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RAPID FOLLOW UP FOOD SECURITY ASSESSMENT Flood and Water Logging Affected Areas of Satkhira and Jessore.

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Presentation on theme: "RAPID FOLLOW UP FOOD SECURITY ASSESSMENT Flood and Water Logging Affected Areas of Satkhira and Jessore."— Presentation transcript:

1 RAPID FOLLOW UP FOOD SECURITY ASSESSMENT Flood and Water Logging Affected Areas of Satkhira and Jessore

2 Outline of Presentation  Methodology and field work process  Lessons learnt and Recommendation  Key Findings  Food Availability: Local Agriculture Dynamics  Food Accessibility: Income and other issues  Food Utilization: WaSH, Under Nutrition and other issues  Coping Strategies and Priority Needs  Overall Need in the Area

3 Applied tools and lessons learned Methodology

4 Tools used Vulnerable Group Female Group FGD (28) Govt. Departments KII (6) Growth Centers RMS (6) UzDMC and UDMC members Consultation Meeting (7)

5 Lessons learned and recommendations  Checklists required more contextualization  Field practice was required for the enumerators  Group formation and relative representation of the communities  More preparatory work for UzDMC and UDMC consultation meeting is required  Preparing questionnaire bank for each of the dimensions of Food Security  Organizing a core expert team from TWG members to do this  Field practice of the enumerator

6 Local agricultural dynamics Food Availability

7 Boro- ‘average yield’ with low price Per acre profit is only 4577 tk. Average yield/acre is almost same as last years Price has decrease almost 27% comparing last year. How much a marginal farmer (less then 1.5 acre) can reinvest?

8 Limited crop diversification

9 Other crops  No Maize and Mungbean.  Only in 29 % of the communities usually cultivates other pulses and oil seeds. Prospect seems to be moderate to normal.  Only in 21% of the communities reported to cultivate betel leaf the production prospect is either limited or moderate quantity.  Only 10% of the communities reported to have plan for summer vegetables with a low potential.

10 Cramped Investment Sources If MFI is the major source, can the interest rate be suitable?

11 Shrimp/fish gher Only 7% area is likely to have a >50% production. Livestock recovery status is very poor. Employment impact?

12 Income, livelihoods and other issues Food Accessibility

13 Major livelihoods status

14 Key constraints in reviving livelihoods `` Lack of financial resources

15 Alternative opportunities?

16 Child and female labour increased- persisting low wage 71% of the communities sent children to earn money Average wage is only 50-75 Tk./day Involvement in extremely hazardous work In all the communities women started to work to support the HH Average wage is only 40-90 Tk./day

17 Major expenditure sectors

18 Consumption, under-nutrition, WaSH and other issues Food Utilization

19 Meal frequency- sign of overall improvement `

20 Meal sufficiency-in terms of rice consumption

21 Food Consumption Score

22 Diet diversity over 7 days ` ` `

23 Access to water gone back to normal

24 Defecation point trend: mostly recovered, yet risk persists

25 Health risk? OD along with child feces disposal is a critical health threat to the overall well being of the communities.

26 What is going on with diseases?

27 Rapid Market Survey ToT and Market

28 Basic staples

29 ToT and Wage

30 Coping strategies

31 Priority needs

32 Community preferred interventions

33 Geographical position Population in Needs

34 Maps been produced considering 3 criteria; 1.Priority ranking by the UzDMC and UDMC members 2.Filtering with last boro production 3.Further filtering with aman potential.

35 People in need? District UpazilaName of UnionsBoro Boro rank Aman aman Rank Priority Score Popn current Total HH Day labour Hh @ 23% of the total Hh Marginal Farm HH (@ 17% marginal farm households) U-5PLW Satkhira TalaIslamkati1030312650053001219901652138 Jalalpur1030312850057001311969701149 Sarulia1030312450049001127833603128 Tetulia1030312600052001196884640136 DebhataKulia63103135700714016421214878186 Noapara83103134000680015641156836177 parulia63153138000760017481292935198 Satkhira Sadar Labsha60210312884957701327981710151 Balli801153115658313272053238582 Jhawdanga901153130918618414221051761161 Jessore MonirampurKhanpur20303140000800018401360984209 Jhanpa70103130000600013801020738157 KeshabpurTrimohini5022031480009600220816321181251 Biddanandakati602253140000800018401360984209 Sagardari701303135000700016101190861183 Sufalakati30335212400048001104816590125 Grand Total23,25917,19112,4382,639

36 Thank you

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