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IAMZ - CIHEAM. CIHEAM  Intergovernmental Organisation Mission: To develop cooperation between Mediterranean countries through post-graduate training.

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Presentation on theme: "IAMZ - CIHEAM. CIHEAM  Intergovernmental Organisation Mission: To develop cooperation between Mediterranean countries through post-graduate training."— Presentation transcript:


2 CIHEAM  Intergovernmental Organisation Mission: To develop cooperation between Mediterranean countries through post-graduate training and promotion of cooperative research in the field of agriculture and natural resources.  13 Mediterranean countries Albania, Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Lebanon, Malta, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia and Turkey (Syria, Croatia, Cyprus)  4 Institutes to develop activities Bari (IT); Chania (GR); Montpellier (FR); Zaragoza (ES) - IAMZ

3 International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies

4 Maditerranean Agronomic Institute of Zaragoza IAMZ

5 IAMZ Model Structure and means designed for organizational tasks Rely on external expertise, both for training and research Training: origin of lecturers Maximum of collaboration with national and international structures

6 IAMZ Resources Staff: 26 Persons 4 fully equipped classrooms auditorium seating 250 library & access to biblio databases computer room intranet & internet printing department........................

7 Thematic Orientations (i) Improvement of the efficiency of Mediterranean production systems and markets, and valuation of products (ii) Sustainable management of the Mediterranean agricultural and natural resources

8 Functional Areas Plant production Animal production Environment Agro-food marketing Fisheries and aquaculture


10 Two main objectives  Offer of programmes of importance and impact for the Mediterranean region  Joint offer with Mediterranean national institutions and international institutions in the region

11 Types of course POSTGRADUATE SPECIALISATION COURSES - MASTER OF SCIENCE PROGRAMME 7 different courses, each one programmed every two years  3-4 courses per year ADVANCED SPECIALISED COURSES Aimed at professionals (1 to 2 weeks) 16 courses per year (average)

12 Postgraduate specialisation courses PLANT PRODUCTION PLANT BREEDING 1st edition: 1982-83 OLIVE GROWING AND OLIVE OIL TECHNOLOGY 1st edition: 1995-96. Held in Córdoba and Sevilla, jointly organised with UCO, CA-JA, CSIC and COI ANIMAL PRODUCTION ANIMAL PRODUCTION (Genetics, Nutrition and Reproduction) 1st edition: 1979-80 ENVIRONMENT RURAL PLANNING IN RELATION TO THE ENVIRONMENT 1st edition: 1976-77 AGRO-FOOD MARKETING AGRO-FOOD MARKETING 1st edition: 1987-88 FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE AQUACULTURE 1st edition: 1997-98. Held in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, jointly organised with ULPGC and ICCM FISHERIES ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT 1st edition foreseen: 2004-2005. To be held in Barcelona jointly organised with UB and MAPA-SGPM

13 Advanced specialised courses ADVANCED SPECIALISED COURSES ORGANISED AT THE IAMZ FROM 1988 UNTIL THIS ACADEMIC YEAR 2003-2004 AREA OF STUDY NUMBER OF NUMBER OF COURSES ORGANISEDDIFFERENT COURSES Plant production 50 37 Animal production 49 22 Environment 58 35 Marketing 33 14 Fisheries & aquaculture 29 21 TOTAL 219 129

14 Plant Production Sustainable management of Mediterranean resources Sustainable agriculture (1991) Sustainable agriculture: soil management and conservation in sustainable agricultural systems (1994) Sustainable agriculture: water management for agricultural production in semi-arid zones (1994, 1998, 2002) Sustainable agriculture in rainfed systems (1996, 2003) Sustainable use of resources in Mediterranean rainfed agriculture (1999) Weed biology and control for Mediterranean conditions (1990, 1993, 1997) Basis, tools and strategies for insect pest management (1992) Integrated pest and disease management in protected crops (1995, 2000) Conservation and utilization of plant genetic resources in the Mediterranean region (1993, 1996) Agroecological characterization for resource management in dry areas: use of GIS, remote sensing and modelling (2000) Risk management in Mediterranean agriculture: agricultural insurance (2002)

