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The Spitzer Turnaround Copyright © Melvin W. Wong, Ph.D. 1996-2003 (Exodus Asia-Pacific: Choices-Singapore, Feb. 12, 2003) Melvin W. Wong, Ph.D. 黃偉康博士.

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Presentation on theme: "The Spitzer Turnaround Copyright © Melvin W. Wong, Ph.D. 1996-2003 (Exodus Asia-Pacific: Choices-Singapore, Feb. 12, 2003) Melvin W. Wong, Ph.D. 黃偉康博士."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Spitzer Turnaround Copyright © Melvin W. Wong, Ph.D (Exodus Asia-Pacific: Choices-Singapore, Feb. 12, 2003) Melvin W. Wong, Ph.D. 黃偉康博士 Licensed Clinical Psychologist ChristianMentalHealth.com 220 Montgomery St., Suite 1098, San Francisco, CA Tel (510) Fax (510)

2 200 Subjects Who Claim to Have Changed Their Sexual Orientation from Homosexual to Heterosexual Robert L. Spitzer, M.D. Chief, Biometrics Research and Professor of Psychiatry, Columbia University 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 60, NYS Psychiatric Institute New York, NY (Presented at the APA: American Psychiatric Association Meeting: May 9, 2001, New Orleans, U.S.A.)

3 二百個自稱已將他們的性取向從 同性戀者改變成為異性戀者 羅拔使賓莎博士 哥倫比亞大學

4 How to find resource & contacts? ExodusInternational.orgExodusAsia.orgChristianMentalHealth.com

5 No one called Robert L. Spitzer a quack back in 1973, when he spearheaded the American Psychiatric Association's ultimately successful bid to remove homosexuality from its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. No one called Robert L. Spitzer a quack back in 1973, when he spearheaded the American Psychiatric Association's ultimately successful bid to remove homosexuality from its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Wall Street Journal Review & Outlook Taste Straight Talk May 11, Liberty Street, New York, NY, 10281

6 No one called Robert L. Spitzer a quack back in 1973, when he spearheaded the American Psychiatric Association's ultimately successful bid to remove homosexuality from its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. No one called Robert L. Spitzer a quack back in 1973, when he spearheaded the American Psychiatric Association's ultimately successful bid to remove homosexuality from its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. But now the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force says this same Columbia University psychiatrist is selling "snake oil packaged as science." Wall Street Journal Review & Outlook Taste Straight Talk May 11, Liberty Street, New York, NY, 10281

7 The Human Rights Campaign accuses him of "anti-gay views, close ties to right-wing political groups and lack of objective data." The Human Rights Campaign accuses him of "anti-gay views, close ties to right-wing political groups and lack of objective data." Barbara Warren, a psychologist at the Lesbian and Gay Service Center, told the New York Post that she "cannot believe Columbia would allow any of its professors to do anything like this." Wall Street Journal Review & Outlook Taste Straight Talk May 11, Liberty Street, New York, NY, 10281

8 What is the treason that accounts for this shift? What is the treason that accounts for this shift? A new study suggesting, as Dr. Spitzer told the Associated Press, "that some people can change from gay to straight, and we ought to acknowledge that." Wall Street Journal Review & Outlook Taste Straight Talk May 11, Liberty Street, New York, NY, 10281

9 In 1973, I opposed the prevailing orthodoxy in my profession by leading the effort to remove homosexuality from the official list of psychiatric disorders. For this, liberals and the gay community respected me, even as it angered many psychiatric colleagues. I said then -- as I say now -- that homosexuals can live happy, fulfilled lives. If they claim to be comfortable as they are, they should not be accused of lying or of being in denial. Wall Street Journal Commentary: Psychiatry and Homosexuality May 23, Liberty Street, New York, NY, Wall Street Journal Commentary: Psychiatry and Homosexuality Robert L. Spitzer, May 23, Liberty Street, New York, NY, 10281

10 Now, in 2001, I find myself challenging a new orthodoxy. This challenge has caused me to be perceived as an enemy of the gay community, and of many in the psychiatric and academic communities. The assumption I am now challenging is this: that every desire for change in sexual orientation is always the result of societal pressure and never the product of a rational, self-directed goal. Wall Street Journal Commentary: Psychiatry and Homosexuality May 23, Liberty Street, New York, NY, Wall Street Journal Commentary: Psychiatry and Homosexuality Robert L. Spitzer, May 23, Liberty Street, New York, NY, 10281

11 This new orthodoxy claims that it is impossible for an individual who was predominantly homosexual for many years to change his sexual orientation – not only in his sexual behavior, but also in his attraction and fantasies -- and to enjoy heterosexuality. Many professionals go so far as to hold that it is unethical for a mental-health professional, if requested, to attempt such psychotherapy. Wall Street Journal Commentary: Psychiatry and Homosexuality May 23, Liberty Street, New York, NY, Wall Street Journal Commentary: Psychiatry and Homosexuality Robert L. Spitzer, May 23, Liberty Street, New York, NY, 10281

