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Accreditation of Engineering, Technology and Computing Programs Moshe Kam IEEE Vice President for Educational Activities First Edition – October 2007 Version.

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Presentation on theme: "Accreditation of Engineering, Technology and Computing Programs Moshe Kam IEEE Vice President for Educational Activities First Edition – October 2007 Version."— Presentation transcript:

1 Accreditation of Engineering, Technology and Computing Programs Moshe Kam IEEE Vice President for Educational Activities First Edition – October 2007 Version 003

2 IEEE EAB on accreditation 2 Contact Information Moshe Kam Robert G. Quinn Professor and Department Head Drexel University Electrical and Computer Engineering 3141 Chestnut Street Philadelphia, PA

3 IEEE EAB on accreditation 3 DISCLAIMER This presentation was prepared by the IEEE Educational Activities Board for a broad, general discussion of accreditation of engineering, computing, and technology Material is provided for illustrative purposes only Description of various rules and regulations are made in general descriptive terms and are not intended for operational or legal use Material is not purported to represent the official policy of any accrediting body or any other governmental or non- governmental agency outside of IEEE

4 IEEE EAB on accreditation 4 Outline Purpose Accreditation in Engineering, Computing and Technology Definition, aims, uses and misuses, models Mutual recognition agreements Building new accrediting bodies in the early 21 st Century

5 IEEE EAB on accreditation 5 Outline Purpose Accreditation in Engineering, Computing and Technology Definition, aims, uses and misuses, models Mutual recognition agreements Building new accrediting bodies in the early 21 st Century

6 IEEE EAB on accreditation 6 Purpose To provide an overview of the accreditation process To present different models and principal trends To review existing international agreements and accords in the area of accreditation

7 IEEE EAB on accreditation 7 A Few Words about IEEE IEEE is the largest multinational professional engineering association in the world 367,000 members in 150 countries A 501(c)3 organization in incorporated in New York Originally concentrating on power engineering and communications, IEEE at present spans technical interests across the spectrum of technology From nanotechnology to oceanic engineering In many respects IEEE has become the steward of Engineering

8 IEEE EAB on accreditation 8 Early Presidents Alexander G. BellElihu ThomsonCharles SteinmetzFrank Sprague

9 IEEE EAB on accreditation 9 A few more recent Presidents Leah Jamieson Joseph Bordogna Michael Lightner Wallace Read

10 IEEE EAB on accreditation 10 Why is IEEE interested in Accreditation? Because it is in IEEEs stated mission Because accreditation has significant impact on the content of the curriculum in IEEEs fields of interest And hence on the future of the profession Because IEEEs involvement introduces the voice of the profession and its practitioners into the decision making process of educational institutions

11 IEEE EAB on accreditation 11 Why is IEEE interested in Accreditation? IEEE considers accreditation a strategic objective and supports accrediting bodies worldwide The IEEE BoD allocates funds and human resources to accreditation on an annual basis About 500 volunteers $2M/year in direct expenditures in 2007

12 IEEE EAB on accreditation 12 Outline Purpose Accreditation in Engineering, Computing and Technology Definition, aims, uses and misuses, models Mutual recognition agreements Building a new accrediting body in the early 21 st Century

13 IEEE EAB on accreditation 13 Operational Definition of Accreditation by CHEA (US) Accreditation in higher education is defined as a collegial process based on self- and peer assessment for public accountability and improvement of academic quality [Peers = group of peer faculty and staff, professionals, and public members] Peers assess the quality of an institution or academic program and assist the faculty and staff in improvement

14 IEEE EAB on accreditation 14 Three Major Activities The faculty, administrators, and staff of the institution or academic program conduct a self- study using the accrediting organizations set of expectations about quality (standards, criteria) as their guide A team of peers, selected by the accrediting organization, reviews the evidence, visits the campus to interview the faculty and staff, and writes a report of its assessment, including a recommendation to the commission of the accrediting organization

