Kit McCormick & Judy Sutherland Washoe County School District Reno, Nevada
Thank You! For providing, free of charge, an outstanding DVD documentary and corresponding lessons on the Birmingham Children’s March. Sue Davis, Director Teaching American History Project Washoe County School District, Reno, Nevada For providing workshops that inspire lessons like these, and for sponsoring our trip to Atlanta.
Why are we here? To provide a series of lessons to support the student understanding of the Children’s March Acquire strategies for using primary sources Incorporate music to enhance students’ understanding of the times Integrate children’s literature into the study of the Civil Rights movement Use an Oscar winning documentary to support the curriculum.
Setting the stage: Why would children want to protest?
What will you learn? When you finish this PowerPoint you will be able to answer the following questions... 1. What are Jim Crow laws? 2. Why were Jim Crow laws created?
Slavery Africans were enslaved by early colonists Slavery was concentrated in the Southern part of the U.S. Slaves worked on plantations. Slavery was always a source of conflict in the United States
Civil War By 1860, the United States fought a war with itself—Southern States against Northern States A major cause of the war was slavery. Southern States wanted to keep slavery; Northern States wanted to get rid of slavery.
The North Wins the War! In 1865 the North won the war! The slaves were free! The people in the South were upset and angry about losing the war and their slaves. General Grant accepts the surrender of the South from General Lee at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, 1865.
What about the slaves? Many former slaves continued to live in the South. Most Southerners still believed these former slaves, people of color, were beneath them. White people wanted to keep people of color beneath them. How can one group of people keep another group of people beneath them in society?
Make Laws!! Southern states created laws to keep African-Americans beneath Euro-Americans These laws separated or segregated blacks from whites. Laws Education The schools for white children and the schools for negro children shall be conducted separately. Florida Parks It shall be unlawful for colored people to frequent any park owned or maintained by the city for the benefit, use and enjoyment of white persons...and unlawful for any white person to frequent any park owned or maintained by the city for the use and benefit of colored persons. Georgia Primary Source: Laws
Plessy V. Ferguson In 1892 the Supreme Court of the United States declared that separating blacks from whites was Constitutional as long as the facilities were equal—this gave rise to the phrase separate but equal Do you think separating people is fair?
Jim Crow Laws Segregation laws were called Jim Crow laws Visit this website to learn more about Jim Crow laws http://students.spsu.ed u/aarmstr2/ http://students.spsu.ed u/aarmstr2/
Focus on educational segregation Photograph of White School Prince Edward County, Virginia Photograph of Black School Prince Edward County, Virginia
Another depiction of “separate, but equal.” Farmville Auditorium, Prince Edward County, Virginia, 1951 Moton Auditorium, Prince Edward County, Virginia, 1951
Protest Music: songs associated with a movement for social change Spirituals became protest music Pete Seeger—”I Ain’t A-Scared of Your Jail” Joan Baez—”We Shall Overcome” Sam Cooke—”A Change is Gonna Come” James Brown—”Say It Loud, I’m Black and I’m Proud”