In the 1950s Senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin was the inspiration for the world “McCarthyism” after his highly publicized attacks on alleged communists working in the federal government, p. 81 At the height of immigration to this country, there was a striking emphasis on creating a shared political culture. Schoolchildren, whatever their national origin, were taught to salute this country’s flag. p. 79 Topham/The Image Works Underwood & Underwood/CORBIS
Political System 5 important elements 1. Liberty Americans are preoccupied with their rights. Free to do as long as they don’t hurt people 2. Equality equal vote and equal chance to participate 3. Democracy Government officials accountable to the people
Political System 4. Civic Duty People out to take community affairs seriously and help out when they can. 5. Individual responsibility Individuals are responsible for their own actions and well-being
Yet, despite disagreements Americans are a patriotic people, as seen in this photo of baseball fans waving flags and singing “God Bless America,” taken a few days after 9/11. Protests and demonstrations are a common feature of American politics, as with this attack in Seattle on American membership in the World Trade Organization in November 2001. Beth A. Keiser/AP Photo John Sommers II/Reuters/Corbis
Economic System Americans support the idea of “free- enterprise” Disagreement comes as to the limits to place on the market People support government regulation of business to keep them from abusing power
Activity Page 92 Would you allow the following groups to hold a meeting at your cities civic auditorium? Explain why or why not.
Civil Society Collection of private, voluntary groups/Independent of Federal Government The more money a community has, the higher the level of involvement (Putnam) Ex bowling leagues, softball, NAACP, Veterans of Foreign Wars