Presentation on theme: "Title III of the No Child Left Behind Act Presented by Vicki Nilles March, 2003."— Presentation transcript:
Title III of the No Child Left Behind Act Presented by Vicki Nilles March, 2003
What is Title III of NCLB? zTitle III is the English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement and Academic Achievement Act. zThis act was signed into law as part of the No Child Left Behind Act as of January of 2001.
What is the purpose of Title III? zTo ensure that LEP students (including immigrant children & youth) develop English language proficiency zTo ensure that LEP students meet the same academic content & academic achievement standards that other children are expected to meet
Purpose of Title III continued: zTo ensure that schools use Title III funds to implement language instruction educational programs designed to help LEP students achieve these standards zTo ensure that SEAs and LEAs are accountable for increasing the English proficiency and core academic content knowledge of LEP students.
Who has accountability? zState Educational Agencies zLocal Educational Agencies
What are the responsibilities of State Educational Agencies under Title III? zTo establish English language proficiency standards zTo identify and/or develop, and implement English language proficiency assessments zTo define annual achievement objectives for increasing and measuring the level of LEP student’s development and attainment of English proficiency
SEAs must: zHold LEAs accountable for meeting annual measurable achievement objectives that relate to LEP student development of English language proficiency & academic achievement
Responsibilities of Local Educational Agencies under Title III zLEAs must implement quality instruction educational programming that is supported with scientifically based research in its effectiveness with LEP students in acquiring English language proficiency zLEAs are accountable for meeting annual measurable achievement objectives that relate to LEP student’s development & attainment of English proficiency & academic achievement
LEAs must: zLEAs must assess, annually, the progress of LEP children enrolled in Title III language instructional programs in the five domain areas of listening, speaking, reading, writing & comprehension
And even more of what LEAs must do: zReport on the progress made by LEP students in meeting state academic content & achievement standards for each of the two years after these children no longer receive services under Title III zFollow any requirements based on subgrantee guidelines if receiving Title III funding
How are Title III funds made available? zA state educational agency may make a subgrant to an eligible entity from funds received through a Title III federal grant, only if the entity agrees to expend the funds to improve the education of limited English proficient children, by assisting the students in learning English and meeting challenging academic content and student achievement standards.
Required Title III subgrantee activities/objectives: zTo increase English proficiency of all LEP students by providing high-quality language instruction educational programs that are based on scientifically based research demonstrating the effectiveness of the program in increasing: xEnglish language proficiency xstudent academic achievement in core academic subjects
Required subgrantee activities/objectives: zTo provide high quality professional development to classroom teachers (including teachers in classroom settings that are not the settings of language instruction educational programs) principals, administrators, and other school & community based organizational personnel that is:
ydesigned to improve the instruction & assessment of LEP students ydesigned to enhance the ability of such teachers to understand and use curricula, assessment measures, & instructional strategies for LEP students ysupported by scientifically based research demonstrating the effectiveness of the professional development in increasing student’s English proficiency, subject matter knowledge, teaching knowledge, & teaching skills of such teachers
yOf sufficient intensity and duration which shall not include activities such as one day or short-term workshops and conferences) to have a positive and lasting impact on the teacher’s performance in the classroom, except if the short-term activity is one component of a long-term comprehensive professional development plan established by a teacher and teacher’s supervisor based on an assessment of the needs of the teacher, the supervisor, the students of the teacher, and any local educational agency employing the teacher
What does the educational instructional programming need to look like for LEP students? zHigh quality English language instruction educational programming can look many different ways. It must, however, be supported by scientifically based research that has been demonstrated to be effective with students who are limited English proficient.
zWhat quality instructional programming does not look like is a pre-packaged program that can be bought and implemented tomorrow (there is no thing!) zAn effective program is based on a sound theoretical foundation which is embedded in research surrounding second language acquisition… yTheory first…materials later!
What are the details regarding professional development opportunities for teachers? yTitle III States: zScientifically based, high quality professional development opportunities for teachers in all settings must be: xdesigned to improve the instruction & assessment of LEP children xdesigned to enhance the ability of such teachers to understand & use curricula, assessment measures, & instructional strategies for LEP children
Professional development continued : xsupported by scientifically based research demonstrating the effectiveness of the professional development in increasing children’s English language proficiency or substantially increasing the subject matter knowledge, teaching knowledge, and teaching skills of such teachers xof sufficient intensity & duration (which shall not include activities such as one day or short-term workshops & conferences) to have a positive & lasting impact on the teacher’s performance in the classroom
When must States begin requiring LEAs to conduct an annual assessment of the English language proficiency of LEP students ? zBoth Title I & Title III require LEAs to conduct, beginning in school year 02-03, an annual assessment of the English language proficiency of all students with limited English proficiency in the schools of the State.
