Presentation on theme: "FIRST WORKSHOP CUM REVIEW MEETING OF MILLION PLUS CITIES/METROS Annexure – II."— Presentation transcript:
FIRST WORKSHOP CUM REVIEW MEETING OF MILLION PLUS CITIES/METROS Annexure – II
The workshop cum review meeting on urban planning is focussing on 35 metros with emphasize on review of all the urban components. The Workshop Cum Review Meeting on urban Planning
Hyderabad Nagpur Nagpur VijayawadaPune VishakhapatnamNashik MumbaiLucknow Meerut Kanpur Nagar VaranasiAllahabad ChennaiAgra CoimbatoreIndore MaduraiDelhi Patna Urban Bangalore Urban Kochi Metro Kolkata JamshedpurAsansol DhanbadAmritsar JabalpurLudhiana BhopalRajkot FaridabadVadodara AhmadabadJaipur Surat Million Plus Cities
To strengthen urban planning & implementation. To build a mechanism of review of progress against SSA goals in urban areas. To augment the capacity to identify the need, challenges and potential for urban specific planning towards UEE. To facilitate the cities in developing innovative strategies for mainstreaming urban deprived children. Objectives
All children in school, Education Guarantee Centre, Alternate School, ‘Back-to-School’ camp 2005 Bridging gender and social gaps at Elementary Level by 2010. Universal retention by 2010 Focus on satisfactory quality with emphasis on education for life. Status of SSA Goals
Goal – I Goal – I All Children in School / EGS / AIE All Children in School / EGS / AIE Overall status of GER (2007-08): 132.12 (Elementary) Gross Enrolment Ratio Gross Enrolment Ratio Primary: 112 Primary: 112 Upper Primary: 98 Upper Primary: 98 Status 5 larger cities having GER < 100 are Hyderabad, Delhi, Lucknow, Mumbai & Patna Urban at Primary level. 5 larger cities having GER < 100 are Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Patna Urban & Ahmadabad at Upper Primary level. Challenges To improve the situation on GER so as to improve the status on enrolment to make tangible progress towards universal enrolment Coverage of children is not complete. the data coverage/household survey needs to strengthen.
Status Percentage share of OOSC is 1.36 to the total child population of 125.20 lakhs in Municipal Corporation/Urban areas. Cities having OOSC >10,000 are- Patna Urban, Kolkata, and Hyderabad. Cities having OOSC > 5000 are- Ahmadabad Corp., Pune Corp., Ernakulum Metro, Chennai and Bangalore Urban. District including city with OOSC < 5000 are Amritsar & Ludhiana. Status of OOSC in Million Plus Cities Source: AWP&B 2008-09 Challenges Regular child tracking system needs to be strengthened. Strategy for household survey needs to be channelized. Coverage of urban deprived children in slums/resettlements colonies. Migratory population & urban deprived children like street children, children without adult protection.
Main provisions for Goal 1 Primary schools as per the distance and population norm of the state with building teachers and grants etc. Education guarantee centres @ Rs.1535 per child Alternative and innovative education upto Rs.3000 per child
PROVISION FOR URBAN DEPRIVED CHILDREN PROVISION FOR URBAN DEPRIVED CHILDRENSchools: o Provision of free textbooks to girls & boys of the disadvantaged urban children. o Special schools like mobile schools, back to school camp, short term schools at the construction sites and facilities for girls, residential schools, shelter home and toilets. Grants: o Provision for maintenance of schools running in the rented private buildings. Civil works: o Drinking water & toilets for the new schools. Out of School Children: o Provision for seasonal hostels/residential camps to retain children in the sending areas during the period of migration. o Worksites schools at the location where migrant families are engaged. o Residential AIE centers such as Bridge courses, remedial courses, Back to School camp etc. NPGEL/KGVB o An intervention/scheme aimed at increasing girls enrolment targeting in slum areas. o Special intervention focused for girls elementary education. Started in urban areas/urban slums.
