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7 APRIL 2015 BELL ACTIVITY: READ SILENTLY FROM YOUR IRB BOOKS. TODAY’S AGENDA: INDEFINITE PRONOUNS PREPOSITIONS EVIDENCE: reasons that support a claim.

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Presentation on theme: "7 APRIL 2015 BELL ACTIVITY: READ SILENTLY FROM YOUR IRB BOOKS. TODAY’S AGENDA: INDEFINITE PRONOUNS PREPOSITIONS EVIDENCE: reasons that support a claim."— Presentation transcript:

1 7 APRIL 2015 BELL ACTIVITY: READ SILENTLY FROM YOUR IRB BOOKS. TODAY’S AGENDA: INDEFINITE PRONOUNS PREPOSITIONS EVIDENCE: reasons that support a claim.

2 4 basic types of pronouns Personal Pronouns D EMONSTRATIVE P RONOUNS ?Interrogative pronouns ? Indefinite pronouns

3 We covered these last week! They must agree with their antecedent & are easy to memorize. Personal pronouns break into subgroups according to Person: 1 st, 2 nd, & 3 rd person Case: subject, object or possessive Number: singular or plural Gender: male, female or neutral. Personal Pronouns

4 D emonstrative P ronouns T HIS, T HAT, T HESE, T HOSE I like to think of them as the 4 pointers, because they point out (or demonstrate) what is being talked about. I would like some of this. Please pick that up. Don’t touch that! Would you rather have these or those?

5 ???????? INTERROGATIVE ?????? ???????????? PRONOUNS ????????? To interrogate is to ask questions… Not all questioning words can be INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS, only those that can replace the noun. What, whatever“He took what with him? Which, whichever“He took which with him? Who, Whom, Whose, “He took who with him? Whoever, Whomever, Whosever“Whoever went with him is happy”

6 Indefinite pronouns I NDEFINITE pronouns DO NOT have an ANTECEDENT ; I NDEFINITE pronouns ARE NOT defined by an ANTECEDENT. HOWEVER, an INDEFINITE pronoun CAN BE the ANTECEDENT of a personal or interrogative pronoun. Some are considered singular Some are considered plural anybody everybody nobody somebody anyone everyone none one someone anything everything something nothing another other each either neither both few many several all most Some any much

7 1.If anyone here plans to enter the contest, he or she must sign the list. 2.Everybody in the cast has already put on his or her costume. 3.Everyone from the girls’ class was sitting quietly at her desk. 4.Both passed their certification exam. 5.Joey tasted several of the desserts and found them delicious

8 Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases The bunny is in a basket…

9 A preposition has 2 jobs: A preposition shows the POSITION OR DIRECTION of the object of a preposition in relationship to other words in clause. A PREPOSITION starts a PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE The bunny is on a basket

10 _ 2 _ Necessary Parts of a prepositional phrase: 1. The PREPOSITION 2. The OBJECT of the PREPOSITION The bunnies are beside a basket The bunnies are next to a basket The bunnies are near a basket

11 A prepositional phrase ALWAYS BEGINS with A PREPOSITION. A PREPOSITONAL PHRASE ALWAYS ENDS with the OBJECT of the PREPOSITION – a noun or pronoun. RULES OF THE PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE There is NEVER a verb between a preposition and its object PREPOSITIONS NEVER STAND ALONE: TO BE A PREPOSITION- IT MUST HAVE AN OBJECT The basket is full of bunnies.

12 1. Mike sat squarely on the desk. 2. Linda talked to her friends in the hall. 3. Across the room flew Superman with Lois. 4. In the chair on the floor by the window sat the old cat. Please draw a parenthesis set around each prepositional phrase.

13 NOTES ON PREPOSTIONS & PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES A preposition has 2 jobs. 1.to show the position or direction of the o___________ of a p______________________ in relationship to other words in a clause. 2. to begin a prepositional_________________. A Prepositional phrase has 2 required parts. 1.The _p_________________ AND 2.The _o_____________ of the _p_________________. 4 RULES OF THE PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE 1.A prepositional phrase ALWAYS b____________with a p_________________. 2.A prepositional phrase ALWAYS e________ with the _______________ of the preposition – a n_________ or p_____________. 3.There is NEVER a __________ between a preposition and its object. 4.Prepositions never _______________ _________________: To be a preposition, it must have an __________________. aboardbeyondoppositelike (comparison) aboutbut (except)outCompound Prepositions abovebyoutsideAccording to acrossdownoverahead of afterduringpastaside from againstexceptsinceas of alongforthroughas in amongfromtobecause of aroundinsidetowardby means of atintounderin addition to beforenearunderneathinstead of behindinuntilnext to belowofup, uponon account of beneathoffwithout of beside(s)on, ontowithin, without between