Does Title III permit waivers of the requirement to annually assess LEP students in English language & academic achievement? zNo. All means all. Title III does not provide for waivers of the requirement to annually assess LEP students in English language proficiency & academic achievement. Each State must implement policies & procedures to ensure that all students enrolled in schools in the State who meet the definition of LEP participate in the annual State English language proficiency assessment(s) & the annual State academic assessments.
What are the evaluation requirements for LEAs that receive Title III subgrants? zLEAs that receive Title III subgrants must submit every second fiscal year and evaluation, in a manner determined by the State, that includes a description of the programs and activities conducted by the school district with Title III funds during the two immediately preceding fiscal years.
Evaluation components zThe evaluation must: y1) Describe the progress children have made in attaining English language proficiency, including the percentage of children who have achieved that proficiency y2) Indicate the percentage of children who have transitioned into instructional settings that are not designed for LEP students, and have a sufficient level of English language proficiency to achieve in English & make that transition
y3) Indicate the percentage of children who have made progress in meeting the same state academic content and student academic achievement standards that all children are expected to meet
Evaluation Measures zThe measures in the local evaluation should assess: xThe progress of children in attaining English proficiency, including the level of comprehension, speaking, listening, reading, and writing in English xStudent attainment of challenging State student academic achievement standards as measured by performance on State content assessments
And: xStudent progress in meeting the annual measurable achievement objectives for English language proficiency
Title III and Parent Notification zParent’s Right to Know: Under the new opt-out provision, parents must be notified within 30 days after the start of the school year of the following; yThe reasons for identifying their child as LEP and in need of placement in a language instruction educational program yThe child’s level of English proficiency, how such level was assessed, and the status of the child’s academic achievement
Parental Rights Continued: yThe methods of instruction used in the program in which their child is or will be participating, and the methods of instruction used in other programs available to the child, including how such programs differ in content, instructional goals, and the use of a native language in instruction. yHow the program in which their child is or will be participating will meet the educational strengths and needs of their child yHow the program will specifically help their child learn English and meet age-appropriate academic achievement standards for grade promotion and graduation
yThe specific exit-criteria requirements for the program, including the expected rate of transition from such program into classrooms that are not tailored for LEP children, and (if the funded program extends into high school) the expected graduation rate for the children yIn the case of a child with a disability, how the program will meet the objectives of the child’s individualized education program (as required under the Individuals with Disabilities Act)
yInformation pertaining to parental rights that includes written guidance: xA) On the parents’ right immediately to withdraw their child from a program (opt-out) and the options they have to choose another program, if available; xB) Assisting parents in choosing among various programs and methods
Separate Parental Notification Requirements zLEAs are required to provide notice to the parents of LEP children participating in a Title III language instruction educational program of any failure of the program to make progress on the annual measurable achievement objectives described in section 3122 of Title III. This is to be provided no later than 30 days after this failure occurs.
What are requirements on the format of language of notices to parents? zThe required notices described must be provided in an understandable and uniform format and, to the extent practicable, in language that the parent can understand.
What Title III Does: zFocuses on what works: yRequires that teachers be certified as English language proficient. School districts are to certify that all teachers in a language instruction education program for limited English proficient students are fluent in English and any other language used by the program, including written and oral communication skills. yRequires that curricula be demonstrated to be effective. Language instruction curricula used to teach limited English proficient children are to be tied to scientifically based research and demonstrated to be effective.
zReduces Bureaucracy and Increases Flexibility: yProvides discretion over instruction methods. Local entities have the flexibility to choose the method of instruction to teach limited- English-proficient children. yTargets funds to the classroom. 95% of funds must be used for grants at the local level to teach LEP children.
zIncreases Accountability for Student Performance: yEstablishes annual achievement objectives for LEP students. States must establish standards & benchmarks for raising the level of English proficiency & meeting the academic state standards for LEP students that are aligned with state standards. ySets English language proficiency as the objective. Annual achievement objectives for LEP students must relate to gains in English proficiency & meet challenging state academic standards that are aligned with Title I achievement standards.
yIncreases Accountability cont. xRequires reading & language arts assessments of children in English. Title I requirements to annually assess children, including LEP students, in English for any student who has attended school in the U.S. for three or more consecutive years apply to grantees funded under Title III. xEnforces accountability requirements. States must hold subgrantees accountable for making adequate yearly progress as described in Title I for meeting all annual achievement objectives.
y Empowers Parents. xNotifies parents about program placement. Parents must be notified by the local education agency concerning why their child needs a specialized language instruction program. Parents have the right to choose among instructional programs if more than one type of program is offered and have the right to remove their child from a program for limited English proficient children.
zThe major goals of Title III are to help ensure that Limited English proficient children attain English proficiency, develop high levels of academic competence in English, and meet the same challenging State academic content and student achievement standards that all children are expected to meet. Title III holds States, LEAs, and individual schools accountable for meeting these goals.