15 Plant Production Improvement of the efficiency of production systems and increasing the value of Mediterranean products Production and economics of nut crops (1994, 1998) Fig production (1997) Olive orchard management in rainfed conditions: new perspectives (2001) Integrated stone and pome fruit production in the Mediterranean region (2003) Nurseries and forest plant production for Mediterranean conditions (2001) Crop choices for Mediterranean rainfed conditions. Technical and socio- economic criteria (2002) Diagnosis and control of diseases of grain and pasture legumes adapted to Mediterranean environments (1998) Postharvest technologies for Mediterranean vegetables: quality and safety (2004)

16 Plant Production Crop breeding Grain legume breeding (1988) Maize breeding, production, processing and marketing in Mediterranean countries (1990) Strategies for crop improvement under environmental stress (1989) Integrated approach to breeding cereals for drought resistance (2000) Genetics, breeding and conservation of forest tree species (1996) Enhancing breeding processes of fruit and forest woody species: physiological and genetic aspects (2000) Enhancing breeding processes of fruit and forest woody species: experimental design and statistical analysis (2000) Seed production (1992)

17 Plant Production Innovative methods and techniques Molecular and cellular techniques in plant breeding (1992) Use of molecular markers in plant breeding (1995, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2005) Introduction of transgenic plants in agriculture: evaluation and decision- making criteria (1999) Bioinformatics: use of genetic databases in plant breeding (2001) Genomic tools for the analysis and breeding of complex traits in crop plants (2004) Statistical methods for plant variety evaluation (1991, 1993, 1997) Statistical methods for the analysis and interpretation of plant genomic data (2004) Sampling methods in agriculture and the agro-food industry (1994) Tools for statistical and process-based modelling in agriculture (1996) Decision support systems in agronomy: modelling (2002)

18 Plant Production Innovative methods and techniques Design and analysis of multi-environment trials:conventional and qtl-based methods (September 2005) Characterizing spatial-temporal variability for agricultural planning and site-specific crop management in mediterranean conditions (March 2006)

19 Lecturers Training is given by highly qualified invited experts, selected for their experience and prestige in each subject Average number of lecturers per academic year 370, from more than 30 countries

20 Participants last 9 academic years AVERAGE NUMBER OF APPLICATIONS PER ACADEMIC YEAR ………………………………… 1800 AVERAGE NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS PER ACADEMIC YEAR –Postgraduate specialisation courses ………. 75 –Advanced specialised courses …………… 392 ………………………………….. 467

21 Participants last 9 academic years


23 Origin of CIHEAM grantholders CIHEAM Mediterranean countries (except Spain) 95% Other Mediterranean countries 3% Spain 2% TYPE OF FINANCING CIHEAM grantholders 39% Non grantholders 61%


25 Publications based on training activities international publishers PLANT BREEDING - PRINCIPLES AND PROSPECTS Eds M.D. Hayward, N.O. Bosemark and I. Romagosa Chapman and Hall (now Kluwer), 1993 LIMNOLOGY NOW, A PARADIGM OF PLANETARY PROBLEMS Ed. R. Margalef Elsevier, 1994 STATISTICAL METHODS FOR PLANT VARIETAL EVALUATION Eds R.A. Kempton and P.N. Fox Chapman and Hall (now Kluwer), 1997 AGRO-FOOD MARKETING Eds D.I. Padberg, C. Ritson and L.M. Albisu CAB International, 1997 RURAL PLANNING FROM AN ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS PERSPECTIVE Eds F.B. Golley and J. Bellot Springer Verlag, 1999 INTEGRATED PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT IN GREENHOUSE CROPS Eds R. Albajes, M.L. Gullino, J.C. van Lenteren and Y. Elad Kluwer, 1999


