2Presentation overview Gauteng in 20556Rationale for long-term planning1A Call to Dream2Past, Present & Future3The Drivers of Change4The Levers of Change5Social Inclusivity & Cohesion5.1Equitable Growth5.2Sustainable Development & Infrastructure5.3Good Governance5.4
3Rationale for Gauteng Vision 2055: Why long-term regional planning? “With widespread inequality and poverty, why expend effort on long-term planning? Why, in the context of scarce resources, should the focus be beyond addressing the needs faced by the people of the GCR now?”This requires a shared dream, careful planning, and focused implementation of this planCountries and regions that have focused on long-term plans and their rigorous implementation have seen the benefitsGauteng Vision 2055 takes a balanced and integrated approach to devising a development vision over a long-term horizon
4Rationale for Gauteng Vision 2055: Integrated government planning Focuspoint forGauteng Vision2055
5Rationale for Gauteng Vision 2055 : Why target 2055? Plans recently established across the 3 spheres of government have set their sights on different end points –NDP targets 2030; the Tshwane Vision 2055; the City of Johannesburg’s GDS emphasizes 2040While variations in planning timeframes complicate efforts to drive alignment, these timeframes have been identified for specific reasons
6Why target 2055?2055 marks the 100 year anniversary of the Freedom Charter. While it may not be possible to plan for every aspect of the path to 2055, the ideals defined in the Freedom Charter serve as a valuable compass by which to navigate.We acknowledge that only some aspects of the future can be mapped and targeted. Others may only reflect as aspirations, providing direction, but with less precision.Locating 2055 as the focal point sets our imagination free, in the context of priorities, certain specifics and the democratic changes defined in the Freedom Charter itself:The People Shall Govern!All National Groups Shall have Equal Rights!The People Shall Share in the Country's Wealth!The Land Shall be Shared Among Those Who Work It!All Shall be Equal Before the Law!All Shall Enjoy Equal Human Rights!There Shall be Work and Security!The Doors of Learning and Culture Shall be Opened!There Shall be Houses, Security and Comfort!There Shall be Peace and Friendship!
7Why target 2055?The Current reality is known to change rapidly and present extreme challenges with limited controlThe global financial crisisRadical climate change across the continent, and the globeSignificant unemployment and povertyIllness and diseasePolitical instabilityPlanning for 2055 provides a unique occasion for fundamental change. It is the opportunity of a lifetime:We could build a new educational system, and generations of skilled South AfricansWe could change the urban landscape: shifting the GCR’s borders; changing the housing form; removing social barriersWe could move to renewable energy – and eradicate wasteWe could eliminate poverty, and reduce inequality
8The journey to “Gauteng Vision 2055” ‘Gauteng 2055 Vision’, the long-term development plan for the Gauteng City-Region (GCR), represents a synthesis of many thinkersIn 2005, a plan to build “an integrated, globally competitive city region” was announced, and called for: a “common vision and strategy”; ‘regional thinking’ by all delivery partners; enhanced cooperation and coordination; improved urban management and governance; and a focus on acting together in a global arenaLearnings had been drawn from other city regions, which, like Gauteng, “have large urban populations, a clustering of cities and are dynamic economic engines driving not only national and regional growth but…the global economy”Since this announcement, much has been done to build a vision and strategy for the GCR…
10Gauteng in the ‘70sFrom a time perspective, is not far away was only 43 years ago1970’s2013So 2055 is not so far into the future and we need to prepare for it now.
11The Story of the Gauteng City Region Urban land use in Gauteng,Spatial change in Gauteng City Region
12A Call to DreamOn 24 May 2012, the Premier of Gauteng, Ms Nomvula Mokonyane, launched the Gauteng 2055 Discussion Document and called on all stakeholders to voice their vision for Gauteng in 2055.Robust engagements were held with women, youth, people with disabilities, academia, researchers, faith based organisations, business groupings, labour and ordinary citizens to mould a collective vision for the province.A campaign was rolled out in 2,745 schools across Gauteng to ensure that the future custodians of 2055 could be heard on their dreams for the future.Thought leaders in the area of city-region planning and long- term development were called upon to give comment on the discussion document and lively debates took place on radio and on social media platforms.Gauteng Vision 2055 is a “People’s Vision” - jointly owned by the province’s residents as a legacy that we leave for future generations.