14 . 1) The tulips in the garden bloom during the spring. 2)Everyone from our town went to the rally. 3)Our cat went through the bushes and into the neighbor’s yard 4)Music from the auditorium could be heard across the hall. 5)I was skateboarding down the driveway. 6)All of the crackers on the shelf are stale. 7)Debbie told us about the party at Julie’s house. 8)Put these art supplies in the cabinet over the sink. 9)Sharon hit the ball toward the shortstop. 10)There is a dog similar to yours at the pet shop. 11)The puppy came into the tent and slept under the blanket. 12)I found three important papers in the trash. 13)Over the river and through the trees spread the raging fire. 14)Linus cannot sleep without his blanket around him. 15)The car got stuck between two trees. 16)Everyone except me heard the announcement. 17)Do you go barefoot around the house? 18)Within the cave huddled the frightened cubs. 19)Until next week we will be at the hotel. 20)Laurie sat behind me at the theater Underline each preposition. Put parenthesis around each prepositional phrase. PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES 1) The tulips in the garden bloom during the spring. 2)Everyone from our town went to the rally. 3)Our cat went through the bushes and into the neighbor’s yard 4)Music from the auditorium could be heard across the hall. 5)I was skateboarding down the driveway. 6)All of the crackers on the shelf are stale. 7)Debbie told us about the party at Julie’s house. 8)Put these art supplies in the cabinet over the sink. 9)Sharon hit the ball toward the shortstop. 10)There is a dog similar to yours at the pet shop. 11)The puppy came into the tent and slept under the blanket. 12)I found three important papers in the trash. 13)Over the river and through the trees spread the raging fire. 14)Linus cannot sleep without his blanket around him. 15)The car got stuck between two trees. 16)Everyone except me heard the announcement. 17)Do you go barefoot around the house? 18)Within the cave huddled the frightened cubs. 19)Until next week we will be at the hotel. 20)Laurie sat behind me at the theater Underline each preposition. Put parenthesis around each prepositional phrase. PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES

15 1) The tulips in the garden bloom during the spring. (2) 2)Everyone from our town went to the rally. (2) 3)Our cat went through the bushes and into the neighbor’s yard (2) 4)Music from the auditorium could be heard across the hall. (2) 5)I was skateboarding down the driveway. (1) 6)All of the crackers on the shelf are stale. (2) 7)Debbie told us about the party at Julie’s house. (2) 8)Put these art supplies in the cabinet over the sink. (2) 9)Sharon hit the ball toward the shortstop. (1) 10)There is a dog similar to yours at the pet shop. (2) 11)The puppy came into the tent and slept under the blanket. (2) 12)I found three important papers in the trash. (1) 13)Over the river and through the trees spread the raging fire. (2) 14)Linus cannot sleep without his blanket around him. (2) 15)The car got stuck between two trees. (1) 16)Everyone except me heard the announcement. (1) 17)Do you go barefoot around the house? (1) 18)Within the cave huddled the frightened cubs.(1) 19)Until next week we will be at the hotel. (2) 20)Laurie sat behind me at the theater (2).

16 1) The tulips (in the garden) bloom (during the spring). (2) 2)Everyone (from our town) went (to the rally). (2) 3)Our cat went (through the bushes) and (into the neighbor’s yard) (2) 4)Music (from the auditorium) could be heard (across the hall). (2) 5)I was skateboarding (down the driveway.) (1) 6)All (of the crackers) (on the shelf) are stale. (2) 7)Debbie told us (about the party) (at Julie’s house.) (2) 8)Put these art supplies(in the cabinet) (over the sink). (2) 9)Sharon hit the ball (toward the shortstop). (1) 10)There is a dog similar (to yours) (at the pet shop). (2).

17 11.The puppy came (into the tent) and slept (under the blanket). (2) 12.I found three important papers (in the trash). (1) 13.(Over the river) and (through the trees) spread the raging fire. (2) 14.Linus cannot sleep (without his blanket) (around him). (2) 15.The car got stuck (between two trees). (2) 16.Everyone (except me) heard the announcement. (1) 17.Do you go barefoot (around the house)? (1) 18.(Within the cave) huddled the frightened cubs.(1) 19.(Until next week) we will be (at the hotel). (2) 20.Laurie sat (behind me) (at the theater) (2)

18 DEBATE: Should there be an extra tax on Soda? CLAIM (THESIS): Yes, there should be an extra tax on sugary beverages. CLAIM (THESIS): No, there should not be an extra tax on sugary beverages. EVIDENCE (REASONS):


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