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IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit One: Chapter 6 ann, enn -ly audi, audio- non- cycl, cyclo- path, -pathy -hood pend hyper-quart, quadr- Common word parts—also known as prefixes, suffixes, and roots— are used in forming many words in English.

3 Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 1 ann, enn The word part ann or enn means A. four. B. year. C. hang. TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT This year’s annual family reunion will be held at a campground. Our town is having a big bicentennial parade exactly two hundred years after the day the town was founded.

4 Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 1 ann, enn The word part ann or enn means A. four. B. year. C. hang. TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT This year’s annual family reunion will be held at a campground. Our town is having a big bicentennial parade exactly two hundred years after the day the town was founded. The annual reunion is held every year. The words this year’s are a clue. The word bicentennial means “two hundred years.” The word includes three word parts: bi (two), cent (hundred), and enn (year).

5 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT 2 audi, audio- The word part audi or audio means A. condition. B. feeling. C. hearing. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. The bride’s softly spoken wedding vows were not audible to those at the back of the church. The sound system in the new auditorium is so good that music can be heard clearly even in the upper balconies.

6 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT 2 audi, audio- The word part audi or audio means A. condition. B. feeling. C. hearing. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. The bride’s softly spoken wedding vows were not audible to those at the back of the church. The sound system in the new auditorium is so good that music can be heard clearly even in the upper balconies. If the bride spoke softly, her vows would not be heard at the back of the church. An auditorium is a place where one hears music.

7 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT 3 cycl, cyclo- The word part cycl or cycle- means A. circle. B. four. C. condition. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. When Bob asked his parents if he could buy a new “two- wheeler,” they didn’t realize he meant a motorcycle. A cyclone travels in a circular motion. A bicycle

8 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT 3 cycl, cyclo- The word part cycl or cycle- means A. circle. B. four. C. condition. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. When Bob asked his parents if he could buy a new “two- wheeler,” they didn’t realize he meant a motorcycle. A cyclone travels in a circular motion. A motorcycle has wheels (circles). In the second item, the word circular suggests that cyclo- means “circle.” A bicycle has two wheels (circles).

9 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT When children reach adulthood, how much help should their parents give them? For my great-grandmother, womanhood began early—she was married at hood The word part -hood means A. state of. B. sound. C. not. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words.

10 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT When children reach adulthood, how much help should their parents give them? For my great-grandmother, womanhood began early—she was married at hood The word part -hood means A. state of. B. sound. C. not. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. Adulthood is the state of being an adult. For the great-grandmother, the state of being a woman began when she married.

11 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part hyper- means A. opposite of. B. more than normal. C. fourth. 5 hyper- Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. Trina is hypersensitive to conflict. When people disagree with her, she thinks they are rejecting her personally. On the Internet, pages are written in hypertext—a special language that includes links to related text, images, and sound.

12 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part hyper- means A. opposite of. B. more than normal. C. fourth. 5 hyper- Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. Trina is hypersensitive to conflict. When people disagree with her, she thinks they are rejecting her personally. On the Internet, pages are written in hypertext—a special language that includes links to related text, images, and sound. If Trina thinks people who disagree with her are rejecting her personally, she must be more than normally sensitive to conflict. A language that includes links related to text, images, and sound is more than a normal text.

13 The word part -ly means A. fourth. B. in a certain way. C. opposite of. One cannot easily drown in Utah’s Great Salt Lake because the lake’s high percentage of salt helps people float. During the American Revolution, many brides proudly wore red, instead of white, as a symbol of rebellion. 6 -ly Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT

14 The word part -ly means A. fourth. B. in a certain way. C. opposite of. One cannot easily drown in Utah’s Great Salt Lake because the lake’s high percentage of salt helps people float. During the American Revolution, many brides proudly wore red, instead of white, as a symbol of rebellion. 6 -ly Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT If people float in the lake, one could not drown in an easy way. To show their support for the revolution, the brides wore red in a proud way.

15 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part non- means A. condition. B. not. C. overly. The paints used in elementary schools are nontoxic so that a child who might swallow some won’t be poisoned. The story about the aliens was supposed to be nonfiction, but it sounded made-up to me. 7 non- Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words.

16 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part non- means A. condition. B. not. C. overly. The paints used in elementary schools are nontoxic so that a child who might swallow some won’t be poisoned. The story about the aliens was supposed to be nonfiction, but it sounded made-up to me. 7 non- Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. If the children won’t be poisoned, the paints must not be toxic. The story about aliens was supposed not to be fiction. Gas with this label is not flammable and not toxic.

17 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part path or -pathy means A. feeling. B. hearing. C. the opposite. When Ricardo’s marriage fell apart, Ben’s reaction was very empathic because he had also been rejected by a loved one. Felicia and her mother claim to have powers of telepathy. They say that they know each other’s feelings and thoughts without being told. 8 path, -pathy Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words.

18 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part path or -pathy means A. feeling. B. hearing. C. the opposite. When Ricardo’s marriage fell apart, Ben’s reaction was very empathic because he had also been rejected by a loved one. Felicia and her mother claim to have powers of telepathy. They say that they know each other’s feelings and thoughts without being told. 8 path, -pathy Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. Because Ben understood what Ricardo was going through, his reaction to Ricardo’s failed marriage would show much feeling. In the second item, the word feelings tells you that -pathy means “feeling.”

