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10/01V. R. Francisco1 RENAISSANCE THEATRE ARCHITECTURE by Virginia R. Francisco.

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Presentation on theme: "10/01V. R. Francisco1 RENAISSANCE THEATRE ARCHITECTURE by Virginia R. Francisco."— Presentation transcript:

1 10/01V. R. Francisco1 RENAISSANCE THEATRE ARCHITECTURE by Virginia R. Francisco

2 10/01V. R. Francisco2 Italian Practice is Major Influence productions began 1470 but only on special occasions in temporary theatres

3 10/01V. R. Francisco3 Emphasis on Scenery even Serlio assumes no permanent building a theatre burned in Ferrara 1532 but not known to be permanent

4 10/01V. R. Francisco4 Temporary Theatres in Halls stadium-like seating around an orchestra used to seat royal party raised stage at ruler's eye level front stage flat for actors rear raked for scenery

5 10/01V. R. Francisco5 Scenery Not Meant to be Changed Serlio’s 3 scenes were to be enough for all plays

6 10/01V. R. Francisco6 Development of Permanent Theatres after 1550: the Baroque Era new concern for authority return to orthodoxy under growing pressure from Protestantism

7 10/01V. R. Francisco7 Teatro Olimpico, Vicenza oldest surviving permanent theatre in Europe built 1585 by Olympic Academy, founded 1555 specialized in Greek dramas formerly produced on temporary stages

8 10/01V. R. Francisco8 Teatro Olimpico Designed by Palladio a member of the Olympic Academy student of Vetruvius and of Roman ruins

9 10/01V. R. Francisco9 Teatro Olimpico in existing building necessarily semi-elliptical seating around a small orchestra EI/teatro_olimpico.htm EI/teatro_olimpico.htm

10 10/01V. R. Francisco10 Stage and Scenery rectangular stage fixed facade with 5 openings modified by Scamozzi street scenes in perspective

11 10/01V. R. Francisco11 Teatro at Sabbionetta designed by Scamozzi, 1588 first purpose-built theatre building designed as one unit

12 10/01V. R. Francisco12 The Proscenium Arch purpose is masking scene changes served by downstage angle wings and border early proscenium arches were temporary oldest extant evidence is drawing Bartolomeo Neroni, 1560

13 10/01V. R. Francisco13 Permanent Proscenium Arches early at Uffizi court theatre, Florence, 1586 designed by Bartolomeo Neroni destroyed in c. 18

14 10/01V. R. Francisco14 Teatro Farnese at Parma designed by Giovani Battista Aleotti, 1618 first used 1628 first surviving theatre with permanent proscenium arch two more arches upstage Auditorium Like Other Court Theatres U-shaped stadium seating large open orchestra

15 10/01V. R. Francisco15 Box, Pit, and Gallery Auditoria used in middle ages in temporary theatres used in London (1567), Paris (1558), Madrid (1579) public theatres

16 10/01V. R. Francisco16 Corrales in Spain Madrid, several temporary, 1570’s phics/principe1.jpg Almagro, n.d., now restored phics/almagro.html

17 10/01V. R. Francisco17 Standardized by Public Opera Houses and professional opera troupes first public theatre, San Cassiano, Venice, 1565 Opera of SS Giovanni e Paolo, Venice, 1639 plan is first extant evidence of bpg auditorium five levels of galleries first two divided into boxes parterre

18 10/01V. R. Francisco18 Venice Public Opera House Box, pit, and gallery auditorium Proscenium arch stage Wing, drop, and border scenery La Fenice, 1789 htm

19 10/01V. R. Francisco19 Surviving Renaissance Theatres Drottingholms Slottsteater, 1766, Sweden /eframes_index.htm Cesky Krumlov, Czech Republic 1680, reconstructed and equipped 1765

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