Presentation on theme: "Mutual Funds Exchange Traded Funds vs.. A mutual fund is an investment company that invests its shareholders’ money in a diversified portfolio of securities."— Presentation transcript:
Mutual Funds Exchange Traded Funds vs.
A mutual fund is an investment company that invests its shareholders’ money in a diversified portfolio of securities. A mutual fund can be considered a financial product sold as ownership interests (shares of stock) to the public by an investment company. When investing in a mutual fund, investors are becoming part owners of a widely diversified portfolio of securities. The fund is built and managed by the investment company for the investor. This management comes at a charge for the investor.
Open-End Funds Most common No limit to the amount of growth Purchased from the mutual fund company directly and redeemed likewise Net Asset Value (NAV) is based on price of underlying securities Ordered at the future NAV Closed-End Funds Less common but gaining in popularity There is a limit to the amount of growth Once issued they are bought and sold on the major exchanges just like stocks Price is related to underlying securities, but determined by market demand Traded at current market price throughout the day
ADVANTAGES Instant diversification Asset allocation Variable transaction costs (shop around/compare) Dollar-cost averaging Liquidity Professional management DISADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES Returns are not guaranteed Must actively evaluate fund’s performance against other funds Shareholder fees Annual management fees 1-3% Misleading advertisements
An Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) is a basket of securities that tracks the performance of a stock, bond, or commodity index -- yet trades like a stock. It has a ticker, is marginable, can be sold short, and is traded on a stock exchange such as: American Stock Exchange New York Stock Exchange NASDAQ The basket of securities is generally called a “trust” or “fund” and is held and managed by a financial institution.
Unit Investment Trust Dividends do not reinvest immediately, but accumulate as cash in order to purchase additional creation units Creates slight cash drag on overall performance Examples: SPDR Trust Series I, Diamond Trust Series I Open-Ended Fund Fund will reinvest dividends immediately Little or no cash build up Examples: iShares, Select Sector SPDR’s
The first Exchange Traded Fund traded in 1990 on the Toronto Stock Exchange. State Street Global Advisors started the first U.S. ETF in 1993; it is still being traded today on the American Stock Exchange. The SPDR (Standard & Poor’s Depository Receipt) S&P 500 ETF tracks the S&P 500 stock index and is the largest ETF on the market. ETFs grew in popularity and began to be seen on all the major markets. Today, there are more than 1,100 ETF’s* traded amongst all of the major exchanges and are still growing in number.
Market Cap – track a variety of market indexes including each of the major U.S. market indexes: o Dow Jones Industrials (DIA) “Diamonds” o S&P 500 Index (SPY) “Spiders” o NASDAQ 100 (QQQ) “Qubes” International/Regional – track a specific world emerging markets: DJ EURO Stoxx 50 ETF Since ETFs strive to track indexes, they vary according to which type of index is being used. The many different categories include: TYPES OF EXCHANGE TRADED FUNDS
Sector/Industry : track a given sector of the market such as Financial (XLF) or Technology (XLK). There are nine Select Sector SPDRs that represent the S&P 500 as a whole. TYPES OF EXCHANGE TRADED FUNDS Consumer D iscretionary XLY Consumer Staples XLP Energy - XLE
COMMODITY : track a given commodity such as gold and silver (SLV): streetTRACKS Gold Shares (GLD) FIXED INCOME: track bonds: Municipal Bonds Fund (TFI)
A financial institution will formulate a “Creation Unit,” which is a collection of stocks, perhaps 50,000 shares, that serve as the underlying investment of the ETF. The ETF trust portfolio will consist of many Creation Units that are split up to provide shares of the ETF. Each ETF share represents a tiny faction of the trust. These individual ETF shares can then be traded like shares of stock on the open market.
Market Price is based on the Net Asset Value (NAV) Market value of the underlying securities Any cash in the portfolio Management fees are deducted as expenses. However, Supply and Demand forces impact the price causing it to fluctuate from the NAV. A market price that differs from the NAV is either bought or sold at a premium or discount to the NAV.
ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES You can apply limit, stop, and trailing stop orders Can be a more diversified short- term investment and more flexible long-term investment. No minimum balance requirement. Lower distributions for tax purposes can be good. You can narrow in on a tighter sector. They are not exactly like the index that they track since price fluctuates with market demand Passively managed Commission charged to buy and sell Lower distributions for tax purposes may not be appealing if you have an IRA or other tax sheltered investment May include many bad stocks that exist in a sector
TOP HOLDINGSFUND WEIGHT Exxon Mobil Corp2.85% Apple Inc.2.71% Microsoft Corp 1.70% Johnson & Johnson 1.68% Chevron Corp New 1.63% General Electric Co 1.62% Pfizer Inc.1.56% Google Inc.1.54% Procter & Gamble Co1.50% AT&T Inc.1.45%
Fund sells/buys at nearly NAV Price Low Expense Ratio Large Net Assets Large Exchange Volume As of 04/24/2013 FUNDS AT A GLANCE
There are more than 30 “SPDR” ETFs but not all are linked to any Standard & Poor's Index. Any ETF associated with State Street Bank and Trust Company is grouped as “SPDR.” Other SPDRs include: Select Sector SPDRs and streetTracks Other groupings of ETFs based on sponsoring financial institution which hold the underlying securities: VIPERS are marketed by Vanguard. iShares group is marketed by Barclays Global Investors. HOLDRs (Holding Company Depository Receipts) are marketed by Merrill Lynch.
A managed portfolio of securities Portfolio of varying securities Striving to provide diversification among different companies Closed-end fund and ETFs are traded at the normal stock exchange
* AS OF 04/22/2013 Less money is required to start investing in the ETF over the Mutual Fund The ETF has a lower expense ratio The ETF has billions of dollars of more assets COMPARING ETFs TO INDEX MUTUAL FUNDS SPDR S&P 500 ETF
Over a 10 year span, the ETF out performed the Index Mutual Fund. Neither the Mutual Fund nor the ETF was able to perfectly track the actual Market Index. COMPARING ETFs TO INDEX MUTUAL FUNDS SPDR S&P 500 ETF
ETF is both diversifiable like mutual funds and tradable like stock Lower expense ratios than the lowest-cost index mutual funds Lower minimum investments (can buy one share instead of having to invest $2500 or more – some index funds require $10,000) More accessible since can trade them with any broker No surprise in price since traded all throughout the day
IMPORTANT!!! You must assess your risk tolerance and decide whether these would be a wise investment vehicle for your portfolio. When properly used, they can greatly compliment many portfolios. IMPORTANT!!! You must assess your risk tolerance and decide whether these would be a wise investment vehicle for your portfolio. When properly used, they can greatly compliment many portfolios.
ETFs are constantly growing in popularity and availability and can be added to a 401k plan. Possible alternatives to traditional mutual funds while still providing diversification.