3 Explanations for the Gaps Immigration: If we just stop immigration at the border, it will solve the educational problems Language: If we just teach Latino students English quickly, they will catch up Time: If we just wait it out, Latinos, like all other immigrant groups will move up the ladder of opportunity
Why Does This Matter? 53% of California students are Latino 51% of Texas students are Latino In ten states the Latino population has grown between 200% and 400% in the last decade Latinos are 20% of all students in the US, and Before 2025, Latinos will be one in every 4 students in the US The future of the NATION is linked to how well Latinos are educated!
Context for Latino Students 35% of Latino youth live in poverty 75+% are eligible for free/reduced lunch 1/3 families lack health insurance; 2/3 in Texas 60% of Latinos in the urban West attend schools that are 90%- 100% minority Highest residential mobility; unstable parental employment Low wealth – wealth is in housing, lost 88% School performance is related to parent education and 40% of Latino parents have not completed high school
California’s Schools 1 Counselor for approx 900 students 1 psychologist for approx 1400 students 1 nurse for over 2700 students 1 librarian for over 9,000 students 1 social worker for over 15,000 students
The Growing Gap: Percent K-12 Students with Parents with BA +, 1979-2006 Source: NCES, 2008.
BY HIGH SCHOOL Up to 50% of Latino males in urban areas have dropped out of school Latinos in general are performing several years behind their white peers Only 36% complete A-G ( 49% White;69% Asian) Most Latino survivors will “go on to college” but few will complete Latinos attend less selective colleges than they qualify for
What if we don’t solve this SOON? 1 Million jobs for college educated individuals in California go unfilled by Californians by 2025, While Latinos compete for jobs at the bottom California’s per capita income DECLINES by 11% between 2000 and 2020 (Per capita income GREW by 30% between 1980 and 2000) Gaps in income, wealth, and education between Latinos and others continue to grow Social fabric frays
Six Things We Can Do: Sí Podemos Build on students’ assets Create magnets, especially dual immersion schools to break down isolation Train & recruit Latino & bilingual teachers Focus on wraparound services Strengthen outreach Parent education
Build on students’ assets Strong social skills “Border crossing” skills (biculturalism) Bilingualism Immigrant optimism
Dual immersion schools Exploding demand Come closest to closing achvm’t gaps Nurture important skills in the labor market Better prepare students for the world they live in– break down isolation
Latino/Bilingual Teachers Having a Latino teacher predicts college going Bilingual teachers are to building dual immersion schools Both model an important role in global society Bilingual use more research based strategies than monolingual teachers Bilingual see parent contact as THEIR responsibility & able to evaluate the learning of ELs regardless of program type
Wraparound Services It is NOT deficit thinking to understand that poverty ravages hopes & dreams Latino parents have very high aspirations But poverty undermines them Some organizations trying to do this: e.g., Communities in Schools, HCZ Healthy Start a good model in CA We must reinvest in this infrastructure
Strengthen Outreach/College Access Programs These programs have big limitations but they are an arrow in the quiver Channel students to rigorous curriculum Supplement counseling, esp at high school and community colleges Provide critical information Summer bridge and First Year Experience can have powerful effects
Parent Information “Sticker Shock” remains a major problem for parents Also need information on how to prepare their children for graduation & college Need to know how to monitor schooling Need to know how to advocate Programs such as PIQE work