15 IEEE EAB on accreditation 15 The third step… Guided by a set of expectations about quality and integrity, the commission reviews the evidence and recommendation makes a judgment communicates the decision to the institution and other constituencies if appropriate

16 IEEE EAB on accreditation 16 A Broader Definition of Accreditation Formal recognition of an educational program by an external body on the basis of an assessment of quality An evaluation process in which an objective group (accrediting body) examines an educational program to ensure that it is meeting minimum standards established by experts in the field The outcome of the process is binary: program is either accredited or not accredited

17 IEEE EAB on accreditation 17 A Broader Definition of Accreditation Formal recognition of an educational program by an external body on the basis of an assessment of quality An evaluation process in which an objective group (accrediting body) examines an educational program to ensure that it is meeting minimum standards established by experts in the field The outcome of the process is binary: program is either accredited or not accredited

18 IEEE EAB on accreditation 18 Challenges to the Traditional Definition (1) Should the accreditation be done by an external body? Is it possible to conduct accreditation by peer groups E.g., peer institutions Should the result of accreditation be binary? Some groups in Europe have called for providing evaluation in four categories with respect to every criterion Fails to meet minimum requirements Meets minimum requirements Exceeds minimum requirements Excels in meeting this criterion

19 IEEE EAB on accreditation 19 Challenges to the Traditional Definition (2) Should we strive to meet minimum standards rather than achieving continuous improvement and excellence? Will the current system of accreditation be useful to industry in the long term? The mobility of labor has challenged traditional credentials The ECE industry had already rejected the licensing process E.g., the industrial exemption in the United States

20 IEEE EAB on accreditation 20 Looking Forward: Traditions The trends we observe in accreditation will challenge traditional models It is unlikely that over-prescriptive accreditation models will survive It is unlikely that models that are based solely on minimum thresholds will survive

21 IEEE EAB on accreditation 21 The Constituencies of an Educational Program Past, present and prospective students Prospective employers Other bodies of higher education Licensing bodies Government The public at large

22 IEEE EAB on accreditation 22 The Various Functions of Accreditation (1) Provide constituencies of the educational program with a guarantee that an educational program… meets (minimum) standards continues to evolve in order to incorporate best practices Put a stamp of approval on graduates – they are ready to practice Raises the issue of First Professional Degree in Engineering

23 IEEE EAB on accreditation 23 The Various Functions of Accreditation (2) Provide educational programs with opportunities for self-definition and self- reflection and with feedback on program content and direction Provide opportunities for continuous improvement of education programs

24 IEEE EAB on accreditation 24 Misuse of Accreditation Coercion The process needs to be voluntary Disciplinary action Ranking and comparison of schools Controlling the school Serving the interests of one constituency on the expense of others Homogenizing higher education Control competition Limit enrollments

25 IEEE EAB on accreditation 25 Accreditation is not indispensable… Industry can replace accreditation by other mechanisms of quality assessment University rankings by academic bodies University rankings by the popular press Internal lists of acceptable institutions Entry exams and interviews of graduates If accreditation is to survive it should be Pertinent Transparent Fair Economical Adaptive to the business climate

26 IEEE EAB on accreditation 26 The Basic Structure of the Process: Accrediting Body Accrediting body defines its accreditation philosophy and publishes criteria and process Accrediting body identifies and trains program evaluators Bodies that recognize accrediting bodies require proof of decision independence The funding mechanism and accreditation decisions should be independent

27 IEEE EAB on accreditation 27 A Word of Caution: Independence In several instances, IEEE observed loss of independence of accrediting bodies In all of these cases, the accrediting body was discredited Schools preferred foreign accrediting bodies over the local one It is not clear whether government controlled accrediting bodies will be recognized in the future by international accords

28 IEEE EAB on accreditation 28 The Basic Structure of the Process: Program Program studies accrediting body literature Program collects required material and verifies presumption of accreditability Program requests an accreditation visit Program gets organized to provide information to accrediting body and visiting team Self study

