Presentation on theme: "Mortgage Backed Securities. History 1977 at Salomon Bros see Liar’s Poker by Michael Lewis basic structure: pass-through."— Presentation transcript:
Mortgage Backed Securities
History 1977 at Salomon Bros see Liar’s Poker by Michael Lewis basic structure: pass-through
Prepayment Risk Homeowners have a call option. They will exercise the option when interest rates are low. If interest rates are low, the bank (or owner of the MBS) will have to reinvest the proceeds at a lower rate of interest. If interest rates are high, rates of prepayment decline and the bank (or owner of the MBS) don’t have the opportunity to reinvest at the higher rates.
Recall fixed payment loans
Principal Only Strip
Interest Only Strip
Duration Calculated by weighting the time period by the cashflows received. Principal only strip has a longer duration. The longer the duration the greater the interest rate risk.
Convexity Degree of interest rate risk. If the price of the security is sensitive to changes in the yield the convexity is high.
$1000 in 2 years
$1000 in 20 years
Negative Convexity Usually debt instrument go up in value when interest rates fall. But when interest rates fall prepayment rates rise which can cause MBS’s to lose value—especially IO strips.
IO & PO Strips at Different Rates of Prepayment