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1 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino FSSR Research Briefing 2014 Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) – 1/2014 Oskar Hasdinor Hassan & Rafeah.

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1 1 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino FSSR Research Briefing 2014 Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) – 1/2014 Oskar Hasdinor Hassan & Rafeah Legino Coordinator Research & Innovation (FSSR) Formgiving Research Group (REI Tier 5)

2 2 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Booster We only have TWO (2) AD Schools in Malaysia !!! 1.The AD UiTM & 2.The REST Including the AD schools in RU COME and be a LEADER

3 3 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino FSSR Tentative FRGS 1/2014 – Submission and Evaluation NoDateItemAction 128/01-23/02/2014Proposal preparation and submission via IRMIS or office counter FSSR (Attn: Pn Farhana) - Application form http://rmi.uitm.edu.my/form-to- download.html Lecturers 25/02/2014Research briefing (1 st round) –FRGS 1/2014 - Auditorium FSSR, 10.00am to 11.00am Lecturers and Postgraduate Students 310/02/2014Research briefing (2 nd round)–FRGS 1/2014 - Auditorium FSSR, 10.00am to 11.00am Lecturers and Postgraduate Students 417/02/2014Proposal imporvement workshop (1 st round)Lecturers 524/02-13/03/2014MyGrant online application openLecturers 604/03/2014Proposal imporvement workshop (2 nd round)Lecturers 714/03-16/03/2014FRGS UiTM Level – 1 st round evaluationRMI 816/03-26/03/2014Corrections and improvement of FRGS proposalLecturers 928/03-30/03/2014FRGS UiTM Level – 2 nd round evaluationRMI 1003/04/2014UiTM FRGS proposal finalizedRMI 1107/04-21/04/2014FRGS proposal submission to MoERMI

4 4 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino MyGrants http://portal.mygrants.gov.my/main.php

5 5 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino

6 6 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino

7 7 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino MOHE Grant Scheme

8 8 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Research Characteristics Why (theory) is this happening ? How (theory) did this happened ?

9 9 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Research Characteristics What happened if we apply this theory ? Where can we apply this theory ?

10 10 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Acceptable (Basic) Applied Research Applied Science Technology & Engineering Clinical & Health Science Pure Science Fundamental Research Grant Social Science Arts & Applied ArtsNatural Science & National Heritage Weakness : A Very Applied Organization

11 11 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino FRGS Experience (1/2009 Forms) Kriteria Asas – Penyelidikan asas yang di pohon merupakan projek yang menghasilkan sesuatu idea/konsep/teori/dasar baru – Hasil penyelidikan yang berpotensi ke arah penyelidikan lanjutan, teknologi or proses terkini – Penyelidikan yang akan menambah baik sesuatu metodologi, teori dan konsep sediada – Penyelidikan yang dapat menghasilkan fakta, maklumat dan pengetahuan baru Teknologi & Kejuruteraan (Di tolak kerana tidak memenuhi salah satu kriteria berikut) – Tidak mempunyai pelajar M.Sc/PhD dibawah sekim ransangan ekonomi – Penyelidik muda kurang dari lima tahun pengalaman – Tidak menepati kriteria fundamental atau penyelidikan asas – Tidak lengkap mengikut garispanduan/format – Kos melampaui bajet yang di tetapkan

12 Kriteria Penyelidikan yang dipohon mestilah merupakan penyelidikan yang dapat menghasilkan suatu idea/teori/konsep/kaedah/model/proses baru; DAN Penyelidikan yang dapat menambahbaik sesuatu polisi, metodologi dan model penyelesaian yang sedia ada; ATAU Penyelidikan yang merangkumi isu-isu kemanusiaan dan kemasyarakatan bagi tujuan peningkatan nilai kehidupan dalam negara dan sejagat; ATAU Penyelidikan yang berpotensi untuk menyumbang kepada agenda strategik negara.