29 IEEE EAB on accreditation 29 Interaction Between Accrediting Body and Program Mutual agreement on visiting team Agreement on dates and logistics Within published guidelines Pre-visit communications Accrediting visit and preliminary reporting Post-visit communications Report preparation and determination of outcome Post-report communications – possible appeals

30 IEEE EAB on accreditation 30 Two important caveats The accreditation visit is supposed to provide no surprises All concerns that program evaluators have on the basis of submitted data are supposed to be discussed ahead of the visit On site visit focuses on the accreditation criteria and their implementation This is not the time for free advice or planning of the program future by the visiting group

31 IEEE EAB on accreditation 31 Looking Forward: Implementation At present most accreditation bodies operate on 5-7 year cycles A series of dramatic events followed by long periods of low or no activity Elaborate visits requiring significant preparation It is possible to design a much simpler process that takes advantage of progress in information technology Information is posted and updated continually Visits are shorter focus only on the few items that do not require face to face interaction

32 IEEE EAB on accreditation 32 Selected accrediting bodies (1) Engineers Australia Engineers Ireland Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board of the Canadian Council of Professional Engineers France: Commission des Titres d'Ingénieur Germany: ASIIN Hong Kong Institution of Engineers For additional details see www. www.

33 IEEE EAB on accreditation 33 Selected accrediting bodies (2) Japan: Japan Accreditation Board for Engineering Education Korea: Accreditation Board for Engineering Education of Korea Malaysia: Board of Engineers Malaysia Mexico: Council of Accreditation of the Education of Engineering New Zealand: Institution of Professional Engineers of New Zealand For additional details see www. www.

34 IEEE EAB on accreditation 34 Selected accrediting bodies (3) Singapore: Institution of Engineers Singapore South Africa: Engineering Council of South Africa United Kingdom: Engineering Council United Kingdom United States: ABET For additional details see www. www.

35 IEEE EAB on accreditation 35 Characteristics of Accreditation (1) Voluntary Performed by an external agency Based on the locale of the program Uses representation of all major constituencies Government inspection is not Accreditation Based on clear published standards Evaluative – not regulatory It is not the place of the visiting team to provide the visited program with detailed prescriptions and methodology

36 IEEE EAB on accreditation 36 Characteristics of Accreditation (2) Requires continuous maintenance Binary (at present, in most cases) Cognizant of program objectives and goals One size does not fit all Accreditation is not meant to homogenize the education system

37 IEEE EAB on accreditation 37 What are the Factors That May be Considered? Content of the curriculum Is there enough exposure to discrete mathematics? Size and skill base of the faculty Does a Computer Science program have individuals who are trained in Artificial Intelligence? Morale and governance of the faculty

38 IEEE EAB on accreditation 38 Potential Consideration Factors (2) Facilities Does the Microwave Laboratory in an EE program have a Spectrum Analyzer? Admission criteria Do the admission criteria ensure that incoming students have the basic skills required to attend the program?

39 IEEE EAB on accreditation 39 Potential Consideration Factors (3) Support services Do the programs computing facilities enjoy professional system administration? Graduate placement Do the majority of the program graduates find gainful professional employment within 6 months of graduation? Budgets and expenditures

40 IEEE EAB on accreditation 40 Looking Forward… Many of the traditional factors required a site visit for verification A model that considers most of the factors on line is now possible Accreditation may become continuous rather than a discrete event Shift from reaching the minimum to continuous improvement

41 IEEE EAB on accreditation 41 Level of Specificity The degree to which criteria are defined in terms of numerical goals or specific coverage methodologies The degree of specificity depends on the accreditation model The general trend in the last 10 years is away from specifics

42 IEEE EAB on accreditation 42 Level of Specificity: Examples Non-specific A computer science program needs to show that graduates were exposed to the principles of database organization and have used this knowledge in open- ended exercises and projects Specific A computer science program will include at least 24 hours on in-class instruction on databases which includes: database models (at least 3 hours); relational models (at least 1 hour)… A minimum of two 6-hour laboratory exercises on databases must be included. These exercises include…