13Past, Present and Future: Population Population projections made in the 1970Urban population projections made in the 1970 up to 2000 for the Southern Transvaal, Witwatersrand Metropolitan and constituent metro zones with good accuracy.From 630 519 people in 1911 to 3 965 716 in 1970.
14Past, Present and Future: Population Population Growth in South Africa and Gauteng:
15Past, Present and Future: The Economy World Economic GrowthWorld GDPBRICS GDPGDP growth of the world, from $ 10.5 billion (1960) to $69 billion (2010) and an estimated $ billion by 2055
16Past, Present and Future: The Economy FDI as percentage of GDP for BRICS countries:China:3,7% of GDP in 2055South Africa: 2,5% of GDP in 2055According to the World Economic Outlook Report (IMF, 2013) emerging markets are set to receive increased capital flows from the developed worldFDI was at an average level of 1.5% of South Africa’s GDP during and is estimated to reach 2.5% by 2055.China has the largest FDI/GDP ratio at 3.5% currently and will stay in the same range at 3.7% until 2055
17Past, Present and Future: The Economy GDP per capita at PPP (2005 prices):In 2055:Gauteng is expected to have much higher GDP per capita than the average GDP per capita of SA and the worldGautengSouth AfricaCurrently:South Africa’s GDP per capita is very close to that of the worldWorld
18Past, Present and Future: Good Governance The functional expansion of local government authority has arguably been the most significant institutional change in South African society since 1994Intergovernmental collaboration is an imperative as government units in South Africa approach these challenges.South Africa’s 1996 Constitution invoked a system that requires all three spheres of government to play a role in most of the core functions pertaining to urban and regional development
19Gauteng 2055 Drivers of Change Driven by the developmental state, an engaged civil society and an active citizenrySustainable development & infrastructureEquitablegrowthSocialinclusivity & cohesionGood governance2055A liveable, equitable, prosperous and united GCR
20Drivers of Change: Alignment with the NDP Equitable GrowthGood GovernanceSocial Cohesion & InclusivitySustainable Development & Infrastructure
21Levers of ChangeSustainable development & infrastructureEquitablegrowthSocialinclusivity & cohesionGood governanceDriven by the developmental state, an engaged civil society and an active citizenry2055A liveable, equitable, prosperous and united GCRProtect and enhance our environmental assets and naturalresourcesSustainable humansettlements andimproved quality ofhousehold lifeAn efficient, competitive and responsive economic infrastructure networkCreate a better South Africa, a better Africa and a better worldDecent employment through inclusive economic growthSkilled and capable workforce to supp support an inclusive growth pathResponsive, accountable,effective and efficientlocal government systemAn efficient, effective anddevelopment oriented publicserviceNation building andsocial cohesionQuality basic educationAll people in South Africa are and feel s safeSocial protectionVibrant, equitable, sustainable rural communi communities contributing to foodsecurity for allA long and healthy life for all
22A liveable, equitable, prosperous and united GCR, Gauteng Vision 2055.A liveable, equitable, prosperous and united GCR,established through the combined efforts ofa developmental state, an engaged civil society and an active citizenry –together targeting the objectives ofequitable growth,sustainable development and infrastructure,social inclusivity and cohesion,and the necessary condition of good governance.
