Presentation on theme: "WHY CHANGE?. “Detroit is at a crossroads. I have said it before and I will say it again --we cannot operate the way we did 50 years ago or even 10 years."— Presentation transcript:
“Detroit is at a crossroads. I have said it before and I will say it again --we cannot operate the way we did 50 years ago or even 10 years ago. Change is at our doorstep, whether we like it or not. We have two options. We can choose to continue fighting change. Or we can embrace this opportunity to shape a new legacy to proudly hand down to our children and grandchildren. It is that simple. State of the City Address Mayor Dave Bing February 22, 2011
WHY CHANGE? Touched approximately 5000 Detroiters through Phase meetings Responded to over 500 service requests Top three things we heard from the community during Phase I: Improve essential city services NOW -Public Safety: Response time & residency -Blight Elimination: Illegal dumping & demolition -Vacant land: Impact on neighborhoods & acquisition process Transportation improvements needed: - Regional light rail and bicycle safety & accessibility Use of vacant land: -Greening & sustainability initiatives and economic development Phase 1 Update
WHY CHANGE? Take action while planning Public Safety - Internal, operational changes - Homes for Public Safety Officers Blight Elimination - Bing 3,000 first year - Bing 10,000 first term Vacant Land - Acquisition/assembly of key vacant parcels - Enhance opportunities for residents/community based organizations to acquire property Near-Term Priorities Informed by Phase 1 Feedback
WHY CHANGE? - 57 % Detroit population change of over 1,000,000 in the last 50 years. 2010 Census number: 713,777 How We Compare… Pittsburgh: -51% Cleveland: -48% Chicago: -20% Minneapolis: -27% Milwaukee: -6% Population Loss Who will live here?
WHY CHANGE? Percent Population Change 2000 - 2008 85% of the city’s land area has experienced continued population decline over the last decade. SOURCE: CLARITAS 2008 Who will live here?
WHY CHANGE? 1950 2010 Willis Street Leland Street Moran Street McDougall Street Willis Street Leland Street Moran Street McDougall Street Historic Density 185 Homes 540 People 23 Persons per acre $151,673 tax revenue Current Density 40 Homes 116 People 5 Persons per acre $32,794 tax revenue TaxAs Built OutCurrent Income$138,750$30,000 Property$301,273$65,140 Total$440,023$95,140 Direct Impacts of Population Change GOOGLE EARTH IMAGE Who will live here?
WHY CHANGE? SOURCE: P&DD 2000 Vacant Land Area is Overwhelming SOURCE: UDM 40 VACANT SQUARE MILES This is almost equivalent to the total land area of San Francisco (47 square miles). Where will people live?
WHY CHANGE? Sprawling Regional Employment Centers 38% Only 38% of Detroiters work in the city. SOURCE: DETROIT COLLABORATIVE DESIGN CENTER, 2010; GLAESER, 2001; US CENSUS 2000 Where will people work?
WHY CHANGE? Revenues from sales and charges has remained largely constant despite and increase in ridership. SOURCE: 1. MCKINSEY, DDOT DIAGNOSTICS, AUGUST 2010. 2. DDOT MEETING, OCTOBER 2010, 3. CITY OF DETROIT BUDGETS Public Transit Fiscal Position (DDOT) $140 m yearly average DDOT revenue shortfall over the last 8 years. How will people move?
WHY CHANGE? What services will people need? Public Services Cost Comparison with Other Cities FY11 Spend per capita $ thousands per capita FY11 Spend per square mile $ millions per square mile 9.08.07.06.05.04.03.02.01.0 0 DETROIT Houston Phoenix Dallas San Diego Austin San Jose Flint Cleveland Lansing St Louis Pittsburgh $9m Detroit will spend over $9 million per square mile to provide city services in 2011. SOURCE: CITY BUDGETS
WHY CHANGE? X Health and Wellness Challenges 48% Death from heart disease in Detroit is 48% higher than the national average. SOURCE: 2007 MICHIGAN RESIDENT DEATH FILE, DIVISION OF VITAL RECORDS & HEALTH STATISTICS, MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY HEALTH, 3.1 What services will people need?
WHY CHANGE? SOURCE: DETROIT, NSP1, NSP 2, NDNI, P&DD Investment Spread Across City $89 M in Neighborhood Stabilization Program investment. How will we invest?
WHY CHANGE? Confronting Immediate Challenges 10,000 vacant homes to be torn down in Mayor Bing’s first term. BUCKSHOTJONES IMAGE, FLICKR (CREATIVE COMMONS) How will we invest?
WHY CHANGE? Systems Change: Case Study #1 Site Approval/Permitting Process Pain Points: - Paper and people intensive, not customer- friendly - Cumbersome and confusing zoning ordinances - Lack of City coordination on code review process Quick Wins: - Develop more robust communications - Appoint case managers to work with customers - Create a one-stop shop - Online permitting process Long Term: - Business-friendly city - Customer-oriented service
WHY CHANGE? Systems Change: Case Study #2 Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) Reform Pain Points: - 2,000+ outstanding contracts, unspent funds - Outstanding money owed to HUD - Awards not tied to neighborhood investment strategy Quick Wins: - CDBG reform task force - Pay down debts owed - Reinvest unspent funds in shovel-ready projects Long Term: - Align investment with neighborhood strategy - Reform other funding processes (i.e. HOME)