Presentation on theme: "Avoiding Financial Pitfalls of Managing Perkins Funds Steve Equall, Nebraska."— Presentation transcript:
Avoiding Financial Pitfalls of Managing Perkins Funds Steve Equall, Nebraska
What Federal rules apply to Perkins funding? Perkins Act EDGAR (Education Dept. General Administrative Regulations) OMB Circulars (Office of Mgmt. & Budget) Circular A-87 Cost Principles – State & Local Circular A-21 Cost Principles – Educ. Institutions Circular A-133 Single Audit Requirements
What are the basic cost criteria? Allocable to the purposes of the act Necessary and reasonable Not for general purposes
What types of costs can generally be considered eligible? Administrative Costs (5%) Personnel Services (time records) Operating Expense (watch supplanting) Stipends Consultants Instructional materials (watch supplanting) Travel Instructional equipment
What types of costs are not eligible? 1. Student expenses or direct assistance to students 2. Entertainment 3. Awards and memorabilia 4. Individual memberships 5. Memberships with orgs. that lobby 6. College tuition, fees, books 7. Fines & penalties 8. Insurance/self-insurance 9. Expenses that supplant 10. Audits except single audit 11. Contributions & donations 12. Contingencies 13. Facilities and furniture 14. General advertising 15. Alcohol 16. Fund raising 17. General administration
Is there an exception to the rule on direct assistance to students? YES! Legislative history indicates that the intent is there for this flexibility, however certain restrictions apply.
What are the requirements for uses of funds at the local level? Strengthen academic, voc. & tech. skills of students Provide students with strong experience and understand all aspects of the industry Develop & expand use of technology Professional development Evaluate programs Initiate, improve, expand & modernize quality programs Be of sufficient size, scope and quality Link secondary & postsecondary programs
Are local recipients required to budget and expend funds in all 8 categories? No. The 8 categories are elements required in programs eligible for funding If deficiencies exists, Perkins funds can address those deficiencies If all 8 are already met, funding can be used in the permissive areas
What are the permissive uses of funds at local level? 1. Involve parents, business and labor in planning & operation 2. Career guidance & academic counseling 3. Work-related experiences 4. Programs for special pops 5. Education & business partnerships 6. Voc. Student organizations 7. Mentoring & support services 8. Upgrading equipment 9. Teacher prep programs 10. Improving, developing new vocational ed. courses 11. Family & consumer science 12. Adult vocational programs 13. Job placement programs 14. Non-traditional training & empl. 15. Support other voc. programs
What are the required uses of funds at the state level? (10%) Assess programs Develop, improve, expand use of technology Professional development Support programs that improve academic & technical skills of students Non-traditional training Partnerships Service individuals in state institutions Programs for special populations May not be used for administrative costs
What are the permissive uses of funds at the state level? 1. Technical assistance to LEAs 2. Improve career guidance & counseling 3. Establish agreements between sec./postsecondary 4. Support cooperative education 5. Support vocational student organizations 6. Support charter schools 7. Support programs that include all aspects of industry 8. Support family & consumer science 9. Support business & industry partnerships 10. Develop new vocational education courses 11. Programs for adults and dropouts 12. Job placement services
When can funds be obligated? EDGAR says that a subgrantee of the state may not obligate funds until the later of: The date the state may obligate funds or The date that the subgrantee submits its application to the state in substantially approvable form
When are funds considered obligated? Type of Cost Equip &supplies…….. Work of employees….. Contracted services….. Utilities………………. Rental………………… Travel………………… Obligation occurs: Date of purchase order When work is done Date agreement signed When used When travel is taken
How long are Federal funds available for obligation? Perkins funds are available to states for 27 months (July 1, 2002 thru Sept. 30, 2004) Section 417 of General Ed. Provisions Act (GEPA) called Tydings Amend. provides carryover period Subgrants to LEAs are for one fiscal year
What are the Maintenance of Effort Requirements for a State? State must maintain effort either per student or in aggregate Separate maintenance of effort for state administrative costs Year-to-year state costs must be equal or greater than year before There are exceptions
May Federal funds be used to support a program that was supported last year with non-federal funds? NO. This would be supplanting – Exception Must be evaluated case-by-case If it would be impossible to continue the activity without the federal funds, then it may not be supplanting
Can Perkins funds be co-mingled with other funds to offer voc. programs? Funds may not be co-mingled so that they lose their identity. Expenditures must be traceable to the source of funding. However, programs can be co-funded to maximize the available funds.
Can funds be used to provide vocational opportunities to 6 th graders? No. Section 315 prohibits the use of funds below the 7 th grade level.
What are the rules on Perkins equipment usage and disposition? May not be used to compete unfairly with business When no longer needed for original purpose or other federal programs: Current fair market value of $5,000 or less- keep, dispose of with no strings attached Current fair market value of more than $5,000- keep equipment or sell and pay awarding party its share of sale price or fair market value
If a State fails to meet State adjusted levels of performance for 2 or more years – can Secretary withhold funds? If so, can another entity administer the funds? Sec. 123 allows both to happen but only after all other options including technical assistance from OVAE and failure to implement plans have been exhausted
Are vocational technical ed. students enrolled in programs receiving no Perkins funds subject to accountability requirements? Yes. As I read Sec. 113, all students who participate in state-approved programs are subject to accountability requirements – including special pops
What areas will auditors be looking at? In general – 3 main areas: Financial statements & expenditure records Internal controls Compliance with laws and regulations
What will auditors be looking for at the state level? 1. Expenditures are documented and allowable 2. Recipients are eligible and formula is correct 3. Monitoring requirements are met and documented 4. Compliance issues: Program offerings Student participation Assessment 5. Funds supplement and not supplant 6. Time records 7. Maintenance of Effort 8. Minimal time between drawdown and disbursement
What will auditors be looking for at the local level? 1. Expenditures are documented and allowable 2. Compliance issues: Program offerings Student participation Assessment 3. Funds supplement and not supplant 4. Time records 5. Minimal time between drawdown & expenditure 6. Procurement methods provide free & open competition and prevent conflict of interest 7. Equipment –locatable and inventoried 8. Obligations incurred in time frame 9. Expenditures are budgeted
Where can I find federal rules? Catalog of Fed. Domestic Assistance (CFDA) www.gsa.gov/fdac www.gsa.gov/fdac Code of Fed. Regulations (CFR) www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/index.html www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/index.html Ed. Dept. General Administrative Regs. (EDGAR) www.ed.gov/funding.html www.ed.gov/funding.html Federal Legislation http://thomas.loc.govhttp://thomas.loc.gov Federal Register www.access.gpo.gov/su_doc/aces/aces140.html www.access.gpo.gov/su_doc/aces/aces140.html OMB Circulars http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circularshttp://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars US Department of Education www.ed.gov/www.ed.gov/
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