13 13 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Each Fundamental Research Grant Scheme application must satisfy the following criteria:- The research applied can produce new ideas/theory/concept/method/model/process and develop other research, AND Research which can improve a particular policy, a method and an existing problem solving methodology OR Research which encompasses humanities and social science issues intended to improve the values of mankind, and society for purposes of improving quality of life, nationally and globally OR Research projects which are niche to national strategic projects which can develop a particular industry of national interest. Projects which have institutional collaboration will be given some weightage. Criteria Collaboration Advantage All about Theory

14 14 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Fundamental research is basic research performed for a specific period and it will not produce benefit in the short term. Intended to encourage new ideas/concept /theory which are innovative and latest. Leading to the advancement of knowledge in the various research areas. Generally the research will focus on: – accumulation of theories; – fundamental structures; and – fundamental processes with the goal of understanding them Fundamental Research Not a Product All about Basic Theory Not about Applications

15 15 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Acceptable Applied Research Basic Research that could uncover/enhanced national resources for future economic gains – Arts & Applied Arts – Natural Science & National Heritage Acceptable (Basic) Applied Research Arts & Applied ArtsNatural Science & National Heritage

16 16 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Choice of Research Areas Chemistry – Pure Science – Applied Science ICT/Computer Science – Applied Science – Technology & Engineering Chose closer to your foundation /field of knowledge

17 17 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Competitive Groups FRGS (2/2010) Professors – A/B/C Associate Professors/Senior Lecturers – Gred 51/52/53/54 Lecturers – Gred 45/Gred 46 Least Competitive Expatriate must have permanent local lecturers (collaborators) & local PG Contract Lecturers must have permanent local lecturers as collaborator

18 18 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Research Proposal Project Title Objectives Research background Benefits of the project – Impact – Outcomes expected Project structure Organisations involved Linkages Project Team Submission of Authoritative Expert Definite Title Definite Problems Definite Outcomes

19 19 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Research Proposal Experimental design & methodology Project activities (Plan of action) – Key milestone – Duration of project – Project schedule Project costs – Manpower – Travelling, Materials, Expenses & Equipments Ethical considerations (If relevant) Committed to Produce New Theory/Technique/Model Committed to Train PG Committed to Publish Conclusive Research

20 20 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino To Refrain in Title Avoid applied wording such as; – “Development of…, – Application of…., – Design of….., etc Restricted scope such as “Malaysian Context”, UiTM context etc – A software for Malaysian Rubber Industry… Product directions; i.e mapping system, computer based softwares – A new computer-based measurement system …

21 21 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino To also refrain in title Anything implying commercial entities – A low-cost automated machine …. Avoid words that add nothing to a reader's understanding; – Studies on..., – Investigations..., – Research ….. – Some Problems in.... – The effects of …

22 22 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Acceptable Titles but Weak Must have fundamental sense such as; – “Basic study of…, – Theoretical investigation of …, – Mechanism …., etc The word “New” – New techniques in Measurements … The word “Algorithms” – Search algorithms for ….

23 23 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Acceptable but Weak Title Fundamental Study …. New Model …. Novel Theory …. Theoretical Investigation … Potential of … Modelling of.. Assessing … A Performance Analysis … Reduce Multi-Parameter Increase in Depth Pilot Study not Width Outcome : Applied Research as Future

24 24 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Project Title Must reflect the work that you would like to do – Specific Focus and Unique (Not too general) Gives the impression as to the level of work/ intensiveness of work worthy of the type of grant proposed. Signify the status of research that will be performed – original or value added – lab based, fundamental Signify the area of expertise that you would like to develop for the country – If you are involved at the National Level Test 1: Google Test 2 : Google Scholar Test 3 : ISI Search Peer Review

25 25 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Other Researchers (Recommended) For new researchers, include experienced researchers and vice versa. – Minimum two researcher – Suggest three (3) researchers in team, maximum of five (5). – A balanced team would be desirable as it would reflect the team’s track record. Don’t forget to include CV. Senior Head/Junior Collaborator Junior Head/Senior Collaborator No PhD (Find One) Non-PhD new PI : Compulsory Others : Option