43 IEEE EAB on accreditation 43 A Two-Tier Process Usually accreditation of engineering, computing and technology programs relies on a general accreditation of the institution Another accrediting agency ascertains compliance with laws and regulations, basic fiscal solvency, and preservation of human rights If the first tier is missing, the technical accreditation needs to include it This may be a challenge for new accrediting bodies

44 IEEE EAB on accreditation 44 Most of the Work Does Not Involve the Accrediting Body Program must establish mechanism to collect data on its activities Program must establish mechanism to use data to reaffirm or reform its activities Program must undergo a thorough self- study This is often the most important outcome of the accreditation process

45 IEEE EAB on accreditation 45 Different Approaches and Styles of Accreditation The Minimal Model The Regulatory Model The Outcome-Based Model The Peer-Review model The Program Club model

46 IEEE EAB on accreditation 46 The Minimal Model Ascertains basic characteristics of the school and program Often numeric and law-based Does the school satisfy basic legal requirements? Does the school have enough budget, infrastructure and reserves to conduct the program? Ascertains existence of the fundamental basics in the school and program Physical conditions, size and skill base of the faculty, coverage of basic topics in the curriculum Provides a prescription for a minimal core and very general parameters for the rest of the curriculum

47 IEEE EAB on accreditation 47 Reflections on the Minimal Model It is easy to install and maintain as long as it adheres to the minimal philosophy Not a bad way to start an accrediting body Does not encourage continuous improvement The biggest danger is mission creep More and more requirements

48 IEEE EAB on accreditation 48 The Regulatory Model Requires strict adherence to a core curriculum E.g., defines the minimum requirements for a Software Engineering curriculum Specifies parameters for the rest of the curriculum E.g., at least 6 credit hours of post WWII history Often involving direct prescriptions of curriculum and faculty composition E.g., at least three faculty in manufacturing are required if the body of students exceeds 120

49 IEEE EAB on accreditation 49 Reflections on the Regulatory Model Makes the accrediting process uniform and potentially fair Criteria are unambiguous and often numeric Difficult to establish and update Leads to endless strife over what the core means Relatively easy to maintain The key to success is adherence to clear rules Was shown to stifle innovation and creativity in the curriculum This was the philosophy of the pre-2000 ABET model

50 IEEE EAB on accreditation 50 The Outcome-Based Model Prescribes a small core and basic requirements Prescribes basic parameters for the goals of the program But does not specify the specific goals of the program Focuses on the goals and objectives of the program E.g., to maximize the number of graduates who continue to Medical or Law school E.g., to maximize the number of graduates who become program managers in the construction industry Requires evidence of measurement of goals Requires evidence of using the measurements to feed a quality improvement process

51 IEEE EAB on accreditation 51 Reflections on the Outcome-Based Model Provides for significant diversity in goals and objectives Very different from the regulatory model Puts a lot of responsibility and risk in the hands of the program leaders E.g., some programs may try to achieve goals that are unattainable Sophisticated and hard to evaluate Very difficult to avoid complaints on inconsistent evaluations This is the basic philosophy of the current ABET EC2000 and TC2000 criteria Though implementation does not always follow the philosophy

52 IEEE EAB on accreditation 52 A Word of Caution: Outcome-Based Accreditation While outcome-based accreditation is the most popular paradigm for accreditation, it is not problem-free The prescriptive nature with respect to course content can be replaced by a prescriptive process with respect to assessments Too much data may be collected and analyzed in order to prove that methods were assessed Adherence to the process by zealous program evaluators may cause strong disagreements about methodology E.g., the debate about Direct Assessment

