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Day One: Introduction to Public Speaking

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1 Day One: Introduction to Public Speaking
by Yana A. Cornish Hamilton College



4 Presentation Agenda Introductions Overview of the Course Syllabus
Introduction to Public Speaking

5 Introductions

6 Introductions Give the following information about yourself using the five fingers on your hand: Thumb – name something you’re good at or something you need luck with this quarter; Pointer – say where you’re headed, your direction; Middle – tell the others something that makes you mad; Ring – name someone or something special to you; Pinky – state something to remember you by.

7 Let’s take a look at our course syllabus…

8 Questions?

9 Chapter One: Introduction to Public Speaking
A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step. -- Old Chinese Proverb

10 Why Study Public Speaking?
Get in groups of 3 or 4 and brainstorm some reasons; Time: 2 minutes

11 Why Study Public Speaking?
Empowerment Gives you an edge; The ability to stand up and say what you think in front of others; Audition for Leadership: “Every time you have to speak – whether it’s in an auditorium, in a company conference room, or even at your own desk – you are auditioning for leadership” James Humes (former presidential speech writer).

12 Why Study Public Speaking?
Employment Communication skills are rated as the top employment factor by personnel managers in the US and internationally. 1st Factor Sought by Employers 2nd is Writing Skills

13 Benefits of Public Speaking Skills
Throughout your lifetime, the ability to prepare and deliver effective presentations will benefit you: Academically; Professionally; Publicly; Personally.

14 Academic Benefits of Public Speaking Skills
Successful students must speak and write with clarity; By preparing for your speeches you will also develop other skills: Critical thinking Effective listening; Research techniques; Cultural sensitivity; Organizational ability all necessary for enhancing learning and academic success.

15 Professional Benefits of Public Speaking Skills
Ability to make effective presentations impacts your professional growth and career success; Employers seek applicants who can present ideas Clearly (informative speeches) Persuasively (persuasive speeches) Learning to speak is not a luxury, it is a necessity in most careers.

16 Public Benefits of Public Speaking Skills
The survival of democracy depends on whether citizens are ready, willing, and able to speak in public. Speaking opportunities in the community: A school board hearing; Rally of faith communities; Political candidates forums; Community celebrations.

17 Personal Benefits of Public Speaking Skills
Effective presentations can boost: your personal confidence; your perceived competence; your popularity. You will be able to express your thoughts; Most listeners admire speakers who can express their ideas clearly, justify opinions logically, and share feelings; Speakers derive enormous satisfaction from their speaking experiences.

18 Public Speaking and Conversation
Similarities: Focus and vocalize thoughts; Adapt to listeners;

19 Differences Public Speaking Conversation Planned
Formal language and nonverbal communication Roles of speaker and listeners are clearly defined and stable Often involves a larger audience Conversation Spontaneous Casual language and nonverbal communication Roles of speaker and listeners are fluid and interactive Normally is carried out among a smaller group of people

20 The Rich Heritage of Public Speaking
Greek and Roman Rhetoricians European Clergy American Patriots Abolitionists and Suffragists Radio and Television Speakers Internet Speakers

21 Public Speaking and Diversity
Different expectations for appropriate and effective speech topics, argument structure, language style, and delivery. A speaker needs to understand differences and adapt to diverse audiences.

22 Public Speaking and Diversity
Gender Ethnicity Culture

23 Context - The Culture Western Maximum Difference Minimum Difference
Italian U.S. American White Anglo-American Urban American Catholic Male Dominance Heterosexual Environmentalist Asian Saudi Arabian French-Canadian African-American Rural American Baptist Female Equality Homosexual Developer Minimum Difference

24 Resources: Textbook: Beebe, S. & Beebe, S. (1997). Public Speaking: An audience-centered approach. New York: Prentice Hall Internet:

25 Questions for review: Why is it important to study public speaking?
Describe specific benefits (academic, personal, professional, and public); Describe how public speaking differs from casual conversation; How does diversity impact public speaking?

26 Assignment for next class:
Read Chapters 1 & 2; Go to one of the websites: Write a short promotional description about the site highlighting each of the content areas you will find on the site.




30 Questions?

31 Communication Process

32 In-Class Assignment Pp. 7-9 in the textbook;
Read one of the section (will be assigned); Be ready to present, illustrating each idea with concrete examples; Time: 10 minutes – preparation; Time: 3-5 minutes – presentation.

33 Communication Process
Communication as Action. Noise Message Message Source Channel Receiver

34 Communication Process
Communication as Interaction. Noise Message Message Source Channel Receiver Feedback Context

35 Communication Process
Communication as Transaction. Sender Receiver

36 Questions?

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