26 26 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Research Collaborations University Linkages (Academics) – Inter-University – Inter-campus – Inter-faculty – Inter-department – Inter-fields within department Industry Linkages (Preferred for TechnoFund) Researchers – Other Staff Members – Other Universities – Others

27 27 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Executive Summary – Abstract of Work Proposed – Do not write a thesis on this. This is an abstract of 300 words (FRGS) – Include the background of research, objectives, research methodology and expected outcomes from the research project Concise and compact No citation – Very important as evaluators tend to only read this when time is limited. May not even read further if summary is poorly written Concise & Compact

28 28 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Research Background Literature Review summary – impact-oriented/value added – guide towards producing original research / value added research – Short but thorough enough – Consistency with the whole content – Quote the relevant references (not more than 15 (12 to 15); preferably 30% from last 18 months) At least one paper Jan 2012 Observe Reference

29 29 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Research Background (Major Components) Introduction – Literature Review Summary including work of others – Some relevant background to solutions Problem Statement/Research Questions – Problems to solve – Questions to answer Hypothesis to Solutions – Solutions to problems – Answers to Research Questions Significance and Uniqueness in work – Advantage, Simplifications, Impact Gaps in Theory / Unraveling of Phenomena Significance Solutions & Hypothesis

30 30 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Research Methodology Describe how you plan to carry it out – Include a flow chart – Must have a Gantt Chart – Milestone for every 6 months Include all relevant details such as – What do you plan to do – How ? – Study area where you plan to study/collect samples from – Equipment used – Where you plan to do – Sample size / No of tests to be done Is it statistically significant ? Sample size is important since it has a bearing on project costs. Do you need approval from government ministries to do the work. If yes, attach the approval letter. Flow Chart Gantt Chart/Milestone Equipment Used in Method Statistics if Applicable

31 31 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Equipment in Research Methodology 3.Implementation of Experimental Verifications To verify validity of the proposed technique, basic test equipments including; volt-meter, ammeter, wattmeter together with basic DC supply for controller will be used. A frequency generator will be used to generate test waveforms. A special DC supply (600V, 10A) will be used to provide the DC rail voltage for inverter operation. A new high sampling oscilloscope will be used to record waveforms presenting the performance and behavior of the proposed work that includes;

32 32 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Outcome (Human Capital & Publication) Human Capital Three (3)- year project – Is required to train at least one (1) Ph.D student/2 Master. OR Two (2)-year project:- – Is required to train one (1) Masters students. Publication – Minimum three indexed publications Recommended Another Master 1 Overseas Conference At least 1 Local Conference

33 33 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Budget (FRGS) Follow Guidelines Vote 11000 - Salary and wages (Only GRA) – Ph.D : RM2000.00 – M.Sc : RM1500.00 Vote 21000 - Travelling Expenses and Subsistence (Not to Exceed 40% of Project Cost) – Overseas conference : 20% ( { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/14/4350841/slides/slide_33.jpg", "name": "33 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R.", "description": "Legino Budget (FRGS) Follow Guidelines Vote 11000 - Salary and wages (Only GRA) – Ph.D : RM2000.00 – M.Sc : RM1500.00 Vote 21000 - Travelling Expenses and Subsistence (Not to Exceed 40% of Project Cost) – Overseas conference : 20% (

34 34 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Budget (2) Vote 27000 - Research Materials & Supplies (Including Animals, Disposables, etc) – Includes special documents Minor modifications and repairs (V 28000) – Repairs of equipments/renovations Vote 29000 – (max 10%) – Professional Services, Training for subjects for 3 Weeks to 3 Months & other services including printing & hospitality, Honorarium for subjects. Special equipment, accessories (V 35000) – Indicate in Research Methodology where equipment is used. – (Not more than 40%) Ceiling 10% of project costs Not more than 40% of project costs

35 35 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Budget (Guidelines) Minimise purchase of Equipment Research Assistants (Salary and Wages) – Young Lecturer without Ph.D (1 M.Sc x RM1.5K x 24 months = RM36,000) – PhD Holder (3 years) (1 PhD x RM2K x 36 months = RM72,000) (1 M.Sc x RM1.5K x 24 months = RM36,000) Commit to present paper overseas – Allocate RM15,000.00 for travelling (vote 21000) – Allocate fees > RM5000 for fees (vote 29000)

