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Kit McCormick & Judy Sutherland Washoe County School District Reno, Nevada.

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Presentation on theme: "Kit McCormick & Judy Sutherland Washoe County School District Reno, Nevada."— Presentation transcript:


2 Kit McCormick & Judy Sutherland Washoe County School District Reno, Nevada

3 Thank You! For providing, free of charge, an outstanding DVD documentary and corresponding lessons on the Birmingham Children’s March. Sue Davis, Director Teaching American History Project Washoe County School District, Reno, Nevada For providing workshops that inspire lessons like these, and for sponsoring our trip to Atlanta.

4 Why are we here?  To provide a series of lessons to support the student understanding of the Children’s March  Acquire strategies for using primary sources  Incorporate music to enhance students’ understanding of the times  Integrate children’s literature into the study of the Civil Rights movement  Use an Oscar winning documentary to support the curriculum.

5 Setting the stage: Why would children want to protest?

6 Segregation

7 What will you learn?  When you finish this PowerPoint you will be able to answer the following questions... 1. What are Jim Crow laws? 2. Why were Jim Crow laws created?

8 Slavery  Africans were enslaved by early colonists  Slavery was concentrated in the Southern part of the U.S. Slaves worked on plantations.  Slavery was always a source of conflict in the United States

9 Civil War  By 1860, the United States fought a war with itself—Southern States against Northern States  A major cause of the war was slavery.  Southern States wanted to keep slavery; Northern States wanted to get rid of slavery.

10 The North Wins the War!  In 1865 the North won the war!  The slaves were free!  The people in the South were upset and angry about losing the war and their slaves. General Grant accepts the surrender of the South from General Lee at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, 1865.

11 What about the slaves?  Many former slaves continued to live in the South.  Most Southerners still believed these former slaves, people of color, were beneath them.  White people wanted to keep people of color beneath them.  How can one group of people keep another group of people beneath them in society?

12 Make Laws!!  Southern states created laws to keep African-Americans beneath Euro-Americans  These laws separated or segregated blacks from whites. Laws  Education The schools for white children and the schools for negro children shall be conducted separately. Florida  Parks It shall be unlawful for colored people to frequent any park owned or maintained by the city for the benefit, use and enjoyment of white persons...and unlawful for any white person to frequent any park owned or maintained by the city for the use and benefit of colored persons. Georgia Primary Source: Laws

13 Plessy V. Ferguson  In 1892 the Supreme Court of the United States declared that separating blacks from whites was Constitutional as long as the facilities were equal—this gave rise to the phrase separate but equal  Do you think separating people is fair?

14 Jim Crow Laws  Segregation laws were called Jim Crow laws  Visit this website to learn more about Jim Crow laws  http://students.spsu.ed u/aarmstr2/ http://students.spsu.ed u/aarmstr2/

15 Focus on educational segregation Photograph of White School Prince Edward County, Virginia Photograph of Black School Prince Edward County, Virginia

16 Another depiction of “separate, but equal.” Farmville Auditorium, Prince Edward County, Virginia, 1951 Moton Auditorium, Prince Edward County, Virginia, 1951

17 Double-Bubble for Comparing & Contrasting Differences Similarities Farmville Auditorium Moton Auditorium

18 Brown vs. Board of Education Follow-Up Students write letters to Thurgood Marshall, attorney who argued the case before the Supreme Court.

19 Ruby Bridges Before viewing: Who would volunteer to be one of the first to go to an integrated school? After viewing: Would you still volunteer?

20 Integrating children’s literature  A Newbury Honor Book  A Coretta Scott King Honor Book  An ALA Best Book for Young Adults

21 Preview the Book

22 Music Music is important to the Watson family and is an integral part of the story.

23 Kenny’s Favorite Song

24 Mama and Dad’s Favorite Song

25 Teaching Tolerance





30 September 15, 1963




34 Protest Music: songs associated with a movement for social change  Spirituals became protest music  Pete Seeger—”I Ain’t A-Scared of Your Jail”  Joan Baez—”We Shall Overcome”  Sam Cooke—”A Change is Gonna Come”  James Brown—”Say It Loud, I’m Black and I’m Proud”

35 Follow-up Lesson from Teaching Tolerance

36 Children Making a Difference

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