Presentation on theme: "Helping colleagues to identify planning opportunities from a complex fact-find Jane Gow FPFS Chartered Financial Planner 75point3 Chartered Financial."— Presentation transcript:
Helping colleagues to identify planning opportunities from a complex fact-find Jane Gow FPFS Chartered Financial Planner 75point3 Chartered Financial Planners
Agenda Summarising the key planning opportunities of the fact find Analysing the client’s current and future position Identifying and quantifying vulnerabilities, gaps and shortfalls Considering alternative solutions and recommendations
HAPPY PENGUINS What planning opportunities would you consider from the Personal Fact-Find?
HAPPY PENGUINS What planning opportunities would you consider from the Business Fact-Find?
HAPPY PENGUINS Planning to avoid the current high levels of income tax on John’s income from the company
Salary vs. Dividend Salary is deductible from profit therefore reduces corporation tax Dividends are subject to income tax but there is no employer and employee NIC
John’s £30,000 bonus Salary £100,000 net £70,116 Salary £130,000 net £84,874 Cost to company of £30,000 bonus - £34,140 John better off by £14,758
HAPPY PENGUINS Whether increasing his pension provision will help his current tax position, and, if so, what should he be considering?
Carry forward of unused pension contributions Tax year:2009/102010/112011/122012/13 Contributions Made£18,000 Available Allowance:£50,000 Unused Allowance:£32,000 Therefore John could make an additional maximum contribution of up to £128,000 (£32,000 x 4) from W & G Ltd This would then reduce his profits £22,000. This would reduce his corporation tax liability from £30,000 to £4,400. Therefore the net cost to the W & G Ltd would be £102,400.
Should John be considering leaving cash in the company if he doesn’t need to pay the bonus? What are the Pro’s and Con’s
When a W & G Ltd generates a profit, John has one of two choices: cash dividenddividend Retain the earnings and reinvest them in the business If earnings are to be retained, they have to account for them on the balance sheet under shareholder equity. balance sheetshareholder equity This is profit the company has made and have paid corporation tax on. It can be accumulated and paid out in future years as a dividend. Pro’s Act as a buffer if there are some bad years Smoother income extraction Internal source of finance
It is important to note that Entrepreneurs Relief can only be claimed on assets that were actually used by the company for trading purposes. This tends to exclude large cash holdings or investments built up in a company out of retained profits over many years. This often happens where the company is used as a tax shelter and cash is retained for long-term saving rather than for re-investment in the business. When the shareholders sell or dissolve the company and extract the accumulated profits as a capital distribution, Cons
HAPPY PENGUINS John is concerned he will be tying up too much of his capital in his pension scheme. What else could he consider?
John and Barbara have asked that you provide them with some cashflows through their retirement What information would you need?
They have accepted an offer of £850,000 for the sale of the business What would be the CGT positions? How could any liabilities be reduced?
Company owners are entitled to Entrepreneurs Relief when they sell shares in their company. The main qualifying criteria are the following: The company must be a ‘personal company’ ie you must own at least 5% of the ordinary share capital and voting rights. You must be an officer or employee of the company The company must be a ‘trading’ company. All three of these requirements must be met for at least one year before the business is sold. The limit for Entrepreneurs Relief has recently been increased from a lifetime limit of £5 million to a lifetime limit of £10 million per person. Therefore from an Entrepreneurs Relief perspective it is not essential the shares are transferred to Barbara as a sale of £850K is well within the limit. The current rate of tax for Entrepreneurs Relief is 10%, capital gains tax is payable at 28% and 18%. Consideration needs to be given to the third requirement. HMRC regards the following as non-trading activities: Holding investment property Holding shares and securities Holding surplus cash If there is substantial non trading activity then Entrepreneurs Relief can be denied. Substantial to the taxman can mean as little as 20% of the company’s: Assets Turnover Expenses Profits Directors and employees time
CGT Calculation If John sold the business of £850,000 and they each owned half the shares, assuming the business qualified for Entrepreneurs Relief, they would each be able to deduct an annual exemption of £10,600 (assuming they have no other capital gains). On the remaining amount they would pay 10% tax. £850,000 – £10,600 – £10,600 = 10% = £82,880 A claim must be made by the first anniversary of the 31 January following the end of the tax year in which the qualifying business disposal is made. If John kept ownership of the share to himself then he would own 99% of them therefore would receive £841,500 He would be able to use his annual exemption of £10,600 and would have to pay 10% on the remaining £830,900, amounting to £83,090
Barbara's CGT Calculation Barbara 1% of the share would receive gross proceeds of £8,500 She owns less than the qualifying limit of 5% ordinary share capital and voting rights She will not qualify for entrepreneurs relief and will pay CGT at normal rates. She will be able to offset her annual exemption of £10,600