Presentation on theme: "NUCLEAR ENERGY REGULATORY POLICY IN MALAYSIA"— Presentation transcript:
1 NUCLEAR ENERGY REGULATORY POLICY IN MALAYSIA Nuclear Regulatory Infrastructure in MalaysiaNUCLEAR ENERGY REGULATORY POLICY IN MALAYSIADepartment of Atomic Energy Licensing BoardMinistry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI)MALAYSIASafe, Secure and Safeguarded
2 OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION Introduction of AELBAct and RegulationsFunction of AELBNPP PlanningCurrent Licensing of Nuclear Material and Nuclear InstallationLegislation Development Towards Supporting NPPSupervision of NPP: Inter-agency InvolvementTreaties, Convention and AgreementResources: StaffingHuman Resource Development ProgramInfrastructure: Emergency Response Centre, and Monitoring InfrastructureConclusion
3 ATOMIC ENERGY LICENSING BOARD Licensing DivNuclear Installation. DivPolicy, Codes & Standard DivNational Radiological CentreAuditoriumEnforcement Div & ICT CentreSource: Google EarthATOMIC ENERGY LICENSING BOARD
4 Nuclear Safety Infrastructures-Malaysia’s Initiatives under ANSN AELB, ACT AND REGULATIONSMain ActAtomic Energy Licensing Board (AELB)Atomic Energy Licensing Act 1984 (Act 304)To provide for the regulation and control of atomic energy;For the establishment of standards on liability for nuclear damage; andFor matters connected therewith or related thereto.Ministry of Science, Technology & Innovation(General Secretary)Minister of Science, Technology & InnovationDirector GeneralAELB DepartmentExecutive SecretaryNuclear Installation DivisionPolicy, Code & Standard DivisionTechnical Support DivisionLicensing DivisionEnforcement DivisionAdministrative Services DivisionStanding Safety CommitteeSub-standing Safety CommitteeThe Board(5 Members)Regulatory Body:AELB was establish under Section 3 of the Act 304.Ensuring safety, security and safeguarding peaceful nuclear activities.
5 BOARD FUNCTIONS MISSION Encouraging innovation culture to ensure the safe and peaceful uses of radiation and nuclear technologyVISIONRemaining a relevant regulatory authority with credibility in radiation and nuclear safety, security and safeguarding its peaceful uses for national sustainable developmentBOARDFUNCTIONSTO CONTROL ANDSUPERVISION APPLICATIONAND USE OF ATOMIC ENERGYAND MATTERSINCIDENTAL THERETO(AKTA 304)TO DO SUCH OTHERTHINGS ARISING OUT OFOR CONSEQUENTIAL TOTHE FUNCTIONS OF THEBOARD UNDER THIS ACTTO ADVISE MINISTERAND GOVERNMENT OFMALAYSIA ON MATTERSRELATING TOTHIS ACTTO ESTABLISH, MAINTAINAND DEVELOP SCIENTIFICAND TECHNICALCO-OPERATION AT NATIONALAND INTERNATIONALLEVELTO PERFORM ANOBLIGATIONS ARISINGFROM AGREEMENTS,CONVENTION OR TREATIESRELATING TO NUCLEARMATTERS OR ATOMICENERGY
6 HIERARCHY OF LEGAL SYSTEM Orders and Conditionsof LicenseGuidelines, Codesand Standards• Act: provides the basic law concerning the development and utilization of atomic energy and safety regulations.Act 304Regulations• Regulations: provides more detailed provisions entrusted by the Act.• Provides additional requirement which not stated in the regulations or special matters related to provisions entrusted by the Act• Provides guides, codes and standards to comply with and achieve goal impose in regulations
7 NPP PLANNINGCabinet decision on 26 June 2009: Nuclear Energy is an option of energy source for electricity generation post 2020Preparation of National Nuclear Regulatory PolicyStrengthening Nuclear Regulatory Authority (AELB)Development of technical guidelines related to NPP activitiesPotential power operator engagedTriga Mark II Puspati - upgrading project to enhance technical capabilityNGOs engagement to support NPP2 or 3 Universities engaging in Nuclear Engineering and Safety CoursesSitting planning in the processReviewing the international conventions ensuring compliance to peaceful uses of nuclear energy
8 RADIATION PROTECTION (LICENSING) REGULATIONS 1986 LICENSE FOR NUCLEAR MATERIALCLASS B - license to manufacture, trade in, produce, process, purchase, own, possess, use, transfer, handle, sell or store nuclear materialClass B LicenseOrganizationTechnical RequirementsRadiation SafetyRegistered companyOBTLRPORadiation WorkersApproved RegisteredMedical PractitionerNuclear materialStorage facilityRadiation detectorPersonal monitoringPPERadiation Protection ProgramSafety Analysis Report (SAR)Ref: P.U. (A) 149
9 RADIATION PROTECTION (LICENSING) REGULATIONS 1986 LICENSE FOR NUCLEAR INSTALATIONCLASS F - license to site, to construct or to operate a nuclear installation● ● ● ● ● ●siting construction commissioning operation shutdown decommissioning.Class F LicenseSiting and constructionOperationTemporaryFullRef: P.U. (A) 149
10 LEGISLATION DEVELOPMENT TOWARDS SUPPORTING NPP LEGAL FRAMEWORK20072008200920102011Q1Q2Q3Q4Projected Act 200_Licensing Regulation 1986, Basic Safety Standard Regulation 1988, Transport Regulation 1989Waste Management Regulation 2009, Nuclear Installation Licensing 2009, Safeguard Regulations 2010, Nuclear Security Regulations 2011Inter-Agency Meeting with relevant Regulatory Authority (MHLG, EC, DOE, DOSH)49 documents related to RR and NPPDevelopment of regulatory criteria, guidelines, standards for regulatory review of site assessment reportDevelopment of regulatory criteria, guidelines, standards for regulatory review of design, construction and operation of NPPMoU with BAPETEN, Indonesia (2008)MoU with:- CNCAN, Romania- AEA, Hungary- KINS, KoreaUSAUKMAmendment of Act 304Revision of Current RegulationsDevelopment of New RegulationsEstablishment ofLicensing Mechanism of NPPAdoption of IAEA StandardsBilateral Cooperation
11 CURRENT INITIATIVE ON LEGAL INFRASTRUCTURE A comprehensive Atomic Energy Act is being reviewed (IAEA Standard) and AELB is discussing with various agencies in strengthening legal infrastructure of nuclear activities in Malaysia.Anticipate to come out with a more comprehensive and effective act on nuclear activities e.g. CPPNM, AP, export control, compoundable offences or its criminalization etc.Adoption of 49 IAEA Standards related to RR and NPP.Developing more guidance documents for licensee.
