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SSUSH 13 The student will identify major efforts to reform American society and politics in the Progressive Era. Explain Upton Sinclair ’s The Jungle and.

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Presentation on theme: "SSUSH 13 The student will identify major efforts to reform American society and politics in the Progressive Era. Explain Upton Sinclair ’s The Jungle and."— Presentation transcript:

1 SSUSH 13 The student will identify major efforts to reform American society and politics in the Progressive Era. Explain Upton Sinclair ’s The Jungle and federal oversight of the meatpacking industry. Identify Jane Addams and Hull House and describe the role of women in reform movements. Describe the rise of Jim Crow, Plessy v. Ferguson, and the emergence of the NAACP. Explain Ida Tarbell’s role as a Muckraker. Describe the significance of progressive reforms such as the initiative, recall, and referendum, direct election of senators, reforms of labor laws; and efforts to improve living conditions for the poor in cities. Describe the conservation movement and the development of national parks and forests; include the role of Theodore Roosevelt.

2 Progressive Era Progressive Era – 1880s to 1920 One of a long line of Reform Movements in American History – First Great Awakening, Second Great Awakening women's rights /temperance movement first issues of Progressives Effects of Industrial Revolution issues –Unsafe working conditions in factories –Slum areas, ethnic ghettoes around factories –Child labor abuses Farmer’s movement –Progressives sought policies to help farmers – declining importance of rural areas due to increasingly urbanized America

3 Progressive Era Muckrakers Investigative journalists or authors who exposed public to problems in American society Books, articles, pictures moved federal, state, and local governments to enact laws and regulations Three main goals of Progressives – remove corruption from government through laws against political machines – include more people in the political process – promote belief that government must play a role to solve social problems

4 Progressive Era Success of Progressives – Federal Laws  Interstate Commerce Act (1887)  Sherman Antitrust Act (1890) – State and Local Progressive Reforms  Initiatives, referendums, recalls  New forms of local governments Failure of Progressives – needs of blacks and Native Americans ignored

5 Upton Sinclair One of the most famous Muckrakers of the Progressive Era Wrote famous book - The Jungle – Sickened and angered Americans – Public outrage led to two federal laws  Meatpacking Act  Pure Food and Drug Act.

6 Hull House Jane Addams co-founder Hull House 1889 Chicago's first nation's most influential settlement house 13-building complex covering a city block –gymnasium, theater, art gallery, music school, boys' club –auditorium, cafeteria, cooperative residence for working women –kindergarten, nursery, libraries, post office, meeting and club rooms – art studios, kitchen, dining room and apartments for the residential staff. –Offered extensive social, educational, and artistic programs Five hundred settlements nationally by 1920. Forerunner to community centers and social services work

7 Jim Crow Caricature black man = Jim Crow Thomas D. "Daddy" Rice – white musician/actor - blackened face – sang danced in a prejudiced/stereotyped manner – Sang song titled "Jim Crow“ most popular 1829 Jim Crow act in every traveling minstrel show Prepared way for “Jim Crow” segregation laws – Laws designed to humiliate African-Americans – Laws denying social, economic, political rights

8 Plessy vs. Ferguson Supreme Court ruling in 1896 in Plessy v. Ferguson –Doctrine of “separate but equal” ruled constitutional –encouraged the passage of Jim Crow laws in South –Set back black rights gained during Reconstruction. de jure racial segregation in public facilities –states could prohibit the use of public facilities by African Americans. Trains, buses, public restrooms, restaurants hotels, theaters, public parks Public schools, hospitals Facilities separate but never equal to those for whites

9 NAACP Describe the rise of Jim Crow, Plessy v. Ferguson, and the emergence of the NAACP.

10 Muckraker Explain Ida Tarbell’s role as a Muckraker.

11 Ida Tarbell Explain Ida Tarbell’s role as a Muckraker.

12 Progressive Reforms Describe the significance of progressive reforms such as the initiative, recall, and referendum, direct election of senators, reforms of labor laws; and efforts to improve living conditions for the poor in cities.

13 Teddy Roosevelt Describe the conservation movement and the development of national parks and forests; include the role of Theodore Roosevelt.

14 Teddy Roosevelt Describe the conservation movement and the development of national parks and forests; include the role of Theodore Roosevelt.

15 Teddy Roosevelt Describe the conservation movement and the development of national parks and forests; include the role of Theodore Roosevelt.


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