53 IEEE EAB on accreditation 53 GoalEvidence Graduates are ready to enter the workforce Placement figures of recent graduates Programs develops future leaders of industry Statistically-valid evidence of leadership positions for graduates of the last 20 years Programs provides the Province with computer scientists needed to accomplish national R&D goals Evidence that graduates settle in the Province and maintain employment in Computer Science Program serves students who wish to gain engineering background before they develop careers in medicine or law Evidence that graduates turn to practice of law and medicine in statistically meaningful numbers Collection of Data

54 IEEE EAB on accreditation 54 EvidenceUse of Evidence Employer survey indicates graduates have difficulties using modern computing tools for control Junior class in Control Systems now includes a section and lab on symbolic computation for control Percentage of students who choose graduate school is dropping Department commissions a survey of recent graduates to understand their new post- graduation profile Graduation rates are dropping; exam grades in mathematics are dropping Department institutes an entrance exam in mathematics. Low achievers are directed to remedial classes. Use of Data for Improvement

55 IEEE EAB on accreditation 55 The Peer Review Model A coalition of schools organizes in group of peers Schools select their peers Members from other constituencies are added Government, Industry, professional associations The peer groups conduct the review in evaluator teams Model requires an arbitrator and facilitator Ideally a professional association

56 IEEE EAB on accreditation 56 Reflections on the Peer Review Model This is the way accreditation was done in the US in the early 20 th Century E.g., Princeton and Johns Hopkins came to visit the College of Engineering at Drexel University in 1904 Difficult to organize Considered less confrontational and more collegial Risk a drift in the direction of unpublished mandates Risks clashes of philosophies and program rivalry Selection/acceptance of peers may be complicated

57 IEEE EAB on accreditation 57 The Program Club Model Group of peer institutions create a program club Use a common website for communication Programs that wish to join create a website with requested information Programs report continually on progress and experimentation in education New ideas are discussed and tried by members of the club Few on-site visits (possibly during an annual conference)

58 IEEE EAB on accreditation 58 Reflections on the Program Club Model Continuous accreditation model Difficult to organize Considered less confrontational and more collegial Risks clashes of philosophies and program rivalry Selection/acceptance of peers may be complicated High maintenance

59 IEEE EAB on accreditation 59 Key to Success: Consistency and Transparency Criteria need to be clear and published Ambiguities and potential for different interpretations need to be flagged out and addressed Terminology needs to be defined Visit and reports should follow the criteria closely Findings and conclusions should use the criteria and the established terminology

60 IEEE EAB on accreditation 60 Accreditation and Licensing

61 IEEE EAB on accreditation 61 Relationship Between Licensing and Accreditation Accreditation is provided to educational programs A license is provided to individuals Graduation from an accredited program is often a condition for licensing Licensing exams are often based on model curricula of accrediting bodies Serious problem in the US since EC2000

62 IEEE EAB on accreditation 62 Engineering and Computing Licensing in 2007… Licensing of engineering and computing professionals is perceived to be broken in many countries Not a needed credential in many disciplines Poor enforcement Further weakening due to massive redistribution of labor among markets in the early 2000s One possible solution - the Canadian model Licensing = graduation from an accredited program PLUS testing on safety, professionalism and ethics NOT on school material

63 IEEE EAB on accreditation 63 Licensing and the First Professional Degree in Engineering At present there is debate in the US and Europe about the first professional degree in engineering The US National Academy of Engineering and several European organizations appears to favor a Master of Science degree In Europe this view follows adoption of the Bologna Process The NCEES (USA) wants B.S. degree plus 30 semester credits No consensus among professional organizations

64 IEEE EAB on accreditation 64 Outline Purpose Accreditation in Engineering, Computing and Technology Definition, aims, uses and misuses, models Mutual recognition agreements Building new accrediting bodies in the early 21 st Century For additional details see www. www.

65 IEEE EAB on accreditation 65 Purpose Mutual recognition agreements establish acceptance of accreditation decisions of one accrediting body by another Foster mobility of professionals Provide recognition to accrediting bodies As well as quality control For additional details see www. www.