23Social Inclusivity and Cohesion Outcome 1: Quality basic educationGrowing skills gapLack of education resourcesYouth UnemploymentLiteracy, numeracy and science inadequaciesProvide access for children with disabilitiesLimited Access in Early Childhood DevelopmentKey InsightsImprove literacy, numeracy and science outcomesImprove resources in basic educationExpanded inclusivity through the development of full service schoolsIntegrate and universalise Grade RDevelopmental InterventionsECD nutrition programmeElectronic/online textbooksTax incentives to all that sponsor a students education Computer facilities in all schoolsFree tertiary education to allGame Changers
24Social Inclusivity and Cohesion Outcome 2: A long and healthy life for all South AfricansSocial Inclusivity and CohesionUnequal Healthcare SystemQuadruple Burden of DiseaseHigh rates of violenceUnderdeveloped Health ICTLow life expectancyNational Quality Assurance Standards underutilisedKey InsightsEncourage meaningful Public Private PartnershipsFinance Universal Healthcare CoveragePrioritise the development and management of effective data systemsIncrease life expectancyDevelopmental InterventionsImprove access to HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment servicesRequisite for more access to primary healthcare facilities in peri-urban areasImproved accessibility to health facilitiesLife orientation includes establishment and maintenance of food gardens in schoolsGame Changers
25Social Inclusivity and Cohesion Outcome 3: All people in South Africa are and feel safeSocial Inclusivity and CohesionHigh Crime RatePoverty and UnemploymentLack of training of policeCulture of ViolenceFocus on reactive Measures, rather than preventionPrevalence of social crimeKey InsightsSocial Crime PreventionDevelop crime prevention through environmental design strategiesStrengthen the criminal justice systemRehabilitation of prisoners and reducing recidivismDevelopmental InterventionsDevelop crime prevention through environmental design strategiesConsider building “half-way” houses to assist in the reintegration of offendersEstablishment of a real-time data and information trackingGame Changers
26Social Inclusivity and Cohesion Outcome 7: Vibrant, equitable, sustainable rural communities contributing towards food security for allSocial Inclusivity and CohesionSpatial distortions in the spread of economic opportunityHigh levels of poverty and unemploymentPoor access to ServicesUnderutilised Agricultural landInadequate delivery of EducationFood Security at RiskKey InsightsAccess to Municipal ServicesExtend the Expanded Public Works ProgrammeConditional jobseekers allowanceInstitute clear state/civil society partnershipDevelopmental InterventionsDevelop agro-processing clustersPeri-urban Development StrategyCommunity food gardensGame Changers
27Social Inclusivity and Cohesion Outcome 13: An Inclusive and responsive social protection systemSocial Inclusivity and CohesionHistoric, social and economic divisionsHigh levels of Poverty & UnemploymentLack of Community ParticipationHigh incidence of Social PathologiesLack of a defined Social FloorFragmented Education ServicesKey InsightsBuild a transformative social protection floorRemove social pathologies as blockages to educationClose the gaps in social benefitsDevelopmental InterventionsProvision of social welfare servicesClose the gaps in social benefitsTrack & trace beneficiaries of EPWPBuild a transformative social protection floorGame Changers
28Social Inclusivity and Cohesion Outcome 14: Nation building and social cohesionSocial Inclusivity and CohesionKey InsightsLack of community participationOrganisational instabilityGaps in social benefitsShortages in Social welfare servicesYouth UnemploymentSocial Protection FloorEngage with civil societyDevelopmental InterventionsFind a ‘Uniquely Gauteng’ identity that will speak to the GCR’s unique and best attributesApplication of innovative devices and tools to build real-time, proactive state-society dialogueExercises/ initiatives/ opportunities for civil society to contribute creatively to planning and placeGame Changers
29Developmental Interventions Equitable GrowthEquitable GrowthOutcome 4: Decent Employment through inclusive economic growthInsufficient Industrial Regional GrowthPoverty & UnemploymentInadequate levels of foreign trade and investmentCrucial development in the Knowledge economySkills mismatch between secondary and Tertiary training institutions and labour marketKey InsightsWorking in partnership with business to create green industries,Regulate and implement significant incentives for resource efficiencyRegulate emission standards; encourage new resource efficient and waste-minimising infrastructureDevelopmental InterventionsHolistically plan for, build, invest in and grow an integrated regional innovation systemKnowledge Economy: establishing a regulatory and economic environment that incentivises knowledge to flowGreen Economy – allowing long term sustainability and diversified economy to create new job opportunities across economic sectorsGame Changers
30Developmental Interventions Equitable GrowthOutcome 5: Skilled and capable workforce to support an inclusive growth pathEquitable GrowthEducation System not able to Produce number of Graduates neededPoor quality of Education puts those at University at a DisadvantageLack of experience learning opportunities: Internships and skills developmentInadequate training facilities to produce highly skilled individualsKey InsightsBuild partnerships with the private and public sector to match educationhe strategy implemented to provide the province with a sustainable pool of economicallyBuild partnerships with the private and public sector to match education outputs with sector needs Master Skills PlanDevelopmental InterventionsImproving the quality of education from the primary level through to secondary and tertiary levelImproving accessibility of graduates to opportunities for higher education and skill developmentProvision of bursaries for graduates in specific skills that is needed as set out in the Master Skills PlanGame Changers
