in the London Sunday Times, he told psychiatrist Werner Teuter, that the assassination was "an act of overthrowing the government" and that he knew "who had President Kennedy killed." He added: "I am doomed. I do not want to die. But I am not insane. I was framed to kill Oswald."

9 U.S. marine sniper: "Let me tell you what we did at Quantico," Hathcock said. "We reconstructed the whole thing: the angle, the range, the moving target, the time limit, the obstacles, everything. I don’t know how many times we tried it, but we couldn’t duplicate what the Warren Commission said Oswald did. Now if I can’t do it, how in the world could a guy who was a non-qual on the rifle range and later only qualified 'marksman' do it?

10 JFK Conspiracy Theories Rose Cherami was a 41-year-old drug addict and prostitute who was picked up on Highway 190 near Eunice, Louisiana, on November 20, 1963—two days before the Kennedy assassination—by Lt. Francis Frugé of the Louisiana State Police. Cherami told Frugé that John F. Kennedy would shortly be killed. Fruge did not believe her at first, but after some time of adamant speaking by Cherami, he came around. During her confinement, and prior to the time JFK was shot in Dallas, Cherami supposedly spoke of the impending assassination. After Jack Ruby shot Lee Harvey Oswald, Cherami reportedly claimed that she had worked for Ruby as a stripper, that she knew both Ruby and Oswald, and that the two men were "bed partners" who "had been shacking up for years." According to Lt. Frugé, Cherami declined to repeat her story to the FBI. She was killed when struck by a car on September 4, 1965, apparently while hitchhiking

11 Federal Reserve Conspiracy Three Tramps CIA Conspiracy Military-Industrial Complex Secret Service Conspiracy Cuban Exiles Mafia Conspiracy LBJ Conspiracy

12 Malcolm X On February 21, 1965, in Manhattan's Audubon Ballroom, Malcolm X began to speak to a meeting of the Organization of Afro-American Unity when a disturbance broke out in the crowd of 400. As Malcolm X and his bodyguards moved to quiet the disturbance, a man rushed forward and shot him in the chest with a sawed- off shotgun. Two other men charged the stage and fired handguns, hitting him 16 times.

13 Assassin: Thomas Hagan

14 Martin Luther King, Jr. In the early evening of April 4, 1968, Martin Luther King, Jr. was killed by a single shot which struck his face and neck. He was standing on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, where he had come to lead a peaceful march in support of striking sanitation workers.

15 Assassin: James Earl Ray He was sentenced to ninety-nine years in prison. He later recanted his confession and tried unsuccessfully to gain a trial. He died in prison of hepatitis C (1998) On June 11, 1977 he escaped prison and was caught three days later

16 Ray’s Lawyer: “He personally did not shoot King," but he may have been "partially responsible without knowing it," hinting at a conspiracy. He spent the remainder of his life attempting (unsuccessfully) to withdraw his guilty plea and secure the trial he never had.

17 Lloyd Jowers In December 1993, Jowers appeared on ABC's Prime Time Live and related the details of an alleged conspiracy involving the Mafia and the U.S. government to kill King. According to Jowers, James Earl Ray was a scapegoat, and not involved in the assassination. Jowers believed that Memphis police officer Lieutenant Earl Clark fired the fatal shots.

18 In 1999, Coretta Scott King, King's widow, along with the rest of King's family, won a wrongful death civil trial against Loyd Jowers and "other unknown co-conspirators." Jowers claimed to have received $100,000 to arrange King's assassination. The jury of six whites and six blacks found Jowers liable and that governmental agencies were parties to the assassination plot &feature=related &feature=related

19 Robert Kennedy After winning the California primary election for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States, Robert F. Kennedy was shot as he walked through the kitchen of the Ambassador Hotel and died in the Good Samaritan Hospital twenty-six hours later

20 Assassin: Sirhan Sirhan Sirhan believed he was deliberately betrayed by Kennedy's support for Israel in the June 1967 Six-Day War As of 2011, Sirhan is confined at Pleasant Valley State Prison in Coalinga, California, where he is housed in a cell by himself

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