36 36 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino FRGS Structure of Proposal About Flaws/Gaps in Basic Theory About Solving Basic Theory Not about solving World Problems Remove Association with Applications

37 37 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Project title – One line summary of research Objectives – Key outline of activities in research – Recommended to limit to 3 items ( more than RM200,000) – Limit to 2 (less than RM200,000) Problem Statement/Research Questions – No of items to match objectives Research Methodology – Maximum 7 Activities (2 years) – Maximum 9 activities (3 years) Critical Proposal Component To solve problems Problems to overcome Approach to Solutions

38 38 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Problem Statement/Research Questions –There is a leak in the roof of your house Objectives –To seal the roof leak using a ROOF SEALANT Project title –Implementation of solution to roof leak in your house using roof sealant Research Methodology –Go to a hardware shop; buy a sealant –Find a ladder to climb the roof –Seal the leak Roof Leak (Simple Example) Include Objectives & Method To solve problems Problems to overcome Approach to Solutions

39 39 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Research Questions How to seal the leaking roof ? – Objectives : To define the method/technique on sealing a ROOF LEAK Why is the roof leaking ? Objectives : To investigate a leak in the roof

40 40 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Oskar (Feb 2013) Problem Statement and Objectives Two Objectives with Two Solutions Problem Statement and Objectives

41 41 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Main Background

42 42 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Background Submission in Jan 2012 / Reference in Dec 2012 (Impact Factor Pub)

43 43 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Background Significance to World & Malaysia

44 44 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Latest Reference Submission in December/Reference in Nov 2009 (Impact Factor Pub)

45 45 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Objective VS Problems Observe the link of Problem Statement & Hypothesis VS Objectives

46 46 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Expected Results Performance 5/6 papersAverage 4 Paper Minimum 3 Paper

47 47 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Expected Results Very generic applications and leading to applied research Tentative Postgraduate Titles

48 48 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Executive Summary (1) Objectives Background & Problem Method Outcome

49 49 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Executive Summary Nowadays, increasing number of populations, industries and agricultural activities in Malaysia produced large amounts of organic wastes such as sewage sludge, livestock manure, industrial sludges and others thus creating economical and environmental problems. Thereby, this research is an attempt to promote proper waste management via organic fertilizer production applying earthworms assisted bioremediation technique. Specifically, this research objectives are i) to study the potential of various types of sludges, animal and agricultural wastes as organic fertilizer using vermiculture technology and ii) to determine earthworms basic chemical properties that suitable for medicinal purposes and iii) to investigate the antioxidant, anti-aging and skin-whitening properties of earthworms extract for cosmeceutical application. Pot trial experiment will be conducted under greenhouse conditions involving 5 types of sludge, 5 types of worm species and 4 types of organic wastes with 4 replicates and 6 mixtures ratios for each treatment levels using factorial arrangement of treatment design. Physico-chemical analysis including heavy metals accumulation in the vermicompost, sludge and earthworms bioactive ingredients will be analysed using atomic absorption spectrophotometer and high performance liquid chromatograpy. At the end of the experiment, it is expected that we will discover the potential ability of different types of sludge produced in Malaysia as an organic fertilizer using vermiculture approach. In addition, the ultimate aim is to produce high quality of sludge-based vermicompost and get basic knowledge of earthworm potential use for human healthcare. Objectives Background & Problem Method Outcome Applied Research (National Heritage)

50 50 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Key Activity & Milestone (Life-Science Applications) 1.Purchase of reagents and equipments (Activity) –Commissioning of Real-time PCR machine 2.Design and purchase of primers and probes for MB and DNA-dipstick (Activity) –Designed and purchased of primers and probes for MB and DNA-dipstick 3.Evaluation and parameter determination of multiplex primers for MB and DNA- dipstick (Activity) –Completion of evaluation of multiplex primers for MB and DNA-dipstick 4.Evaluation and parameter determination of detection formats for MB and DNA- dipstick (Activity) –Completion of evaluation of detection formats for MB and DNA-dipstick 5.Selection of final MB and DNA-dipstick formats: Field Trials using clinical specimens(Activity) –Review and selection of final MB and DNA-dipstick formats 6.Field Trials using clinical specimens(Activity) –Completion of field trials Source : Prof Asma USM Milestone : Once every 6 months Jan-June/Jul-Dec Activity 3 to 9 months