12 LICENSING OF NPP : LEGISLATION MAP Application for siting, construct and operate NPP for electricity generationEnergy CommissionDOEDOSHAELBElectricity Supply Act 1990Environmental Quality Act 1974Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994, Factory and Machinery Act 1967, Petroleum Act 1984Atomic Energy Licensing Board 1984Non-nuclear IslandEIA & environmental management planIndividual Certification (e.g. SHO)/ machine & equipment, pressure vessel and boilerNuclear IslandMHLGTown Planning Act 1976Fire Services Act 1988License / Approval for land use and Enforcement
13 SUPERVISION OF NPP: INTER-AGENCY INVOLVEMENT Atomic Energy Regulatory AspectAELBOccupational Safety and Health AspectDOSHEnvironmental AspectDOELocal Authority & Public ParticipationMHLGNational Coordinator for DisasterNATIONAL SECURITY COUNCILNuclear Energy Policy AspectENERGY COMMISSIONROYAL MALAYSIAN POLICESecurity Aspect
14 TREATIES, CONVENTION AND AGREEMENT TitleIn ForceStatusAgreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the IAEA-Non-partyVienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear DamageOptional Protocol Concerning the Compulsory Settlement of DisputesConvention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear MaterialAmendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear MaterialConvention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident2 October 1987Signature: 1 September 1987Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological EmergencyJoint Protocol Relating to the Application of the Vienna Convention and the Paris ConventionConvention on Nuclear SafetyJoint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste ManagementProtocol to Amend the Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear DamageConvention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear DamageRevised Supplementary Agreement Concerning the Provision of Technical Assistance by the IAEA (RSA)13 February 1981Signature: 13 February 1981Third Agreement to Extend the 1987 Regional Cooperative Agreement for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology (RCA)26 March 2002Acceptance: 26 March 2002Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (with Protocol)29 February 1972Signature: 29 February 1972
16 RESOURCES: STAFFING Position 1984 – 2003 2003 - 2007 2007 – current Full StrengthOccupied (till Nov. 2009)On Application (2009)Director General1Deputy Director General2Management and Professional Staff20514346Technical and Supporting Staff4111111310336Total6016316514784
17 HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM Application of Strategic Approach to TrainingDevelopment and adoption of a guidance document for AELB Human Capital Program – LPTA/SPP/10 (14 Mac 2008)Internal trainingsCertification Program for AELB Assessors and Inspectors.Includes national policy and strategy on HCD
18 HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM External trainings – to ensure AELB is up-to date.Starts with TNA in 2007 and followed by design, development and implementation in 2008 & Evaluation Stage will be in 2010.“Computer Based Training / Evaluation” – for identified core competencies (Radiation Protection and Malaysian Nuclear Law).10 trainings identified (based on 2007 TNA) planned in 2008 especially on critical knowledge areas.2 seminar organized in 2008 for knowledge sharing among AELB officers. This will be an annual event (at least 2 seminars a year).
19 TNA OUTPUTS AND HRD PROGRAMME Identification of Competency Standards for all AELB Technical Officers based on IAEA TecDoc 1254Identification of Competency GapsA Training Master Plan forIdentification of Internal Trainers and Re-engineersIdentification of AELB Required 15 Technical Disciplines and Resource PersonsRevised Masters/PhD program for all AELB Technical OfficersDraft Development Plans for AELB 5 Job Disciplines
20 INFRASTRUCTURE FOR MONITORING OF 3’S’: SAFETY, SECURITY AND SAFEGUARDS Illicit trafficking and border controlNational Emergency Response Centre- Incident- Accident- Sabotage- Illicit trafficking- MisusedEnvironmental radiation monitoring system20
21 WAY FORWARD Independency of Regulatory Authority: Amendment of current ActEstablishment of new ActRatification and implementation of relevant International ObligationsPublic Confidence and Participation:Public participation at the very beginning (outreach programme)Provision under current Act 304 and projected Act 200_