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Day One: Introduction to Public Speaking by Yana A. Cornish Hamilton College.

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1 Day One: Introduction to Public Speaking by Yana A. Cornish Hamilton College

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4 Presentation Agenda IntroductionsIntroductions Overview of the Course SyllabusOverview of the Course Syllabus Introduction to Public SpeakingIntroduction to Public Speaking

5 Introductions

6 Introductions Give the following information about yourself using the five fingers on your hand: –Thumb – name something you’re good at or something you need luck with this quarter; –Pointer – say where you’re headed, your direction; –Middle – tell the others something that makes you mad; –Ring – name someone or something special to you; –Pinky – state something to remember you by.

7 Let’s take a look at our course syllabus…

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9 Chapter One: Introduction to Public Speaking A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step. -- Old Chinese Proverb

10 Why Study Public Speaking? Get in groups of 3 or 4 and brainstorm some reasons;Get in groups of 3 or 4 and brainstorm some reasons; Time: 2 minutesTime: 2 minutes

11 Why Study Public Speaking? EmpowermentEmpowerment –Gives you an edge; –The ability to stand up and say what you think in front of others; –Audition for Leadership: “Every time you have to speak – whether it’s in an auditorium, in a company conference room, or even at your own desk – you are auditioning for leadership” James Humes (former presidential speech writer).“Every time you have to speak – whether it’s in an auditorium, in a company conference room, or even at your own desk – you are auditioning for leadership” James Humes (former presidential speech writer).

12 Why Study Public Speaking? EmploymentEmployment –Communication skills are rated as the top employment factor by personnel managers in the US and internationally. –1 st Factor Sought by Employers –2 nd is Writing Skills

13 Benefits of Public Speaking Skills Throughout your lifetime, the ability to prepare and deliver effective presentations will benefit you:Throughout your lifetime, the ability to prepare and deliver effective presentations will benefit you: –Academically; –Professionally; –Publicly; –Personally.

14 Academic Benefits of Public Speaking Skills Successful students must speak and write with clarity;Successful students must speak and write with clarity; By preparing for your speeches you will also develop other skills:By preparing for your speeches you will also develop other skills: –Critical thinking –Effective listening; –Research techniques; –Cultural sensitivity; – Organizational ability all necessary for enhancing learning and academic success.

15 Professional Benefits of Public Speaking Skills Ability to make effective presentations impacts your professional growth and career success;Ability to make effective presentations impacts your professional growth and career success; Employers seek applicants who can present ideasEmployers seek applicants who can present ideas –Clearly (informative speeches) –Persuasively (persuasive speeches) Learning to speak is not a luxury, it is a necessity in most careers.Learning to speak is not a luxury, it is a necessity in most careers.

16 Public Benefits of Public Speaking Skills The survival of democracy depends on whether citizens areThe survival of democracy depends on whether citizens are –ready, –willing, and –able to speak in public. Speaking opportunities in the community:Speaking opportunities in the community: –A school board hearing; –Rally of faith communities; –Political candidates forums; –Community celebrations.

17 Personal Benefits of Public Speaking Skills Effective presentations can boost:Effective presentations can boost: –your personal confidence; –your perceived competence; –your popularity. You will be able to express your thoughts;You will be able to express your thoughts; Most listeners admire speakers who can express their ideas clearly, justify opinions logically, and share feelings;Most listeners admire speakers who can express their ideas clearly, justify opinions logically, and share feelings; Speakers derive enormous satisfaction from their speaking experiences.Speakers derive enormous satisfaction from their speaking experiences.

18 Public Speaking and Conversation Similarities:Similarities: –Focus and vocalize thoughts; –Adapt to listeners;

19 Differences Public SpeakingPublic Speaking –Planned –Formal language and nonverbal communication –Roles of speaker and listeners are clearly defined and stable –Often involves a larger audience Conversation –Spontaneous –Casual language and nonverbal communication –Roles of speaker and listeners are fluid and interactive –Normally is carried out among a smaller group of people

20 The Rich Heritage of Public Speaking Greek and Roman RhetoriciansGreek and Roman Rhetoricians European ClergyEuropean Clergy American PatriotsAmerican Patriots Abolitionists and SuffragistsAbolitionists and Suffragists Radio and Television SpeakersRadio and Television Speakers Internet SpeakersInternet Speakers

21 Public Speaking and Diversity Different expectations for appropriate and effective speech topics, argument structure, language style, and delivery.Different expectations for appropriate and effective speech topics, argument structure, language style, and delivery. A speaker needs to understand differences and adapt to diverse audiences.A speaker needs to understand differences and adapt to diverse audiences.

22 Public Speaking and Diversity GenderGender EthnicityEthnicity CultureCulture

23 Context - The Culture Western Western Italian Italian U.S. American U.S. American White Anglo-American White Anglo-American Urban American Urban American Catholic Catholic Male Dominance Male Dominance Heterosexual Heterosexual Environmentalist Environmentalist Asian Saudi Arabian French-Canadian African-American Rural American Baptist Female Equality Homosexual Developer Maximum Difference Minimum Difference

24 Resources: Textbook: Beebe, S. & Beebe, S. (1997). Public Speaking: An audience-centered approach. New York: Prentice HallTextbook: Beebe, S. & Beebe, S. (1997). Public Speaking: An audience-centered approach. New York: Prentice Hall Internet:Internet: –http://www.abacon.com/beebe http://www.abacon.com/beebe –http://www.abacon.com/pubspeak/index. html http://www.abacon.com/pubspeak/index. htmlhttp://www.abacon.com/pubspeak/index. html

25 Questions for review: Why is it important to study public speaking?Why is it important to study public speaking? –Describe specific benefits (academic, personal, professional, and public); Describe how public speaking differs from casual conversation;Describe how public speaking differs from casual conversation; How does diversity impact public speaking?How does diversity impact public speaking?

26 Assignment for next class: Read Chapters 1 & 2;Read Chapters 1 & 2; Go to one of the websites:Go to one of the websites: –http://www.abacon.com/pubspeak/index. html http://www.abacon.com/pubspeak/index. htmlhttp://www.abacon.com/pubspeak/index. html –http://wps.ablongman.com/ab_beebe_pub speak_5 http://wps.ablongman.com/ab_beebe_pub speak_5http://wps.ablongman.com/ab_beebe_pub speak_5 Write a short promotional description about the site highlighting each of the content areas you will find on the site.Write a short promotional description about the site highlighting each of the content areas you will find on the site.

27 http://www.abacon.com/pubspeak/index.html

28 http://www.abacon.com/beebe

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31 Communication Process

32 Pp. 7-9 in the textbook;Pp. 7-9 in the textbook; Read one of the section (will be assigned);Read one of the section (will be assigned); Be ready to present, illustrating each idea with concrete examples;Be ready to present, illustrating each idea with concrete examples; Time: 10 minutes – preparation;Time: 10 minutes – preparation; Time: 3-5 minutes – presentation.Time: 3-5 minutes – presentation. In-Class Assignment

33 Communication Process Communication as Action. Channel Message Noise SourceReceiver

34 Communication Process Communication as Interaction. Channel Message Noise SourceReceiver Feedback Context

35 Communication Process Communication as Transaction. SenderReceiver

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