51 51 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Key Activity & Milestone (Engineering Applications) Milestone : Once every 6 months Jan-June/Jul-Dec Activity 3 to 9 months

52 52 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Phrases The proposed topology and its synthesis will be verified through a series of design simulations, prototypes fabrication and measurements. –Implying product The proposed topology and its synthesis will be investigated through a series of computer simulations, fabricated and verified experimentally. –Only experimental verifications Improvements

53 53 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Titles

54 54 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Title Analysis On Combining an Orthogonal Space Time Turbo Trellis Codes and Continuous Phase Modulation Using New Channel State Information Algorithm (ERGS) –Channel State Information Continuous Phase Modulation Orthogonal Space Time Turbo Trellis Codes (FRGS) –Channel State Information Continuous Phase Modulation Orthogonal Space Time Turbo Trellis Codes Using New Channel State Information Algorithm (ERGS) Parameter 1 : On Combining an Orthogonal Space Time Turbo Trellis Codes Parameter 2 : Continuous Phase Modulation Multi Parameter ERGS

55 55 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Other Words/Phrase to Refrain Words to refrain from too much emphasis Optimization / Hybrid There is a growing trend.. Limiting Scope –Malaysia, Selangor, Shah Alam Applied Scope : Specifics VS Generic –Alzheimer, Parkinson, Autism VS Brain Impairment

56 56 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino SSP Titles Physiological and Hematological Stress Response to Video-game Playing Among Adolescents in Malaysia (ERGS) –Adolescents Video-game Playing Physiological Stress Response (FRGS) –Adolescents Video-game Playing Hematological Stress Response (FRGS) Financial Fraud Risks and Internal Control System of Malaysian Companies : Extending the Fraud Triangle Theory to Fraud Diamond Theory –Fraud Diamond Theory (FRGS) –Identification of Fraud Diamond Theory in Financial Fraud Risks of Malaysian Companies (ERGS) –Characterisation of Fraud Diamond Theory in Internal Control System of Malaysian Companies (ERGS)

57 57 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino SSP Titles A New Corporate Efficiency Performance Measurement Model Based on Data Envelopment Analysis Technique –Corporate Efficiency Performance Measurement Model Based on Data Envelopment Analysis Technique (ERGS) –Data Envelopment Corporate Efficiency Performance Measurement Model (FRGS) Modelling Sukuk Structures by using Embedded Options as a Risk Mitigation Technique –Embedded Options Risk Mitigation Sukuk Structures Model (FRGS) –Modelling Sukuk Structures by using Risk Mitigation Technique Embedded Options (ERGS) –Modelling Sukuk Structures based on Risk Mitigation Technique Embedded Options (ERGS)

58 58 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Social Science Survey to verify exploratory research not too much survey content Look at positive values for model/theory/policy than problem to achieve – (advantage model) No data collection overseas & scope Refrain from comparative studies

59 59 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Things to observe Completeness of forms Title does not reflect applied/exploratory Executive summary has FRGS emphasis Elements of Basic Research in other parts Accuracy of budget Postgraduate supervision & outcomes Significance/Uniqueness of work Emphasis on HOW & WHY in research questions More references on basic research (reduced applied papers)

60 60 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Research Proposal Alignment Title Problem Statement / Research Question Objectives Hypothesis (MyGrants) Methodology Expected Outcomes

61 61 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Exercise for Today TitlePS/RQObjectivesHypothesisMethodology Expected outcome

62 62 (61) FSSR Feb 2014O.H. Hassan & R. Legino Thank You for Your Attention Questions & Discussion Do not submit Guarantee Unsuccessful Submit pun belum tentu dapat


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