12 This controversy erupted recently, when I reported the results of a study that asked an important scientific question: Is it really true that no one who was predominantly homosexual for many years could strongly diminish his homosexual feelings and substantially develop heterosexual potential? Wall Street Journal Commentary: Psychiatry and Homosexuality May 23, Liberty Street, New York, NY, Wall Street Journal Commentary: Psychiatry and Homosexuality Robert L. Spitzer, May 23, Liberty Street, New York, NY, 10281

13 What I found was that, in the unique sample I studied, many made substantial changes in sexual arousal and fantasy -- and not merely behavior. Even subjects who made a less substantial change believed it to be extremely beneficial. Wall Street Journal Commentary: Psychiatry and Homosexuality May 23, Liberty Street, New York, NY, Wall Street Journal Commentary: Psychiatry and Homosexuality Robert L. Spitzer, May 23, Liberty Street, New York, NY, 10281

14 200 Subjects Who Claim to Have Changed Their Sexual Orientation from Homosexual to Heterosexual Robert L. Spitzer, M.D. Chief, Biometrics Research and Professor of Psychiatry, Columbia University 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 60, NYS Psychiatric Institute New York, NY (Presented at the APA: American Psychiatric Association Meeting: May 9, 2001, New Orleans, U.S.A.)

15 二百個自稱已將他們的性取向從 同性戀者改變成為異性戀者 羅拔使賓莎博士 哥倫比亞大學

16 Sexual attractionSexual attraction Lustful thoughtsLustful thoughts Same sex fantasies during masturbationSame sex fantasies during masturbation Same sex fantasies during heterosexual sexSame sex fantasies during heterosexual sex Yearning for romantic emotional intimacyYearning for romantic emotional intimacy Homosexual behavior with excitementHomosexual behavior with excitement Key Homosexual Indicators

17 Mental health professional 47% ExGay/ religious support group 34% Other (mentoring, books, spiritual work) 19% Most Helpful or Only Type of Help

18 Age (mean)43 Currently marriedM=76%F=47% Married before change20% Caucasian95% Completed college76% Sample Description

19 Religion Protestant81% Catholic8% Mormon7% Jewish3% Religion “extremely” or “very important” 93% Had publicly spoken in favor of efforts to change 78% Religious Orientation

20 Time Line Age Onset of same sex arousal12 Begin change effort30 Begin to feel different sexually32 End of change effort (for 78% of subjects)35

21 Gay life-style not emotionally satisfying 81% Religious conflict79% Desire to get or stay married Male 67% Female 35% Reasons for Wanting to Change

22 Assessment of Change in Sexual Orientation Indicators BEFORE: 12 months before change effort AFTER: past 12 months

23 Sexual Attraction Scale Mean (100 = same sex, 0 = opposite sex)

24 Exclusively Homosexual BEFORE Exclusively Heterosexual AFTER 42% 46% 17% 55%

25 AFTER: Good Heterosexual Functioning in 33 Males Who Before Change Effort Were Extreme on Homosexual Indicators No teenage opposite sex attractionNo teenage opposite sex attraction Never had heterosexual sexNever had heterosexual sex Before: no heterosexual masturbatory fantasiesBefore: no heterosexual masturbatory fantasies Before: attraction 95+ (homosexual)Before: attraction 95+ (homosexual) 67%

26 “Markedly” or “Extremely” Bothered by Depression 43% 47% 1% 4% 1% 4%

27 Change effort was “Very Helpful” in… …feeling more [masculine, feminine] 87% …developing nonsexual relations with same sex 93%

28 What we conclude… Some highly motivated individuals through a variety of change efforts can make substantial changes in multiple indicators of sexual orientation and achieve good heterosexual functionSome highly motivated individuals through a variety of change efforts can make substantial changes in multiple indicators of sexual orientation and achieve good heterosexual function Subjects who made less substantial changes still believed that such changes were extremely beneficialSubjects who made less substantial changes still believed that such changes were extremely beneficial Complete change uncommonComplete change uncommon

29 Misuse of Study Results To assume that it shows that homosexual orientation is changeable for most highly motivated individualsTo assume that it shows that homosexual orientation is changeable for most highly motivated individuals To dismiss the value to some conflicted homosexuals of a shift in sexual identity and unwanted sexual behavior, even when sexual orientation is not substantially changedTo dismiss the value to some conflicted homosexuals of a shift in sexual identity and unwanted sexual behavior, even when sexual orientation is not substantially changed To justify coercive treatment and the denial of civil rightsTo justify coercive treatment and the denial of civil rights

30 Dr. Robert Spitzer’s Research APA: New Orleans, May 9, 2001 New York Times For Dr. Spitzer's May 9, 2001 APA presentation "200 subjects who claimed to have changed their sexual orientation from homosexual to heterosexual“ Full Research Presentation in its original form Full Research Presentation in Chinese 二百個自稱已將他們的性取向從同性戀者改變成為異性戀者


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