27 Cooperative research General objective To promote, coordinate and develop cooperation among experts and national and international institutions in the Mediterranean countries

28 Cooperative research Specific objectives To exchange information and/or (mainly genetic) material To develop scientific work with common objectives and methodologies To prepare and implement joint research projects To organise seminars and courses To publish relevant results

29 Cooperative research Tools (1) Cooperative Research Networks and Working Groups Research Projects Other temporary structures In the same way as in our Training Programmes, Relying on the expertise of National and International Organizations

30 Cooperative research Tools (2) More than 80 Mediterranean institutions and about 400 experts participate regularly in IAMZ coordinated activities More than 800 persons participate each year in activities in whose organisation IAMZ is directly involved

31 (i) Improvement of the efficiency of Mediterranean production systems and valuation of products Plant genetic resources adapted to Mediterranean conditions Breeding of typically Mediterranean fruit species FAO/CIHEAM Network on nuts Working group on the apricot Working group on underutilised fruit species Legumes and cereals Mycorrhisation of forest plants Improvement of sheep and goat production systems FAO/CIHEAM Network on Sheep and Goats FAO/CIHEAM Network on Pastures and Fodder Crops Mediterranean aquaculture (in close collaboration with FAO) Marketing of Mediterranean products

32 (ii) Sustainable management of the Mediterranean agricultural and natural resources Forest restoration and fight against desertification Climatic change: Effects on agriculture and environment Drought preparedness and mitigation Mediterranean fisheries resources

33 Activities and participants 30-35 meetings and seminars per year ~ 300 participants managed directly by us per year From 2 to 8 Research Projects (CAMAR, AIR, FAIR, INCO-DC, INCO-MED and MEDA) to coordinate simultaneously 20 Project Proposals submitted to the INCO, MEDA & GEF-WB Programmes in recent years. 6 funded 37 issues of Options Méditerranéennes and 8 other international publications in the last 5 years Web page on Med. Rabbit Genetic Resources

34 Research projects 1. Coordinated by IAMZ-CIHEAM MEDROPLAN (2003-2007) Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning EC-MEDA. 3,057,000 euro MABDE (2003-2006) Mapping Adaptation of Barley to Drought Environments EC-INCO-MED. 1,197,811 euro WATNITMED (2005-2008) Management Improvements of Water and Nitrogen Use Efficiency of Mediterranean Strategic Crops EC-INCO-MED. 1,400,000 euro CONPAB (2004-2005) Participatory Plant Breeding EC-INCO-MED. 70,000 euro QUALIWATER (2006-2009) Diagnosis and Control of Salinity and Nitrate Pollution in Mediterranean Irrigated Diagnosis and Control of Salinity and Nitrate Pollution in Mediterranean Irrigated Agriculture EC-INCO-MED. 1,450,000 euro

35 Research projects 2. Projects in which IAMZ-CIHEAM is a partner REACTION (2003-2006) Restoration Actions to Combat Desertification in the Northern Mediterranean EC-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development. 540,000 euro DESURVEY (2005-2008) A Surveillance System for Assessing and Monitoring of Desertification EC-FP6, PRIORITY “GLOBAL CHANGE AND ECOSYSTEMS” 8,621,186 euro

36 Similarities between Cooperative Selections Schemes in Animal Breeding and Participatory Plant Breeding

37 FAO/CIHEAM Network on Sheep and Goats Cooperative Selection Schemes (Manech breed; Astruc)

38 Black F. Latxa Phenotypic Evolution 1990–2002 for 120 days milk Nat. Mating: 1.03 l/y AI: 2.64 l/y Best 5 farmers: 3.72 l/y Year of lambing Litters

39 Year of birth Black F. Latxa Genetic Evolution 1988 - 2001 for 120 days milk Nat. Mating: 2.64 l/y AI: 3.02 l/y Best 5 farmers: 3.74 l/y

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