31Developmental Interventions Equitable GrowthOutcome 6: An efficient, competitive and responsive economic infrastructure networkEquitable GrowthSpatial Distortions in Housing and TransportTransportation model reform neededInfrastructure inadequately supporting the GCR's role as economic driverLack of Innovative transport connectionsUrban sprawl putting pressure on boundariesKey InsightsAddressing the GCR’s spatial and infrastructure form, and the role of innovationPressurised regional boundariesDevelopmental InterventionsDevelopment of powerful economic clusters and new growth sectorsEstablish a regional Transport Authority and an urban planning entity for the GCRGame Changers
32Developmental Interventions Equitable GrowthOutcome 11: Creating a better South Africa and contributing to a better and safer Africa in a better worldEquitable GrowthHistoric, social and economic divisionsLack of Infrastructure for strategic logistical and freight operationsLack of partnership with private business in tourism infrastructureNeed for opportunities to progress GCR with the based industriesKey InsightsParticipating effectively in the Financial Centre for AfricaPromulgating the advantages of city-region collaborationInvesting, together with private business, in tourism infrastructureDevelopmental InterventionsMarketing the GCR as the gateway to not only the rest of South Africa but also to the rest of AfricaImproving the GCR infrastructure to attract domestic business to the region and strengthen regional trade through the SIP’sFocussing on interventions that depend less on imported goods but more on producing the same productsGame Changers
33Sustainable Development and Infrastructure Outcome 8: Sustainable human settlements and improved quality of household lifeSustainable Development and InfrastructureSpatial mismatch between places of work and housing settlementsInadequate transport capacityInadequate housingUnequal access to Municipal servicesRapid urbanization and population growthInsufficientuse of ResourcesInsufficient Energy CapacitycKey InsightsFinal date for the delivery of the last RDP house in GautengImplement a GCR-aligned Spatial Development FrameworkReducing the housing backlog by a further 20% with targeted interventions in housing deliveryDevelopmental InterventionsA GCR-wide Transport AuthorityFinal date for the delivery of the last RDP house in GautengGame Changers
34Sustainable Development and Infrastructure Outcome 10: Protect and enhance our environment assets and natural resourcesSustainable Development and InfrastructureScarce Water resourcesLittle land under protectionAlternative cleaner energy sources have not been exploredHigh levels of PollutionUnsustainable resource useEnvironmental degradationKey InsightsEnhanced quality and quantity of water resourcesReduced greenhouse gas emissions,Promote sustainable land use managementProtect BiodiversityDevelopmental InterventionsImplementation and policing of policies that help with the protection of environmental assets and natural resourcesInitialize public transport framework that reduces the dependency upon cars through improving and focussing on the public transport infrastructureGame Changers
35Developmental Interventions Good GovernanceOutcome 9: Responsive, accountable, effective and efficient local government systemGood GovernanceHigh levels of CorruptionBroken communication & pervasive mistrust between communities & local governmentHampered mechanism of accountability due to Discrimination based on gender, age, disabilityKey InsightsThe Municipal Infrastructure ProgrammeThe Municipal Support ProgrammeSupport and training initiatives for Ward CommitteesReview of the Municipal Property Rates ActDevelopmental InterventionsThe salient need for a new governance model for the GCRGame Changers
36Developmental Interventions Good GovernanceOutcome 12: An efficient, effective and development orientated public serviceGood GovernanceLack of intergovernmental cooperationAbsence of common governance arrangementGovernment officials’ lack of skillsKey InsightsA Human Resources Development Strategy;Policies that fight corruption;The implementation of an Integrated Service Delivery modelThe review and simplification of governance structures;Developmental InterventionsThe establishment of a GCR Association, constituted of state, civil society and expert role-playersThe creation of Multi-Area Agreements (MAAs) between local authoritiesDevolving powers and functions to metropolitan municipalitiesGame Changers
37By 2055 all residents enjoy an adequate standard of living Gauteng Vision 2055World class education system catering for the needs of the local and the regional economy.Delivery against the vision for a liveable, equitable, prosperous and united Gauteng city-region demands that all sectors of society work in partnership with government to create inclusive, cohesive, integrated and connected spaces for people to live, work and play, thereby contributing toward equitable, sustainable development and economic growth of the GCR through collaborative, accountable and transparent governance practicesGCR in 2055 will offer a comprehensive and well integrated healthcare systemBy 2055 all residents enjoy equal economic and social opportunitiesThe GCR will be the gateway to continental trade