19 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part pend means A. suffering. B. to listen. C. to hang. The children’s swing is an old tire that’s suspended from a strong oak branch. I can’t sit and watch the swinging pendulum of a grandfather clock without starting to feel sleepy. 9 pend Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words.

20 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part pend means A. suffering. B. to listen. C. to hang. The children’s swing is an old tire that’s suspended from a strong oak branch. I can’t sit and watch the swinging pendulum of a grandfather clock without starting to feel sleepy. 9 pend Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. The tire would be hung from the branch to make a swing. In a grandfather clock, the pendulum hangs down below the face of the clock.

21 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part quart or quadr- means A. overly. B. two. C. four. 10 quart, quadr- Let’s cut the apple into quarters so all four of us can share it. The ad said I would quadruple my money in two months. But instead of making four times as much money, I lost what I had invested. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words.

22 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part quart or quadr- means A. overly. B. two. C. four. 10 quart, quadr- Let’s cut the apple into quarters so all four of us can share it. The ad said I would quadruple my money in two months. But instead of making four times as much money, I lost what I had invested. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. In the first item, the word four tells you that to divide something into quarters is to divide it into four parts. In the second item, the words four times tell you that quadruple means “multiply by four.” Four quarters equal one dollar.

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.It’s hard for me to be (sym... etic) ___ when my sister complains, because she causes so many of her problems herself. 1.Chen loves playing the piano, especially when he has a(n) (... ence) ___ listening to him. A. annB. audi, audioC. cycl, cyclo-D. -hood F. -lyG. non-H. path, -pathyI. pend Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.hyper- J. quart, quadr-

24 If he plays the piano, people would hear the sound. Listening is a clue. SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.It’s hard for me to be ____________ when my sister complains, because she causes so many of her problems herself. 1.Chen loves playing the piano, especially when he has an __________ listening to him. A. annB. audi, audioC. cycl, cyclo-D. -hood F. -lyG. non-H. path, -pathyI. pend Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.hyper- J. quart, quadr- audience sympathetic If the sister causes so many of her own problems, it would be hard to have any feeling for her difficulties.

25 4.When I lost one of my diamond earrings, I had the other one made into a(n) (... ant) ___ to hang around my neck. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.The children’s odd (... et) ___ consisted of a toy-drum player, a building-block clapper, a piano player, and a bell ringer. 3.Because of therapy, Grace is a well-adjusted adult, but her (child... ) ___ years were troubled and unhappy. A. annB. audi, audioC. cycl, cyclo-D. -hood F. -lyG. non-H. path, -pathyI. pend Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.hyper- J. quart, quadr-

26 4.When I lost one of my diamond earrings, I had the other one made into a ___________ to hang around my neck. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.The children’s odd ___________ consisted of a toy-drum player, a building-block clapper, a piano player, and a bell ringer. 3.Because of therapy, Grace is a well-adjusted adult, but her ____________ years were troubled and unhappy. A. annB. audi, audioC. cycl, cyclo-D. -hood F. -lyG. non-H. path, -pathyI. pend Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.hyper- J. quart, quadr- In contrast with her situation as an adult, Grace was unhappy when she was in the state of being a child. The quartet consisted of four musicians. The words to hang tell you the meaning of pendant. quartet childhood pendant

27 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.We were told to bring only necessary equipment on our camping trip, so I was surprised to see how much (... essential) ___ gear others brought. 7.Mrs. Baker said she and her husband had been (happi... ) ___ married for forty-seven years. But Mr. Baker, correcting her, said 1977 wasn’t so great. A. annB. audi, audioC. cycl, cyclo-D. -hood F. -lyG. non-H. path, -pathyI. pend Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.hyper- J. quart, quadr-

28 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.We were told to bring only necessary equipment on our camping trip, so I was surprised to see how much ____________ gear others brought. 7.Mrs. Baker said she and her husband had been _____________ married for forty-seven years. But Mr. Baker, correcting her, said 1977 wasn’t so great. A. annB. audi, audioC. cycl, cyclo-D. -hood F. -lyG. non-H. path, -pathyI. pend Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.hyper- J. quart, quadr- Necessary equipment is contrasted equipment that is not essential. Mrs. Baker and her husband have been married in a happy manner for forty-seven years. nonessential happily

29 9.The supervisor said that workers would be evaluated (... ually) ___ for possible promotions. So if they don’t get a promotion one year, they might get one the next. 10.My grandmother has (... tension) ___, which is abnormally high blood pressure. 8.One of the most difficult vehicles to ride is also one of the simplest: a (uni... e) ___, a vehicle with only one wheel. SENTENCE CHECK 1 A. annB. audi, audioC. cycl, cyclo-D. -hood F. -lyG. non-H. path, -pathyI. pend Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.hyper- J. quart, quadr-

30 9.The supervisor said that workers would be evaluated ____________ for possible promotions. So if they don’t get a promotion one year, they might get one the next. 10.My grandmother has ______________, which is abnormally high blood pressure. 8.One of the most difficult vehicles to ride is also one of the simplest: a ____________, a vehicle with only one wheel. SENTENCE CHECK 1 A. annB. audi, audioC. cycl, cyclo-D. -hood F. -lyG. non-H. path, -pathyI. pend Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.hyper- J. quart, quadr- The word wheel tells you that cycl means “circle.” The word year tells you that annually means “yearly.” The words abnormally high tell you that hyper- means “more than normal.” unicycle annually hypertension


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