Provision contd….. Provision contd….. Innovation o Upto 15 laks per district per year for undertaking innovative activities to support education of children belonging to marginalised/disadvantaged children. Quality o Provision for 10% under remedial teaching programmes. Community training o Training of the community leaders, four members from the community and three persons from the schools in the urban areas.
Status Status Among the 35 million plus cities 17 cities are having only the city/urban information of SC at primary level and 12 at upper primary level. And 13 cities are having only the city/urban information of ST at primary level and 12 cities at upper primary level. % share of SC % Share of ST Total Enrolment 25.21 25.21 13.63 13.63 144.9 (Urban) 144.9 (Urban) Challenges o Mechanism for urban specific data needs to be build up. o Cities with lack of urban information in respect to SC, ST, Minority & girls needs attention. o SFG are maximum in number in urban areas which required effective strategy for bringing into the fold of education. GOAL- II Bridging Gender & Social Category Gaps by 2010
Status Share of girls increased in Delhi, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra & West Bengal at primary level. Share of girls increased in Delhi & Maharashtra only at upper primary level Share of girls increased in Delhi & Maharashtra only at upper primary level Challenges To formulate need based strategies to enhance share of girls acceding to their share in population in enrolment, retention and achievement.
5 Districts of SFG having Highest OoSC Status SC OOSC >10,000 are -Chennai., Coimbatore, Madurai,Asansol (Bardhman) & Amritsar. ST OOSC >5000 are- Kolkata, Patna Urban, Chennai, Coimbatore & Hyderabad. Minority OOSC >2000 Hyderabad, Patna urban, Kolkata, Luck now & Amritsar Challenges Mechanism for special survey strategy in the SFG concentrated areas. Innovative strategy like residential schools, mobile schools etc may be developed. Need attention towards the Gaps in enrolment in minority concentrated areas. Strengthen monitoring & supervision mechanism. Source: AWP&B 2008-09 Status of OoSC of Special Focus Group in Million Plus Cities
Main provisions for Goal 2 Special schemes including NPEGEL and KGBV for promoting girls education in educationally backward blocks based on low literacy in general and larger gap in female literacy Teacher training on gender and social sensitivity Adequate representation of women among teachers Separate toilets for girls Funds for innovative activities to support need based interventions for education of girls, SC/ST, minority and urban deprived children Rs. 1200 per child per year for children with special needs Classroom transaction in local language locally relevant and produced TLM Support to madarasa / maqktab for enabling mainstream education to Muslim children
GOAL-III Universal Retention Universal Retention Status of Drop-Out Rate in Million Plus Cities Status 10 cities with high drop our rate is in Delhi, Jabalpur, Bhopal, Patna Urban, Meerut, Agra, Lucknow, Vishakhapatnam & Hyderabad at primary level. 10 cities with high drop out rate is in Lucknow, Meerut, Nasik, Dhanbad, Jamshedpur, Bhopal, Delhi, Indore, Hyderabad, Jabalpur at upper primary level. Range of drop out rate in 5 cities at primary level-Patna Urban(35.26), Hyderabad (10.25), Delhi (14.50), Kolkata (24.70) & Bhopal (22). Challenges To reduce dropout by addressing the issues like infrastructure, teaching and learning processes and community/parent participation. Child monitoring mechanism need to establish at URCs & CRCs level. Community mobilization needs to strengthen. Case study of the drop out children required to build-up. Source: AWP&B 2008-09
Main provisions for Goal 3 Infrastructure including building ACR, toilet and drinking water facilities. Teachers Teacher training Remedial teaching Community mobilisation
Status 11 Districts/Cities with high PTR > 50 are Mumbai, Banglore Urban, Bhopal, Dhanbad, Lucknow, Agra, Patna Urban, Delhi & Allahabad at primary level. 11 Districts/Cities with favorable PTR are- Jaipur, Pune, Nagpur, Indore, Kolkata, Meerut, Kanpur Nagar, Hyderabad, Varanasi, Jamshedpur & Chennai at primary level. 5 Cities with high PTR at upper primary level are Bangalore Urban, Allahabad, Jamshedpur, Surat & Pune. 5 Cities with high PTR at upper primary level are Bangalore Urban, Allahabad, Jamshedpur, Surat & Pune. Source: AWP&B 2008-09 Challenges To stabilise PTR by recruiting/rationalising teachers. URCs & UCRCs need to perform to the needs of teachers and schools. To provide minimum infrastructure so as to provide favourable SCR on need basis. To enhance leaarning in children and to create enabling condiditions for appropriate asessment of learning among children. GOAL-IV Education of Satisfactory Quality Education of Satisfactory Quality
10 Districts/Cities with high SCR are-Nasik, Indore, Dhanbad, Faridabad, Patna Urban, Lucknow, Agra, Varanasi, Amritsar, Ahmadabad at primary level. 10 Districts/Cities with high SCR at upper primary level are- Indore, Jabalpur, Patna urban, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Ahmadabad, Varanasi, Vadodara, Allahabad, & Amritsar.