66 IEEE EAB on accreditation 66 Caution: who recognizes whom Mutual recognition agreements are between accrediting bodies, not states or governments It is possible, for example, that an accrediting body will recognize that graduates from programs recognized by another accrediting body are ready to practice at an entry level… But the State/Government would NOT

67 IEEE EAB on accreditation 67 For additional details see www. www.

68 IEEE EAB on accreditation 68 An agreement between accrediting bodies on mutual recognition of program accreditation Does not cover licensure and registration Recognizing the substantial equivalency of accreditation systems of organizations holding signatory status, and the engineering education programs accredited by them Establishing that graduates of programs accredited by the accreditation organizations of each member nation are prepared to practice engineering at the entry level

69 IEEE EAB on accreditation 69 By virtue of the Washington Accords affirmation of substantial equivalence among its members, the signatories have come to acknowledge generally accepted, globally relevant attributes that graduates from accredited engineering programs are expected to possess. This acknowledgement of substantial equivalence has the potential for facilitating mobility of practicing engineers across country boundaries. Source: Presentation by George Peterson to EAB, November 2006

70 IEEE EAB on accreditation 70 More on the Washington Accord Signatories may exchange observers to annual meetings or accreditation visits Verification required at regular intervals (no more than 6 years) Bilateral agreements by individual signatories not recognized by other signatories Recently – accreditation outside the home territory is also recognized

71 IEEE EAB on accreditation 71 Washington Accord Signatories Engineers, Australia Canadian Council of Professional Engineers Institution of Engineers Singapore Hong Kong Institute of Engineers Engineers Ireland Japan Accreditation Board for Engineering Education Engineers, New Zealand Engineering Council of South Africa Engineering Council, United Kingdom ABET, Inc. Source: Presentation by George Peterson to EAB, November 2006

72 IEEE EAB on accreditation 72 Recent additions (2007) ABEEK (Republic of Korea) IEET (Chinese Taipei)

73 IEEE EAB on accreditation 73 Provisional Members ASIINGermany2003 BEMMalaysia2003 RAEERussia2005 Source: Presentation by George Peterson to EAB, November 2006

74 IEEE EAB on accreditation 74

75 IEEE EAB on accreditation 75 Maintenance Signatories routinely observe each others processes Mandatory review of each signatory at regular intervals Every two years there is a general review of the agreement Source: Presentation by George Peterson to EAB, November 2006

76 IEEE EAB on accreditation 76 Upgrading Increasing scope of the agreement Introduction of new members Improving operations

77 IEEE EAB on accreditation 77 Other Agreements The Bologna Declaration Lisbon convention MERCOSUR Western Hemisphere Initiative

78 IEEE EAB on accreditation 78 Additional Agreements NameArea/Focus ENAEEEurope Engineering for the Americas South and Central America APEC Engineer Agreement Asia Pacific Sydney AccordEngineering Technology Dublin AccordEngineering technicians For additional details see www. www.

79 IEEE EAB on accreditation 79 The Bologna Declaration (1999) Signed by ministers of education of 29 European countries l Adoption of a system of easily readable and comparable degrees l common terminology and standards l Adoption of a system essentially based on two main cycles, undergraduate and graduate….

80 IEEE EAB on accreditation 80 Two Cycles: 3+(2+2) l Access to the second cycle shall require successful completion of first cycle studies, lasting a minimum of three years l The degree awarded after the first cycle shall also be relevant to the European labour market as an appropriate level of qualification l The second cycle should lead to the master and/or doctorate degree

81 IEEE EAB on accreditation 81 Some ramifications of the Bologna Process to Engineering Education (1) Potential ambiguity about the duration and scope of studies toward the Bachelor of Science Degree In some countries a 4-year B.Sc. degree is considered the First Professional Degree (FPD) in Engineering In other countries a 3-year B.Sc. Degree is considered a pre-engineering degree FPD=Master of Science

