Presentation on theme: "THE MODERN ERA FORD THROUGH CLINTON. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION The MAIN purpose of affirmative action programs in the 1970s was to — A prevent continued discrimination."— Presentation transcript:
AFFIRMATIVE ACTION The MAIN purpose of affirmative action programs in the 1970s was to — A prevent continued discrimination in hiring. B provide childcare services for female employees. C protect striking workers from being fired. D promote universal health care for all workers.
THE 1970’S The ratification of the 26th Amendment in 1971 was a response to the demands of people who were — A homeless, but still wanted to vote. B old enough to fight, but not old enough to vote. C permanent residents, but still citizens of other countries. D citizens, but who lived and worked abroad.
Republican House Minority Leader Republican House Minority Leader
CARTER’S DECISIONS Stagflation- new economic phenomenon that combined inflation with a recession and an increase in unemployment OPEC- Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; made up of middle eastern countries that control the world’s oil supply; they quadrupled oil prices in the 1970’s Panama Canal Treaty of 1977- when Carter signed a treaty with Panama that stated the US would return the canal to them in 1999; we kept our promise Carter’s pardon of draft dodgers- Carter hoped Americans who had dodged the draft would return to the US; he hoped to “heal” the wounds but only angered vets and those that lost loved ones
IRANIAN HOSTAGES Hostages in Iran- Iranians took 52 Americans hostage in Tehran, Iran in retaliation for the US providing medical care to the Shah of Iran; Carter was not able to free them but they were released moments after Reagan was sworn in as president Reaganomics/trickle down theory- theory that tax cuts to the wealthiest Americans would encourage them to reinvest their savings into their businesses, which would allow benefits to “trickle down” to average Americans in the form of jobs and/or better wages
Iranian Hostage Crisis 444 Days Iranian Hostage Crisis 444 Days
RONALD REAGAN Reaganomics/trickle down theory- theory that tax cuts to the wealthiest Americans would encourage them to reinvest their savings into their businesses, which would allow benefits to “trickle down” to average Americans in the form of jobs and/or better wages Strategic Defense Initiative- “Star Wars”; Reagan spent billions on this project that hoped to protect the US in case of a nuclear attack; it never worked Beirut, Lebanon- 241 American marines were killed by terrorists when a truck loaded with explosives rammed into marine barracks
CRISIS CONTINUES Downfall of Communism- Berlin Wall falls in 1989 and Soviet bloc countries declare independence in 1991 Persian Gulf War- fought to keep Saddam Hussein out of Kuwait and Saudi Arabia NAFTA- North American Free Trade Agreement signed by the US, Canada, and Mexico Apartheid- racial segregation/white supremacy; apartheid ended in South Africa and Nelson Mandela was released from prison