Scenario of Achievement level in larger Cities/Metros Status ●5 larger cities with achievement level > 60% - Mumbai City, Bangalore Urban, Chennai, Hyderabad & Delhi at primary level. ● 5 larger cities with achievement level below 60%- Lucknow, Bhopal, Patna Urban, Kolkata & Pune. Challenges oChildren poor performance in Maths & science at both the level. o States whose performance is low, need to design appropriate strategies to enhance learning achievements. o catering to each child learning pace & learning style.
Provisions for Goal 4 Special provision for Science and Math teacher at the upper primary level. Teacher training TLM @Rs.500 per teacher per year Textbook and work book School grant Sub district academic resource support structures and personnel i.e. BRC and CRC. Building as learning aid.
Unavailability of land for opening schools. Unavailability of land for opening schools. Unavailability of space for running AIE centers. Unavailability of space for running AIE centers. Heterogeneous community and high opportunity. Heterogeneous community and high opportunity. Non-rationalized distribution of schools/teachers. Non-rationalized distribution of schools/teachers. Lack of sub-city resource support structures. Lack of sub-city resource support structures. Demolition & relocation in urban poor settlements. Weak monitoring mechanism at URCs level. Issues Affecting UEE in Urban Areas
Rationalization of schools. Rationalization of schools. Providing rent for EGS/AIE centers. Providing rent for EGS/AIE centers. Innovative strategies like mobile schools, tent schools, schools at construction sites etc. Innovative strategies like mobile schools, tent schools, schools at construction sites etc. Providing sub-city resource support structures like URCs, nodal CRCs. Providing sub-city resource support structures like URCs, nodal CRCs. Covering urban slums under NPEGEL schemes. Covering urban slums under NPEGEL schemes. Involving NGOs in survey, AIE, Community mobilization, research etc. Involving NGOs in survey, AIE, Community mobilization, research etc. Enhancing coordination and convergence with JNURM, Drinking water & tribal welfare dept. etc. Enhancing coordination and convergence with JNURM, Drinking water & tribal welfare dept. etc. Major Initiatives taken Under SSA
Allocation (2006-07) Expend. Allocation (2007-08) Expend.2008-09 1505.73897.601068.04773.521207.22 Districts/Cities with >90% expenditure are Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai, Lucknow, Kanpur Nagar, Allahabad, and Jaipur City. Districts/Cities with <50 % expenditure are Kolkata, Vijayawada, Hyderabad, Kochi, Vadodara, Ahmadabad, Surat, Rajkot & Vishakhapatnam. Districts/Cities with <50 % expenditure are Kolkata, Vijayawada, Hyderabad, Kochi, Vadodara, Ahmadabad, Surat, Rajkot & Vishakhapatnam. Financial Expenditure and Allocation