82 IEEE EAB on accreditation 82 Some ramifications of the Bologna Process to Engineering Education (2) Potentially – differences between interpretations and weight of the Bachelor of Science Degree in Engineering FPD=B.Sc. Or M.Sc.? Questions about mobility of engineers between Europe and the rest of the world

83 IEEE EAB on accreditation 83 A Complementary Approach - Registry In several parts of the world accrediting bodies and regulatory agencies have established an engineer registry The registry recognizes engineers who have graduated from programs accredited by a recognized body Process makes it easier to verify credentials Can be perceived as being in competition with licensing/registration

84 IEEE EAB on accreditation 84 Outline Purpose Accreditation in Engineering, Computing and Technology Definition, aims, uses and misuses, models Mutual recognition agreements Building a new accrediting body in the Early 21 st Century

85 IEEE EAB on accreditation 85 Scope Building new accrediting bodies provides an opportunity to use about 80 years of experience with existing bodies Buy-in needed from Professional Associations and leaders of the profession Academic institutions and the faculty Industry, especially employers of engineers and technologists Governmental bodies and regulators

86 IEEE EAB on accreditation 86 Desired Final Outcome A fully functional stable accrediting body, operating with clear rules and regulations, and with a transparent and simple structure Reputation for independence in accreditation decisions Membership of the accrediting body in the appropriate mutual recognition accords

87 IEEE EAB on accreditation 87 Opportunities to learn from existing bodies… Structure and basic processes Criteria Methodology especially self studies and outcome-based techniques Development of constituency coalitions Decision independence independence from any parent entity, or sponsoring entity, for the conduct of accreditation activities and determination of accreditation status (CHEA 2007)

88 IEEE EAB on accreditation 88 Opportunities to improve on the operations of existing accrediting bodies Better use of information technology and automation A more continuous and smooth process Experimentation with less centralized models The Peer Review and Coalitional models

89 IEEE EAB on accreditation 89 New opportunities for accrediting bodies… Development and provisions of tools for continuous reporting, assessment and improvement Creation and maintenance of a registries of engineers, computer scientists, and technologists

90 IEEE EAB on accreditation 90 Who should govern the accrediting body? Professional associations Academic institutions Industry Institutions from the three sectors should be invited to become Members of the accrediting body Voting Members in the annual/bi-annual assembly of Members Governments should be invited to observe and advise

91 IEEE EAB on accreditation 91 Possible structure of a new accrediting body

92 IEEE EAB on accreditation 92 Member Assembly Board of Directors Engineering Computing TechnologyCOMMISSIONS Program Evaluators STAFF

93 IEEE EAB on accreditation 93 How should the accreditation body be financed? Participation fees From professional associations and industry Accreditation fees From participating institutions Grants and gifts For special projects and research

94 IEEE EAB on accreditation 94 Stakeholders Academic institutions Presidents, provosts, chancellors, deans Industry Major employers of engineers, computer scientists, and technologists Professional associations Local, local sections of transnational organizations, transnational organizations with local sections Governments Ministries of education and industry, accreditation oversight bodies Other Civic Organizations

95 IEEE EAB on accreditation 95 Possible dangers Not enough interest Failure to include all major stakeholders Especially Industry Poor finances Lack of decision independence Competition/meddling by outside accrediting bodies Political infighting

96 IEEE EAB on accreditation 96 Questions or Comments?

97 IEEE EAB on accreditation 97 Additional Sources Presentations in EAB workshops on accreditation Esp. by Lyle Feisel, see Public domain information provided by ABET Inc., EUR-ACE, the Washington Accord website, CHEA Mostly from the organizations web sites J.W. Prados, G. D. Peterson, and L.R. Lattuca: Quality Assurance of Engineering Education through Accreditation: The Impact of Engineering Criteria 2000 and Its Global Influence, Journal of Engineering Education, pp , January Prof. Dr. Dirk Van Damme (Ghent University, Belgium). Accreditation in global higher education. The need for international information and cooperation. Outline of IAUP approach. May 2000.

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