6IntroductionsGive the following information about yourself using the five fingers on your hand:Thumb – name something you’re good at or something you need luck with this quarter;Pointer – say where you’re headed, your direction;Middle – tell the others something that makes you mad;Ring – name someone or something special to you;Pinky – state something to remember you by.
9Chapter One: Introduction to Public Speaking A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.-- Old Chinese Proverb
10Why Study Public Speaking? Get in groups of 3 or 4 and brainstorm some reasons;Time: 2 minutes
11Why Study Public Speaking? EmpowermentGives you an edge;The ability to stand up and say what you think in front of others;Audition for Leadership:“Every time you have to speak – whether it’s in an auditorium, in a company conference room, or even at your own desk – you are auditioning for leadership” James Humes (former presidential speech writer).
12Why Study Public Speaking? EmploymentCommunication skills are rated as the top employment factor by personnel managers in the US and internationally.1st Factor Sought by Employers2nd is Writing Skills
13Benefits of Public Speaking Skills Throughout your lifetime, the ability to prepare and deliver effective presentations will benefit you:Academically;Professionally;Publicly;Personally.
14Academic Benefits of Public Speaking Skills Successful students must speak and write with clarity;By preparing for your speeches you will also develop other skills:Critical thinkingEffective listening;Research techniques;Cultural sensitivity;Organizational abilityall necessary for enhancing learning and academic success.
15Professional Benefits of Public Speaking Skills Ability to make effective presentations impacts your professional growth and career success;Employers seek applicants who can present ideasClearly (informative speeches)Persuasively (persuasive speeches)Learning to speak is not a luxury, it is a necessity in most careers.
16Public Benefits of Public Speaking Skills The survival of democracy depends on whether citizens areready,willing, andable to speak in public.Speaking opportunities in the community:A school board hearing;Rally of faith communities;Political candidates forums;Community celebrations.
17Personal Benefits of Public Speaking Skills Effective presentations can boost:your personal confidence;your perceived competence;your popularity.You will be able to express your thoughts;Most listeners admire speakers who can express their ideas clearly, justify opinions logically, and share feelings;Speakers derive enormous satisfaction from their speaking experiences.
18Public Speaking and Conversation Similarities:Focus and vocalize thoughts;Adapt to listeners;
19Differences Public Speaking Conversation Planned Formal language and nonverbal communicationRoles of speaker and listeners are clearly defined and stableOften involves a larger audienceConversationSpontaneousCasual language and nonverbal communicationRoles of speaker and listeners are fluid and interactiveNormally is carried out among a smaller group of people
20The Rich Heritage of Public Speaking Greek and Roman RhetoriciansEuropean ClergyAmerican PatriotsAbolitionists and SuffragistsRadio and Television SpeakersInternet Speakers
21Public Speaking and Diversity Different expectations for appropriate and effective speech topics, argument structure, language style, and delivery.A speaker needs to understand differences and adapt to diverse audiences.
22Public Speaking and Diversity GenderEthnicityCulture
23Context - The Culture Western Maximum Difference Minimum Difference ItalianU.S. AmericanWhite Anglo-AmericanUrban AmericanCatholicMale DominanceHeterosexualEnvironmentalistAsianSaudi ArabianFrench-CanadianAfrican-AmericanRural AmericanBaptistFemale EqualityHomosexualDeveloperMinimum Difference
24Resources:Textbook: Beebe, S. & Beebe, S. (1997). Public Speaking: An audience-centered approach. New York: Prentice HallInternet:
25Questions for review: Why is it important to study public speaking? Describe specific benefits (academic, personal, professional, and public);Describe how public speaking differs from casual conversation;How does diversity impact public speaking?
26Assignment for next class: Read Chapters 1 & 2;Go to one of the websites:Write a short promotional description about the site highlighting each of the content areas you will find on the site.
32In-Class Assignment Pp. 7-9 in the textbook; Read one of the section (will be assigned);Be ready to present, illustrating each idea with concrete examples;Time: 10 minutes – preparation;Time: 3-5 minutes – presentation.
33Communication Process Communication as Action.NoiseMessageMessageSourceChannelReceiver
34Communication Process Communication as Interaction.NoiseMessageMessageSourceChannelReceiverFeedbackContext
35Communication Process Communication as Transaction.SenderReceiver