Presentation on theme: "What does it mean to own stock in a company? It means YOU are an OWNER of that company! You get to vote on company decisions like the members of the board."— Presentation transcript:
What does it mean to own stock in a company? It means YOU are an OWNER of that company! You get to vote on company decisions like the members of the board of directors! I work for you! Larry Ellison, CEO, Oracle Corp.
How do shareholders get rewarded for owning stock? Two Ways--- 1.Rise in Share Price (this one everybody knows) 2.Dividends (don’t forget these!)
When companies have earnings they often pay a portion of them back to their shareholders These payments are called dividends Also, don’t take your dividends in cash, but “reinvest” them in stock!!
Use the Price to Earnings ratio to pick a cheap or overvalued stock!! P/E Ratio = Price per share/earnings per share Stocks with High P/E’s considered overvalued. Stocks with low P/E’s undervalued
Charles Schwab Client Center https://client.schwab.com/secure/cc/research/stocks/stocks.html?path=/research/Client/Stocks/Summary&symbol=AAPL Screen clipping taken: 3/31/2014, 3:59 PM
1. Companies can go bankrupt. 2. You can buy stocks really high and possible never recover.
DIVERSIFYBuy A BUNCH OF STOCKS! You can even buy the entire stock market with one trade!! How?? WITH ETF’s
Charles Schwab Client Center https://client.schwab.com/secure/cc/research/etfs/etfs.html?path=/Research/Client/ETFs/Summary/&symbol=GLD Screen clipping taken: 3/31/2014, 4:26 PM
Eliminates the risk of holding too few assets Eliminates the risk of picking stocks. You get to “buy the whole market” with one trade. You can even diversify across regions and assets
SDS = double SHORT the stock market This “stock” goes up when the market goes down. (or vice versa)
“You can win as a bull, win as a bear, but pigs get slaughtered.”
Gamblers…Buy on margin Basically your broker lends you money to buy stocks. You can lose more than all your money! Our trading game allows you to buy on margin! Gamblers…Sell stocks SHORT You sell stocks you don’t own (selling short) If market goes down, you buy them back lower. If market goes up, you lose. You are betting against gravity on this, since it is natural for stocks to gain over time, not to lose! Our trading game allows you to do this, or you can use a short ETF Gamblers …are constantly buying and selling, trying to TIME the market
Investors buy and hold Investors diversify (hold many different kinds of companies) Investors only buy stocks with money they won’t need for 5 years or so. Investors don’t try to time the market. They buy when the market goes down. And sell only when they think they will need the money and the market is higher..
“ Be greedy when others are fearful. Be fearful when others are greedy.” Warren Buffet Listen to Warren Buffet!! Be a Buy and Hold investor. When the market goes down …BUY When the market goes up…HOLD Only sell your investments when you think you are going to need the money and then, only IF the market is higher.
This game only lasts 4 weeks! You’ll be asked to “TIME” the market! You won’t be rewarded for being a long-term investor!
Most investors sell when the market is LOW and buy when the market is HIGH. WHY? We are greedy and Panic! We stink at investing! Avg. stock market return is 11.9% while the average stock investor only got 4.5%.
How do you avoid buying at the Top? And Selling at the Bottom?
1. How do owners of stock profit? Increase in share price Receive dividends 2. What is a dividend? Payout of a portion of earnings to shareholders 3. How can investors easily “diversify” their stock holdings? Buy mutual funds and ETF’s
4. How is dividend yield like interest in a savings account? YOU PAY FOR A STOCK (deposit money in your savings account) AND THE COMPANY PAYS YOU A DIVIDEND 4X PER YEAR (interest) 5.How is dividend yield NOT like interest in a savings account? NOT GUARANTEED